William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1511. رحل17 1512. رحم18 1513. رخ2 1514. رخص13 1515. رخل8 1516. رخم171517. رخو8 1518. رد3 1519. ردأ15 1520. ردب9 1521. ردج9 1522. ردح12 1523. ردس10 1524. ردع16 1525. ردغ15 1526. ردف18 1527. ردم20 1528. ردن13 1529. ردو4 1530. ردى7 1531. رذ2 1532. رذل17 1533. رز2 1534. رزأ11 1535. رزب16 1536. رزتق3 1537. رزح13 1538. رزدق7 1539. رزغ12 1540. رزق18 1541. رزم17 1542. رزن14 1543. رزى5 1544. رس4 1545. رسب16 1546. رستق6 1547. رسح13 1548. رسخ13 1549. رسدق3 1550. رسغ14 1551. رسف14 1552. رسل19 1553. رسم18 1554. رسن16 1555. رسو8 1556. رش3 1557. رشأ10 1558. رشح15 1559. رشد16 1560. رشف14 1561. رشق15 1562. رشم10 1563. رشن12 1564. رشو13 1565. رص4 1566. رصد17 1567. رصع14 1568. رصف16 1569. رصن14 1570. رض2 1571. رضب12 1572. رضح9 1573. رضخ13 1574. رضع20 1575. رضف15 1576. رضو3 1577. رطب18 1578. رطل15 1579. رطم12 1580. رطن15 1581. رطى1 1582. رع3 1583. رعب15 1584. رعث11 1585. رعد17 1586. رعز10 1587. رعش13 1588. رعظ11 1589. رعف18 1590. رعن15 1591. رعو7 1592. رعى8 1593. رغب16 1594. رغث10 1595. رغد16 1596. رغس11 1597. رغف16 1598. رغم19 1599. رغو9 1600. رف6 1601. رفأ14 1602. رفت15 1603. رفث17 1604. رفد18 1605. رفس14 1606. رفض17 1607. رفع19 1608. رفغ14 1609. رفق19 1610. رفل16 Prev. 100
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رخم

