William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1397. ذخر18 1398. ذر5 1399. ذرأ12 1400. ذرب15 1401. ذرح13 1402. ذرع181403. ذرف15 1404. ذرق17 1405. ذرو10 1406. ذعب5 1407. ذعر16 1408. ذعف13 1409. ذعن16 1410. ذف3 1411. ذفر17 1412. ذقن16 1413. ذكر20 1414. ذكو9 1415. ذل5 1416. ذلف16 1417. ذلق14 1418. ذلك2 1419. ذلى3 1420. ذم4 1421. ذمر14 1422. ذمل12 1423. ذمى3 1424. ذن4 1425. ذنب20 1426. ذه4 1427. ذهب17 1428. ذهل16 1429. ذهن14 1430. ذو8 1431. ذوب15 1432. ذوباج1 1433. ذود19 1434. ذوف9 1435. ذوق15 1436. ذول7 1437. ذون5 1438. ذوى6 1439. ذى3 1440. ذيأ7 1441. ذيا3 1442. ذيب6 1443. ذيت8 1444. ذير7 1445. ذيع14 1446. ذيف8 1447. ذيل15 1448. ذيم11 1449. ذين8 1450. ر8 1451. رأ1 1452. رأب8 1453. رأبل5 1454. رأد8 1455. رأس13 1456. رأف12 1457. رأل9 1458. رأم13 1459. رأو2 1460. رأى9 1461. را1 1462. رب6 1463. ربأ12 1464. ربت10 1465. ربث11 1466. ربح16 1467. ربد18 1468. ربذ13 1469. ربص16 1470. ربض16 1471. ربط18 1472. ربع24 1473. ربق14 1474. ربك12 1475. ربل14 1476. ربو13 1477. ربى3 1478. رت3 1479. رتب18 1480. رتج15 1481. رتع16 1482. رتق16 1483. رتك11 1484. رتل18 1485. رتم16 1486. رث4 1487. رثأ10 1488. رثد10 1489. رثم12 1490. رثو6 1491. رثى7 1492. رج6 1493. رجأ13 1494. رجب15 1495. رجح15 1496. رجحن6 Prev. 100




