William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1599. رغو8 1600. رف6 1601. رفأ14 1602. رفت14 1603. رفث16 1604. رفد171605. رفس13 1606. رفض16 1607. رفع18 1608. رفغ13 1609. رفق18 1610. رفل15 1611. رفه17 1612. رفو7 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب19 1617. رقح11 1618. رقد15 1619. رقش14 1620. رقص14 1621. رقط13 1622. رقع15 1623. رقل11 1624. رقم17 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 1627. ركب17 1628. ركد16 1629. ركز18 1630. ركس19 1631. ركض18 1632. ركع15 1633. ركل11 1634. ركم13 1635. ركن18 1636. ركو8 1637. رم6 1638. رمث15 1639. رمح14 1640. رمد16 1641. رمز18 1642. رمس17 1643. رمص13 1644. رمض14 1645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 1659. رنو7 1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق19 1666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 1672. روث15 1673. روج12 1674. روح21 1675. رود14 1676. روس9 1677. روض16 1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم17 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 Prev. 100
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رفد

1 رَفَدَهُ, aor. رَفِدَ, inf. n. رَفْدٌ, He gave him, or gave him a gift: (T, S, M, A, * Msb, K:) or it signifies, (Msb,) or signifies also, (S, M, A,) he aided, helped, or assisted, him: (T, S, M, A, Msb:) and ↓ ارفدهُ, (M, A, Msb,) inf. n. إِرْفَادٌ, (S, K,) signifies the same (S, M, A, Msb, K) in the latter sense, (S, M, A, K,) and in the former sense also: (S, K:) or both signify he aided, helped, or assisted, him, by a gift or by a saying or by some other thing: (Mgh:) [it is said in the Ham p. 128, that the latter verb has been transmitted, but is not the choice one; but in p. 276, that both are chaste:] and you say also ↓ رافدهُ; (A;) [meaning he aided him; or he aided with him; or he aided him, being aided by him; for] مُرَافَدَةٌ is syn. with مُعَاوَنَةٌ. (S, L.) One says, لَا أَقُومُ إِلَّا رَفْدًا I will not stand unless I be helped to do so. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] He propped it up; namely, a wall: (Zj, T, A:) and رَفَدْتُهُ بِهِ I propped it up, or supported it, namely, a thing, with it, meaning any other thing used for such a purpose. (Zj, T.) b3: And [hence,] رَفَدَهُ, (M, L,) or رَفَدَ عَلَيْهِ, aor. رَفِدَ, inf. n. رَفْدٌ, (AZ, T, S, M,) He made for him, (AZ, S, M, *) or put upon him, (T, M, *) namely, a camel, (AZ, S,) an appertenance of the saddle, called a رِفَادَة: (AZ, T, S, M:) [and ↓ ارفدهُ, or ارفد عَلَيْهِ, signifies the same; for] إِرْفَادٌ is syn. with رَفْدٌ as meaning the putting to a beast, or furnishing him with, a رِفَادَة. (K.) [Hence,] يُرْفَدُ بِخِرْقَةٍ [meaning It is furnished with a piece of rag, as a compress,] is said of a wound (S, K) &c. (S.) b4: And رَفَدَهُ signifies also It held it fast; namely, any one thing, another thing. (M.) 2 رَفَّدُوا فُلَانًا, (M, A,) inf. n. تَرْفِيدٌ, (S, K,) (tropical:) They made such a one a lord, or chief; (S, M, A, K;) made him great, or magnified him, or honoured him; (K; *) and set him over their affairs; (M;) [lit. made him to give gifts;] as also رَفَّلُوهُ: because a man when he becomes a lord, or chief, gives gifts, and drags his skirt upon the ground (إِذَا سَادَ رَفَدَ وَرَفَلَ). (A.) And رُفِّدَ فُلَانٌ (tropical:) Such a one was made a lord, or chief; and was made great, or magnified, or honoured. (S, TA.) A2: رفّد, (T, L,) inf. n. as above, (T, L, K,) also signifies He went a pace like that called همْلَجَةٌ, (T, L,) or like that called هَرْوَلَةٌ. (K.) [See 2 in art. رقد.]3 رَاْفَدَ see 1.4 أَرْفَدَ see 1, in two places.6 ترافدوا They aided, helped, or assisted, one another [by gifts or otherwise]. (S, * M, A, Msb, K. *) 8 ارتفد He gained, acquired, or earned, (T, S, M, A, K,) property. (T, M, A.) And ارتفدتُ مِنْهُ I obtained a gift, or aid, from him. (A.) 10 استرفدهُ He sought, desired, demanded, or asked, aid, help, or assistance, from him [by a gift or otherwise]. (S, * A, Msb, K. *) رَفْدٌ: see the next paragraph.

