William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1645. رمق13 1646. رمك14 1647. رمل20 1648. رمن14 1649. رمو2 1650. رمى101651. رن5 1652. رنب11 1653. رنج11 1654. رنح13 1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق14 1658. رنم15 1659. رنو7 1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق19 1666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 1672. روث15 1673. روج12 1674. روح21 1675. رود14 1676. روس9 1677. روض16 1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم17 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين18 1704. ريه7 1705. ز4 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد18 1713. زبر19 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع11 1718. زبق11 1719. زبل17 1720. زبن16 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر18 1725. زجل13 1726. زجو6 1727. زح2 1728. زحر12 1729. زحف20 1730. زحل13 1731. زحلف7 1732. زحلق7 1733. زحم12 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر13 1736. زخرف11 1737. زر5 1738. زرب16 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد17 1741. زردم6 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع16 1744. زرف17 Prev. 100
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ى1 رَمَى الشَّىْءَ, (T, * S, M, K,) aor. يَرْمِى, (T,) inf. n. رَمْىٌ; (T, M;) and رَمَى بِهِ; (M, K;) He threw, cast, or flung, the thing, (S, K,) مِنْ يَدِهِ from his hand; (S, TA;) as also ↓ ارمى; (M, K;) i. e. ارمى الشَّىْءَ مِنْ يَدِهِ: (M: [in the K it is implied that one says also بَهِ ↓ ارمى; agreeably with a phrase mentioned in what follows:]) you say, الحَجَرَ مِنْ يَدِى ↓ أَرْمَيْتُ I threw the stone from my hand: (S:) and الفَرَسُ بِرَاكِبِهِ ↓ ارمى

The horse threw, or threw down, [i. e. threw off,] his rider: (T:) رَمَيْتُ الرَّجُلَ is said إِذَا رَمَيْتَهُ بِيَدِكَ; [i. e., as meaning رَمَيْتُهُ بِيَدِى; which may be rendered I threw him (the man) with my hand; and also I threw, or shot, at him (the man) with my hand;] but when you remove him from his place, you say, عَنِ الفَرَسِ وَغَيْرِهِ ↓ أَرْمَيْتُهُ [I threw him, or threw him down or off, from the horse &c.]: (Msb:) and عَنْ فَرَسِهِ ↓ طَعَنَهُ فَأَرْمَاهُ, meaning [He thrust him, or pierced him, with his spear,] and threw him, or threw him down [or off], from his horse: (El-Fárábee, S, Msb:) and الحِمْلَ عَنْ ظَهْرِ البَعِيرِ ↓ أَرْمَيْتُ I threw down the load from the back of the camel. (T.) وَمَا رَمَيْتَ

إِذْ رَمَيْتَ وَلٰكِنَّ اللّٰهَ رَمَى, in the Kur [viii. 17], is said by Aboo-Is-hák to be tropical, and to mean (tropical:) And thou didst not cast [in effect, or] so as to attain the point that was attained, [when thou didst cast,] but God [cast in effect, i. e.,] overruled the casting: or, accord. to Abu-l-' Abbás, the meaning is, (assumed tropical:) thou didst not cast fear, or terror, into their hearts, when thou didst cast the pebbles, [but God cast the fear, or terror:] or, accord. to Mbr, (assumed tropical:) thou didst not cast with thy strength, when thou didst cast, but with the strength of God thou didst cast [so that in effect God cast]. (T. [See also another explanation in what follows.]) b2: [رَمَى بِسَلْحِهِ He cast forth his excrement, or ordure, or properly, in a thin state, is a phrase of frequent occurrence.] b3: You say also, رَمَيْتُ بِالسَّهْمِ [I shot the arrow], inf. n. رَمْىٌ and رِمَايَةٌ. (S.) And رَمَى عَنِ القَوْسِ, (S, M, Msb,) or رَمَى السَّهْمَ عَن القَوْسِ, (Mgh, * K,) and عَلَيْهَا, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) inf. n. رَمْىٌ (Mgh, Msb, K) and رِمَايَةٌ, (Mgh, K,) [He shot, or shot the arrow, from, and upon, meaning with, the bow;] and accord. to El-Ghooree, بِهَا also; (Mgh;) but one should not say رَمَى بِهَا, (S, M, Msb, K,) unless meaning “ he threw it from his hand; ”