1 ذَرْعٌ, [inf. n. of ذَرَعَ,] in its primary acceptation, signifies The stretching forth, or extending, the arm, or fore leg: (S, TA:) [or rather, when said of a man, the fore arm; and of a beast, the arm; though the whole arm of a man is generally stretched forth with his fore arm, and the whole fore leg of a beast with his arm: and ↓ تَذْرِيعٌ and ↓ إِذْرَاعٌ and ↓ تَذَرُّعٌ signify the same, as will be shown by explanations of their verbs.] Yousay, ذَرَعَ البَعِيرُ يَدَهُ The camel stretched forth, or extended, his fore leg in going: and البَعِيرُ ↓ تذرّع The camel stretched forth, or extended, his arm (ذِرَاعَهُ) in his going. (TA.) b2: ذَرَعَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. ذَرَعَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. ذَرْعٌ, (S, Msb,) He measured it with the ذِرَاعٌ [or cubit]; (Msb, K;) namely, a garment, or piece of cloth, (S, Msb, K,) &c.: (S:) and ذَرَعَهُ بِذِرَاعِهِ he measured it with his ذراع. (TA.) [See also 5.] b3: You say of a she-camel, تَذْرَعُ الفَلَاةَ (assumed tropical:) She goes quickly, or swiftly, over the desert, as though measuring it; as also ↓ تُذَارِعُهَا: and بُعْدَالطَّرِيقِ ↓ تُذَارِعُ (tropical:) She stretches forth her fore legs and so traverses the distance of the way. (TA.) b4: ذَرَعَ فُلَانًا He strangled, or throttled, such a one from behind him with the fore arm; (Ibn-'Abbád, K;) as also ↓ ذرّعهُ: (K:) or the latter, inf. n. تَذْرِيعٌ, signifies, simply, he strangled, or throttled, him; (S, L;) but more properly, he put his neck between his fore arm and neck and upper arm, and so strangled, or throttled, him; and لَهُ ↓ ذرّع, also, has both of these significations. (L.) b5: ذَرَعَ البَعِيرَ, (K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) He trod upon the arm (ذراع) of the camel, [while the latter was lying with his breast upon the ground and his fore legs folded,] in order that a person might mount him. (K.) A2: ذَرَعَهُ القَىْءُ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (Mgh,) and so the inf. n., (Msb,) Vomit overcame him, and came forth to his mouth before he was aware, (S, * Mgh, Msb, * K, * TA,) and issued from him: (Mgh:) or vomiting came upon him without his intending it. (Mgh.) A3: ذَرَعَ عِنْدَهُ, (Ibn-'Abbád, K,) inf. n. as above, (Ibn-'Abbád,) (tropical:) He made intercession with him. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) [Said in the TA to be tropical; I suppose because the stretching forth the arm is a common action of a person interceding.] You say, ذَرَعْتُ لِفُلَانٍ عِنْدَ الأَمِيرِ (tropical:) I made intercession for such a one with the prince. (Z, TA.) And ذَرِعَ إِلَيْهِ, like فَرِحَ, (Ibn-'Abbád, K,) inf. n. ذَرَعٌ, (TK,) (assumed tropical:) He made intercession to him. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) In the O, ذَرِعَ بِهِ (assumed tropical:) He made intercession [by him]. (TA.) A4: ذَرِعَ, aor. ذَرَعَ, He drank from a skin (زِقّ) such as is called ذَارِعٌ. (K.) A5: ذَرِعَتْ رِجْلَاهُ His legs became tired, or fatigued. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) A6: ذَرَاعَةٌ [app. an inf. n., of which the verb is ذَرُعَ,] The being wide in step, (S, TA,) and light, or active, in pace, or going. (TA.) 2 ذرّع, (S, K, &c.,) inf. n. تَذْرِيعٌ: (S:) see 1, first sentence. b2: Also He spread himself out widely, (El-Moheet, L, K,) and stretched forth his fore arms, (El-Moheet, L,) in swimming: (El-Moheet, L, K:) said of a man. (El-Moheet, L.) b3: He (a man) raised his fore arms; and particularly, in announcing good tidings or in warning: (TA:) or he (an announcer of good tidings) made a sign with his arm, or hand. (S, K.) b4: ذرّع فِى المَشْىِ He moved about his fore arms in walking, or going along. (S, K.) And ذرّع فى السَّعْىِ, (L, TA,) in the O and Moheet and K, erroneously, فىالسَّقْىِ, (TA,) He helped himself with his arms, and moved them about, (O, El-Moheet, L, K,) in walking, or walking quickly, or running. (L.) b5: ذرّع لِى