رِفْدٌ A gift; (S, A, Msb, * K;) [and so, app., ↓ مِرْفَدٌ or ↓ مَرْفَدٌ;] a gratuity: (T, S, A, K:) pl. أَرْفَادٌ (Ham p. 128) [and مَرَافِدُ is pl. of مِرْفَدٌ or مَرْفَدٌ]. You say, هُوَ كَثِيرُ الأَرْفَادِ and ↓ المَرَافِدِ [He is a person of many gifts]. (A.) It is said in a trad., مِنِ اقْتِرَابَ السَّاعَةِ أَنْ يَكُونَ الفَىْءُ رِفْدًا [One of the signs] of the approach of the hour of resurrection shall be, that the tribute shall be a gratuity bestowed according to men's natural desires, and not according to right, or desert. (T, L.) b2: Aid, help, or assistance; (T, M, L, Msb;) as also مِرْفدٌ and مَرْفدٌ [app. ↓ مِرْفَدٌ and ↓ مَرْفَدٌ]; (M;) by a gift, and by giving milk to drink, and by a saying, and by anything. (T.) b3: A lot, share, or portion. (M, L.) b4: Also, (IAar, Ibn-El-Mubárak, T, S, M, A, L, K,) and ↓ رَفْدٌ, (El-Muärrij, T, S, M, L, K,) and ↓ مِرْفَدٌ, (S, M, L, K,) and ↓ مَرْفَدٌ, (M, L,) A large [drinking-cup, or bowl, of the kind called] قَدَح, (T, S, A, L, K,) in which a guest is given to drink: (S, L:) this is the meaning most known; and this meaning is assigned by Zj to the third of the words above, i. e. مِرْفَدٌ: (T:) or a large عُسّ, (M, L,) larger than the common عُسّ, which latter is a large قَدَح that holds enough to satisfy the thirst of three men, or four, or more; larger than the غَمَر: (L:) or a قَدَح, (Ibn-El-Mubárak, T, M, L,) of whatever size it be; accord. to some: (M, L:) in a قَدَح a she-camel is milked: (T:) or a vessel in which one milks. (El-Muärrij, T.) One says, هُرِيقَ رِفْدُهُ [His drinking-cup, or bowl, was emptied], meaning (tropical:) he was slain; a phrase similar to صَفِرَتْ وِطَابُهُ, and كُفِئَتْ جَفْنَتُهُ: (A:) or he died. (K.) And مَدَّ فُلَانٌ بِأَرْفَادِى [app. Such a one drew water with my bowls], meaning (tropical:) such a one aided me, or assisted me. (A, TA. [In my copy of the former, بِاءِرْفَادِى; which I think a mistranscription: in the latter, بِارْفَادِى]) رِفْدَةٌ A company such as is termed عُصْبَة, of men, (M, L,) [aiding one another: pl. رِفَدٌ: see De Sacy's Chrest. Ar., sec. ed., ii. 461.]

رَفُودٌ A she-camel that fills the [vessel called]

رِفْد or رَفْد at one milking: (S, A, K:) or that is constantly over her milking-vessel: or that yields an uninterrupted supply of milk: (IAar, L:) or that aids her owners by the abundance of her milk: (TA in art. ركد:) pl. رُفُدٌ. (L.) رِفَادَةٌ [A kind of pad, or stuffed thing, beneath a saddle;] a thing like the جَدْيَة of a horse's saddle, (S, Mgh, K,) for a beast: (K:) a support for the saddle of a horse or camel &c.: (M, L:) it is put beneath a horse's saddle in order that it may become raised thereby. (Lth, T.) b2: A piece of rag with which a wound, (S, K,) &c., (S,) is furnished as a compress (يُرْفَدُ بِهَا). (S, K.) b3: A contribution which the tribe of Kureysh made among themselves in the Time of Ignorance, for the purpose of purchasing for the pilgrims wheat, and raisins (S, M, K) for [the beverage called]

