William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1611. رفه17 1612. رفو7 1613. رفى2 1614. رق6 1615. رقأ14 1616. رقب191617. رقح11 1618. رقد15 1619. رقش14 1620. رقص14 1621. رقط13 1622. رقع15 1623. رقل11 1624. رقم17 1625. رقو5 1626. رك4 1627. ركب17 1628. ركد16 1629. ركز18 1630. ركس19 1631. ركض18 1632. ركع15 1633. ركل11 1634. ركم13 1635. ركن18 1636. ركو8 1637. رم6 1638. رمث15 1639. رمح14 1640. رمد16 1641. رمز18 1642. رمس17 1643. رمص13 1644. رمض14 1645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 1659. رنو7 1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق19 1666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 1672. روث15 1673. روج12 1674. روح21 1675. رود14 1676. روس9 1677. روض16 1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم17 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين18 1704. ريه7 1705. ز4 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 Prev. 100
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1 رَقَبَهُ, (JK, S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. رَقُبَ, (S, A, Mgh, Msb,) inf. n. ↓ رقْبَةٌ, (JK, S, Mgh, K,) or this is a simple subst., (Msb,) and [the inf. n. is]

رِقْبَانٌ (JK, S, K) and رُقُوبٌ (S, K) and رَقُوبٌ and رَقْبَةٌ and رَقَابَةٌ, (K,) He looked, watched, or waited, for him, or it; he awaited, or expected, him, or it; (JK, S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) namely, a man, (JK, A,) or a thing; (S;) as also ↓ ترقبهُ; (JK, * S, * A, Msb, K;) and ↓ ارتقبهُ; (S, * A, Msb, K;) and ↓ راقبهُ, (Mgh,) inf. n. مُرَاقَبَةٌ. (JK, S, A, Mgh, Msb.) You say, قَعَدَ يَرْقُبُ صَاحِبَهُ He sat looking, watching, or waiting, for his com-panion; as also ↓ يَرْتَقِبُهُ. (A.) And أَتَرَقَّبُ ↓ كَذَا I look, &c., or am looking, &c., for such a thing. (A.) And يَرْقُبُ مَوْتَ صَاحِبِهِ [He looks, &c., for the death of his companion], (JK, S, A, Mgh, Msb,) and أَبِيهِ لِيَرِثَهُ [of his father, in order that he may inherit his property]: (A:) and ↓ تُرَاقِبُ مَوْتَ بَعْلِهَا [She looks, &c., for the death of her husband], (K, TA,) لِيَمُوتَ فَتَرِثَهُ [that he may die and she may inherit his property]. (TA.) And لَمْ تَرْقُبْ قَوْلِى, in the Kur [xx. 95], means And thou didst not wait, or hast not waited, for my saying [or what I should say]. (JK, TA.) b2: And رَقَبَهُ, (Msb, K,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. رُقُوبٌ, (Msb,) He guarded, kept, preserved, or took care of, it; was mindful, or regardful, of it; (Msb, K;) namely, a thing; (TA;) as also ↓ راقبهُ, inf. n. مُرَاقَبَةٌ and رِقَابٌ; (K;) [and ↓ ترقّبهُ.] You say also أَنَا أَرْقُبُ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ I will guard, or keep watch, for you to-night. (A.) b3: And He regarded it; paid regard, or consideration, to it. (Bd and Jel in ix. 8.) You say, مَا لَكَ لَا تَرْقُبُ ذِمَّةَ فُلَانٍ [What aileth thee that thou wilt not regard the inviolable right or due, &c., of such a one?]. (A. [This phrase is there mentioned as proper, not tropical.]) b4: And (tropical:) He feared him; (A;) and so ↓ راقبهُ; (S, A, Mgh;) namely, God; (S, Mgh;) فِى أَمْرِهِ [in his affair]; (S;) because he who fears looks for, or expects, punishment (يَرْقُبُ العِقَابَ): (A, Mgh:) or رَاقَبْتُ ↓ اللّٰهَ signifies (assumed tropical:) I feared the punishment of God. (Msb.) ↓ رِقْبَةٌ [as inf. n. of رَقَبَ app. used intransitively, or perhaps as a simple subst.,] signifies (assumed tropical:) The fearing, or being afraid [of a person or thing]: or fear: and also (assumed tropical:) the guarding oneself; being watchful, vigilant, or heedful: or self-guardance; &c. (K, TA. [See this word below.]) b5: And you say, بَاتَ يَرْقُبُ النُّجُومَ and ↓ يُرَاقِبُهَا, like يَرْعَاهَا and يُرَاعِيهَا (tropical:) [i. e. He passed the night watching the stars and waiting for the time when they would disappear]. (A, TA.) IAar cites the following saying of one describing a travelling-companion of his: يُرَاقِبُ ↓ النَّجْمَ رِقَابَ الحُوتِ meaning (tropical:) He watches (↓ يَرْتَقِبُ) the star, or asterism, with vehement desire for departure, like the [watching with] vehement desire of the fish for water. (TA.) [See also رَقِيبٌ.]