though some make it to mean [رَمَى عَنْهَا or] رَمَى

عَلَيْهَا, making the ب to be instead of عن or على. (Msb.) b4: And رَمَى القَنَصَ, (S, M,) or الصَّيْدَ, [He shot, or shot at, the animal, or animals, of the chase,] inf. n. رَمْىٌ and رِمَايَةٌ, (Msb,) or رَمْىٌ, and none other. (M.) [And رَمَاهُ بِكَذَا He threw at him, cast at him, or shot at him, with such a thing; i. e. he threw it, cast it, or shot it, at him: and, more commonly, he threw at him, or cast at him, and hit him, or he shot him, with such a thing: namely, with a stone, an arrow, &c. and رَمَاهُ بِحِجَارَةً He threw at him with stones, threw stones at him: and he pelted him with stones, i. e. threw at him and hit him with stones.] and رَمَى فِى الأَغْرَاضِ [He shot, or cast, at the butts]. (ISk, T, S, M.) b5: [Hence,] one says, in cursing a person, رَمَى اللّٰهُ فِى يَدِهِ, and أَنْفِهِ, (assumed tropical:) [May God aim at, and smite, with some bane, or malady, his hand, or arm, and his nose,] and in like manner in relation to other members. (M, K. *) [And رَمَاهُ اللّٰهُ بِكَذَا, sometimes meaning (assumed tropical:) God smote him, or afflicted him, with such a thing: but generally, may God smite him, or afflict him, with such a thing; as in the saying,] رَمَاهُ اللّٰهُ بِدَآءِ الذِّئْبِ (assumed tropical:) [May God smite him, or afflict him, with the disease of the wolf]; a prov., meaning may God destroy him, or cause him to perish; because [it is said that] the wolf has no disease but death: or, as some say, the meaning is, رَمَاهُ اللّٰهُ بِالجُوعِ [may God afflict him with hunger]; because the wolf is always hungry. (Meyd.) and رَمَاهُ بِدَاهِيَةٍ (assumed tropical:) [He (God) sent upon him, or against him,. or smote him with, a calamity: and also] (assumed tropical:) he (a man) made a very sagacious and crafty and politic man to be his assailant. (L in art. حجر. [See also, in that art., رُمِىَ فُلَانٌ بِحَجِرِ الأَرْضِ, and بِحَجَرِهِ.]) [And رَمَاهُ بِكَذَا (assumed tropical:) He assailed him with such a thing; as, for instance, reproach, and an argument, &c. Hence,] رَمَاهُ بِقَبِيحٍ, (TA,) or بِأَمْرٍ قَبِيحٍ, (IAar, T,) or بِالقَبِيحِ, (Msb,) (assumed tropical:) He reproached him, or upbraided him, with a thing, or with that, which was bad, evil, abominable, or foul: (IAar, T, Msb, TA:) whence the usage of the verb alone [in this sense, adultery being understood,] in the Kur xxiv. 4 and 6. (T, TA.) [And رَمَاهُ بِسُوْءٍ (assumed tropical:) He cast an evil imputation upon him; accused him, or suspected him, of evil: see مَرْمِىٌّ. And رَمَاهُ alone (assumed tropical:) He accused him, or suspected him.] And رَمَاهُ بِالحَقِّ (assumed tropical:) [He accused him with truth]. (L in art. قرح, in explanation of قَرَحَهُ بِالحَقِّ.) [And رَمَاهُ بِلِسَانِهِ (assumed tropical:) He spoke against him.] b6: رَمَى اللّٰهُ لَكَ means (tropical:) May God aid thee, or aid thee against thine enemy, and work [good] for thee: (AO, S, TA: *) and رَمَى اللّٰهُ لَهُ (tropical:) God aided him, or aided him against his enemy, (AAF, M, K, TA,) and wrought [good] for him: (AAF, M, TA:) and [it is said that] the verb has this meaning in the words of the Kur, وَمَا رَمَيْتَ إِذْ رَمَيْتَ وَلٰكِنَّ اللّٰهَ رَمَى

