William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1527. ردم19 1528. ردن12 1529. ردو4 1530. ردى7 1531. رذ2 1532. رذل161533. رز2 1534. رزأ11 1535. رزب15 1536. رزتق3 1537. رزح12 1538. رزدق6 1539. رزغ11 1540. رزق17 1541. رزم16 1542. رزن13 1543. رزى5 1544. رس4 1545. رسب15 1546. رستق6 1547. رسح12 1548. رسخ12 1549. رسدق3 1550. رسغ13 1551. رسف13 1552. رسل18 1553. رسم17 1554. رسن15 1555. رسو7 1556. رش3 1557. رشأ10 1558. رشح14 1559. رشد15 1560. رشف13 1561. رشق14 1562. رشم9 1563. رشن11 1564. رشو12 1565. رص4 1566. رصد16 1567. رصع13 1568. رصف15 1569. رصن13 1570. رض2 1571. رضب11 1572. رضح8 1573. رضخ12 1574. رضع19 1575. رضف14 1576. رضو3 1577. رطب17 1578. رطل14 1579. رطم11 1580. رطن14 1581. رطى1 1582. رع3 1583. رعب14 1584. رعث10 1585. رعد16 1586. رعز9 1587. رعش12 1588. رعظ10 1589. رعف17 1590. رعن14 1591. رعو6 1592. رعى8 1593. رغب15 1594. رغث9 1595. رغد15 1596. رغس10 1597. رغف15 1598. رغم18 1599. رغو8 1600. رف6 1601. رفأ14 1602. رفت14 1603. رفث16 1604. رفد17 1605. رفس13 1606. رفض16 1607. رفع18 1608. رفغ13 1609. رفق18 1610. رفل15 1611. رفه17 1612. رفو7 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب19 1617. رقح11 1618. رقد15 1619. رقش14 1620. رقص14 1621. رقط13 1622. رقع15 1623. رقل11 1624. رقم17 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 Prev. 100
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رذل

1 رَذُلَ, (T, S, M, Msb, K,) aor. رَذُلَ, (T, S, K,) inf. n. رَذَالَةٌ (T, S, M, Msb, K) and رُذُلَةٌ; (S, M, Msb, K;) and رَذِلَ, aor. رَذَلَ; (Sgh, K;) He (a man) was, or became, low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible; (T, S, M, K;) in his aspect, and in his states, or circumstances: (T:) or it (a thing, M, Msb, K, of any kind, M, K) was, or became, bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved. (M, Msb, K.) A2: رَذَلَهُ, (S, M, K,) aor. رَذُلَ, inf. n. رَذْلٌ; (M, TA;) and ↓ ارذلهُ; (S, K;) He made, or pronounced, him (a man) to be low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible: (S, * M, K, * TA:) or he made, or pronounced, it (a thing of any kind) to be bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved. (M, K. *) You say, دَرَاهِمَ ↓ ارذل, (T,) or مِنْ دَرَاهِمِى كَذَا, (TA,) He (a man, T, or a money-changer, TA) pronounced, or showed, dirhems or pieces of money, or such of my dirhems or pieces of money, to be bad; syn. فَسَّلَهَا. (T, TA.) And غَنَمِى ↓ ارذل [He pronounced my sheep, or goats, to be bad; or he disapproved, or refused, them]. (T, TA.) And مِنْ رِجَالِهِ كَذَا وَكَذَا رَجُلًا ↓ ارذل (T, TA) He disapproved, or refused, [as low, base, &c.,] of his men, such and such men. (TA.) 4 ارذل He had low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible, companions. (K.) A2: As a trans. v.: see 1, in four places.10 استرذلهُ [He reckoned him or esteemed him, or he found him to be, or he desired that he might be, low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible: or he reckoned it or esteemed it, or found it to be, or desired that it might be, bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved:] contr. of اِسْتَجَادَهُ. (O, K.) Hence the trad., مَا اسْتَرْذَلَ اللّٰهُ عَبْدًا إِلَّا حَظَرَ عَنْهُ العِلْمَ وَالأَدَبَ [God desires not that a servant (meaning a man) may be low, base, vile, mean or contemptible, but He withholds from him knowledge, or science, and discipline of the mind, or good qualities and attributes of the mind or soul, &c.]. (O, TA.) رَذْلٌ (T, S, M, Msb, K) and ↓ رُذَالٌ (S, K) and ↓ رَذِيلٌ and ↓ أَرْذَلُ (M, K) applied to a man, Low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible; (T, S, M, K;) in his aspect, and in his states, or circumstances: (T:) or, applied to a thing (M, Msb, K) of any kind, (M, K,) bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved: (M, Msb, K:) fem. of the first with ة: (M, Msb:) pl. [of pauc.], of the first, أَرْذُلٌ, (Msb,) or [of the same,] أَرْذَالٌ, (T, S, M, O, and so in some copies of the K,) [or this is more probably pl. of ↓ رَذِيلٌ, accord. to analogy,] and رُذُولٌ (S, M, K) and رُذَالٌ, (M, K,) which is of a rare form, (M,) [in the CK رُذّالٌ,] and رَذْلُونَ, (T,) [which is applied only to rational beings,] and (of ↓ رَذِيلٌ, TA) رُذَلَآءُ, (S, M, K,) and, of the pl. أَرْذُلٌ, (Msb, [but] said in the O to be of [the pl.] أَرْذَالٌ, TA,) أَرَاذِلُ, (T, Msb, TA, and so in some copies of the K in the place of أَرْذَالٌ,) and [of ↓ الأَرْذَلُ,] الأَرْذَلُونَ, (T, M, K,) [which is applied only to rational beings, and is said in the M and TA to be used only with the article ال prefixed to it, but is written without the ال in the K.] You say رَجُلٌ رَذْلُ الثِّيَابِ and الفِعْلِ [A man mean, or bad, &c., in respect of clothes and of action]. (T, TA.) And ثَوْبٌ رَذْلٌ A dirty, bad, or vile, garment; (TA;) and so ↓ ثوب رَذِيلٌ: (M, TA:) or ↓ ثوب رَذِلٌ [so accord. to a copy of the T, but perhaps a mistranscription for رَذْلٌ,] a dirty garment: and ↓ ثوب رَذِيلٌ a bad, or vile, garment. (T.) رَذِلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