A2: رَقَبَ فُلَانًا He put the rope [or a rope] upon the رَقَبَة [i. e. neck, or base of the hinder part of the neck, &c.,] of such a one. (K.) A3: رَقِبَ, [aor. رَقَبَ,] inf. n. رَقَبٌ, (TA,) or this is a simple subst., (K,) He was, or became, thick in the رَقَبَة [or neck, &c.]. (TA.) 2 رَقَّبُوا لِلنَّمِرِ [They made a رُقْبَة (q. v.) for the leopard]. (JK.) 3 راقب, inf. n. مُرَاقَبَةٌ and رِقَابٌ: see 1, in seven places.4 ارقبهُ الدَّارَ, (JK, S, A, Mgh, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِرْقَابٌ, (Msb,) He assigned the house to him as a ↓ رُقْبَى [q. v.], (JK, A, * Mgh, K, TA,) and to his offspring after him, in the manner of a وَقْف [so as to be unalienable]: (TA:) and ↓ ارقبهُ الرُّقْبَى

[he assigned to him the رُقْبَى]: (Lh, K:) or ارقبهُ دَارًا, or أَرْضًا, means he gave to him a house, or land, on the condition that it should be the property of the survivor of them two; saying, If I die before thee, it shall be thine; and if thou die before me, it shall be mine: (S:) it is from المُرَاقَبَةُ; because each of the two persons looks for (يَرْقُبُ) the death of the other; (S, Mgh, Msb;) in order that the property may be his: (Msb:) the subst. is ↓ رُقْبَى [signifying, as a quasi-inf. n., the act explained above; and, as a subst. properly so termed, the thing given in the manner explained above: the verb being similar to أَعْمَرَ; and the subst., in both of its applications, to عُمْرَى: see these two words]. (S, Msb.) 5 تَرَقَّبَ see 1, in three places.8 إِرْتَقَبَ see 1, in three places. b2: You say also, ارتقب المَكَانَ He ascended upon the place. (K, * TA.) رَقَبٌ Thickness of the رَقَبَة [or neck, &c.]: (S, K:) a subst. [as distinguished from an inf. n.: but see 1, last signification]. (K.) A2: See also رَقَبَةٌ.

رُقْبَةٌ [A pit made for the purpose of catching the leopard]: it is, for the نَمِر, like the زُبْيَة for the lion. (JK, K.) رِقْبَةٌ: see 1, first sentence: b2: and again, in the latter half of the paragraph. [Hence,] وَرِثَ فُلَانٌ مَالًا عَنْ رِقْبَةٍ (tropical:) Such a one inherited property from distant relations; not from his fathers. (K, TA.) And وَرِثَ المَجْدَ عَنْ رِقْبَةٍ (tropical:) He inherited glory, or nobility, from distant relations: [it is said of a man] because it is feared that it will not be conceded to him on account of the obscurity of his lineage. (A.) El-Kumeyt says, كَانَ السَّدَى وَالنَّدَى مَجْدًا وَمَكْرُمَةً