شَيْئًا مِنْ خَبَرِهِ (tropical:) He acquainted me with somewhat of his tidings, or case; (K, TA;) [as though he stretched forth his arm with his information;] said by one who has asked another respecting his case. (TA.) b6: [And hence, app.,] ذرّع بِكَذَا (assumed tropical:) He acknowledged, or confessed, such a thing. (K, TA.) b7: ذرّع فُلَانًا and ذرّع لَهُ: see 1. b8: [Hence, perhaps,] ذرّعهُ, inf. n. as above. (assumed tropical:) He killed him; or slew him. (TA.) b9: ذرّع البَعِيرَ, and ذرّع لَهُ, He bound both of the arms of the camel [to the shanks]: (K:) and the latter, he bound the camel with the redundant part of his nose-rein upon his [the camel's] arm. (K, TA.) [See also تَذْرِيعٌ below.] b10: تَذْرِيعٌ also signifies The tinging a captive's fore arm with crocus, or with خَلُوق, as a sign of slaughter; which was done in the time before Mohammad. (Meyd, cited by Freytag.) b11: [See also the act. and pass. part. n.., below.]3 مُذَارَعَةٌ signifies The selling by measure with the cubit; not by number, and without knowing the measure. (K.) [In the CK, والجُزافُ is put by mistake for والجُزافِ.] You say, بِعْتُهُ الثَّوْبَ مُذَارَعَةٌ I sold to him the garment, or piece of cloth, by measure with the cubit. (TA.) b2: See also 1, in two places. b3: ذَرَاعْتُهُ, (TA,) inf. n. مُذَارَعَةٌ, (K, TA,) (assumed tropical:) I mixed with him in familiar, or social, intercourse; or became intimate with him: or I became copartner with him; or shared with him: syn. خَالَطْتُهُ. (K * TA.) 4 اذرع, (K,) inf. n. إِذْرَاعٌ: (S:) see 1, first sentence. b2: (tropical:) He exceeded the due bounds, or just limits, in speech, or talk; (S, K, TA;) he talked much; (S, TA;) as also ↓ تذرّع: (S, Msb, * K, TA:) J says, [in the S,] I am of opinion that it has originated from the stretching forth of the fore arm; for he who talks much sometimes does that; and ISd says the like. (TA.) b3: أَذْرَعَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ مِنْ تَحْتِ الجُبَّةِ and ↓ اِذَّرَعَهُمَا, He put forth, (K, TA,) and extended, (TA,) his fore arms from beneath the jubbeh: (K, TA:) or أَذْرَعَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ, and ↓ اِدَّرَعَهُمَا, [the latter with the د unpointed,] he drew forth his fore arms from the sleeves of a narrow-sleeved jubbeh: (Mgh:) the latter verb being of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ; (Mgh, K;) like اِذَّكَرَ, (TA,) or اِدَّكَرَ, (Mgh,) from الذِّكْرُ: (Mgh, TA:) the former accord. to one relation, the latter accord. to another, occurring in a trad. (Mgh, TA.) b4: اذرع also signifies He seized with the fore arm. (K.) b5: مَا أَذْرَعَهَا [How long, or large, is she in the fore arm!] is [from الذِّرَاعُ, being] of the same [anomalous] class as أَحْنَكُ الشَّاتَيْنِ [from الحَنَكُ]. (TA.) A2: اذرع قَيْئَهُ He (a man) emitted, or ejected, his vomit. (TA.) 5 تَذَرَّعَ see 1; first and second sentences: b2: and see also 4. b3: تَذَرُّعٌ also signifies The measuring a thing with the fore arm. (S, K.) [See also 1.] A poet says, (S,) namely Keys Ibn-El-Khateem El-Ansáree, (TA,) تَرَى قِصَدَ المُرَّانِ تُلْقَى كَأَنَّهَا تَذَرُّعُ خِرْصَانٍ بِأَيْدِىالشَّوَاطِبِ [Thou seest the fragments of the hard and pliant spears thrown as though they were what is seen in the measuring, with the fore arm, of rods of palm-sticks in the hands of the females who pare them]: (S, TA:) or, accord. to As, تَذَرَّعَ فُلَانٌ الجَرِيدَ signifies Such a one put the palm-sticks upon his fore arm, and pared them: and خِرْصَانٌ means, originally, rods of palm-sticks: and شَوَاطِبُ is pl. of شَاطِبَةٌ; meaning a woman who peels the عَسِيب, and then throws it to the مُنَقِّيَة, who removes all that is upon it with her knife until she has left it slender, when she throws it back to the شاطبة. (TA.) b4: Also, The splitting (تَشَقُّق [which is intrans., but I think it is a mistake for تَشْقِيق, which is trans.,]) of a thing into several oblong pieces of the measure of the cubit in length. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) b5: تَذَرَّعَتِ المَرْأَةُ The woman split palm-leaves to make of them a mat. (IDrd, K.) Thus some explain the saying of Ibn-El-Khateem, quoted above. (TA.) b6: تَذَرَّعَتِ الإِبِلُ الكَرَعَ The camels came to drink of the rain-water and waded in it with their arms. (K.) A2: تذرّع بِذَرِيعَةٍ (tropical:) He obtained, or sought to obtain, access, or intimacy; or he ingratiated himself, or sought to ingratiate himself; by a means of doing so. (S, K, TA.) You say, also, تذرّع إِلَيْهِ (tropical:) He obtained, or sought to obtain, access to him; &c. (TA.) 8 اِذَّرَعَ or إِدَّرَعَ: see 4.10 استذرع بِهِ He concealed, or protected, himself by it, (namely a thing, TA,) and made it a ذَرِيعَة [q. v.] for him. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) ذَرْعٌ, in its primary acceptation, has the signification explained in the first sentence of this article. (S, TA.) b2: [Hence, it is used in the sense of] (tropical:) Power, or ability; as also ↓ ذِرَاعٌ; (TA;) or a man's reach, or extent of power or ability. (Msb.) And hence the phrases, ضَاقَ بِالأَمْرِ ذَرْعُهُ, and ↓ ذِرَاعُهُ, (K,) and ضَاقَ بِالأَمْرِ ذَرْعًا, (S, Msb, K,) in which the last word is in the accus. case as an explicative, for the original form of the phrase is that first mentioned, (TA,) and sometimes they said ↓ ذِرَاعًا, (S, TA,) (tropical:) He was unable to do, or accomplish, the thing, or affair; as though meaning, he stretched forth his arm to it and it did not reach it; (S, TA; *) or these phrases are thus used because he who is short in the fore arm will not reach that which he who is long therein reaches, nor will the power of the former equal that of the latter; therefore they are proverbially applied to him whose power falls short of the attainment, or accomplishment, of an affair: (TA:) or he lacked strength, or power, or ability, to do, or accomplish, the thing, or affair, and found not any way of escape from what was disagreeable therein: (K:) or he was unable to bear, or endure, or undertake, the thing, or affair. (Msb.) You say also, مَا لِى بِهِ ذَرْعٌ, and ↓ ذِرَاعٌ, (tropical:) I have not power, or ability, to do it. (TA.) And كَسَرَ ذٰلِكَ مِنْ ذَرْعِى (tropical:) That disabled, hindered, prevented, or withheld, me from doing that which I desired. (TA.) And اِقْصِدْ بِذَرْعِكَ (tropical:) Deal thou gently with thyself; moderate thyself restrain thyself; i. q. اِرْبَعْ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ; (S, TA;) and let not thy soul, or mind, carry thee beyond thy measure or extent [of power or ability]. (TA.) And أَبْطَرْتُ فُلَانًا ذَرْعهُ (tropical:) I imposed upon such a one more than he was able to do: (S, TA:) but ذَرْعٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) the body: and [accord. to IAar] أَبَطَرَنِى ذَرْعِى means (tropical:) He wasted my body, and cut off my means of subsistence. (TA.) [See also art. بطر.] You likewise say, رَجُلٌ

