William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1559. رشد15 1560. رشف13 1561. رشق14 1562. رشم9 1563. رشن11 1564. رشو121565. رص4 1566. رصد16 1567. رصع13 1568. رصف15 1569. رصن13 1570. رض2 1571. رضب11 1572. رضح8 1573. رضخ12 1574. رضع19 1575. رضف14 1576. رضو3 1577. رطب17 1578. رطل14 1579. رطم11 1580. رطن14 1581. رطى1 1582. رع3 1583. رعب14 1584. رعث10 1585. رعد16 1586. رعز9 1587. رعش12 1588. رعظ10 1589. رعف17 1590. رعن14 1591. رعو6 1592. رعى8 1593. رغب15 1594. رغث9 1595. رغد15 1596. رغس10 1597. رغف15 1598. رغم18 1599. رغو8 1600. رف6 1601. رفأ14 1602. رفت14 1603. رفث16 1604. رفد17 1605. رفس13 1606. رفض16 1607. رفع18 1608. رفغ13 1609. رفق18 1610. رفل15 1611. رفه17 1612. رفو7 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب19 1617. رقح11 1618. رقد15 1619. رقش14 1620. رقص14 1621. رقط13 1622. رقع15 1623. رقل11 1624. رقم17 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 1627. ركب17 1628. ركد16 1629. ركز18 1630. ركس19 1631. ركض18 1632. ركع15 1633. ركل11 1634. ركم13 1635. ركن18 1636. ركو8 1637. رم6 1638. رمث15 1639. رمح14 1640. رمد16 1641. رمز18 1642. رمس17 1643. رمص13 1644. رمض14 1645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 Prev. 100