[of which other explanations have been given above]; because, when God aids a person against his enemy, He aims at, and smites, (يَرْمِى,) that enemy. (M, TA.) [In like manner, also, فُلَانٌ يَرْمِى مِنْ وَرَآءِ فُلَانٍ means (assumed tropical:) Such a one defends such a one.] b7: رُمِيتُ بِكَذَا (tropical:) I had such a thing offered, or presented, to me, the meeting with it being appointed, or prepared; [I had it as it were thrown to me, or thrown in my way; as though I were thrown at therewith;] like نُبِذْتُ بِهِ. (A in art. نبذ.) b8: رَمَانِى القَوْمُ بِأَبْصَارِهِمْ (assumed tropical:) The people, or party, [cast their eyes, on me: or] looked at me sideways, or did so with anger, or aversion: or looked at me hardly, or intently. (Mgh.) [And رَمَى بِبَصَرِهِ الأَرْضَ (assumed tropical:) He cast his eyes on the ground.] b9: رَمَى بِالقَوْمِ (assumed tropical:) He, or it, caused, or made, the people, or party, to go forth; expelled them; [or cast them forth;] from one country, or the like, to another. (M, TA.) [See also 6.]) [And رَمَى بِنَاقَتِهِ الفَلَاةَ (assumed tropical:) He urged forth his she-camel, or went forth with her, or journeyed with her, or directed his course with her, into the desert; agreeably with what precedes or with what follows.] رَمْىٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) The going forth from one country, or the like, to another. (Th, M, TA.) And رَمَى الرَّجُلُ (assumed tropical:) The man journeyed. (IAar, T, TA.) And Az says, (TA,) I heard an Arab of the desert say to another, أَيْنَ تَرْمِى, meaning (assumed tropical:) Whither dost thou direct thy course. (T, TA.) One says, رَأَيْتُ نَاسًا يَرْمُونَ الطَّائِفَ (assumed tropical:) I saw men directing their course to, or towards, Et-Táïf. (Har p. 54.) [See also an ex. in a verse of Dhu-r-Rummeh cited in p. 78.] b10: رَمَوْهَا بِأَثْوَابٍ خِفَافٍ, in a verse cited voce ثَوْبٌ, [They cast upon them light, or agile, bodies,] means they mounted them with their [light, or agile,] bodies; referring to camels. (T and TA in art. ثوب.) b11: رُمِىَ فِى جِنَازَتِهِ He has been carried, or lifted, and put, into, or upon, his bier, means (assumed tropical:) he died, or has died: (TA:) it is said in giving information of a man's death. (TA in art. جنز.) b12: [رَمَى also app. means (assumed tropical:) He (a governor) imposed an impost upon his subjects: see رَمِيَّةٌ.]

b13: And رَمَى, aor. يَرْمِى, means also (assumed tropical:) He misconjectured; thought wrongly; or formed a wrong opinion: (IAar, T:) [and app. he threw out a conjecture: or he spoke conjecturally; for Az adds,] it is like the phrase رَجْمًا بِالغَيْبِ [or رَجَمَ بِالغَيْبِ or قَالَ رَجْمًا بِالغَيْبِ]. (T.) b14: رَمَى السَّحَابُ: see 6. b15: رَمَى عَلَى الخَمْسِينَ: see 4.

A2: رَمُوَ is a verb of the same kind as قَضُوَ and هَيُؤَ, [invariable as to person, time, and mood,] and means Excel-lent [or how excellent] is he in his throwing, or shooting! (IJ, TA voce هَيُؤَ, q. v. [See also بَطُؤَ, voce بُطْآنَ.]) 3 رَامَيْتُهُ, (S, K,) and رَامَيْتُهُ بِالسِّهَامِ, (TA,) inf. n. مُرَامَاةٌ and رِمَآءٌ (T, S, K) and ↓ تَرْمَآءٌ, (K,) or this last is like the two preceding ns. [in meaning, but is a quasi-inf. n.], (T,) [I threw, or shot, (generally the latter,) and I shot arrows, with him, or at him; (see 6;) mostly meaning in competition, or contention; i. e. I competed, or contended, with him, in throwing, or shooting, and in shooting arrows: and رَامَيْتُهُ alone often means رَامَيْتُهُ بِالحِجَارَةِ, or بِالسِّهَامِ; whence it is said that] مُرَامَاةٌ signifies the shooting arrows, and throwing stones, with any one. (KL.) It is said in a prove., respecting an affair in which one is forward before doing it, قَبْلَ الرِّمَآءِ تُمْلَأُ الكَنَائِنُ [Before shooting arrows with another, or doing so in competition or contention, the quivers are to be filled]. (A 'Obeyd, T.) 4 أَرْمَىَ see 1, first sentence, in seven places: b2: and see also 6.