↓ رَحْبُ الذِّرَاعِ [and الذَّرْعِ] (tropical:) A man having ample strength, and power, and might in war or fight, courage, valour, or prowess. (TA. [See also رَحْبٌ.]) And ضَعِيفُ الذَّرْعِ (tropical:) Impotent. (KL.) b3: And hence, فُلَانٌ خَالِى الذَّرْعِ (tropical:) Such a one has his heart devoid of anxieties, or solicitudes, and griefs; because the heart is sometimes one of the seats of power: or it may mean, agreeably with the original signification of ذَرْعٌ, such a one is free from the causes of occupation which require the stretching forth of the fore arm and extending of the hand. (Har p. 131.) and رَجُلٌ وَاسِعٌ الذَّرْعِ, and ↓ الذِّرَاعِ, (tropical:) A man large, or liberal, in disposition. (K.) And كَبُرَ فِى ذَرْعِى (assumed tropical:) Its occurrence, or befalling, was of great moment, momentous, grievous, or distressing, to me. (TA.) b4: ذَرْعٌ also signifies The measure of anything: and نَخْلَةٌ ذَرْعُ رَجَلٍ, A palm-tree of the measure of the stature of a man. (TA.) ذَرَعٌ A coveting; desiring eagerly; or lusting. (S, K.) [Perhaps an inf. n. of which the verb is ذَرِعَ.]

A2: See also ذَرِيعَةٌ.

ذَرِعٌ: see ذَرِيعٌ, in two places. b2: (assumed tropical:) That journeys by night and by day. (K.) b3: (assumed tropical:) Longtongued with evil speech. (K.) A2: (assumed tropical:) Good in social, or familiar, intercourse. (K, TA.) ذُرْعَةٌ: see ذَرِيعَةٌ.

