William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1601. رفأ14 1602. رفت15 1603. رفث17 1604. رفد18 1605. رفس14 1606. رفض171607. رفع19 1608. رفغ14 1609. رفق19 1610. رفل16 1611. رفه18 1612. رفو8 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب20 1617. رقح12 1618. رقد16 1619. رقش15 1620. رقص15 1621. رقط14 1622. رقع16 1623. رقل12 1624. رقم18 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 1627. ركب18 1628. ركد17 1629. ركز19 1630. ركس20 1631. ركض19 1632. ركع16 1633. ركل12 1634. ركم14 1635. ركن19 1636. ركو9 1637. رم6 1638. رمث16 1639. رمح15 1640. رمد17 1641. رمز19 1642. رمس18 1643. رمص14 1644. رمض15 1645. رمق14 1646. رمك15 1647. رمل21 1648. رمن15 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب12 1653. رنج12 1654. رنح14 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق15 1658. رنم16 1659. رنو8 1660. رهب18 1661. رهج13 1662. رهدن8 1663. رهط17 1664. رهف15 1665. رهق20 1666. رهل11 1667. رهم13 1668. رهن17 1669. رهو11 1670. روأ11 1671. روب16 1672. روث16 1673. روج13 1674. روح22 1675. رود15 1676. روس10 1677. روض17 1678. روع19 1679. روغ19 1680. روف5 1681. روق18 1682. رول13 1683. روم18 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب19 1690. ريث16 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس8 1695. ريش19 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع17 1698. ريغ8 1699. ريف13 1700. ريق13 Prev. 100
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رفض

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رفض

1 رَفَضَهُ, aor. رَفِضَ and رَفُضَ, inf. n. رَفْضٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and رَفَضٌ, (S, K,) He left, forsook, relinquished, abandoned, or deserted, him, or it. (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K.) b2: He separated, dispersed, or scattered, it. (L.) b3: رَفْضٌ also signifies The act of breaking [a thing]. (TA.) b4: And The act of driving away. (TA.) b5: And رَفَضَ He threw, cast, or shot: (K:) whence رَافِضٌ as explained below. (TA.) b6: And رَفَضَ إِبِلَهُ, (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. رَفِضَ (S) and رَفُضَ also, (O,) inf. n. رَفْضٌ and رَفَضٌ, (as in one copy of the S, but the former only in another copy,) He left his camels to separate, or disperse themselves, in their place of pasture, (S, A, Msb, K,) wherever they pleased, not turning them away from what they desired; (S;) as also ↓ ارفضها, (Msb, K,) inf. n. إِرْفَاضٌ: (TA:) or, as the latter is explained by Fr, he sent them away without a pastor. (TA.) A2: رَفَضَتِ الإِبِلُ, (Fr, S, A, Msb, K,) aor. رَفِضَ, (Fr, S,) inf. n. رُفُوضٌ, (S,) or رَفْضٌ, (Fr,) The camels separated, or dispersed themselves, (Fr, A, Msb,) in the place of pasture: (Msb:) or pastured by themselves, (Fr, S, K,) the pastor seeing them, (S,) or looking at them, (K,) near or far off, (S,) not fatiguing them, nor collecting them together. (L.) Thus this verb is intrans. as well as trans. (TA.) [See also 9.] b2: رَفَضَ النَّخْلُ The palm-tree expanded its raceme, and the قِيقَآء

[or envelope] thereof fell off. (S, Sgh, K) b3: رَفَضَ الوَادِى The valley widened; became wide; as also ↓ ارفض, (O, K,) and ↓ استرفض. (Ibn-'Abbád and K.) b4: رَفَضَ فُوهُ He shed his ثَغْر [or front teeth]. (AA, TA.) 2 رفّض فِى القِرْبَةِ, inf. n. تَرْفِيضٌ, He left a small quantity of water remaining in the skin. (AZ, S, K.) [See رَفْضٌ.] b2: رفّض said of a horse, He put forth his veretrum without being vigorously lustful. (K.) 4 ارفض إِبِلَهُ: see 1.