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رخم

1 رَخُمَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. رَخُمَ, (K,) inf.n. رَخَامَةٌ; (S, Msb;) and رَخَمَ aor. رَخُمَ; (K;) It (the voice, S, TA, and speech, K, TA) was, or became, soft, or gentle, and easy: (S, * K, TA:) [or it (the voice) was, or became, soft, or gentle, plaintive, and melodious: (see رَخِيمٌ:)] it (a thing, and the speech,) was, or became, easy: (Msb:) رَخَامَة in speech is a good quality in women. (TA.) One says also of a girl, رَخُمَتْ, (K, TA,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) meaning She was, or became, easy [and soft or gentle] in speech: (K, TA:) and in like manner, of a [young gazelle such as is termed] خِشْف [meaning in voice, or cry]: and رَخَمَتْ, said of a she-gazelle, means she uttered a [soft or gentle] cry. (TA.) A2: رَخَمَتْ بَيْضَهَا and عَلَى بَيْضِهَا: see 4. b2: [Hence, perhaps,] رَخَمَتْ وَلَدَهَا, aor. رَخُمَ and رَخَمَ, (assumed tropical:) She (a woman) played with her child: (K:) [or,] accord. to the “ Nawá-dir el-Aaráb,” ترخم صَبِيَّهَا and ترخم عَلَيْهِ, [app. تَرْخُمُ and تَرْخَمُ in both cases,] said of a woman, mean تَرْحَمُهُ (tropical:) [She treats, or regards, her boy with mercy, pity, or compassion; &c.]: (TA:) and رَخَمْتُ الشَّىْءَ means رَحِمْتُهُ (tropical:) [I treated, or regarded, the thing with mercy, &c.]: (K, TA:) AZ says that رَخِمَهُ, aor. رَخَمَ, inf. n. رَخَمَةٌ, and رَحِمَهُ, aor. رَخَمَ, inf. n. رَحْمَةٌ, are syn.: (S:) and he says that رَخَمَ [thus accord. to the TA] is of the dial. of some of the people of El-Yemen: it is tropical: Lh, also, mentions رَخَمَهُ, aor. رَخَمَ, inf. n. رخَمَةٌ, as meaning (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, inclined to favour him, or affectionate to him. (TA.) A3: رَخِمَ, said of a skin for water or milk, It was, or became, stinking. (TA.) 2 رخّمه, (Msb,) inf. n. تَرْخِيمٌ, (S, Msb, TA,) He made it soft, or gentle: (S, TA:) or he made it easy: namely, [the voice, (see 1,) or] speech. (Msb.) b2: Hence, (Msb, K,*) or from التَّرْخِيمُ signifying, as some say, The cutting off [a thing], or cutting [it] at its extremity, or curtailing [it], (S,) the تَرْخِيم of the name, (S, Msb, K,) in the vocative form of speech; (S;) [accord. to general opinion,] because it facilitates the pronunciation thereof; (K;) i. e. the [abbreviating by the] eliding of the end thereof, for the alleviation of the utterance; (Msb;) the curtailing a name of its last letter, or more; (S, TA;) as when, to one whose name is حَارِثٌ or مَالِكٌ, you say يَا حَارِ or يَامَالِ: but accord. to Z, in the A, it is from the ترخيم of the hen; because this is only on the occasion of the cutting short (قَطْع) [of the laying] of the eggs: (TA:) [in like manner also] the تَرْخِيم of the diminutive is the [abbreviating thereof by the] cutting off of [one or more of] the augmentative letters [and sometimes of radical letters]; as when, in forming the diminutive of أَسْوَدُ [and that of إِبْرَاهِيمُ], one says سُوَيْدٌ [and بُرَيْهُ]. (Har p. 334.) b3: رخّم الدَّجَاجَةَ, inf. n. as above, He made the hen to cleave to, or keep to, [or brood upon,] her eggs [for the purpose of hatching them]. (M, K.) A2: [رخّم also signifies He constructed, or cased, a building, or a floor &c., with رُخَام: but this is perhaps post-classical.]4 ارخمت عَلَى بَيْضِهَا; (S, K;) or ارخمت alone; (JK;) and بَيْضَهَا ↓ رَخَمَتْ, and عَلَى بَيْضِهَا, (K,) aor. رَخُمَ, (TA,) inf. n. رَخْمٌ and رَخَمٌ and رَخَمَةٌ; (K;) She (a domestic hen, JK, S, K, and an ostrich, JK, TA) brooded upon her eggs, to hatch them. (JK, S, K.) 8 ارتخمت فَصِيلَهَا (assumed tropical:) She (a camel) loved, affected, or inclined to, and kept to, or clave to, her young one. (TA.) رَخَمٌ (assumed tropical:) Favour, or affection; or mercy, pity, or compassion: and love: and gentleness; (K, TA;) as also ↓ رَخَمَةٌ [which appears to be the more common, and which is mentioned above as an inf. n]: (S, K,* TA:) the latter is nearly the same as رَحْمَةٌ. (S.) One says, ↓ وَقَعَتْ عَلَيْهِ رَخَمَتُهُ (assumed tropical:) His love, and his gentleness, fell, or lighted, upon him. (S.) And ↓ أَلْقَى عَلَيْهِ رَخَمَتَهُ and رَخَمَهُ, (K, TA,) i. e. (assumed tropical:) [He made to fall, or light, upon him, or bestowed upon him,] his love, and his gentleness: this is said of God. (TA.) and أَلْقَتْ عَلَيْهِ رَخَمَهَا and ↓ رَخَمَتَهَا i. e. (assumed tropical:) [She made to fall, or light, upon him, or bestowed upon him,] her favour, or affection, or her mercy, pity, or compassion. (TA.) And أُمِّهِ ↓ أُلْقِيَتْ عَلَيْهِ رَخَمَةُ, i. e. (assumed tropical:) [upon whom] the love and familiarity of his mother [have been made to fall or light, or have been bestowed], is an explanation given by As of the pass. part. n. ↓ مَرْخُومٌ. (S, TA.) [But accord. to Z, these significations are from رَخَمَةٌ as signifying a bird of a certain species described in what follows: for] it is said in the A that أَلْقَى عَلَيْهِ