ذَرَاعٌ (S, K) and ↓ ذِرَاعٌ (ISd, K) (assumed tropical:) A woman (S) light, or active, with the hands in spinning: (S, K:) or one who spins much; who has ability to do so. (TA.) ذِرَاعٌ, of a man, (Msb,) [The part] from the elbow to the extremities of the fingers; (Mgh, Msb;) the fore arm; syn. سَاعِدٌ [q. v.; thus corresponding to the سَاق of the leg]: (Lth, K:) and (tropical:) [the space] from the extremity of the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger: (M, Mgh, * K: [in the last of which, the space is plainly shown to be meant, like as the part is shown in the Msb to be meant in the explanation cited above from that work and the Mgh: see also جَرِيبٌ:]) in both these senses, sometimes masc., (K,) accord. to Kh: (TA:) J says, (TA,) as relating to the arm, it is masc. and fem.; but Sb says that it is fem.: (S, TA:) [Mtr says,] it is fem.: (Mgh:) [Fei says,] the measure so called is in most instances fem.: accord. to ISk, it is fem.; but some of the Arabs make it masc.: Fr says that it is fem.; but that some of [the tribe named] 'Okl make it masc.: As did not know an instance of its being masc.: and Zj says that such an instance is extr.; not choice: (Msb:) the measure thus called, [i. e. the cubit,] (Msb,) the ذِرَاعٌ مُكَسَّرَة [or cubit which is divided into fractions], (Mgh,) is six قَبَضَات [or fists] (Mgh, Msb) of middling measure; (Msb;) and this is called ذِرَاعُ العَمَامَّةِ [the cubit of the common people, or the common cubit], because it wants one قَبْضَة [or fist] of what is called ذِرَاعُ المَلِكِ [the cubit of the king], namely one of the Kisràs, (Mgh, Msb,) not the last of them, whose ذراع was seven قَبَضَات: (Mgh:) [see also مِيلٌ: it is also an astronomical measure; and as such, it seems, from several instances in which it is mentioned by Kzw and other writers, to be, probably, by rule, two degrees; nearly the half, or quarter, of the length assigned in different instances to the measure termed رُمْحٌ; but, like the latter, not precise nor uniform in every instance:] the dim. is ↓ ذُرِيَّعَةٌ, with ة because it is fem.; (TA;) or ↓ ذُرَيْعٌ [or ↓ ذُرَيِّعٌ, without ة, accord. to those who make it masc.]: (L voce حَرْبٌ:) the pl. is أَذْرُعٌ and ذُرْعَانٌ; (O, Msb, K;) or, accord. to Sb, the former only; (S, Msb;) and Sb adds, they have given it this form of pl. because it is fem.; meaning, that فِعَالٌ and فُعَالٌ and فَعِيلٌ, when fem., have the pl. of the measure أَفْعُلٌ. (TA.) In the phrase الثَّوْبُ سَبْعٌ فِى ثَمَانِيَةٍ [The garment, or piece of cloth, is seven cubits by eight spans], they say سبع because أَذْرُع is fem., and ثمانية because أَشْبَار is masc.; (S; [and the like is said in the Mgh;]) and because the length is measured by the ذراع, and the breadth by the شِبْر. (S in art. ثمن.) ذِرَاعٌ is also used as an epithet, applied to a masc. n.: thus they say, هٰذَا ثَوْبٌ ذِرَاعٌ [This is a garment, or piece of cloth, a cubit in length]. (Kh.) You say also, هُوَ مِنِّى عَلَى حَبْلِ الذِّرَاعِ It is prepared, or made ready, on my part: (S:) and هُوَ لَكَ عَلَى حَبْلِ الذِّرَاعِ I will pay it to thee in ready money: or it is prepared, or made ready, for thee: the حبل being a certain vein in the ذراع. (TA.) b2: [Hence several tropical significations:] see ذَرْعٌ, in six places: and see also ذَرَاعٌ. b3: Hence also, (Z, TA,) (tropical:) The instrument with which one measures the length of the ذراع [or cubit], (S, Z, O, Mgh, K,) made of a piece of wood, (Mgh,) or whether it be iron or a rod of wood. (O, K.) b4: [Hence also,] (assumed tropical:) A sleeve: as in the phrase ثَوْبٌ مُوَشَّى الذِّرَاعِ (assumed tropical:) [a garment, or piece of cloth, variegated, or figured, in the sleeve]: pl. ↓ مَذَارِعُ, a pl. not agreeing with its sing., like مَلَامِحُ and مَحَاسِنُ. (TA.) b5: Of the fore legs of bulls or cows, and of sheep or goats, [The arm; i. e.] the part above the كُرَاع: and of the fore legs of camels and horses and mules and asses, [likewise the arm; i. e.] the part above the وَظِيف: (K:) [also the arm-bone of any of the animals here mentioned:] accord. to Lth, (TA,) of any animal, [but this is by synecdoche, (assumed tropical:) the fore leg;] i. q. يَدٌ; (Msb, TA;) applying to the whole of whatever is called thus: (TA:) [thus, again, corresponding to سَاقٌ; this latter term, in like manner, having a proper and a synecdochical acceptation. Hence the prov.] لَا تُطْعِمِ العَبْدَ الكُرَاعَ فَيَطْمَعَ فِى الذِّرَاعِ [Feed not thou the slave with the shank, lest he covet the arm]. (K.) b6: [Hence,] الذِّرَاعُ, also called ذِرَاعُ الأَسَد (assumed tropical:) Two bright stars, which are one of the Mansions of the Moon: (S:) [there are two asterisms thus called; together, الذِّرَعَانِ: one of them is] الذِّرَاعُ المَبْسُوطَةُ, [also called ذِرَاعُ الأَسَدِ المَبْسُوطَةُ,] the two bright stars α and β] in the heads of Gemini: (Kzw in his description of Gemini:) [the other is called الذِّرَاعُ المَقْبُوضَةُ, and] ذِرَاعُ الأَسَدِ المَقْبُوضَةُ, the two bright stars α and β] of Canis Minor: (Kzw in his description of Canis Minor:) [hence it appears that the ancient Arabs, or many of them, extended the figure of Leo (as they did also that of Scorpio) far beyond the limits which we assign to it: the former ذراع accord. to those who make النَّوْءُ to signify “ the auroral rising,”

