William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1480. رتج14 1481. رتع15 1482. رتق15 1483. رتك10 1484. رتل17 1485. رتم151486. رث4 1487. رثأ10 1488. رثد9 1489. رثم11 1490. رثو5 1491. رثى7 1492. رج6 1493. رجأ13 1494. رجب14 1495. رجح14 1496. رجحن5 1497. رجز16 1498. رجس17 1499. رجع14 1500. رجعن3 1501. رجف17 1502. رجل20 1503. رجم16 1504. رجن12 1505. رجو10 1506. رجى1 1507. رح3 1508. رحب18 1509. رحض16 1510. رحق12 1511. رحل16 1512. رحم17 1513. رخ2 1514. رخص12 1515. رخل8 1516. رخم16 1517. رخو7 1518. رد3 1519. ردأ15 1520. ردب8 1521. ردج8 1522. ردح11 1523. ردس9 1524. ردع15 1525. ردغ14 1526. ردف17 1527. ردم19 1528. ردن12 1529. ردو4 1530. ردى7 1531. رذ2 1532. رذل16 1533. رز2 1534. رزأ11 1535. رزب15 1536. رزتق3 1537. رزح12 1538. رزدق6 1539. رزغ11 1540. رزق17 1541. رزم16 1542. رزن13 1543. رزى5 1544. رس4 1545. رسب15 1546. رستق6 1547. رسح12 1548. رسخ12 1549. رسدق3 1550. رسغ13 1551. رسف13 1552. رسل18 1553. رسم17 1554. رسن15 1555. رسو7 1556. رش3 1557. رشأ10 1558. رشح14 1559. رشد15 1560. رشف13 1561. رشق14 1562. رشم9 1563. رشن11 1564. رشو12 1565. رص4 1566. رصد16 1567. رصع13 1568. رصف15 1569. رصن13 1570. رض2 1571. رضب11 1572. رضح8 1573. رضخ12 1574. رضع19 1575. رضف14 1576. رضو3 1577. رطب17 1578. رطل14 1579. رطم11 Prev. 100




1 رَتَمَ, (T, S, M, K,) aor. رَتِمَ, (M, K,) inf. n. رَتْمٌ, (T, S, M, K,) He broke a thing: (ISk, T, S, M, K:) and bruised it, or crushed it, (ISk, T, M, K, TA,) much: (M, and so in the CK:) or, (M, K,) accord. to Lh, (M,) specially, (M, K,) he broke (M) the nose: (M, K: [but see رَتْمٌ, below:]) and رَثَمَ [q. v.] signifies the same: you say, رَتَمَ أَنْفَهُ and رَثَمَهُ [He broke his nose]. (T, S.) A2: See also 4.

A3: مَا رَتَمَ بِكَلِمَةٍ He spoke not a word. (T, S, M, K.) A4: رَتَمَتِ المِعْزَى The goats pastured upon the plant called الرَّتَم [in the CK الرَّتْم]. (K, * TA.) b2: And رَتَمَ He became affected with swooning from eating the plant so called. (K, * TA.) A5: رَتَمَ فِى بَنِى فُلَانٍ He grew up among the son of such a one. (K.) 4 ارتم, inf. n. إِرْتَامٌ, [app. He tied a رَتِيمَة, q. v.]. (T.) رَتْمٌ, also, as an inf. n., [i. e. of ↓ رَتَمَ,] signifies The tying a thread, or string, upon one's own finger for the purpose of remembering something. (KL.) b2: And ارتمهُ, (inf. n. as above, S,) He tied upon his (a man's, T, S, Mgh) finger a thread, or string, such as is termed رَتِيمَة. (T, S, M, Mgh, K.) A2: Also He (a young camel) bore fat in his hump. (K.) 5 تَرَتَّمَ see what next follows.8 ارتتم, (Mgh, K,) or ارتتم بِرَتِيمَةٍ or بِرَتَمَةٍ, (M, TA,) and ↓ ترتّم, (M, K,) He had a thread, or string, such as is termed رَتِيمَة or رَتَمَة tied upon his finger. (M, Mgh, K.) رَتْمٌ (S, M, K) and ↓ رَتِيمٌ (M, K) and ↓ مَرْتُومٌ (S, K) signify the same; i. e. Broken: (S, M, K:) and bruised, or crushed, (M, K, TA,) much: (M, and so accord. to the CK:) the first being an inf. n. used as an epithet. (M, K.) Ows Ibn-Hajar says, لَأَصَبَحَ رَتْمًا دُقَاقَ الحَصَى

