William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1572. رضح8 1573. رضخ12 1574. رضع19 1575. رضف14 1576. رضو3 1577. رطب171578. رطل14 1579. رطم11 1580. رطن14 1581. رطى1 1582. رع3 1583. رعب14 1584. رعث10 1585. رعد16 1586. رعز9 1587. رعش12 1588. رعظ10 1589. رعف17 1590. رعن14 1591. رعو6 1592. رعى8 1593. رغب15 1594. رغث9 1595. رغد15 1596. رغس10 1597. رغف15 1598. رغم18 1599. رغو8 1600. رف6 1601. رفأ14 1602. رفت14 1603. رفث16 1604. رفد17 1605. رفس13 1606. رفض16 1607. رفع18 1608. رفغ13 1609. رفق18 1610. رفل15 1611. رفه17 1612. رفو7 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب19 1617. رقح11 1618. رقد15 1619. رقش14 1620. رقص14 1621. رقط13 1622. رقع15 1623. رقل11 1624. رقم17 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 1627. ركب17 1628. ركد16 1629. ركز18 1630. ركس19 1631. ركض18 1632. ركع15 1633. ركل11 1634. ركم13 1635. ركن18 1636. ركو8 1637. رم6 1638. رمث15 1639. رمح14 1640. رمد16 1641. رمز18 1642. رمس17 1643. رمص13 1644. رمض14 1645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 1659. رنو7 1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق19 1666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 Prev. 100
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رطب

1 رَطُبَ, (S, A, MA, Msb, K,) aor. رَطُبَ; (K;) and رَطِبَ, aor. رَطَبَ; (K;) inf. n. رُطُوبَةٌ (S, A, MA, Msb, K) of the former verb (S, A, Msb) and رَطَابَةٌ [also of the former verb]; (MA, K;) It (a thing, S, Msb) was, or became, the contr. of what is termed يَا بِس (S, Msb, K) and جَافّ; i. e., (Msb,) it was, or became, moist, humid, succulent, sappy, or juicy: (A, MA, Msb:) or soft, or tender, to chew: (A:) [and fresh, or green; agreeably with the Pers. explanation, تَرْشُدْ, in the MA: and supple, pliant, or flexible: all meanings well known, of frequent occurrence, and implied in the first of the explanations above, and in explanations of رَطْبٌ and رَطِيبٌ:] and soft, or tender, said of a branch, or twig, and of plumage, &c.: (K:) [and ↓ ترطّب, as used in the L in art. عقد, &c., signifies the same.] رُطُوبَةٌ [used as a simple subst.] signifies A quality necessarily involving facility of assuming shape and of separation and of conjunction. (KT.) b2: [Hence, رَطُبَتْ said of a girl, (assumed tropical:) She was, or became, sappy, or supple; and soft, or tender: and رَطُبَ said of a boy, (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, sappy, or soft, or supple; and femininely soft or supple: see رَطْبٌ, below. b3: Hence also,] رَطُبَ لِسَانِى

بِذِكْرِكَ and ↓ ترطّب (tropical:) [My tongue has become supple by mentioning thee; i. e., has been much occupied by mentioning thee: a well-known phrase: (see also 2:) it may also be used as meaning my tongue has become refreshed (lit. moistened) by mentioning thee]. (A.) And خُذْ مَا رَطُبَتْ بِهِ يَدَاكَ (tropical:) [Take that by means of the frequent handling of which thy hands have become supple]; meaning, what thou hast found to be profitable, or useful. (A.) b4: See also 4, in two places.

A2: رَطِبَ, aor. رَطَبَ, He spoke what he had in his mind, right and wrong, or correct and erroneous. (K, TA.) A3: رَطَبَ, (aor.