but the latter accord. to those who make it to signify “ the auroral setting,” is the Seventh Mansion of the Moon: the following descriptions in Kzw's account of the Mansions of the Moon, and in the O and K and TA, are obscure and inaccurate:] الذِّرَاعُ is one of the Mansions of the Moon, (O, Kzw, K,) and is called ذراع الاسد المقبوضة, (O, Kzw,) or ذراع الاسد المبسوطة: (K:) the lion has a ذراع which is مبسوطة and a ذراع which is مقبوضة, (O, Kzw, K,) and this is the one next to Syria, (O, K,) or on the left, (Kzw,) and in it the moon has a mansion; the مبسوطة being next to El-Yemen, (O, K,) or on the right; (Kzw;) [but this description of their relative positions should be reversed, as is shown by what precedes and by what follows;] each being two stars, between which is the measure of a سَوْط [or whip]; (O;) and the latter is higher in the sky, and more extended, than the other, (O, K,) wherefore it is called مبسوطة; (O;) and sometimes the moon deviates, and so has a mansion in it: (O, K:) [it is said in the TA that الذراع is also a name of one of the asterisms (نُجُوم) of الجَوْزَآء; but this is the same that is called the مبسوطة:] it rises [at dawn] on the fourth of تَمُّوز [or July O. S.], and sets [at dawn] on the fourth of كَانُون الآخِر [or January, O. S.]: (O, Kzw: [and so in the K, except that in this last, it is erroneously said to set in كَانُون الأَوَّل:]) so says IKt: but Ibráheem El-Harbee says that it rises on the seventh of تمّوز, and sets on the sixth of كانون الآخر. (O, TA.) [See مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل; and see also نَوْءٌ, and نَكْبَآءُ.] The rhyming prosaist of the Arabs says, إِذَا طَلَعَتِ الذِّرَاعْ حَسَرَتِ الشَّمْسُ القِنَاعْ وَاسْتَعْلَتْ فِى الأُفُقِ الشُّعَاعْ وَ تَرَقْرَقَ السَّرَابُ فِى

كُلِّ قَاعْ [When the Dhiráa rises at dawn, the sun puts off the veil, and the rays ascend in the horizon, and the mirage flickers, or glistens, in every plain]. (TA.) And the Arabs assert that when there is no rain [at any other season] in the year, the ذراع does not break its promise, though it be but a بَغْشَة [or weak shower of rain]: (Kzw, TA:) [or] its نَوْء is approved, and seldom does it break its promise. (Kzw.) b7: ذِرَاعٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) A certain mark made with a hot iron upon the arm (ذراع) of a camel: (S, K:) and is a mark of the Benoo-Thaalebeh in El-Yemen, and of some persons of the Benoo-Málik-Ibn-Saad. (K.) b8: Also (tropical:) The fore part of a spear or spear-shaft: (K, TA:) this is called (S, TA) also (TA) ذِرَاعُ الَعَامِلِ. (S, TA.) ذَرُوعٌ: see what next follows.