تِلْكَ المَكَارِمُ لَمْ يُورَثْنَ عِنْ رِقَبِ (tropical:) [The night-dew and the day-dew that nourished his mental growth were nobility and generous disposition: those generous qualities were not inherited from distant relations: رِقَبٌ being pl. of رِقْبَةٌ]: i. e., he inherited them from near ancestors. (TA.) رَقَبَةٌ The neck: or the base of the hinder part thereof: (A, K:) or the hinder part of the base of the neck: (JK, S:) or the upper part of the neck: (TA:) pl. [of mult.] رِقَابٌ (JK, S, Msb, K) and [coll. gen. n.] ↓ رَقَبٌ (JK, S, K) and [pl. of pauc.] أَرْقُبٌ (IAar, K) and رَقَبَاتٌ. (S, Msb, K.) b2: By a synecdoche, it is applied to (tropical:) The whole person of a human being: as in the saying, ذَنْبُهُ فِى رَقَبَتِهِ (tropical:) [His sin, or crime, &c., be on his own neck; meaning, on himself]. (IAth, TA.) [Hence also] one says, هٰذَا الأَمْرُ فِى رِقَابِكُمْ (tropical:) [This affair is upon your own selves], and فِى رَقَبَتِكَ (tropical:) [upon thine own self]. (A.) And أَعْتَقَ اللّٰهُ رَقَبَتَهُ (tropical:) [May God emancipate him]. (A.) And لَكَ رِقَابُهُنَّ وَمَا عَلَيْهِنَّ, in a trad., relating to camels, (tropical:) They themselves, and the burdens that are upon them, are thine. (TA.) And [hence], in another trad., لَنَا رِقَابُ الأَرْضِ (tropical:) To us belongs the land itself. (TA.) b3: Hence also, i. e. by a synecdoche, (IAth, Mgh, TA,) (tropical:) A slave, (S, IAth, Mgh, K, TA,) male and female: (IAth, TA:) and a captive: (TA:) pl. رِقَابٌ. (Mgh.) Yousay, أَعْتَقَ رَقَبَةً (tropical:) He emancipated a slave, male or female. (IAth, TA.) And فَكَّ رَقَبَةً (tropical:) He released a slave, or a captive. (TA.) الرِّقَاب in the Kur ix. 60 means (tropical:) Those slaves who have contracted with their owners for their freedom. (T, Mgh, Msb, TA.) b4: رِقَابُ المَزَاوِدِ (tropical:) [lit. The necks of provision-bags] is a nickname which was applied to the عَجَم [or Persians, or foreigners in general]; because they were red; (S, A;) or because of the length of their necks; (El-Karáfee, TA in art. زود;) or rather because of the thickness thereof, as though they were full. (MF in that art.) رُقْبَى One's giving to another person a possession, (K,) such as a house, and land, and the like, (TA,) on the condition that, whichever of them shall die, the property shall revert to his [the giver's] heirs: (K:) so called because each of them looks for (يَرْقُبُ) the death of the other: (TA:) or one's assigning it, (K,) namely, a dwelling, (TA,) to another person to inhabit, and, when he shall die, to another: (K:) or one's saying to a man, If thou die before me, my dwelling [or my land, which I give to thee,] shall revert to me; and if I die before thee, it shall be thine: so called for the reason above mentioned. (JK, KT. *) [It also signifies The property so given.] See 4, in three places. The act thus termed is forbidden in a trad., which pronounces that the property so given belongs to the giver's heirs. (JK.) Accord. to the Imám Aboo-Haneefeh, and [the Imám] Mohammad, it is not a هِبَة: accord. to Aboo-Yoosuf, it is a هِبَة like the عُمْرَى; but none of the lawyers of El-'Irák says so: the Málikees absolutely forbid it. (TA.) You say, دَارِى لَكَ رُقْبَى [My house is thine as a رقبى]: from المُرَاقَبَةُ; because each of the two persons looks for the death of the other. (A.) رَقَبَانٌ: see أَرْقَبُ.

رَقَبَانِىٌّ: see أَرْقَبُ.