↓ رَخَمَةً means (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, affectionate, or pitiful, or compassionate, to him, and attached to him: because the رَخَمَة is vehemently voracious, and fond of alighting upon carcasses: therefore love and affection lighting upon one are likened thereto. (TA.) A2: A certain [species of] bird, well known; [the vultur percnopterus; being for the most part white, called by some the white carrion-vulture of Egypt and the neighbouring countries; and also called Pharaoh's hen; in Hebr. 165: (see Bochart, Hieroz., 297-322:)] n. un. ↓ رَخَمَةٌ: (K:) the former is the pl. of the latter, (S, Msb,) denoting the genus, (S,) [i. e., its coll. gen. n.,] like as قَصَبٌ is of قَصَبَةٌ: (Msb:) the pl. [properly so termed] of رَخَمَةٌ is رُخْمٌ [like as بُدْنٌ is of بَدَنَةٌ, or perhaps of رَخَمٌ, like as أُسْدٌ is of أَسَدٌ,] (JK, TA) and also ↓رُخَمٌ [which is anomalous]: (JK:) the ↓ رَخَمَة is a partycoloured bird, white and black, (S, TA,) resembling the نَسْر (JK, S, TA) in form; and also called أَنُوقٌ: (S, TA:) [it is said to be] a bird that eats human dung, a foul bird, not of such as are pursued as game, wherefore no expiation is incumbent on him who kills it when he is in the state of إِحْرَام, for it is not eaten: it is [said to be] thus called because it is too weak to take prey: (Msb:) [various fanciful uses of its gall-bladder and flesh &c. for medicinal and other purposes are described in the K: accord. to some, if not all, it is a term for the female: (see أَنُوقٌ:)] the male is called ↓يَرْخُمٌ and ↓يَرْخُومٌ (JK, K) and ↓تَرْخُومٌ. (Kr, K.) A3: Also Thick milk. (IAar, K.) A4: The ↓رَخَمَة [as written in the JK, but in the TA without any syll. signs,] of the horse is like the رَبْلَة [app. as meaning The inner part of the thigh] of a human being: (JK, TA:) one says, فَرَسٌ نَاتِىءُ الرخمةِ [A horse having the رخمة protuberant]. (TA.) [If correctly written in the JK, it is probably a n. un. of which رَخَمٌ is the coll. gen. n.: and hence, perhaps,] وَرْهَآءُ الرَّخَمِ, applied by the poet ' Amr Dhu-l-Kelb to a ewe abounding with milk, as meaning Soft [in the رَخَم, and app. protuberant therein, and by reason thereof, and of the largeness of her udder, waddling,] as though she were mad, or possessed. (TA.) رُخَمٌ a pl. of رَخَمَةٌ q. v. [n. un. of رَخَمٌ; like رُخْمٌ, but anomalous]. (JK.) رُخُمٌ Lumps of biestings. (IAar, K.) رُخْمَةٌ, with damm, (TA, [analogously with the generality of words of similar meaning, but this fact may have occasioned some writer's adding

“ with damm,”] or ↓ رَخَمَةٌ, (so in the JK, [if correct, app., as being likened to a white vulture,]) A whiteness in the head of a ewe or she-goat: (JK, TA:) and a dust-colour in her face, the rest of her being of any colour. (TA.) رَخَمَةٌ: see رَخَمٌ, in nine places: b2: and see also رُخْمَةٌ.