A2: ارمى, (M, Mgh,) inf. n. إِرْمَآءٌ, (Mgh,) also signifies It (a thing, Mgh) exceeded. (M, Mgh.) You say, ارمى عَلَيْهِ It (anything) exceeded it, namely, another thing. (M.) Hátim-Teiyi says, وَأَسْمَرَ خَطِّيًّا كَأَنَّ كُعُوبَهُ نَوَى القَسْبِ قَدْ أَرْمَى ذِرَاعًا عَلَى العَشْرِ [And a tawny spear of El-Khatt, as though its knots, or joints, were hard date-stones; one that exceeded a cubit over the ten]: (T, S:) i. e., قَدْ زَادَ عَلَيْهَا. (T.) And hence, (T,) you say, ارمى عَلَى الخَمْسِينَ, i. e. He exceeded [the age of fifty]; (AZ, A 'Obeyd, T, S, M, K;) [like اربى;] as also ↓ رَمَى; (AZ, T, S, M, K;) [for] رَمْىٌ signifies the exceeding in age: and one says also أَرْمَأَ and رَمَأَ in the same sense. (IAar, T.) and ارمى فُلَانٌ signifies the same as أَرْبَى [meaning Such a one took usury or the like]. (S.) See also رَمَآءٌ, below. You say also, سَابَّهُ فَأَرْمَى عَلَيْهِ, i. e. [He reciprocated reviling, or vilifying, with him, and] he exceeded him. (S.) 5 ترمّى He shot, or cast, at the butts, and at the trunks of trees. (ISk, T, S, M.) 6 تَرَامَيْنَا and ↓ اِرْتَمَيْنَا [We cast, or shot, (generally the latter,) one with another, or one at another; mostly meaning in competition, or contention; i. e. we competed, or contended, together in throwing, or shooting]: (S, K:) and ترامى القَوْمُ بِالسِّهَامِ and ↓ ارتموا The people, or party, shot arrows, [one with another, or] one at another. (T.) b2: [Hence,] ترامت بِهِ البِلَادُ (tropical:) The countries cast him forth, or expelled him; (M, K, TA;) [as though they bandied him, one to another;] as also ↓ ارتمت, (so in a copy of the M, [which I think correct,]) or ↓ ارمت. (K.) b3: And ترامى السَّحَابُ (assumed tropical:) The clouds became drawn, or joined, together, (M, K, TA,) [as though thrown, one at another,] and heaped, or piled, up; (TA;) as also ↓ رَمَى. (M, TA.) b4: And ترامى أَمْرُهُ إِلَى

الظَّفَرِ; or إِلَى الخِذْلَانِ; i. e. (assumed tropical:) [His affair, or case,] came eventually [to the attainment of what was desired, or sought; or to abandonment by God]. (T, K, TA.) Hence, (TA,) it is said in a trad., of Zeyd Ibn-Háritheh, سُبِىَ فِى الجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَتَرَامَى الأَمْرُ أَنْ صَارَلِخَدِيجَةَ, (T, TA,) i. e. (assumed tropical:) [He was made a captive in the Time of Ignorance, and the case] came eventually, and led, [to his becoming the property of Khadeejeh, (إِلَى being understood before أَنْ صَارَ,)] as though the decrees [of God] cast him thereto. (IAth, TA.) One says also, ترامى الأَمْرُ, meaning تَرَاخَى [i. e. (assumed tropical:) The affair was sluggish, or backward]: (K:) [or] one says of a [purulent swelling such as is termed]