رَقُوبٌ (tropical:) A woman (S, A) of whom no offspring lives, or remains, (S, A, K,) and who looks for the death of her offspring, or of her husband [app. that she may have offspring by another]: (A:) and in like manner applied to a man: (S:) because he, or she, looks for the death of the child, in fear for it: (IAth, TA:) in like manner also a she-camel of which no offspring lives: (TA:) or he who has no offspring: (Msb:) or he who has not sent before him [to Paradise, by its dying in infancy,] any of his children: this, says A'Obeyd, is the meaning in the [classical] language of the Arabs; relating only to the loss of children: (TA:) he who has had no child die in infancy: or he who has had children and has died without sending before him any of them [to Paradise, by its dying in infancy]. (So in the explanations of two trads., each commencing with الرَّقُوبُ, in the “ Jámi' es-Sagheer ” of EsSuyootee.) وَرِثْتُهُ عَنْ عَمَّةٍ رَقُوبِ is a prov., expl. by Meyd as meaning [I inherited it from a paternal aunt] of whom no offspring was living: such, he says, is most compassionate to the son of her brother. (TA.) b2: Also A woman who looks for the death of her husband, (S, K,) in order that she may inherit his property. (S.) b3: And (assumed tropical:) An old and a poor man who is unable to earn for himself, and has none to earn for him: so called because he looks for a benefaction or gratuity. (Msb.) b4: And (assumed tropical:) A she-camel that does not draw near to the wateringtrough, or tank, on account of the pressing, or crowding [of the other camels to it], (S, K,) by reason of her generous disposition: (S:) so called because she waits for the others to drink, and drinks when they have done. (TA.) b5: أُمُّ الرَّقُوبِ (assumed tropical:) Calamity, or misfortune. (K.) رَقِيبٌ, of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure فَاعِلٌ, (TA,) A looker, watcher, or waiter, in expectation [of a person or thing]: (S, Msb, K:) pl. رُقَبَآءُ. (Msb.) b2: A guarder, guardian, keeper, or preserver: (JK, S, A, Msb, K:) a guard of a people; one stationed on an elevated place to keep watch: (TA:) a spy, or scout, of an army: (A, TA:) a watcher, or an observer. (TA.) b3: [Hence,] الرّقِيبُ is an appel-lation applied to God; (A, K, TA;) meaning The Guardian, Keeper, Watcher, or Observer, from whom nothing is hidden. (TA.) b4: Also The أَمِين of the players at the game called المَيْسِر; (JK, K;) or (K) he who is intrusted with the supervision of the ضَرِيب [or shuffler of the arrows]: (JK, S, K:) or the man who stands behind the حُرْضَة [q. v.] in the game above mentioned: the meanings of all these explanations are [said to be] the same: pl. as above. (TA.) b5: And (assumed tropical:) The third of the arrows used in the game above mentioned: (T, S, K:) it is one of the seven arrows to which lots, or portions, appertain: (TA:) by some it is called الضَّرِيبُ: (Lh, L in art. ضرب:) the arrows are ten in number: the first is الفَذُّ, which has one notch and one portion; the second, التَّوْءَمُ, which has two notches and two portions; the third, الرَّقِيبُ, which has three notches and three portions; the fourth, الحِلْسُ or الحَلِسُ, which has four notches [and four portions]; the fifth, النَّافِسُ, which has five notches [and five portions]; the sixth, المُسْبِلُ, which has six notches [and six portions]; and the seventh, المُعَلَّى, the highest of all, which has seven notches and seven portions: those to which no portions appertain are السَّفِيحُ and المَنِيحُ and الوَغْدُ. (TA.) A poet says, إِذَا قَسَمَ الهَوَى أَعْشَارَ قَلْبِى

