William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1605. رفس13 1606. رفض16 1607. رفع18 1608. رفغ13 1609. رفق18 1610. رفل151611. رفه17 1612. رفو7 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب19 1617. رقح11 1618. رقد15 1619. رقش14 1620. رقص14 1621. رقط13 1622. رقع15 1623. رقل11 1624. رقم17 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 1627. ركب17 1628. ركد16 1629. ركز18 1630. ركس19 1631. ركض18 1632. ركع15 1633. ركل11 1634. ركم13 1635. ركن18 1636. ركو8 1637. رم6 1638. رمث15 1639. رمح14 1640. رمد16 1641. رمز18 1642. رمس17 1643. رمص13 1644. رمض14 1645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 1659. رنو7 1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق19 1666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 1672. روث15 1673. روج12 1674. روح21 1675. رود14 1676. روس9 1677. روض16 1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم17 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين18 1704. ريه7 Prev. 100
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رفل

1 رَفِلَ, (S, M, K,) aor. رَفَلَ, (K,) inf. n. رَفَلٌ; (S, M;) and رَفَلَ, aor. رَفُلَ, (M, K,) inf. n. رَفْلٌ; (M;) He was awkward (S, M, K,) in his manner of wearing his clothes, (S,) or with his clothes [when walking &c. (see رَفِلٌ)], and in every work. (M, K.) b2: And رَفَلَ, (M, K,) or رَفَلَ فِى ثِيَابِهِ, (S, TA,) aor. رَفُلَ, (S, M,) inf. n. رَفْلٌ (Lth, T, M, K) and رُفُولٌ (T, TA) and رَفَلَانٌ; (M, K;) and ↓ ارفل; (S, M, K;) He dragged his skirt, and kicked it with his foot: (Lth, T:) or he made his clothes long, and dragged them, walking with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of his body from side to side: (S:) or he dragged his skirt, and walked in the manner described above: or he moved his arm up and down [in walking]: (M, K:) and فِى ثِيَابِهِ ↓ ترفّل signifies the same as رَفَلَ and ارفل: (TA:) or ↓ إِرْفَالٌ [inf. n. of 4] signifies a man's having a long garment, such as a skirt and a جُبَّة: (Khálid Ibn-Jembeh, T in art. ذيل:) and one says, فِى مِشْيَتِهَا خرْقًا ↓ تَتَرَفَّلُ [She drags her skirt, &c., in her gait, by reason of awkwardness]. (S.) تَرْفُلُ المَرَافِلَا, a phrase used by Ru-beh, [↓ مَرَافِلُ being app. pl. of مَرْفَلٌ, a regular inf. n. of رَفَلَ,] means She walks with every sort of رَفْل or رُفُول [i. e. dragging of the skirt, &c.]