حِيْن, (T,) or of a wound, (S,) ترامى إِلَى فَسَادٍ, (T,) or الى الفَسَادِ, (S,) i. e. (assumed tropical:) It was in a sluggish, or backward, state, (تَرَاخَى,) and became putrid and corrupt. (T.) And ترامى إِلَيْهِ الخَبَرُ (assumed tropical:) The news, or information, came to him; or came to him by degrees. (MA.) b5: ترامت سَفْرَتُهُ (assumed tropical:) His journey was, or became, distant, or far-extending. (Har p. 34.) b6: تراماهُ الشَّبَابُ Youthfulness, or youthful vigour, attained its full term [in him]. (Skr, M.) 8 ارتمى It was, or became, thrown, cast, or flung. (S, K, TA.) It fell to the ground: so in the saying, ارتمى الحِمْلُ عَنْ ظَهْرِ البَعِيرِ [The load fell to the ground, or it may mean was thrown down, from the back of the camel]. (T.) b2: Also He shot, or shot at, an animal, or animals, of the chase. (T, S, M.) b3: See also 6, in three places.

رَمْىٌ [originally an inf. n.]: see رَمِىٌّ.

رِمًى The sound of a stone (T, K) thrown at a boy (so accord. to a copy of the T) or thrown by a boy; (K;) on the authority of IAar. (T.) A2: رِمًا [thus written in the M]: see رَمَآءٌ.

رَمْيَةٌ A single throw, or cast, or fling: and a single shot: (Mgh, Msb, TA:) pl. رَمَيَاتٌ. (Msb, TA.) رُبَّ رَمْيَةٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ رَامٍ [Many a hitting shot, or scarce any hitting shot, is there without a skilled shooter] is a prov. [applied to the case of an unexpected success obtained by an inexperienced person;] meaning many a [hitting] shot, or scarce any [hitting] shot, originates from a shooter that [usually] misses. (Meyd) رَمَآءٌ, (S, IAth, K, in a copy of the T and in a copy of the S without any vowel-sign,) with fet-h and medd, (IAth, and so in a copy of the S, in which it is added that it is said by Ks to be with medd,) like سَمَآءٌ; (K;) or ↓ رِمَآءٌ; (Mgh, and so in a copy of the T;) or ↓ رِمًا, said by Lh to be formed by substitution [of م for ب, as is shown by what follows]; (M;) An excess, or an addition; i. e., (A 'Obeyd, T, Mgh,) i. q. رِبًا, (A 'Obeyd, T, S, M, K,) or رِبًوا, (Mgh, and thus written in some copies of the S and K, or in most of the copies of the K, [meaning usury, and the like,]) or an excess, or addition, over what is lawful. (T, IAth.) Hence the trad. of 'Omar, لَا تَبِيعُوا, (A 'Obeyd, T,) or he said لَا تَشْتَرُوا, (S,) الذَّهَبَ بِالفِضَّةِ إِلَّا يَدًا بِيَدٍ هَا وَهَا, [or هَأْ وَهَأْ, (see art. هوأ,)] or هَآء وَهَآء, [i. e. هَآءَ وَهَآءَ,] (accord. to different copies of the T and S,) adding, (T, S,) إِنِّى أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمُ الرمآءَ; (T, S, Mgh;) [i. e. Exchange not ye gold for silver, except it be done hand with hand, meaning, except there be no delay between the giving and receiving, take and take: verily I fear for you the practice of usury;] or he said, إِلَّا هَآءَ وَهَآءِ, meaning, except [by saying] take and give: (Az, TA in باب الالف الليّنة:) and, as some relate it, he said, انّى اخاف عليكم ↓ الإرْمَآءَ; [which means the same;] using the inf. n. (T, Mgh.) رِمَآءٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