فَسَهْمَاكِ المُعَلَّى وَالرَّقِيبُ [When love divides the tenths of my heart, thy two arrows will be the mo'allà and the rakeeb]: by the سَهْمَانِ, [which properly signifies two arrows, and hence (assumed tropical:) two portions gained by two gaming-arrows, and then (assumed tropical:) any two portions,] he means her eyes: and as the معلّى has seven portions and the رقيب has three, the سهمان would gain the whole of his heart. (TA. [See also a verse cited voce عُشْرٌ.]) b6: رَقِيبُ النَّجْمِ signifies (tropical:) The star, or asterism, that sets with the rising of that [other] star, or asterism: for example, the رقيب of الثُّرَيَّا is الإِكْلِيلُ: [and the former is the رقيب of the latter:] when the latter rises at nightfall, the former sets: (S, TA:) or رَقِيبٌ signifies the star, or asterism, which [as it were] watches, (يُرَاقِبُ,) in the east, the star, or asterism, setting in the west: or any one of the Mansions of the Moon is the رقيب of another: (K, TA:) whenever any one of them rises, another [of them] sets: (TA: [see مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل; and see also نَوْءٌ:]) and الرَّقِيبُ is (assumed tropical:) a [certain] star, or asterism, of the stars, or asterisms, [that were believed to be the givers] of rain, that [as it were] watches another star, or asterism: (K:) [it was app. applied to الإِكْلِيلُ, as being the رقيب of the most noted and most welcome of all the Mansions of the Moon, namely, الثُّرَيَّا: see نَوْءٌ.] The رَقِيب of الثُّرَيَّا is [also] an appellation applied to الدَّبَرَانُ (assumed tropical:) [i. e. The Hyades; or the five chief stars of the Hyades; or the brightest star among them, α of Taurus]; because a follower thereof: (A:) [and] العَيُّوقُ (assumed tropical:) [i. e. Capella] is so called as being likened to the رقيب of the game called المَيْسِر. (TA.) [Hence,] one says, لَاآتِيكَ أَوْ يَلْقَى الثُّرَيَّا رَقِيبُهَا (tropical:) [I will not come to thee unless their رقيب meet the Pleiades]. (A.) b7: رَقِيبٌ also signifies (tropical:) A man's successor, (A, K,) of his offspring, and of his عَشِيرَة [i. e. kinsfolk, or nearer or nearest relations by descent from the same ancestor, &c.]. (K.) So in the saying, نِعْمَ الرَّقِيبُ أَنْتَ لِأَبِيكَ وَسَلَفِكَ (tropical:) [Excellent, or most excellent, is the successor; such art thou to thy father and thine ancestors]: because the successor is like الدَّبَرَان to الثُّرَيَّا. (A.) b8: and (assumed tropical:) The son of a paternal uncle. (K.) [App. because two male cousins by the father's side are often rivals, and watchers of each other; the son of a girl's paternal uncle being commonly preferred as her husband.] b9: Also (assumed tropical:) A species of serpent: as though it watched by reason of hatred: (TA:) or a certain malignant serpent: pl. رَقِيبَاتٌ and رُقُبٌ. (T, K.) رَقَّابَةٌ A low, or an ignoble, man, a servant, or a slave, syn. رَجُلٌ وَغْدٌ, (S, K,) who keeps, guards, or watches, the [utensils and furniture called]

رَحْل of a people when they are absent. (S.) أَرْقَبُ and ↓ رَقَبَانِىٌّ, (JK, S, A, K,) the latter irregular (Sb, S, K) as a rel. n., (Sb,) and ↓ رَقَبَانٌ, (IDrd, K,) applied to a man, (S, IDrd, A,) Thick, (JK, S, K,) or large, (A, Mgh, in which latter only the second epithet is mentioned,) in the رَقَبَة [or neck, &c.]: (JK, S, A, K:) the fem. [of the first] is رَقْبَآءُ, (JK, IDrd,) applied to a female slave, (JK,) not applied to a free woman, nor does one say رَقَبَانِيَّةٌ. (IDrd.) b2: الأَرْقَبُ is also [an epithet] applied to The lion; (K;) because of the thickness of his رَقَبة. (TA.) مَرْقَبٌ and ↓ مَرْقَبَةٌ An elevated place upon which a spy, or watchman, ascends, or stations himself: (S, A, * Msb, K: *) [a structure such as is termed] an عَلَم, or a hill, upon which one ascends to look from afar: or, accord. to Sh, the latter signifies a place of observation on the top of a mountain or of a fortress: accord. to AA, the pl., مَرَاقِبُ, signifies elevated pieces of ground. (TA.) مَرْقَبَةٌ: see what next precedes.

مُرَقَّبٌ A skin, or hide, that is drawn off from the part next to the head (S, K) and the رَقَبَة [or neck, &c.]. (S.)
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