رَخْمَانُ i. q. رَحْمَانُ. (TA.) رُخَامٌ [commonly applied to Marble: and sometimes to alabaster: the latter application is the more agreeable with the following explanation:] a certain white, soft stone: (JK, S, Mgh, K, TA:) what is of the colour of wine, or yellow, or dappled, is of the kinds of stones, (K, TA,) i. e., not [a sort] of رُخَام: (TA:) a well-known kind of stone: (Msb:) n. un. with ة [meaning a piece, or slab, &c., thereof]. (Mgh, Msb.) [See also مَرْمَرٌ.]

رَخِيمٌ, applied to speech, (S, Msb, K,) &c., (Msb,) Soft, or gentle, and easy: (S,* K:) or [simply] easy: (Msb:) and, applied to the voice, soft, or gentle, plaintive, and melodious. (TA.) b2: Also, applied to a girl, (K,) and so رَخِيمَةٌ, (As, JK, K,) Easy [and soft or gentle] in speech: (As, K:) and in like manner, الصَّوْتِ ↓ مُرْخُوَمةُ [a girl soft, or gentle, &c., in voice]: (JK:) and in like manner also the first and second are applied to a [young gazelle such as is termed]

خِشْف. (TA.) b3: رَخِيمُ الحَوَاشِى Gentle, gracious, or courteous, to his associates. (TA.) رُخَامَةٌ n. an. of رُخَامٌ [q. v.]. (Mgh, Msb.) b2: Also A certain plant. (AHn, K.) رُخَامَى A certain plant, (AHn, K,) different from the خضرة [app. خَضِرَة, with which some probably identify it], having a blossom of a pure white, and a white root, which the [wild] asses dig up with their hoofs, and all the wild animals eat because of its sweetness and pleasantness; and its places of growth are the sands: (AHn, TA:) or, as some say, (TA,) a kind of tree like the ضَال [q. v.]. (S, TA.) [See also رَيِّحَةٌ, in art. روح.]

A2: Also [or رِيحٌ رُخَامَى] A soft, or gentle, wind. (K.) رَاخِمٌ: see مُرْخِمٌ. b2: إِنَّهُ لَرَاخِمٌ لَهُ Verily he is inclined to favour him; or is affectionate to him. (Lh, TA.) أَرْخَمُ, applied to a horse, and the fem. رَخْمَآءُ applied to a ewe or she-goat, Whose head is white, the rest being black: (S, K:) the latter like مُخَمَّرَةٌ : one should not say مُرَخَّمَةٌ: (S:) or the former, a horse whose face is white: (Mgh:) and the latter, a ewe, or she-goat, having a whiteness on her head. (JK.) مَا أَدْرِى أَىُّ تُرْخَمٍ هُوَ (JK, S, K) and تُرْخَمَ (JK, K, TA, but not in the CK) and تُرْخُمٍ (S, K) and تُرْخُمَ (K, TA, but not in the CK) and, accord. to the M, تَرْخُم, (TA,) and ↓ تُرْخَمَةَ, (accord. to the JK,) or تُرْخَمَةٍ, and تُرْخُمَةٍ, (K,) I know not who of mankind he is. (JK, S, K.) مُرْخِمٌ (JK, S, K) and مُرْخِمَةٌ (S, TA) and ↓ رَاخِمٌ (K) A domestic hen, (JK, S, K,) and an ostrich, (JK,) Brooding upon eggs, for the purpose of hatching. (JK, S, K.) يَرْخُمٌ: see رَخَمٌ, in the latter part of the paragraph.

تُرْخَمَةُ [or تُرْخَمَةٌ and تُرْخُمَةٌ] i. q. تُرْخَمٌ and تُرْخَمُ [&c.]. (JK.) تَرْخُومٌ: see رَخَمٌ, in the latter part of the paragraph.

مَرْخُومٌ: see رَخَمٌ, in the former half of the paragraph. b2: مَرْخُومَةُ الصَّوْتِ: see رَخِيمٌ.

يَرْخُومٌ: see رَخَمٌ, in the latter part of the paragraph.
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