. (Lth, T accord. to different copies.) And ↓ تَرْفَلَ, inf. n. تَرْفَلَةٌ, He walked with an inclining of his body from side to side (تَبَخْتَرَ) by reason of pride (كِبْرًا), or by reason of old age (كِبَرًا): (K, accord. to different copies:) the ت is augmentative. (TA.) A2: See also the next paragraph, last sentence, in two places.2 تَرْفِيلٌ The making a garment ample, or long towards the ground: the letting it down, or making it to hang down: (TA:) [and so ↓ إِرْفَالٌ:] you say, ثِيَابَهُ ↓ ارفل, (Sh, T,) or ثَوْبَهُ, (M,) or رِفْلَهُ, (K, TA, in the CK رَفِلَهُ,) He let down, or made to hang down, his garments, or his garment, or his skirt. (Sh, T, M, K.) b2: Hence, (TA,) رفّلهُ, (A 'Obeyd, T, S, M,) inf. n. as above, (Sh, T, S, M, K,) (tropical:) He magnified him, or honoured him: (A 'Obeyd, T, S, M, K:) he made him a king, (A 'Obeyd, T, M, K,) and a lord, or chief, (Sh, T, M, K,) and a commander, and a judge: (TA:) [like رَفَّدَهُ:] and he rendered him submissive; made him to submit; or brought him under, or into, subjection: (M, K:) thus it has two contr. meanings; (K;) [like تَرَّفَهُ;] for when a man is made judge in an affair, it is as though he were subjected to service therein. (TA.) Dhu-r-Rummeh says, إِذَا نَحْنُ رَفَّلْنَا امْرَأً سَادَ قَوْمَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْ قَبْلِ ذٰلِكَ يُذْكَرُ (assumed tropical:) [When we magnify a man, or make a man a king, &c., he becomes lord, or chief, of his people, though he have been before that not mentioned]. (T, S, M.) And you say, رُفِّلَ فُلَانٌ (assumed tropical:) Such a one was made a lord, or chief, over his people. (Sh, T.) b3: Also (tropical:) He increased, or exceeded, to him that over which he had authority to judge, or to decide. (TA.) b4: And تَرْفِيلٌ also signifies (tropical:) The leaving a well for its water to collect in it; (S, O, K;) and so ↓ رَفْلٌ: (O, K:) you say, رفّل الرَّكيَّة (tropical:) He left the well for its water to collect in it; (Ks, T, M;) as also ↓ رَفَلَهَا, aor. رَفُلَ, inf. n. رَفْلٌ. (O.) 4 ارفل, and its inf. n. إِرْفَالٌ: see 1, in two places: A2: and see also 2, in two places.5 تَرَفَّلَ see 1, in two places. b2: ترفّل also signifies (tropical:) He was, or became, or was made, a lord, or chief. (Sh, T, TA.) Hence, in a trad. of Wáïl Ibn-Hojr, يَتَرَفَّلُ عَلَى الأَقْوَالِ حَيْثُ كَانُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ حَضْرَمَوْتَ (tropical:) [He is, or will be, &c., a lord, or chief, over the subordinate kings, wherever they are, of the people of Hadramowt]. (T, * TA.) Q. Q. 1 تَرْفَلَ, inf. n. تَرْفَلَةٌ: see 1.