رَطُبَ, A,) inf. n. رَطْبٌ, (A'Obeyd, S, A, K) and رُطُوبٌ, (A'Obeyd, S, K,) He fed a horse (or similar beast, K) with [the trefoil called] رَطْبَة [q. v.]. (A'Obeyd, S, A, K.) b2: See also 2.2 رطّب, inf. n. تَرْطِيبٌ, He [or it] made, or rendered, a thing such as is termed رَطْبٌ and رَطِيبٌ; i. e. [moist, humid, succulent, sappy, or juicy: or soft, or tender, to chew: and fresh, new, or green: and supple, pliant, or flexible: and soft, or tender, as applied to a branch, or twig, and to plumage, &c.:] contr. of يَا بِس: (S:) he moistened a garment, or piece of cloth, (A, K, TA,) &c.; (TA;) as also ↓ ارطب. (K, TA.) b2: [Hence,] one says, لِسَانِى بِذِكْرِكَ ↓ مَا زِلْتُ أُرْطِبُ (tropical:) [I have not ceased to make my tongue supple by mentioning thee; meaning I have not ceased to employ my tongue frequently in mentioning thee: or ما زلت أُرَطِّبُ الخ: for] one says also مَا رَطَّبَ لِسَانِى بِذِكْرِكَ إِلَّا مَا بَلَلْتَنِى بِهِ مِنْ بِرِّكَ (tropical:) [Nothing has made my tongue to become supple by mentioning thee save what thou hast bestowed upon me of thy bounty]. (A. [See also 1.]) A2: Also رطّب, (S, A, K,) inf. n. as above, (S,) He fed people with رُطَب [or fresh ripe dates]; (S, A, K;) and so ↓ رَطَبَ. (K.) You say, ↓ مَنْ أَرْطَبَ نَخْلُهُ وَلَمْ يُرَطِّبْ خَبُثَ فِعْلُهُ وَلَمْ يَطِبْ [He whose palm-trees have fresh ripe dates and he does not feed people with such dates, his conduct is bad, and is not good]. (A.) A3: See also the next paragraph, in two places.4 ارطب as a trans. v.: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

A2: ارطب البُسْرُ The fullgrown unripe dates became رُطَب [i. e. freshly ripe dates]: (S, A:) or so ↓ رَطَبَ, and ↓ رَطُبَ, and ↓ رطّب, (K,) of which last the inf. n. is تَرْطِيبٌ: or all signify, attained to the time of ripening: (TA:) or ارطبت البُسْرَةُ signifies the full-grown unripe date had ripening (↓ تَرْطِيب) beginning in it. (Msb.) b2: And ارطب النَّخْلُ The palm-trees had upon them, (S,) or produced, (A,) or attained to the time of having, (K,) dates such as are termed رُطَب. (S, A, K.) See an ex. in the next preceding paragraph. b3: And ارطب القَوْمُ The people had palm-trees that had attained to the time of having such dates: (K:) or ارطب signifies he had abundance of such dates. (A.) b4: [Also] The people became amid fresh green herbage. (Msb.) b5: And ارطبت الأَرْضُ, inf. n. إِرْطَابٌ, The land had such herbage: (Msb:) or abounded therewith. (A.) 5 تَرَطَّبَ see 1, in two places.