ذَرِيعٌ Wide in step, (S, K,) and light, or active, in pace, or going; (K;) applied to a horse, (S, K,) and to a camel; as also ↓ ذَرُوعٌ: (K:) and quick: (S, Msb, K:) [and so ↓ ذَرِعٌ; for] ↓ ذَرِعَاتٌ, (S, O, K,) applied to the legs of a quadruped (قَوَائِمٌ), (S, TA,) signifies quick, (S, K,) wide in step, taking much of the ground: (O, K:) or, as some say, this last word signifies the legs of a beast, (TA,) like ↓ مَذَارِعُ, (S, K,) pl. of مِذْرَاعٌ. (K.) It is said of Mohammad, in a trad., كَانَ ذَرِيعَ المَشْىِ (assumed tropical:) He was quick, and wide of step, in walking. (TA.) And you say, رَجُلٌ ذَرِيعٌ بِالِكِتَابَةِ (assumed tropical:) A man quick in writing. (TA.) And أَكَلَ

أَكْلًا ذَرِيعًا (assumed tropical:) He ate quickly and much. (TA.) And قَتْلٌ ذَرِيعٌ (assumed tropical:) Quick slaughter. (S.) and مَوْتٌ ذَرِيعٌ (tropical:) Spreading death: (K:) or quick, spreading death, such that the people can hardly, or can in no wise, bury one another. (TA.) b2: (assumed tropical:) An ample thing, affair, or state. (K.) A2: (assumed tropical:) An intercessor. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) ذُرَيْعٌ a dim. of ذِرَاعٌ, q. v.

ذَرِيعَةٌ A she-camel by which the archer, or the like, conceals himself from the game, (S, K, TA,) walking by her side, and shooting, or casting, when the object puts itself in his power, having first left the she-camel to roam at pleasure with the wild animals in order that they may become familiar with her; (TA;) like دَرِيْئَةٌ; (S;) as also ↓ ذَرَعٌ: (K:) pl. ذُرُعٌ. (IAar.) b2: Hence, (tropical:) Anything that brings one near to a thing; (IAar;) a means of access, nearness, intimacy, ingratiation, attachment, or connexion; syn. وَسِيلَةٌ; (S, Msb, K, TA;) and سَبَبٌ; and وُصْلَةٌ; (TA;) as also ↓ ذُرْعَةٌ: (Ibn-'Abbád, K:) pl. ذَرَائِعُ. (S, Msb.) You say, فُلَانٌ ذَرِيعَتِى إِلَيْكَ (tropical:) Such a one is my means of access to thee, and of attachment to thee, or connexion with thee. (TA.) b3: Also, [like دَرِيْئَةٌ,] A ring by aiming at which one learns the art of shooting, or casting [the lance &c.]. (TA.) ذُرَيِّعٌ: dims. of ذِرَاعٌ, q. v.

ذُرَيِّعَةٌ: dims. of ذِرَاعٌ, q. v.

ذَرَّاعٌ A measurer with the ذِرَاع [or cubit]. (T in art. أبر.) b2: A he-camel that drives the she-camel with his arm and so makes her lie down that he may cover her. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) ذَارِعٌ [so in a copy of the S and of the K and in the TA: in one copy of S and in one of the K, ذِرَاع: in the CK, ذَرّاع: but the right reading is ذَارِعٌ, as is shown by verses in which it occurs, cited in the TA, and by its pl.,] A small [skin of the kind called] زِقّ, which is stripped off from the part next to the ذِرَاع [or arm], (S, K,) and which is for شَرَاب [or wine]; (S;) and ↓ مِذْرَعٌ signifies [the same; or simply] a small زِقّ: (TA:) or, as some say, زِقٌّ ذَارِعٌ signifies a زقّ that takes much water: (TA:) the pl. is ذَوَارِعُ. (S, TA.) A2: نَاقَةٌ ذَارَعَةٌ An excellent she-camel. (TA.) أَذْرَعُ [More, and most, light, or active, and quick, with the arms, or hands, or (assumed tropical:) otherwise]. It is said in a trad., خَيْرُ كُنَّ أَذْرَعُكُنَّ لِلْغَزْلِ The best of you females is the most light, or active, of hand, of you, in spinning: or, the most able of you to spin. (TA.) And قَتَلُوهُمْ أَذْرَعَ قَتْلٍ (assumed tropical:) They slew them with the quickest slaughter. (S.) b2: (assumed tropical:) More, and most, chaste in speech. (K.) Yousay, هُوَ أَذْرَعُ مِنْهُ (assumed tropical:) He is more chaste of speech than he. (TA.) A2: (assumed tropical:) One whose mother is Arabian but not his father; syn. مُقْرِفٌ: or the son of an Arabian man by an emancipated slavewoman: (K:) the former is the more correct. (TA.) [See also مُذَرَّعٌ.]

