William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1500. رجعن3 1501. رجف17 1502. رجل20 1503. رجم16 1504. رجن12 1505. رجو101506. رجى1 1507. رح3 1508. رحب18 1509. رحض16 1510. رحق12 1511. رحل16 1512. رحم17 1513. رخ2 1514. رخص12 1515. رخل8 1516. رخم16 1517. رخو7 1518. رد3 1519. ردأ15 1520. ردب8 1521. ردج8 1522. ردح11 1523. ردس9 1524. ردع15 1525. ردغ14 1526. ردف17 1527. ردم19 1528. ردن12 1529. ردو4 1530. ردى7 1531. رذ2 1532. رذل16 1533. رز2 1534. رزأ11 1535. رزب15 1536. رزتق3 1537. رزح12 1538. رزدق6 1539. رزغ11 1540. رزق17 1541. رزم16 1542. رزن13 1543. رزى5 1544. رس4 1545. رسب15 1546. رستق6 1547. رسح12 1548. رسخ12 1549. رسدق3 1550. رسغ13 1551. رسف13 1552. رسل18 1553. رسم17 1554. رسن15 1555. رسو7 1556. رش3 1557. رشأ10 1558. رشح14 1559. رشد15 1560. رشف13 1561. رشق14 1562. رشم9 1563. رشن11 1564. رشو12 1565. رص4 1566. رصد16 1567. رصع13 1568. رصف15 1569. رصن13 1570. رض2 1571. رضب11 1572. رضح8 1573. رضخ12 1574. رضع19 1575. رضف14 1576. رضو3 1577. رطب17 1578. رطل14 1579. رطم11 1580. رطن14 1581. رطى1 1582. رع3 1583. رعب14 1584. رعث10 1585. رعد16 1586. رعز9 1587. رعش12 1588. رعظ10 1589. رعف17 1590. رعن14 1591. رعو6 1592. رعى8 1593. رغب15 1594. رغث9 1595. رغد15 1596. رغس10 1597. رغف15 1598. رغم18 1599. رغو8 Prev. 100