نَبِيذ: (S, M:) each gave according to his ability, and thus they collected a great sum, in the days of the assembling of the pilgrims; and they continued to feed the people until the end of those days: (M:) the رِفَادَة and سِقَايَة [i. e. the supplying these provisions and this beverage] pertained to the Benoo-Háshim; and the سِدَانَة [or service of the Kaabeh], and the لِوَآء [or banner], to the Benoo-'Abd-ed-Dár: (S:) the term رِفَادَةٌ used in relation to the feeding of the pilgrims is from رَفَدَهُ signifying “ he aided him by a gift ” &c.: (Mgh:) the first who performed this custom was Háshim Ibn-'Abd-Menáf. (T.) b4: One says also, هُوَ رِفَادَةُ صِدْقٍ لِى and صِدْقٍ ↓ رَفِيدَةُ, meaning (tropical:) [He is an excellent] aider, or helper, or assistant, to me. (A.) رَفِيدَةٌ: see what next precedes.

رَافِدٌ [act. part. n. of رَفَدَ; Giving, or giving a gift: and aiding, &c.]: pl. [رَافِدُونَ and] رُفَّدٌ. (TA.) You say, فُلَانٌ نِعْمَ الرَّافِدُ إِذَا حَلَّ بِهِ الوَافِدُ [Such a one is an excellent, or a most excellent, giver, or aider, when the comer alights at his abode]. (A, TA.) And أَعْطَى زَكَاةَ مَالِهِ طَيِّبَةً بِهَا نَفْسُهُ رَافِدَةً عَلَيْهِ He gave the portion of his property that was due as the poor-rate, his soul being well pleased, or content, therewith, aiding him to do so. (L.) b2: One who is next in station to a king, [who aids him,] and who, when the latter is absent, occupies his place. (IB.) b3: (tropical:) A river that flows into, and augments, another river: you say نَهْرٌ لَهُ رَافِدَانِ (tropical:) A river that has two rivers flowing into it, and augmenting it. (A.) Hence, (A,) الرَّافِدَانِ is an appellation applied to (tropical:) The Tigris and Euphrates. (S, M, A, K.) b4: [Hence,] one says also, فُلَانٌ يَمْدُّ البَرِيَّةَ رَافِدَاهُ (tropical:) Such a one's two hands or arms [afford aid, or succour, to mankind]. (A.) رَافِدَةٌ a word of the measure فَاعِلَةٌ [app. as meaning A thing that aids, helps, or assists,] from الرَّفْدُ signifying “ the act of aiding, helping, or assisting. ” (TA.) رَوَافِدُ [is its pl., and] signifies The rafters, or beams, or timbers, (خَشَب, S, Mgh, K, or خُشُب, M,) of a roof, (IAar, S, M, Mgh, K,) over which are laid [planks, or only] the bundles of reeds, or canes, called حَرَادِىّ; (IAar, L in art. حرد;) as also رَافِدَاتٌ. (S, M.) A poet says, (describing a house, S in art. بخ,) رَوَافِدُهُ أَكْرَمُ الرَّافِدَاتِ [Its rafters are the most excellent of rafters]. (S, M.) بَنُو أَرْفَدَةَ, (S, K,) or أَرْفِدَة, which latter is the more common and more approved, (TA,) mentioned in a trad., (S,) A class of the Abyssinians, (S, K,) who danced: (S:) or a surname of them: or they were so called from the name of their chief ancestor, (TA.) تَرْفِيدٌ, a subst., like تَمْتِينٌ, and تَنْبِيتٌ, The posteriors of a woman. (IAar, M.) مَرْفَدٌ, and its pl. مَرَافِدُ: see رِفْدٌ, in four places.

مِرْفَدٌ, and its pl. مَرَافِدُ: see رِفْدٌ, in four places. b2: Also A piece of stuff, or a thing like a pillow, with which a woman small in the posteriors makes those parts to appear large. (S, K. *) مَرَافِيدُ [a pl. of which the sing. (probably مِرْفَادٌ, like مِغْزَارٌ and مِدْرَارٌ &c.,) is not mentioned,] Ewes, or she-goats, whose milk does not cease (S, K) in summer nor in winter. (S.)
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