William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1428. ذهل15 1429. ذهن13 1430. ذو8 1431. ذوب14 1432. ذوباج1 1433. ذود181434. ذوف8 1435. ذوق14 1436. ذول7 1437. ذون4 1438. ذوى6 1439. ذى3 1440. ذيأ7 1441. ذيا3 1442. ذيب6 1443. ذيت8 1444. ذير6 1445. ذيع13 1446. ذيف7 1447. ذيل14 1448. ذيم10 1449. ذين7 1450. ر7 1451. رأ1 1452. رأب8 1453. رأبل5 1454. رأد8 1455. رأس13 1456. رأف12 1457. رأل9 1458. رأم13 1459. رأو2 1460. رأى9 1461. را1 1462. رب6 1463. ربأ12 1464. ربت9 1465. ربث10 1466. ربح15 1467. ربد17 1468. ربذ12 1469. ربص15 1470. ربض15 1471. ربط17 1472. ربع23 1473. ربق13 1474. ربك11 1475. ربل13 1476. ربو12 1477. ربى3 1478. رت3 1479. رتب17 1480. رتج14 1481. رتع15 1482. رتق15 1483. رتك10 1484. رتل17 1485. رتم15 1486. رث4 1487. رثأ10 1488. رثد9 1489. رثم11 1490. رثو5 1491. رثى7 1492. رج6 1493. رجأ13 1494. رجب14 1495. رجح14 1496. رجحن5 1497. رجز16 1498. رجس17 1499. رجع14 1500. رجعن3 1501. رجف17 1502. رجل20 1503. رجم16 1504. رجن12 1505. رجو10 1506. رجى1 1507. رح3 1508. رحب18 1509. رحض16 1510. رحق12 1511. رحل16 1512. رحم17 1513. رخ2 1514. رخص12 1515. رخل8 1516. رخم16 1517. رخو7 1518. رد3 1519. ردأ15 1520. ردب8 1521. ردج8 1522. ردح11 1523. ردس9 1524. ردع15 1525. ردغ14 1526. ردف17 1527. ردم19 Prev. 100
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ذود

1 ذَادَ, (M, A,) first pers. ذُدْتُ, (T, S,) aor. يَذُودُ, (T, A,) inf. n. ذَوْدٌ, (T,) or ذِيَادٌ, (S,) or both, (M, A, K,) He drove: (S, M, K:) he drove away: (T, S, M, A, K:) and he repelled. (M, K.) You say, ذَدْتُ الإِبِلَ I drove the camels: (S:) and I drove them away: (T, S:) and [so ↓ ذَوَّدْتُهَا, for] تَذْوِيدٌ signifies the same as ذِيَادٌ. (S.) And ذاد الإِبَلِ عَنِ المَآءِ, (A, Msb,) aor. يَذُودُ, inf. n. ذَوْدٌ and ذِيَادٌ, He (the pastor) [drove away, or repelled, or] kept back, or debarred, the camels from the water; or prevented them from coming to it. (Msb.) And ذادهُ عَنْ كَذَا, (A,) and ذُدْتُهُ, (S,) He, and I, drove him away from such a thing. (S, A. [And the like is said in the M.]) And ذاد عَنِ الحَرَمِ He repelled from, or defended, the sacred territory. (L.) And الثَّوْرُ يَذُودُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ بِمِذْوَدِهِ, i. e. (tropical:) [The bull repels from, or defends, himself] with his horn: and الفَارِسُ بِمِذْوَدِهِ, i. e. (tropical:) [the horseman] with his spear, or short spear. (A.) And ذاد عَنْ عِرْضِهِ (assumed tropical:) He defended his honour. (L.) And ذاد عَنِّى الهَمَّ (tropical:) [He dispelled from me anxiety.] (A.) 2 ذَوَّدَ see above.4 اذادهُ He aided, or assisted, him to drive, or drive away, (T, S, M, A,) his camels. (T, S, A.) [In the K, أَذَدْتُهُ is said to signify أَعَنْتُهُ عَلَى ذِيَادِ

أَهْلِهِ: but اهله is app. a mistake for إِبِلِهِ: or عَنْ is omitted before اهله; and if so, the meaning is I aided, or assisted, him to defend his family; but in this latter case, we should read ذِيَادٍ, which would be less chaste than الذِّيَادِ.]