رَمِىٌّ, applied to the male of the goat-kind, or mountain-goat, or of the gazelle, [and any male animal of the chase,] and likewise, without ة, to the female, i. q. ↓ مَرْمِىٌّ [i. e. Thrown at, or cast at, or shot at, or shot]: but when they do not distinguish a male from a female, the word applied to the male and to the female is [↓ رَمِيَّةٌ,] with ة [added لِلنَّقْلِ, i. e. to transfer it from the category of epithets to that of substantives]: or, accord. to Lh, رَمِىٌّ and ↓ رَمِيَّةٌ are both applied, as epithets, to the female; but the former is the more approved: the pl. of the former [and of the latter also] is رَمَايَا. (M, TA.) A2: Also, (M,) accord. to As, i. q. سَقِىٌّ, i. e., (T, S,) A cloud of which the rain-drops are large, and vehement in their fall, (T, S, M, K, *) of the clouds of the hot season and of the autumn: (S:) or, (M, K,) accord. to Lth, (T,) small portions of clouds, (T, M, K,) of the [apparent] size of the hand, or somewhat larger; but the approved explanation is that given by As: (T:) and ↓ رَمْىٌ is a dial. var. thereof: (TA:) the pl. is أَرْمِيَةٌ, (T, S, M, K,) like as that of سَقِىٌّ is أَسْقِيَةٌ, (S,) and أَرْمآءٌ, (Lth, T, M, K,) [each, properly, a pl. of pauc.,] and رَمَايَا. (M, K.) رَمِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places. [As a subst.,] it signifies A thing, (S, M,) meaning (S) an animal (As, T, S, M, * Mgh, Msb) of the chase, (As, T, S,) that is thrown at, or cast at, or shot at, or shot, (As, T, S, M, Mgh, Msb,) by its pursuer; and any beast thrown at, cast at, shot at, or shot; (As, T;) applied to the male and the female: (As, T, Mgh, Msb:) it is originally a word of the measure فَعِلَيةٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولَةٌ: (Msb:) [or rather] it is made fem., (As, T,) [i. e.] it has ة, (S,) because it is made a subst., (As, T, S,) not an epithet: (As, T:) it is not مَرْمِيَّةٌ converted into رَمِيَّةٌ: (S:) or, accord. to Sb, the ة, in general, is affixed to show that the act has not yet been executed upon the object thereof; [so that the meaning is, an animal to be thrown at, cast at, shot at, or shot;] and thus ذَبِيحَةٌ is applied to “ a sheep, or goat, [to be slaughtered or sacrificed,] not yet slaughtered [or sacrificed]; ” but when the act has been executed upon it, it is [said to be] ذَبِيحٌ: (M:) the pl. is رَمِيَّاتٌ and رَمَايَا. (Msb.) One says, بِئْسَ الرَّمِيَّةُ الأَرْنَبُ, meaning Very bad is the thing of those that are [or are to be] thrown at, or cast at, or shot at, or shot, the hare. (S, M.) b2: Also, (assumed tropical:) An impost which the governor imposes [so I render مَا يَرْمِيهِ العَامِلُ] upon his subjects. (TA.) رِمِّيَّا, (S, TA,) thus correctly written, like عِمِّيَّا; in the copies of the K like عِمِيَّا, (TA,) [and in two copies of the T written رِمِيَّا; in a copy of the M, رِمِّيَا;] i. q. تَرَامٍ: (T, S: *) or مُرَامَاةٌ: (K:) or رَمْىٌ: (M:) or it is an intensive inf. n. from الرَّمْىُ, of the measure فِعِّيلَى, like هِجِّيَرى and خِصِّيصَى: (Nh, TA:) one says, كَانَتْ بَيْنَهُمْ رِمِّيَّا (T, * S, M, * TA) ثُمَّ حَجَزَتْ بَيْنَهُمْ حِجِّيزَى, (T,) or ثُمَّ صَارُوا إِلَى حِجِّيزَى, (S, TA,) i. e. There was between them a reciprocal throwing of stones, (T, TA,) [or shooting of arrows or the like, or a great, or vehement, throwing, &c.,] then there intervened between them [an intervention, or a vehement intervention, or] a person, or persons, who withheld them, one from another, (T,) or then they withheld themselves, [or withheld themselves much,] one from another. (TA.) رَامٍ act. part. n. of 1; (Lth, T, TA;) Throwing, &c.: (TA:) [pl. رُمَاةٌ.] b2: [Hence, الرَّامِى a name of The constellation Sagittarius; the ninth of the signs of the zodiac: thus called in the present day; but more commonly, القَوْسُ.] b3: [Hence likewise,] رَامٍ also signifies (assumed tropical:) [One who assails with reproach, &c.:] (assumed tropical:) one who reproaches, or upbraids; or who gives an ill name: (KL:) [(assumed tropical:) one who accuses, or suspects, another: see مَرْمِىٌّ.]