1 رَجَوْتُهُ, aor. أَرْجُوهُ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. رَجْوٌ, (S, M, K,) or رُجُوٌّ, (Msb,) and رَجَآءٌ, (S, K, TA, &c., [in the CK erroneously written with the short ا i. e., without the meddeh and ء,]) or the latter is a simple subst., (Msb,) and رَجَاوَةٌ (S, K) and رَجَاةٌ, or رَجَآءَةٌ, (accord. to different copies of the K,) or both, (CK,) and مَرْجَاةٌ; (K;) and ↓ رَجَّيْتُهُ, (S,) inf. n. تَرْجِيَةٌ; (K;) and ↓ تَرَجَّيْتُهُ, (S, K, *) and ↓ اِرْتَجَيْتُهُ; (S, Msb, K; *) I hoped for him [or it; relating only to what is possible; syn. with أَمَلْتُهُ; see رَجَآءٌ, below]; all signify the same: (S:) and رَجَيْتُهُ, aor. أَرْجِيهِ, is a dial. var. of رَجَوْتُهُ: (Msb:) and رَجِيَهُ, aor. يَرْجَاهُ, like رَضِيَهُ, is a dial. var. of رَجَاهُ, aor. يَرْجُوهُ, accord. to Lth: it is disapproved by Az, because heard by him on no other authority than that of Lth; but it is mentioned also by ISd. (TA.) One says, مَا أَتَيْتُكَ إِلَّا رَجَاوَةَ الخَيْرِ [I did not, or have not, come to thee except hoping for that which is good]. (S.) No regard is to be paid to the assertion of Lth, that the saying فَعَلْتُ رَجَاةَ كَذَا [I did a thing hoping for such a thing] is a mistake, and that the correct word is only رَجَآءَ; for رَجَاةٌ occurs in a trad., and in the poetry of the Arabs. (TA.) b2: Sometimes رَجْوٌ, (S,) or رُجُوٌّ, (Msb,) has the meaning of خَوْفٌ; (S, Msb;) because the hoper fears that he may not attain the thing for which he hopes; (Msb;) and so رَجَآءٌ; (T, S;) but only when there is with it a negative particle: (Fr, T, TA:) you say, مَا رَجَوْتُكَ (assumed tropical:) I feared not thee: but you do not say, رَجَوْتُكَ, meaning I feared thee: (TA:) the saying in the Kur [lxxi. 12], مَا لَكُمْ لَا تَرْجُونَ لِلّٰهِ وَقَارًا means (assumed tropical:) [What aileth you] that ye will not fear the greatness, or majesty, of God? (S:) or the meaning is, that ye will not hope for God's magnifying of him who serves Him and obeys Him? or that ye will not believe in greatness, or majesty, belonging to God, so that ye may fear disobeying Him? (Bd:) another instance occurs in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb, cited in art. خلف, conj. 3: (S:) and ↓ ارتجاهُ, also, signifies (tropical:) he feared him, or it; [but app. only when preceded by a negative particle, as in exs. cited in the TA;] (K, TA;) in which sense it is tropical. (TA.) Accord. to Lth, رَجْوٌ is also syn. with مُبَالَاةٌ; and مَا أَرْجُو means مَا أُبَالِى [I do not care, mind, or heed]: but this is disapproved by Az. (TA.) A2: رَجِىَ He broke off, or ceased, [app. by reason of inability,] from speaking: (K:) or, accord. to Az, he became confounded, or perplexed, and unable to see his right course: or, as Fr says, he desired to speak, and was unable to do so: (TA:) and رُجِىَ عَلَيْهِ, like عُنِىَ, he became unable to speak. (K.) 2 رَجَّوَ see 1, first sentence.4 أَرْجَتْ She (a camel, S, or a pregnant female [of any kind], TA) was, or became, near to bringing forth; (S, K, TA;) so that her bringing forth was hoped for: accord. to Er-Rághib, the proper signification is she made her owner to have hope in himself that her bringing forth was near: (TA:) and أَرْجَأَتْ means the same. (S.) b2: ارجى الصَّيْدَ He failed of getting any game; (K;) [as though he made the game to have hope;] and ارجأهُ signifies the same: (TA:) or so ارجى [alone], and ارجأ [alone]. (K and TA in art. رجأ.) A2: And أَرْجَيْتُهُ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. إِرْجَآءٌ, (K,) I postponed it, put it off, deferred it, or delayed it; (S, Msb, K; *) namely, an affair [&c.]; (S;) as also ارجأتهُ. (S, Msb.) [See the latter verb: and see also an ex. in the Kur vii.108 and xxvi. 35; and the various readings mentioned by Bd in the former instance.]

A3: ارجى البِئْرَ He made a side (رَجًا) to the well. (S, K.) 5 تَرَجَّوَ see 1, first sentence. b2: [In the present day, ترجّى is often used as meaning He besought, entreated, petitioned, or prayed.]8 إِرْتَجَوَ see 1, first sentence: b2: and again in the latter part of the paragraph.