رِفْلٌ, (IDrd, O, K, TA,) or, as in some copies of the Jm, ↓ رِفَلٌّ, (O, TA,) or ↓ رَفَلٌ, (accord. to a copy of the M,) or ↓ رَفِلٌ, (accord. to the CK,) [in the K said to be with kesr, which, accord. to a rule observed in that work, indicates that it is رِفْلٌ,] The skirt, or lower extremity, of a garment. (M, O, K.) You say, أَرْفَلَ رِفْلَهُ [explained above: see 2]. (K.) And قَمِيصٌ سَابِغُ الرِّفْلِ, i. e. [A shirt ample, or long,] in the skirt. (TA.) رَفَلٌ (tropical:) The water that collects after drawing, (جَمَّة, thus accord. to the T and O and some copies of the K, [and this is said in the TA to be the right explanation,]) or the black mud, or black fetid mud, (حَمْأَة, thus accord. to other copies of the K, or مُكْلَة [which has the same or a similar meaning], thus accord. to the M and A and L,) of a well. (T, M, O, A, L, K.) A2: See also the next preceding paragraph.

A3: رَفَلْ رَفَلْ A call to the ewe, to be milked. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) رَفِلٌ Awkward (S, M, K) in his manner of wearing his clothes, (S,) or with his clothes [when walking &c.], and in every work; as also ↓ أَرْفَلُ; fem. [of the latter] ↓ رَفْلَآءُ. (M, K.) And رَفِلَةٌ (Lth, T, M, K, TA) and ↓ رَافِلَةٌ (Lth, T, TA) A woman who drags her skirt (Lth, T, M, K, TA) well, or beautifully, (M, K, TA,) when she walks, and who walks with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of the body from side to side: (Lth, T, TA:) or the former signifies a woman who drags her skirt (تَتَرَفَّلُ), in her gait, by reason of awkwardness: (S, TA:) and ↓ رَفْلآءُ, a woman who does not walk well (ADk, T, S, M, K) in her clothes, (ADk, T, S, M,) dragging her garment, (M,) or dragging her skirt: (K:) and ↓ رَافِلٌ, a man making his clothes long, and dragging them, walking with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of his body from side to side; (S;) in which sense رَفِلَةٌ may be well used as an epithet applied to a woman: (Lth, T:) or ↓ رَافِلٌ (TA) and ↓ تَرْفِيلٌ, (Seer, M, K, TA,) in which latter the ت is augmentative, (TA,) signify a man who drags his skirt, and walks in the manner last described above; or who moves his arm up and down in walking. (Seer, M, K, TA.) b2: Also, i. e. رَفِلٌ, Foolish; stupid; or unsound, or deficient, in intellect, or understanding. (S.) b3: And رَفِلَةٌ, A foul, or an unseemly, or ugly, woman; (M, K;) as also ↓ رِفَلَّةٌ, (M,) or ↓ رِفِلَةٌ, with two kesrehs: (K:) and the same epithets are applied likewise in this sense to a man. (M.) A2: See also رِفْلٌ.

رِفِلَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, near the end.

رِفَلٌّ Long in the tail; (Lth, T, S, M, K;) applied to a garment: (S:) or, thus applied, wide, or ample: (M, K:) in the former sense, applied to a horse, (Lth, As, T, M,) and to a bull, (Lth, T,) and to a camel, (Lth, T, S, M,) and to a mountaingoat; (M;) and رَفَنٌّ signifies the same: (Lth, As, M:) and applied to a horse as meaning also (M) having much flesh; (M, K;) and so رِفَنٌّ: (M:) and to a camel as meaning also wide in the skin: (Lth, T, S, M, K:) and, applied to hair, long; (M;) [or] so ↓ رَفَالٌ, like سَحَابٌ; (K;) or ↓ رُفَالٌ, or ↓ رِفَالٌ; (so accord. to different copies of the T;) and so ↓ رَفَالٌ applied to a garment. (TA.) Also A man having a long skirt. (Ham p. 386.) b2: [Hence,] عَيْشٌ رِفَلٌّ, (TA,) or مَعِيشَةٌ رِفَلَّةٌ, (S, M, in one copy of the S رَفِلَةٌ,) (tropical:) Ample means of subsistence. (S, M, TA.) A2: See also رِفْلٌ.

A3: and see رَفِلٌ.

رَفَالٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

رُفَالٌ: see رِفَلٌ.

رِفَالٌ: see رِفَلٌّ.

A2: رِفَالُ التَّيْسِ A thing that is put before the penis of the goat, in order that he may not copulate. (IDrd, M, K.) رَافِلٌ; and its fem., with ة: see رَفِلٌ, in three places.

أَرْفَلُ; and its fem., رَفْلَآءُ: see رَفِلٌ, in three places.

تَرْفِيلٌ: see رَفِلٌ.

إِزَارٌ مُرْفَلٌ [A waist-wrapper] made to hang down. (Sh, T.) [Hence, perhaps, what next follows.]

مرفلة [written without any syll. signs, app. either مُرْفَلَةٌ or مُرَفَّلَةٌ, an epithet used as a subst., or converted into a subst. by the addition of ة,] A long [dress or garment such as is called] حُلَّة, in which one drags his skirt, and walks with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait (يُرْفَلُ فِيهَا). (TA.) مُرَفَّلَةٌ A she-camel having her udder bound with a piece of rag, which is made to hang down over her teats so as to cover them. (M, O, L, K.) b2: [See also the next preceding paragraph.]

مِرْفَالٌ, applied to a woman, means كَثِيرَةُ الرُّفُولِ فِى ثَوْبِهَا [i. e. Who drags her skirt, &c., much]: (Lth, T:) [and in like manner,] applied to a man, (TA,) كَثيرُ الرَّفَلَانِ [which means the same: see 1]. (M, K, TA.) مَرَافِلُ [app. pl. of مَرْفَلٌ, an inf. n. of رَفَلَ]: see 1.
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