رَطْبٌ and ↓ رَطِيبٌ Contr. of يَابِسٌ (S, Msb, K) and جَافٌّ; i. e. (Msb) moist, humid, succulent, sappy, or juicy: (A, MA, Msb:) or soft, or tender, to chew: (A:) and [fresh, (agreeably with the Pers. explanation, تَرْ, in the MA,) or] green; applied to herbage: (TA:) or they signify, (Msb,) or signify also, (S, K,) soft, or tender; (S, Msb, K;) applied to a branch, or twig, and to plumage, (S, K,) &c.: (K:) [and] supple, pliant, or flexible. (Msb.) [All these meanings are well known, of frequent occurrence, and implied in the first of the explanations above.] The former occurs in a trad. as an epithet particularly applied to Any article of property [or of provisions] that is not stored up, and will not keep; such as [most kinds of] fruits, and herbs, or leguminous plants: such, IAth says, fathers and mothers and children may eat and give away agreeably with approved usage, without asking permission; but not husbands nor wives [when it belongs to one of them exclusively], without the permission of the owner. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] جَارِيَةٌ رَطْبَةٌ (tropical:) A soft, or tender, [or a sappy, or supple,] girl, or young woman. (A, K, * TA.) And غُلَامٌ رَطْبٌ (tropical:) A boy, or young man, [sappy, or soft, or supple, or] femininely soft or supple. (A, K.) And رَجُلٌ رَطْبٌ (tropical:) A soft, or supple, man. (A.) b3: [Hence also,] بِذِكْرِكَ ↓ لِسَانِى رَطِيبٌ (tropical:) [My tongue is become supple by mentioning thee: and it may also be used as meaning my tongue is become refreshed (lit. moistened) by mentioning thee]. (A. [See also 1 and 2.]) b4: And اِمْرَأَةٌ رَطْبَةٌ (tropical:) [A pliant, or] a vitious, or an unchaste, woman; a fornicatress, or an adulteress. (A.) One says, in reviling, يَا ابْنَ الرَّطْبَةِ (tropical:) [O son of the fornicatress or adulteress]. (A.) and ↓ يَا رَطَابِ, like قَطَامِ, (tropical:) [meaning O fornicatress or adulteress, رَطَابِ, being indecl., as a proper name in this sense,] is said in reviling a woman or girl. (A, K.) b5: [And يَحْمِلُ الحَطَبَ الرَّطْبَ (tropical:) : see 1 in art. حمل.] b6: And عَيْشٌ رَطْبٌ (tropical:) A soft, a delicate, or an easy, life. (A.) b7: And قَرَأَ القُرْآنَ رَطْبًا (assumed tropical:) He read, or recited, the Kur-án softly, or gently; not with a loud voice. (TA from a trad) b8: لُؤْلُؤٌ رَطْبٌ is a metonymical expression, meaning (tropical:) Brilliant pearls, beautiful, smooth in the exterior, and perfect in clearness: it does not denote the رُطُوَبة that is the contr. of يُبُوسَة: and similar to this is the expression المَنْدَلُ الرَّطْبُ [app. meaning (tropical:) Fresh and fragrant, or fine, aloes-wood]. (TA.) رُطْبٌ (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.) and ↓ رُطُبٌ (S, K) Herbage, or pasture, (S, A, Mgh,) such as is juicy, fresh, or green: (A, Mgh:) or green pasture, consisting of herbs, or leguminous plants, (T, Msb, K, TA,) of the [season called] رَبِيع, (Msb, TA,) and of trees [or shrubs]: (T, K, TA:) [each] a coll. gen. n.: (TA:) or green herbage in general: (K, TA:) accord. to the Kifáyet el-Mutahaffidh, رُطْبٌ signifies fresh, or juicy, herbage or pasture; (TA;) or, as some say, ↓ رُطْبَةٌ, like غُرْفَةٌ, [though this seems to be the n. un. of رُطْبٌ,] has this last meaning; (Msb;) what is dry being called حَشِيش. (TA.) رُطَبٌ [Fresh ripe dates; i. e.] ripe dates (A, Mgh, Msb, K) before they become dry; (Msb, TA;) also called ↓ تَمْرٌ رَطِيبٌ and ↓ مُرْطِبٌ (K, TA) and ↓ مُرَطِّبٌ: (TA:) the dates so called are well known: (S:) [it is a coll. gen, n.:] n. un. with ة: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) it is not a broken pl. of رُطَبَةٌ, being masc. [as well as fem.] like تَمْرٌ: you say, هٰذَا رُطَبٌ [These are fresh ripe dates]; whereas, if it were a broken pl., you would make it [only] fem.: (Sb, TA:) its pl. [of pauc.] is أَرْطَابٌ (S, Msb) and [of mult.] رِطَابٌ; and the pl. of the n. un. is رُطَبَاتٌ. (S.) There are two sorts of رُطَب: one sort cannot be dried, and spoils if not soon eaten: the other sort dries, and is made into عَجْوَة [q. v.]. (Msb.) [See also بُسْرٌ.]

رُطُبٌ: see رُطْبٌ.

رَطْبَةٌ i. q. قَضْبٌ, (S, [in my copy of the Msb قَضْبَة, but this is the n. un. of قَضْبٌ,]) or قَتٌّ, (A,) or إِسْفِسْتٌ [in Pers. إِسْفِسْت or إِسْپِسْت], (Mgh,) or فِصْفِصَةٌ, (K,) [all which signify A species of trefoil, or clover,] specially (S) while juicy, or fresh, or green, (S, A, Mgh, TA,) before it is dried: (Msb:) or, as some say, a meadow of فصفصة, while continuing green: and ↓ رُطْبَةٌ signifies the same: (TA:) pl. رِطَابٌ: (S, Mgh, Msb:) which is also said to be applied to the cucumber and melon and باذنجان [q. v.] and the like: but [Mtr says] the first is the meaning mentioned in the Lexicons in my hands, and is a sufficient explanation. (Mgh.) رُطْبَةٌ: see رُطْبٌ: b2: and رَطْبَةٌ.

رُطَبِىٌّ [A seller of رُطَب, or fresh ripe dates: mentioned in the K only as a surname].

رَطَابِ: see رَطْبٌ.

رَطِيبٌ: see رَطْبٌ, in two places: and رُطَبٌ.

مُرْطِبٌ: see رُطَبٌ. b2: أَرْضٌ مُرْطِبَةٌ Land abounding with رُطْب [q. v.]. (S, * A, K.) رَكِيَّةٌ مَرْطَبَةٌ A well of sweet water among wells of salt water. (K.) مُرَطِّبٌ: see رُطَبٌ.

مَرْطُوبٌ A horse fed with [the trefoil called]

رَطْبَة. (A.) b2: [And A man fed with رُطَب (or fresh ripe dates).]

A2: Also (assumed tropical:) A man in whom is softness, or suppleness; مَنْ بِهِ رُطُوبَةٌ; (K;) or صَاحِبُ رُطُوبَةٍ. (S.)
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