رَجًا The side, (K,) in a general sense: (TA:) or the side of a well, (S, Msb, K,) and of the sky, (Er-Rághib, TA,) and of anything; (S, Msb; *) and ↓ رَجَآءٌ signifies the same: (K:) the side of a well from its top to its bottom; (TA;) and the two sides thereof: which last is also [or properly] the meaning of the dual; which is رَجَوَانِ: (S:) pl. أَرْجَآءٌ. (S, Msb, K.) Hence, in the Kur [lxix. 17], وَالْمَلَكُ عَلَى أَرْجَائِهَا [The angels being at the sides thereof]. (S, TA.) They said, رُمِىَ بِهِ الرَّجَوَانِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) He was cast into places of destruction: (S:) or it is said of one who is held in mean estimation: (M, TA:) اِسْتِهْزَآءٌ in the K is a mistake for اُسْتُهِينَ بِهِ, the reading in the M: (TA:) as though the two [opposite] sides of the well were cast at with him. (K.) And one says of him who will not be deceived so as to be turned away from one course to another, لَا تُرْمَى بِهِ الرَّجَوَانِ (assumed tropical:) [lit. The two sides of the well will not be cast at with him]; in allusion to the well's two [opposite] sides' being cast at with the bucket. (Z, TA.) رَجَآءٌ [accord. to most an inf. n., (see 1, in two senses,) but accord. to the Msb a simple subst.,] Hope; syn. أَمَلٌ; (S and M and K in art امل;) contr. of يَأْسٌ; (K;) an opinion requiring the happening of an event in which will be a cause of happiness; (Er-Rághib, TA;) expectation of deriving advantage from an event of which a cause has already occurred: (El-Harállee, TA:) or, as Ibn-El-Kemál says, properly, i. q. أَمَلٌ: and conventionally, the clinging of the heart to the happening of a future loved event: (TA:) or hope, or eager desire, for a thing that may possibly happen; differing from تَمَنٍّ, which relates to what is possible and to what is impossible. (MF, TA.) A2: See also رَجًا.

رَجِيَّةٌ [A thing hoped for]: you say, مَالَى فِى

فُلَانٍ رَجِيَّةٌ There is nothing for me to hope for in such a one. (S.) رَاجٍ [Hoping: b2: and Fearing]. (Msb.) أُرْجِيَّةٌ A thing postponed, put off, deferred, or delayed. (ISd, K.) أُرْجُوَانٌ Redness: (Msb, K:) a certain red dye: (K:) or a certain dye, intensely red: (S:) accord. to A'Obeyd, (S,) what is called نَشَاسْتَج; (S, K;) and he says that the بَهْرَمَان is inferior to it (دُونَهُ [but this often has the contr. meaning]): it is said also that ارجوان is an arabicized word, from the Pers. أَرْغَوَان, which means a sort of trees having a red blossom, of the most beautiful kind; and that every colour resembling it is termed ارجوان. (S.) Also Red: (K:) and red garments or clothes. (IAar, K.) And one says أَحْمَرُ

أُرْجُوَانٌ, mentioned by Seer has having an intensive meaning; (M, TA;) in the K, ↓ أَحْمَرُ أُرْجُوَانِىٌّ; but this is wrong; (TA;) i. e. Intensely red. (K, TA.) And قَطِيفَةٌ حَمْرَآءُ أُرْجُوَانٌ [A villous, or nappy, outer, or wrapping, garment, intensely red]: (S, M, A:) but IAth says that the most common practice is to prefix the word ثَوْب or قَطِيفَة to أُرْجُوَان so as to govern the latter in the gen. case; [saying ثَوْبُ أُرْجُوَانٍ or قَطِيفَةُ أُرْجُوَانٍ;] and that the word [ارجوان] is said by some to be Arabic, the ا and ن being augmentative. (TA.) أُرْجُوَانِىٌّ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مُرْجًى Postponed, put off, deferred, or delayed; as also مُرْجَأٌ.] Some read [in the Kur ix. 107]

وَآخَرُونَ مُرْجَوْنَ لِأَمْرِ اللّٰهِ. (S: see مرجأ, in art. رجأ.) مُرْجٍ and مُرْجِيَةٌ and] مُرْجِىءٌ and مُرْجِءَةٌ A female near to bringing forth. (K, * TA.) A2: مُرْجٍ also signifies A man who is one of the people [or sect] called the مُرْجِيَة; (S;) or one of the مُرْجِئَة, mentioned in art. رجأ; as also مُرْجِىءٌ; and so ↓ مُرْجِىٌّ; (K;) or this is [properly speaking] a rel. n. from مُرْجٍ; (S;) and مُرْجِئِىٌّ also; (K;) or rather this is another rel. n., like مُرْجِىٌّ. (IB and TA in art. رجأ, q. v.) مُرْجِى: see what next precedes. You say رَجُلٌ مُرْجِىٌّ [A man of, or belonging to, the sect called the مُرْجِيَة]. (S.)
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