ذَوْدٌ A number of camels, from three to ten: (Lth, AZ, As, T, S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K:) this is the meaning that is of best repute: (TA:) [in this explanation in the T from AZ, and in the K, the nouns of number are mase.; and so in the next here following: in the rest, fem.:] or from three to ten: and a little more: (IAar, M:) or from three to nine: (M, L:) or from three to fifteen: or from three to twenty; (M, L, K;) and a little more: (L:) or from three to thirty: (M, L, K:) or from two to nine: (M, Mgh, L, K:) [said to be] applied only to females: (Lth, A'Obeyd, T, M, Mgh, Msb, K:) so in the Bári': (Msb:) and it is of the fem. gender; (T, S, M, Msb, K;) i. e., the word is fem.: (MF:) but its dim. is [↓ ذُوَيْدٌ,] without ة; contr. to analogy: (M:) the word ذَوْدٌ is a pl., (M, K,) meaning a quasipl. n., (MF,) having no sing. (S, M, K) of the same root: (S:) or a sing.; (K;) and its pl. is أَذْوَادٌ: (T, S, M, A, Msb, K:) or a sing. and pl.: (M, K:) the Arabs said ثَلَاثُ أَذْوَادٍ and ثَلَاثُ ذَوْدٍ and so with all the inferior ns. of number, making ذَوْد a substitute for أَذْوَاد: and they also said ثَلَاثُ ذَوْدٍ meaning thereby three she-camels. (M, L.) It is said in a trad., لَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسِ ذَوْدٍ مِنَ الإِبِلِ صَدَقَةٌ, (T, L,) or لَيْسَ فِىأَقَلَّ مِنْ خَمْسٍ ذَوْدٍ صَدَقَةٌ, (T, Msb,) meaning [There is not in the case of less than five] camels [any poorrate]: for the poor-rate is incumbent on him who possesses five camels whether they be males or females. (L.) And in another trad. it is said, فِى خَمْسِ ذَوْدٍ شَاةٌ [In the case of five camels, a sheep or goat shall be given]. (Mgh.) And it is said in a prov., الذَّوْدُ إِلَى الذَّوْدِ إِبِلٌ [A few she-camels with a few she-camels are a herd of camels]; (T, S, M, A;) meaning that a little with a little is much; الى being here used in the sense of مَعَ: (S, A:) or الى is here used in its proper sense; a word signifying “ joined ” or the like being understood; (TA;) i. e. a few joined to a few becomes much: (M:) [or,] accord. to the K [and the T], this prov. shows that ذود is here used in the place of اِثْنَتَانِ [i. e. two she-camels]; for two added to two are a pl.; but this requires consideration. (MF.) ذُوَيْدٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

ذَوَّادٌ: see the next following paragraph.

ذَائِدٌ Driving: driving away: and repelling: pl. ذُوَّدٌ and ذُوَّادٌ and ذَادَةٌ. (M, K.) b2: Also, and ↓ ذَوَّادٌ, [but the latter has an intensive meaning,] (assumed tropical:) A man who is a defender, or protector, of that which, or those whom, it is necessary to defend, or protect: (S, K:) who is wont to repel attacks upon his honour. (S, * TA.) مَذَادٌ A place where beasts pasture at pleasure, where they eat and drink what they please, amid abundance of herbage. (IAar, K.) مِذْوَدٌ [An instrument for driving, driving away, or repelling. b2: ] (tropical:) A spear, or short spear, with which one repels from, or defends, himself. (A.) b3: (tropical:) The horn of a bull, (T, A, K,) with which he repels from, or defends, himself. (A.) b4: (tropical:) The tongue: (S, M, A, K:) because with it a man defends his honour. (M.) Hassán Ibn-Thábit says, لِسَانِى وَسَيْفِى صَارِمَانِ كِلَاهُمَا وَيَبْلُغُ مَا لَا يَبْلُغُ السَّيْفُ مِذْوَدِى (tropical:) [My tongue and my sword are sharp, both of them; and my tongue reacheth what my sword will not reach]. (S, TA.) b5: (tropical:) [A man who defends well, or vigorously; as also ↓ مِذْوَادٌ:] you say رِجَالٌ مَذَاوِدٌ and مَذَاوِيدُ. (A.) b6: The manger (مِعْلَف, T, K, TA, in some copies of the K معتلف, TA) of a horse or similar beast. (T, K. [A manger is thus called in the present day.]) مِذْوَادٌ: see the next preceding paragraph. Quasi ذور ذَارَتْ for ذَارَّتْ or ذَآءَرَتْ: see 3 in art. ذر.
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