A2: ارفض الوَادِى: see 1, last sentence but one.5 ترفّض It (a thing, TA) broke, or became broken, in pieces. (O, K.) b2: See also 9, in three places.9 ارفضّ It (a thing) became dispersed, (S, A, K,) and departed, or went away; (S, K, TA;) as also ↓ ترفّض. (A, K, TA.) It (a company of men) separated, or became dispersed; or dispersed themselves; as also ↓ the latter verb. (Lth.) b2: ارفضّ الدَّمْعُ, (S, TA,) or الدُّمُوعُ, (K,) The tears became scattered in drops: (S, K: [in one copy of the S, اِرْفِضَاضُ الدَّمْعِ is explained by تَرْشِيشُهُ; but the right reading is تَرَشُّشُهُ, which I find in two copies; as in the K:]) or flowed and became scattered; and flowed and dropped continuously: or flowed in a scattered manner: (L:) and ↓ ترفّض signifies the same. (TA.) You say also, ارفضّ السَّيْلُ [The torrent dispersed itself]. (S, K.) And ارفضّ جُرْحُهُ The thick purulent matter of his wound flowed, and became dispersed. (TA.) And ارفضّ عَرَقًا His sweat ran; and flowed. (TA.) b3: ارفضّ الوَجَعُ (assumed tropical:) The pain ceased, or went away. (TA.) And ارفضّ مِنْهُ صَبْرِى (tropical:) [My patience departed in consequence of it]. (A, TA.) 10 إِسْتَرْفَضَ see 1, last sentence but one.

رَفْضٌ Camels in a state of separation, or dispersion; and in like manner, men, and goods, and plants or herbage: (A:) or camels pasturing by themselves, (S, K,) the pastor seeing them, (S,) or looking at them, (K,) near or far off: (S:) you say, إِبِلٌ رَفْضٌ (S, K,) and ↓ رَفَضٌ also, and ↓ رَافِضَةٌ: (S, A, K:) and the pl. of رَفَضٌ is أَرْفَاضٌ: (S, K:) [and ↓ رُفُوضٌ seems to be a pl. of رَفْضٌ.] Also A herd of gazelles in a state of separation, or dispersion: pl. رِفَاضٌ. (TA.) You say also ↓ نَعَامٌ رَفَضٌ Ostriches in separate flocks. (S.) and فِى السَّفَرِ ↓ النَّاسُ أَرْفَاضٌ The men are in a state of separation, or dispersion, in journeying. (TA.) And النَّاسِ ↓ رُفُوضُ The different parties of men. (S, K.) And مِنْ كَلَأٍ ↓ رُفُوضٌ Scattered pieces of herbage or pasturage, (Jm, S, K,) distant one from another. (Jm, S, O.) And الأَرْضِ ↓ رُفُوضُ Land which is deserted after having been prohibited to the public: (S:) or which has no possessor: (O, L, K:) so says IDrd; but he adds, or, accord. to some, deserted land (L, TA) between two cultivated pieces of land, (L,) or between two pieces of land belonging to two tribes. (TA.) ↓ رَفَضٌ also signifies What is large, and in a state of separation or dispersion, of a thing: pl. أَرْفَاضٌ. (TA.) b2: And رَفْضٌ, A side, or a part, or portion, (syn. جَانِبٌ,) of a thing. (TA.) b3: Also رَفْضٌ, (IAar, ISk, Az, Z,) or ↓ رَفَضٌ, (AZ, Fr, A'Obeyd, S,) the latter said, in a marginal note in the S, to be the correct form heard from the Arabs, (TA,) or both, (Sgh, K,) A small quantity of water; (S, A, K;) and of milk; (A, TA;) remaining in the bottom of a skin or of a مَزَادَة; like a جُرْعَة: (TA:) or a little less than is sufficient to fill a skin: (IAar:) pl. ↓ أَرْفَاضٌ. (Lh.) b4: And hence, the former, (tropical:) Food that is sufficient to sustain life; syn. قُوتٌ. (TA.) رِفْضٌ The persuasion, or creed, or a tenet, of the رَافِضَة; as in the saying attributed to the Imám Esh-Sháfi'ee, إِنْ كَانَ رِفْضًا حُبُّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

فَلْيَشْهَدِ الثَّقَلَانِ أَنِّى رَافِضَى

[If the love of the family of Mohammad be a tenet of the Ráfidees, let men and genii bear witness that I am a Ráfidee]. (TA.) رَفَضٌ: and its pl. أَرْفَاضٌ: see رَفْضٌ, in six places.

رَجُلٌ رُفَضَةٌ, (A, L,) or رَجُلٌ قُبَضَةٌ رُفَضَةٌ, (S, K,) A man who lays hold upon a thing, and then leaves it (S, A, L, K) without delay. (S, A, L.) And رَاعٍ قُبَضَةٌ رُفَضَةٌ A pastor who collects together the camels, and, when they come to a place which they like, leaves them to pasture where they will. (ISk, S, A. *) [See also art. قبض.]