تَذْرِيعٌ The redundant part of the cord with which the arm [of a camel] is bound: [see 2, latter part:] a subst. like [تَصْدِيرٌ and] تَنْبِيتٌ; not an inf. n. (TA.) مِذْرَعٌ: see ذَارِعٌ.

مُذَرَّعٌ, an epithet applied to an ass, and to a mule, meaning Having what are termed رَقْمَتَانِ [q. v.] upon his arms. (L.) b2: Hence, (L,) (tropical:) A man (TA) whose mother is more noble than his father: (S, L, K:) as though, (K,) or said to be, (S,) so called because of the رَقْمَتَانِ upon the arm [or arms] of the mule, for they come to him from the side of the ass; (S, K;) or so called as being likened to the mule, because he has upon his arms رقمتان like those of the arm of the ass, thereby resembling the ass; and the mother of the mule is more noble than his father. (L.) [See also أَذْرَعُ.] b3: A lion having upon his arms the blood of his prey. (IAar.) b4: [A beast] struck in the uppermost part of his breast so that the blood has flowed upon his arms. (K.) b5: A horse that outstrips: or (originally, TA) that overtakes the wild animal and has his arms smeared by his rider's piercing the latter so as to make the blood flow forth; (K, TA;) this blood upon his arms being the sign of his having outstripped. (TA,) b6: A bull having black spots, or black places, upon his shanks. (S, K.) b7: مُذَرَّعَةٌ A hyena having stripes upon its arms: (K:) an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates: or applied to the hyena because of blackness on its arms. (TA.) مُذَرِّعٌ Rain that sinks into the earth to the depth of a cubit. (S, K.) مِذْرَاعٌ sing. of مَذَارِعٌ, [which is contr. to rule,] (S, K,) in a sense pointed out below, (S,) or in all the senses explained below, and of مَذَارِيعٌ, (K,) which is agreeable to rule. (TA.) b2: مَذَارِعُ signifies The legs of a beast; (S, K;) as also مَذَارِيعُ, and ذَرِعَاتٌ; see ذَرِيعٌ; because the beast measures with them the ground: or, as some say, [like the pl. of ذِرَاعٌ,] the parts of a beast between the knee and the arm-pit. (TA.) A2: مَذَارِعُ also signifies The towns (قُرَى, S, or بِلَاد, K) that are between the cultivated land and the desert; (S, K;) such as El-Kádiseeyeh and El-Ambár; (TA;) in this sense, (S,) as in others, (K,) pl. of مِذْرَاعٌ; (S, K;) as also مَذَارِيعُ; (K;) syn. with مَزَالِفُ; (S;) and بَرَاغِيلُ: (TA:) El-Hasan El-Basree speaks of the مَذَارِعُ of El-Yemen. (TA.) [Freytag says, without mentioning his authority, that مَذَارِعُ has the same signification with the inhabitants of Nejd as مَخَالِيفُ with the inhabitants of El-Yemen and مَزَالِفُ in the region of El-Hijáz: but this is at variance with all that I have found, in respect of the term مخاليف.] b2: Also Parts, regions, quarters, or tracts, syn. نَوَاحٍ, (Ibn-'Abbád, K,) of a land. (Ibn-'Abbád.) b3: And The places of bending of a valley. (Kh.) b4: And Palm-trees that are near to houses or tents. (S, K.) مَذَارِعُ a pl. [contr. to rule] of مِذْرَاعٌ, q. v.: (S, K:) and of ذِرَاعٌ as signifying (assumed tropical:) A sleeve. (TA.) See the last of these words, near the middle of the paragraph.
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