1 رَشَا, said of a young bird, It stretched forth its head to its mother in order that she should put food into its beak. (Abu-l-'Abbás [Th], Msb, TA.) b2: Hence, [accord. to Th, but see رِشْوٌة, below,] رَشَاهُ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. ويَرْشُو, inf. n. رَشْوٌ, (S, Msb,) He gave him a رِشْوَة [or bribe]. (S, * Mgh, Msb, K.) [See also 3.]3 راشاهُ, (S, ISd, K,) inf. n. مُرَاشَاةٌ, (TA,) i. q. صَانَعَهُ [He bribed him; (see also 1;) or endeavoured to conciliate him; or did to him a thing in order that he (the latter) might do to him (the former) another thing]: (K:) and حَابَاهُ [app. as meaning he treated him, or behaved towards him, with partiality]: (ISd, K:) or ظَاهَرَهُ [he aided him, or assisted him]. (S.) 4 ارشى الدَّلْوَ He put a رِشَآء [or rope]. to the bucket. (S, ISd, K.) b2: [Hence,] ارشى said of the colocynth [or any similar plant (see رِشَآءٌ)] (assumed tropical:) It extended its rope-like branches [or stalks]. (Az, S, K, ↓ TA.) A2: أَرْشَيْتُ الفَصِيلَ, (S, K,) inf. n. إِرْشَآءٌ, (S,) I made the young camel to suck, or to be suckled. (S, K.) 5 ترشّاهُ He was soft, tender, gentle, bland, or mild, towards him; or he treated him with gentleness, or blandishment. (S, ISd, K.) 8 ارتشى He took, or received, a رِشْوَة [or bribe], (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) مِنْهُ from him. (Mgh.) 10 استرشى He sought, or desired, to be suchled; said of a young camel. (S, K.) b2: and استرشى مَا فِى الضَّرْعِ He drew forth what was in the udder. (Az, TA.) b3: [Hence, probably,] استرشى فِى حُكْمِهِ He sought, or desired, or demanded, a رِشْوَة [or bribe] in the case of his deciding judicially, for his doing so [agreeably with the desire of the briber]. (S, K, ↓ TA.) رِشْوَةٌ and رُشْوَةٌ (T, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) and رَشْوَةٌ, (Lth, K,) of which the first is that which is the most commonly used, (TA,) i. q. جُعْلٌ [as meaning A bribe]; (K, TA;) i. e. (TA) a thing that one gives to a judge, or to another person, in order that he may judge in his [the giver's] favour, or to incite him to do what he [the giver] desires; (Msb, TA;) or a means of attaining that which one wants, by bribery; not including what is given as a means of obtaining a right or repelling a wrong; for it is related on the authority of several of the leading doctors of the Tábi'ees that there is no harm in man's bribing for the defence of himself and his property when he fears being wronged; so says IAth: and Lth explains the last of these three words as meaning an act of bribery: (TA:) accord. to Abu-l-'Abbás [i. e. Th], (TA), the former meaning is from رَشَا said of a young bird, explained in the first sentence of this art.: (Msb, TA:) or it is from الرِّشَآءُ, (IAth, Mgh, TA,) signifying “ that by means of which one obtains water,” (IAth, TA,) or “ the rope of the bucket: ” (Mgh:) or, accord. to ISd, the reverse of this is the case: (TA:) the pl. (of the first, Msb, TA) is رِشًا or رِشًى and (of the second, Msb, TA) رُشًا or رُشًى. (S, Msb, K, TA.) رِشَآءٌ A rope: (S, Msb, K:) [or a well-rope; i. e.] the rope of the bucket: (Mgh:) and ↓ تِرْشَآءٌ, also, with kesr, has the same meaning as رِشَآءٌ: (K:) hence it would seem that this is generally the case; but they have expressly declared that the latter word has not been heard except in relation to the like of an enchantment, or a fascination: so says MF, pointing to the saying of Lh, that among the phrases of women who enchant, or fascinate, men is أَخَّذْتُهُ بِدُبَّآء مُمَلَّأٍ مِنَ المَآء مُعَلَّقٍ بِتِرْشَآء [I have enchanted him, or fascinated him, with a gourd, filled with water, suspended by a rope, or well-rope]; and that ترشاء, meaning a rope, is not thus said except in this enchantment, or fascination: accord. to ISd, the last radical of رشاء is judged to be و because one obtains water by means of the رشاء, like as one obtains the thing sought by means of the رِشْوَة; which is the reverse what has been said above, that الرشوة is from الرشاء: (TA:) the pl. is أَرْشِيَةٌ. (S, Mgh, Msb, K.) b2: الرَّشَآءُ is also the name of (assumed tropical:) A Mansion of the Moon; (K, TA;) [the Twenty-eighth, which is the last, of the Mansions of the Moon;] so called as being likened to a rope; (TA;) [the northern fish, of the constel-lation Pisces, together with the star beta of Andromeda; or, more correctly, delta and epsilon, with some neighbouring stars, of Pisces;] a group of many stars, in the form of a fish, with the tail towards the south and the head towards the north; (Kzw;) many small stars, in the form of a fish, called [also] بَطْنُ الحُوتِ, in the navel of which is a bright star, which the moon makes one of its mansions; (S, TA;) [or including بطن الحوت, which is in the navel of Andromeda; for] بطن الحوت is the name of the bright star [beta] that is above the drapery round the waist of Andromeda: (Kzw, descr. of Andromeda:] الرشاء is also called قَلْبُ الحُوتِ. (TA in art. قلب.) [See مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل.]

رَشِىٌّ A young camel; syn. فَصِيلٌ. (K.) [See 4, last sentence.]

رَاشٍ The giver of a رِشْوَة [or bribe]: hence the trad., لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ الرَّاشِىَ وَالمُرْتَشِىَ وَالرَّائِشَ, i. e. [May God curse] the giver of a رِشْوَة, who aids another to do what is wrong, and the receiver thereof, and him who is agent between them two, demanding more for this or less for this. (IAth, TA.) تِرْشَآءٌ: see رِشَآءٌ, first sentence.

مُرْتَشٍ The receiver of a رِشْوَة [or bribe]. (IAth, TA.) [See an ex. above, voce رَاشٍ.]

مُسْتَرْشٍ A seeker, desirer, or demander, of a رِشْوَة [or bribe]. (TK.) Hence, (TK,) one says, إِنَّكَ لَمُسْتَرْشٍ لِفُلَانٍ, [in the TA إِلَى فُلَانٍ,] i. e. مُطِيعٌ لَهُ تَابِعٌ لِمَسَرَّتِهِرص [app. meaning (assumed tropical:) Verily thou art obedient to such a one, subservient to that which gives him happiness]. (K, TK.)
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