مَكَانَ النَّبِىِّ مِنَ الكَاثِبِ (S, in the present art.,) i. e. It (referring to a mountain called الصَاقِب) would become [broken, having the pebbles crushed,] like the sands around the mountain El-Káthib. (S in art. نبو. [But there are other explanations of النبىّ and الكاثب as here used. In the T, in art. رثم, a different reading is given: لاصبح رَثْمًا.]) A2: See also رَتِيمَةٌ. b2: [Freytag, misled by the CK, has assigned to رَتْمٌ a signification that belongs to رَتَمٌ.]

رَتَمٌ [applied in the present day to The shrub broom; to several species thereof: spartium monospermum of Linn.: genista rætam of Forsk.: (Delile, Flor. Aegypt. Illustr., no. 657:) spartium: (Forskål, Flora Aegypt. Arab., p. lvi.:) and phalaris setacea: (Idem, p. lx.:)] a species of plant: (T:) or a species of tree; (Mgh;) or so ↓ رَتَمَةٌ; of which the former is the pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.]: (S:) or the latter, (Lth, T,) or the former, (AHn, M, K,) the latter being its n. un., (K,) a certain plant, of the shrub-kind; (AHn, T, M, K;) as though by reason of its slenderness, it were likened to the thread, or string, called رَتَمِ: (AHn, T, * K, * TA: [see this word voce رَتِيمَةٌ: in the CK, in the present instance, erroneously written رَقْم:]) and so ↓ رَتِيمَةٌ: (AHn, T:) its flower is like the خِيرِىّ [or yellow gilliflower], and its seed is like the lentil: each of these (i. e. the flower and the seed, TA) strongly provokes vomiting: the drinking the expressed juice of its twigs, fasting, is a beneficial remedy for sciatica (عِرْقُ النَّسَا); and likewise the using as a clyster an infusion thereof in sea-water: and the swallowing twenty-one grains thereof, fasting, prevents the [pustules called] دَمَامِيل. (K.) When a man was about to make a journey, he betook himself to two branches, or two trees, and tied one branch to another, and said, “If my wife be faithful to the compact, this will remain tied as it is; otherwise, she will have broken the compact: ” so says As; and ISk says the like: (T:) or he betook himself to a tree, (S, K,) or to the species of tree called رَتَم, (ISk, Mgh,) and tied together two branches thereof, (ISk, S, Mgh, K,) or he tied together two trees; (M;) and if he returned and found them as he tied them, he said that his wife had not been unfaithful to him; but otherwise, that she had been so: (ISk, S, M, Mgh, K:) this [pair of branches or trees] is called الرَّتَمُ [in the CK, erroneously, الرَّتْمُ] and ↓ الرَّتِيمَةُ: (K:) or this is what is meant by ↓ الرَّتِيمَةُ: (M:) or this [action] is what is meant by تَعْقَادُ الرَّتَمِ in the following verse: (As, ISk, T, Mgh:) but IB says that الرَّتَائِمُ [pl. of ↓ الرَّتِيمَةُ] does not mean peculiarly one kind of trees exclusively of others: and he cites this verse as an ex. of الرَّتَمُ meaning the threads, or strings, so called; (TA;) as does AZ. (Mgh.) A rájiz says, هَلْ يَنْفَعَنْكَ اليَوْمَ إِنْ هَمَّتْ بِهِمْ كَثْرَةُ مَا تُوصِى وَتَعْقَادُ الرَّتَمْ [Will the muchness of thine enjoining, and the tying of the retem, be indeed of use to thee to-day, if she be desirous of them?]. (T, S, Mgh.) b2: See also رَتِيمَةٌ, in two places.

