William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1639. رمح14 1640. رمد16 1641. رمز18 1642. رمس17 1643. رمص13 1644. رمض141645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى10 1651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 1659. رنو7 1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق19 1666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 1672. روث15 1673. روج12 1674. روح21 1675. رود14 1676. روس9 1677. روض16 1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم17 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين18 1704. ريه7 1705. ز4 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد18 1713. زبر19 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع11 1718. زبق11 1719. زبل17 1720. زبن16 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر18 1725. زجل13 1726. زجو6 1727. زح2 1728. زحر12 1729. زحف20 1730. زحل13 1731. زحلف7 1732. زحلق7 1733. زحم12 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر13 1736. زخرف11 1737. زر5 1738. زرب16 Prev. 100
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رمض

1 رَمضَت الأَرْضُ, (Mgh,) and الحِجَارَةُ, (A, Mgh,) [aor. رَمَضَ,] inf. n. رَمَضٌ, (A,) The earth, or ground, (Mgh,) and the stones, (A, Mgh,) became vehemently heated by the sun. (A, Mgh.) b2: رَمِضَ يَوْمُنَا, (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (S, Msb,) and so the inf. n., (S, A, Msb,) Our day became intensely hot. (S, A, Msb, K.) b3: رَمِضَ said of a man, (A, Mgh, TA,) aor. as above, (TA,) and so the inf. n., (Mgh, TA,) He had his fast burnt (A, Mgh, TA) by the ground, or stones, vehemently heated by the sun, (A,) or by the vehemence of the heat: (Mgh, TA:) or he was smitten, or affected, by the heat of the sun: (Ham p. 173:) and رَمِضَتْ قَدَمُهُ his foot was burnt by the ground, or stones, vehemently heated by the sun. (S, Msb, K.) In like manner you say, رَمِضَتِ الفِصَالُ The young camels, or young weaned camels, felt the heat of the sun from the ground, or stones, vehemently heated thereby: then is the prayer of the period called الضُّحَى: (S:) or had their feet burned by the ground, or stones, thus heated: (Mgh, Msb:) or lay down in consequence of the intense heat of the sand, and the burning of their feet. (IAth.) And رَمِضَتِ الغَنَمُ The sheep, or goats, from pasturing in intense heat, had their livers ulcerated, (S, K,) and their lungs affected with dropsy: (S:) or had their lungs and livers affected with dropsy, and ulcerated. (L.) And رَمِضَتْ عَيْنُهُ His eye became hot, so that it almost burned: the verb occurs in this sense in a trad., as some relate it, with ض [instead of ص]. (TA.) b4: Also, said of a man fasting, His inside became vehemently hot (Fr, K) by reason of intense thirst. (Fr, TA.) b5: And, said of a man, He went upon ground, or stones, vehemently heated by the sun. (TA.) b6: And He returned from the desert to the region of cities, towns, or villages, and of cultivated land. (L, TA.) b7: You say also, رَمِضْتُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ and رَمِضْتُ لَهُ and ↓ اِرْتَمَضْتُ (tropical:) [meaning I was distressed and disquieted by reason of the thing, or affair: or I grieved for it]: (A:) [for] مِنْ كَذَا ↓ ارتمض signifies (tropical:) he was distressed and disquieted by reason of such a thing: (S, K, TA:) and ↓ ارتمض لِفُلَانٍ (tropical:) he grieved for such a one; i. q. حَزِنَ لَهُ, accord. to the [S and] L [and CK]: or i. q. حَدِبَ لَهُ, [but this I think a mistranscription, for you say حَدِبَ عَلَيْهِ, not حَدِبَ لَهُ,] accord. to the O and [some copies of the] K. (TA.) A2: رَمَضَهُ الحَرُّ: see 4. b2: س رَمَضَ الغَنَمَ, (K,) aor. رَمِضَ, inf. n. رَمْضٌ, (TA,) He pastured the sheep, or goats, upon ground vehemently heated by the sun, (K, TA,) and made them to lie down upon it; (TA;) as also ↓ ارمضها; and ↓ رمّضها, (K, TA,) inf. n. تَرْمِيضٌ. (TA.) b3: رَمَضَ الشَّاةَ, aor. رَمِضَ, (S, M, K,) inf. n. رَمْضٌ, (S, M,) He clave the sheep, or goat, leaving its skin upon it, and threw it upon heated stones, and put hot ashes upon it, in order that it might become thoroughly cooked: (S, K:) or he kindled a fire upon stones, then clave the sheep, or goat, with its skin upon it, then broke its ribs from within, in order that it might lie steadily upon the ground, with the heated stones beneath it, and hot ashes above it, a fire being kindled over it: when it is thoroughly cooked, they skin it and eat it: (M, TA:) you say also ↓ ارمض الشَّاةَ: b4: and رُمِضَ اللَّحْمُ [The flesh was dressed in the manner above described]. (TA.) A3: رَمُضَ, if used, is the verb whereof ↓ رَمَاضَةٌ, which is mentioned by Sh and in the K, is the inf. n.; and accord. to the explanation of the latter in the K, signifies It (a large or broad knife or blade) was, or became, sharp. (TA.) A4: رَمَضَ النَّصْلَ, (S, K,) or المُوسَى, (A,) aor. رَمِضَ, and رَمُضَ, (S, K,) He put the blade between two smooth stones, and then beat it, to make it thin: (ISk, S, K: [but in the text of the K, as given in the TA, the word rendered “ stones ” is omitted:]) or he beat the razor between two stones, in order that it might become thin; as also ↓ ارمض. (A.) 2 رمّضهُ, inf. n. تَرْمِيضٌ, (S, A, K,) originally signifies He attributed to him إِرْمَاض [meaning the causing one to be burnt by the heat of the sun, or by the vehemently-heated ground: or (assumed tropical:) the giving pain:] and hence, as this results from tardiness, (A, TA,) b2: (tropical:) He waited expecting him a while: (Ks, Jm, S, A, O:) or a little while, and then went away. (Sh, * K.) IF says that the م may be original, or it may be a substitute for ب. (TA.) b3: رمّض الغَنَمَ: see رَمَضَ.