رُذَالٌ: see رَذْلٌ [of which it is both a syn. and a pl.]. b2: Also, (S,) or ↓ رُذَالَةٌ, (T,) or both, (M, Msb, K,) The worse or viler, or the worst or vilest, (T,) or the bad, or vile, (S,) of anything: (T, S:) [or the refuse thereof; i. e.] a thing of which the good has been picked out, (M, Msb, K,) and the bad or vile, (M,) or the worse or viler, or worst or vilest, (Msb,) remains. (M, Msb.) You say also, النَّاسِ ↓ هُمْ رُذَالَةُ and رُذَالُهُمْ [They are the lower or baser &c., or lowest or basest &c., or the refuse, of mankind, or of the people]. (T.) رَذِيلٌ: see رَذْلٌ, in five places.

رُذَالَةٌ: see رُذَالٌ, in two places.

رَذِيلَةٌ A low, base, vile, mean, contemptible, or bad, quality; contr. of فَضِيلَةٌ; (M, K:) pl. رَذَائِلُ. (TA.) رُذَالَى: see the next paragraph.

أَرْذَلُ: see رَذْلٌ, in two places. b2: Also The worse, or worst: so in the phrase أَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ [The worse, or worst, part of life]. (O, K.) [In the K, immediately after the words وَأَرْذَلَ صَارَ أَصْحَابُهُ رُذَلَآءَ, we find, in some copies, وَرُذَالَى كَحُبَارَى

وَأَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ أَسْوَؤْهُ; and in other copies, وَرُذَالَى

كَحُبَارَى أَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ أَسْوَؤُهُ: accord. to the former reading, the meaning is, that ↓ رُذَالَى is syn. with رُذَلَآءُ; and such SM holds to be the case: accord. to the latter reading, that رُذَالَى is syn. with

أَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ. I have no doubt that the latter is the original reading in the K, and that it is taken from the O, where (with a preceding context different from that in the K) the words are, وَرُذَالَى اَرذَلِ العُمُرِ اَسْوَؤُهُ; thus, with ارذل in the gen. case: but I believe, as this word thus written suggests, and as some persons, alluded to by MF, have supposed, that كحبارى has been foisted into the text of the K in consequence of a misunderstanding or of a mistranscription of the words in question in some work earlier than the O; that the correct reading is, وَرُدَّ إِلَى أَرْذَلِ العُمُرِ

أَسْوَئِهِ; and that this is taken from what here follows.] It is said in the Kur [xvi. 72 and xxii. 5], وَمِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرَدُّ إِلَى أَرْذَلِ العُمُرِ, (T, TA,) i. e. [And of you is he who is brought back to] the worse, or worst, [part] of life, (Ksh and Bd and Jel,) and the more, or most, contemptible thereof; (Ksh in xvi. 72;) a state of decrepitude and dotage; (Ksh and Bd and Jel;) which resembles the state of a young infant: (Ksh and Bd:) meaning he who dotes by reason of old age, so that he has no intellect; as is shown by the words in the same [immediately following], لِكَيْلَا يَعْلَمَ بَعْدَ عِلْمٍ شَيْئًا or مِنْ بَعْدِ عِلْمٍ شَيْئًا. (T, TA. *) مَرْذُولٌ A man made, or pronounced, to be low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible: (S, * TA:) and a thing made, or pronounced, to be bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved. (TA.)
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