A2: Also A [leathern water-bag such as is called] مَزَادَة that is filled (IAar, T, K) with water: (IAar, T:) or a [water-skin such as is called] مَزَاد. (M, TT.) A3: And A road, or way; or the middle, or main part and middle, thereof; or a beaten track; syn. مَحَجَّةٌ. (IAar, T, K.) A4: And Suppressed, low-sounding, occult, or secret, speech or language. (IAar, T, K.) A5: And Perfect shame or sense of shame or pudency. (IAar, T, K.) رَتْمَةٌ: see رَتِيمَةٌ.

رَتَمَةٌ: see رَتَمٌ [of which it is the n. un.]: b2: and see also رَتِيمَةٌ.

رَتْمَآءُ A she-camel that eats the plant called الرَّتَم, and keeps to it, and is fond of it. (K, TA.) b2: And That carries the filled مَزَادَة (K, TA) called رَتَم. (TA.) رُتامٌ A thing broken in pieces, or into small pieces; crushed; or crumbled. (K, TA.) رَتِيمٌ: see رَتْمٌ: A2: and see also رَتِيمَةٌ.

A3: Also A slow pace. (K.) رَتِيمَةٌ (T, S, M, Mgh, K) and ↓ رَتَمَةٌ, (T, M, L,) the latter written thus by IB on the authority of 'Alee Ibn-Hamzeh, (L, TA,) or ↓ رَتْمَةٌ, (S, K, [in one copy of the S written رَتَمة, and in my copy of the Mgh without any syll. signs,] A thread, or string, that is tied upon the finger for the purpose of reminding one (T, S, M, Mgh, K) of some object of want: (T, S:) pl. of the first, رَتَائِمُ (S, M, Mgh, K) and رِتَامٌ; (M, K;) and [coll. gen. n.] of the second, ↓ رَتَمٌ; (M, IB;) and of the third, [if it be correct,] ↓ رَتْمٌ: (K: in the CK رُتْمٌ:) IAar says that ↓ رَتِيمٌ signifies the thread, or string, for reminding; but others say رَتِيمةٌ: Lth says that ↓ رَتِمٌ signifies a thread, or string, that is tied upon the finger, or upon the signet-ring, for a sign, or token: (T:) and IB cites the verse cited above voce رَتَمٌ as an ex. of this word in the sense here assigned to it as a pl. [or coll. gen. n.]; (TA;) and so does AZ. (Mgh.) The binding of رَتَائِم [upon the fingers] is forbidden in a trad.: and it is said that المُسْتَذْكِرُ بِالرَّتَائِمِ مُسْتَهْدفٌ للشَّتَائم [He who seeks to remember by means of the threads, or strings, that are tied upon the fingers for the purpose of reminding becomes a butt for revilings]. (TA.) b2: See also رَتَمٌ, in four places.

رُتَامَي [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned], like سُكَارَي, Persons affected with swooning from eating the plant called الرَّتَم. (K.) مَا زَالَ رَاتِمًا عَلَي هٰذَا الأَمْرِ means He ceased not to be constantly occupied in this affair: (T, M, K, * TA:) Yaakoob asserts that the م of راتما is a substitute [for ب], though رَتَمَ does not occur in the sense of رَتَبَ: (M, TA:) IJ says that this may be the case, or that the word may be from الرَّتَمَةُ and الرَّتِيمَةُ. (TA.) [See also رَاتبٌ: and see تُرْتُمٌ, below.]

أَرْتَمُ [app. Having his nose broken. b2: and hence,] One who does not speak clearly, nor intelligibly; as though his nose were broken: occurring in a trad.: or, as some relate it, أَرْثَمُ [q. v.]. (TA.) شَرُّ تُرْتُمٌ and تُرْتَمٌ Continual, or constant, evil: (K, TA:) the م is a substitute for the ب of تُرْتَُب; and the former ت is augmentative, because there is no word like جُعْفَرٌ consisting of radical letters. (TA.) [See also رَاتِمًا, above.]

مَرْتُومٌ: see رَتْمٌ.
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