A2: رَمَّضْتُ الصَّوْمَ I purposed fasting or the fast [app. during the month of رَمَضَان]. (Sgh, K.) 4 أَرْمَضَتْنِى الرَّمْضَآءُ The ground, or stones, vehemently heated by the sun, burned me. (S.) and ارمضهُ الحَرُّ The heat burned him; (K, * TA;) as also ↓ رَمَضَهُ, aor. رَمِضَ. (TA.) And ارمض الحَرُّ القَوْمَ (Jm, A, K) The heat distressed the people, or company of men; (Jm, K;) so that it hurt them. (K.) You say also, غَوِّرُوا بِنَا فَقَدْ أَرْمَضْتُمُونَا (Jm, A) Make ye the camels to lie down with us during the vehement midday-heat [for ye have caused us to be burnt by the heat of the sun, or by the vehemently-heated ground]. (Jm, TA.) b2: [Hence,] ارمضهُ (tropical:) It (anything, AA) pained him. (AA, K.) And ارمضهُ الأَمْرُ (tropical:) [The thing, or affair, pained him] is a phrase which has originated from the first of the phrases mentioned in this paragraph. (S, TA.) b3: ارمض الغَنَمَ: see 1. b4: ارمض الشَّاةَ: see 1.

A2: ارمض المُوسَى: see 1, last signification.5 ترمّض الظِّبَآءَ He drove the gazelles upon the ground, or stones, vehemently heated by the sun, until their hoofs became dissundered, or dislocated, and so they were taken: (A:) or he hunted them during the vehement midday-heat, (S, K,) pursuing them until, their legs being dislocated by the vehemently-heated ground, he took them. (S, TA.) A2: التَّرَمُّضُ also signifies The heaving of the soul [or stomach]; or its being agitated by a tendency to vomit; syn. غَثَيَانُ النَّفْسِ. (IAar, K.) 8 ارتمض He burned by reason of vehement heat, or (assumed tropical:) of grief. (Har p. 442.) b2: ارتمضت كَبِدُهُ His liver became in a corrupt, or disordered, state. (S, O, K.) And ارتمض الرَّجُلُ The man became in a corrupt, or disordered, state, in his belly and his stomach. (IAar, L.) b3: See also رَمِضْتُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ, in three places.

A2: ارتمضت الفَرَسُ بِهِ The horse, or mare, leaped with him: (K:) so said Mudrik El-Kilábee: as also ارتمزت. (A boo-Turáb, TA.) رَمَضٌ The vehemence of the action (lit. of the falling) of the sun upon the sand &c.: (S, A, K:) or vehemence of heat; (Mgh, Msb;) as also ↓ رَمْضَآءُ: (Mgh, TA:) or the heat of the stones, arising from the intense heat of the sun: or the burning of the intense heat of summer: or heat. (TA.) b2: [Hence the saying,] تَدَاخَلَنِى مِنْ هَذَا الأَمْرِ رَمضٌ (tropical:) [Distress and disquietude, or grief, crept into me from, or in consequence of, this thing: see رَمِضْتُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ.] (A, TA.) حَصًى رَمِضٌ, (TA,) and أَرْضٌ رَمِضَةٌ, (A, TA,) [Pebbles, and ground or land,] vehemently heated by the sun; or intensely heated by the vehement action of the sun thereupon. (A.) And أَرْضٌ رَمِضَةُ الحَجَارَةٍ Land of which the stones are vehemently heated by the sun. (S.) [See also ↓ رَمْضَآءُ.]