رَفَضَاتٌ, in the following saying, is from رَفَضَتِ الإِبِلُ, explained above: لِشَوْقِى إِلَيْكَ فِى قَلْبِى

رَكَضَاتٌ وَلِحُبِّكَ فِى مَفَاصِلِى رَفَضَاتٌ (tropical:) [app. meaning By reason of my yearning for thee, in my heart are impulses; and by reason of the love of thee, in my joints are loosenesses]. (A, TA.) القَوْمُ رَفْضَى فِى بُيُوتِهِمْ The people, or company of men, are in a state of separation, or dispersion, in their tents, or houses: heard by Az from an Arab of the desert. (TA.) [رَفْضَى seems to be a pl. of ↓ رَافِضٌ; like as هَلْكَى is of هَالِكٌ. See also رَفْضٌ.]

رُفَاضٌ What is broken in pieces, and scattered, or dispersed, of a thing. (IDrd, S, K.) شَرَكٌ رِفَاضٌ Tracks in a road differing one from another: (S:) or furrows in the middle, or main part, of a road, separating, one from another; or separating to the right and left. (TA.) رُفُوضٌ: see رَفْضٌ, in four places.

رَفِيضٌ i. q. ↓ مَرْفُوضٌ, applied to a thing; (S, K;) i. e. Left; forsaken; relinquished; abandoned; deserted: (S, TA:) cast away: separated; dispersed; scattered: (TA:) and, applied to a spear, broken in pieces. (K.) A2: Sweat; (O, K;) because of its flowing. (TA.) رَفَّاضَةٌ Men who pasture their beasts upon land such as is termed رُفُوض: (S, K:) or, as in the O, who sow such land. (TA.) رَافِضٌ in the following saying of 'Amr Ibn-Ahmar El-Báhilee means A thrower: he says, إِذَا مَا الحِجَازِيَّاتُ أَعْلَقْنَ طَنَّبَتْ بِمَيْثَآءَ لَا يَأْلُوكَ رَافِضُهَا صَخْرَا meaning, When the women of El-Hijáz hang their goods and utensils upon the trees, they stretch their tent-ropes and pitch their tent in a soft tract of land, the thrower wherein will not be able to throw a large piece of stone at thee, because of the not finding it. (O, L, K, * TA.) A2: See also رَفْضَى.

رَافِضَةٌ A party of رَوَافِض: (K:) whence the rel. n. ↓ رَافِضَىٌّ [signifying of, or belonging to, رَوَافِض]. (TA.) رَوَافِضُ [is pl. of رَافِضَةٌ, and] signifies An army, or a military force, (S, O,) or any army or military force, (K,) which has deserted its leader: (S, O, K:) or armies which have deserted their leader. (L.) b2: Also الرَّافِضَةٌ, A certain sect of the شِيعَة (S, Msb, K) of ElKoofeh; (Msb;) so called because they deserted Zeyd the son of 'Alee, (As, S, Mgh, Msb,) when he forbade them to speak against the Companions of the Prophet; (Mgh, Msb;) for they had promised allegiance to Zeyd the son of 'Alee (As, O, L, K) the son of El-Hoseyn the son of 'Alee the son of Aboo-Tálib, (As, O, L,) and then desired him to renounce the two elders, [Aboo-Bekr and 'Omar, (TK,)] and on his refusing to do so they deserted him: (As, O, L, K:) الأَرْفَاضُ is also applied to this sect, as though it were pl. of رَافِضٌ, like as أَصْحَابٌ is of صَاحبٌ; (TA;) and الرَّوَافِضُ also; but not الرُّفَّاضُ: (TA:) and the rel. n. [which serves as a n. un.] is ↓ رَافِضَىٌّ [as above]. (K.) Afterwards, this appellation became applied to All persons transgressing in this way, [i. e. all apostates, or schismatics,] speaking against the Companions of the Prophet. (Msb.) b3: إِبِلٌ رَافِضةٌ: see رَفْضٌ.

رَافِضَىٌّ: see رَافِضَةٌ, in two places.

مَرْفَضٌ and ↓ مَرْفَضَةٌ sings. of مَرَافِضُ: the former is explained as A place in which water flows, and where it remains: (TA:) or مَرَافِضُ وَادٍ signifies the parts of a valley into which the torrent disperses itself. (S, A, * K. *) b2: مَرَافِضُ الأّرْضِ The tracts of land where the main quantity of sand ends, becoming thin, at the sides of mountains and the like. (So in some copies of the S and in the TA.) مَرْفَضَةٌ: see مَرْفَضٌ.

مُرْفَضٌّ Anything becoming dispersed, and departing, or going away. (S.) مَرْفُوضٌ: see رَفِيضٌ.
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