b2: رَمِضَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A woman whose thighs rub each other. (Ibn-' Abbád, Sgh, K.) وَجَدْتُ فِى جَسَدِى رَمَضَةٌ (assumed tropical:) I felt in my body what resembled مَلِيلَة [or fever in the bones]. (TA.) رَمْضَآءُ, a subst., (TA,) [or rather an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates,] Ground or land, (S, K,) or stones, (A, Mgh, Msb,) or sand, (IAth,) vehemently hot: (K:) or vehemently heated by the sun: (S, A, Mgh, Msb:) or vehemently hot and burning. (IAth.) [See also رَمِضٌ.] b2: It is also syn. with رَمَضٌ as expl. above: see the latter word. (Mgh, TA.) سَحَابٌ رَمَضِىٌّ, and مَطَرٌ رَمَضِىٌّ, Clouds, and rain, in the end of summer and the beginning of autumn: (K, TA:) because arriving at the period when the sun is [intensely] hot. (TA.) b2: المِيرَةُ الرَّمَضيَّةُ The wheat, or corn, that is brought, or purveyed, when the earth becomes burnt [by the sun, about July]. (M in art. دفأ.) [See art. مير.]

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) and رَمَضَانُ, alone, for the latter, though disapproved by some of the learned, occurs in a trad., (Mgh, Msb, TA,) and in poetry, (TA,) but not الرَّمَضَانُ, for this is incorrect, (Mgh,) The ninth of the Arabian months: (TA:) so called because, when they changed the names of the months from the ancient language, they named them according to the seasons in which they fell, (Jm, S, K,) and this month, (Jm, S,) or نَاتِقٌ, (K,) for this was its ancient name, (TA,) agreed with the days of vehement heat: (Jm, S, Mgh, Msb, K:) [see زَمَنٌ:] or from رَمِضٌ said of a man fasting, expl. above: (Fr, K:) or because [its effect is as though] it burned [and annulled] sins; (K;) from رَمَضَهُ الحَرُّ, expl. above; but [SM says,] I know not how that is; for I have not seen any one [except F] mention it: (TA:) the pl. is رَمَضَانَاتٌ (S, Msb, K) and أَرْمِضَآءُ (S, Msb) and أَرْمِضَةٌ (L, K) and رَمَضَانُونَ (K) and رَمَاضِينُ, (Yoo, Sgh, L, Msb,) like شَعَابِينُ, (Msb,) and أَرْمُضٌ, which is anomalous, (IDrd, K,) is asserted by some of the lexicologists to be another pl., but this is not well established nor received. (IDrd.) b2: It is said in a trad. that رَمَضَانُ is One of the names of God; but this trad. is pronounced by El-Beyhakee to be of weak authority; and that it is so is evident; as no learned man has transmitted this word as such; (Msb;) [except Mujáhid; for] it is related that Mujáhid disapproved of forming a pl. from it, saying, It has been told me that it is one of the names of God: (TA:) if it be so, it is not derived (K, TA) from what has been here mentioned; (TA;) or it refers to the meaning of (assumed tropical:) The Forgiving; or He who obliterates sins. (K.) رَمِيضٌ: see مَرْمُوضٌ.

A2: Also Made thin by being beaten between two stones: (A:) sharpened: (S, K:) sharp: (K, TA:) applied to a knife; (Sh;) and to such as is termed شَفْرَة; (S, K;) and to a نَصْل [or blade]; (S;) and to a razor (مُوسَى), as also رَمِيضَةٌ; (A, TA;) and in the last of the above-mentioned senses, to anything: (S:) it is of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ: (TA:) or it may be in the sense of the measure فَاعِلٌ, from رَمُضَ, though this verb may not have been heard. (Sgh, TA.) رَمَاضَةٌ: see رَمُضَ.

أَرْمُضٌ said to be an anomalous pl. of رَمَضَانُ, q. v. (IDrd, K.) مَرْمِضٌ The place in which a sheep, or goat, is dressed in the manner described above in the explanation of رَمَضَ الشَّاةَ. (S, TA.) مَرْمُوضٌ Flesh-meat dressed in the manner described above in the explanation of رَمَضَ الشَّاةَ: (S:) or roasted flesh-meat, such as is termed كَنِيس, [a word with which I have not met except in this place,] which is nearly the same as حَنِيذ, save that what is called by this last epithet is divided into fragments, and then a fire is kindled over it; as also ↓ رَمِيضٌ. (TA.)
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