أَرْمَى [More, and most, skilled in throwing, or casting, or shooting]: see an ex. voce تِقْنٌ.

تَرْمَآءٌ: see 3 [of which it is a quasi-inf. n.].

مَرْمًى A place [of throwing, or casting, or] of shooting arrows; (KL;) the place of the butt at which arrows are shot: (TA:) [pl. مَرَامٍ.] b2: [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) i. q. مَقْصِدٌ [meaning A place, and an object, to, or towards, which one directs his aim or course]: (TA, and Har p. 54:) pl. مَرَامٍ: (Har ibid.:) whence the trad., لَيْسَ وَرَآءَ اللّٰهِ مَرْمًى, i. e. (assumed tropical:) [There is not, beyond God,] any object (مَقْصِد) towards which to direct hopes. (TA.) مِرْمًى An instrument for throwing, or casting, or shooting: pl. مَرَامٍ. (Har p. 54.) [Hence,] مَرَامِى نِيرَانٍ [Engines for throwing fire upon the enemy]. (S and K voce حَرَّاقَةٌ.) [See also مِرْمَاةٌ.]

مَرْمَاةٌ i. q. غَلْوَةٌ [as meaning The limit of a shot or throw]. (K in art. غلو.) A2: See also the next paragraph.

مِرْمَاةٌ An arrow with which one shoots (As, IAar, T) at a butt: (As, T, Mgh:) an arrow with which one learns to shoot; (M, K, TA;) which is the worst kind of arrows: (TA:) or a small, weak arrow: (AHn, M, K:) or an arrow with its [head of] iron: (Th, TA in art. حسب:) or, like سِرْوَةٌ, a round arrow-head: (AA, [so in the S, but in the TA it is IAar,] S, TA:) [and app. a missile of any kind: (see مِرْدًى:)] pl. مَرَامٍ. (M.) When they see many مَرَامٍ in the quiver of a man, they say, وَنَبْلُ العَبْدِ أَكْثَرُهَا المَرَامِى

[And the arrows of the slave, most of them are those that are small and weak]: a prov., said to mean that the free man purchases arrows at a high price, buying the broad and long iron head, because he is a man of war and of the chase; but the slave is only a pastor, and therefore is content with what are termed مَرَامٍ, because they are cheaper if he buy them; and if he ask for them as a gift, no one gives him aught but a مِرْمَاة. (M.) [See also the last sentence of this paragraph.] b2: It is also used, tropically, as meaning (tropical:) A مَنْجَنِيق [or kind of engine for casting stones at the enemy; app. such as was called by the Romans “ onager,” or the like thereof]: because, like the مِرْمَاْة before mentioned, it is an instrument for casting, or shooting. (Mgh.) [See also مِرْمًى.] And [the pl.] مَرَامٍ also signifies (assumed tropical:) Thunderbolts; syn. صَوَاعِقُ. (Bd in xviii. 38.) b3: Also A cloven hoof (S, Mgh, K) of a sheep or goat; because it is of the things that are thrown away: (Mgh:) [or,] accord. to A 'Obeyd, (T, S,) a thing that is between the two hoofs of a sheep or goat; (T, S, M, K;) as also ↓ مَرْمَاةٌ: (A 'Obeyd, T, M, K:) thus, he says, it is explained; but I know not what is its meaning: (T, S:) its dual occurs in the following trad.: لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَهُمْ دُعِىَ

إِلَى مِرْمَاتَيْنِ لَأَجَابَ وَهُوَ لَا يُجِيبُ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ; (T, S; related also, with some variations, in the M and Mgh;) in which it is said to be the dual of مِرْمَاةٌ in the former of these two senses; [i. e. If any one of you were invited to partake of two hoofs of a sheep or goat, he would obey the invitation, but he will not obey the invitation to prayer;] (S, Mgh;) or, accord. to A 'Obeyd, it is here the dual of this word in the latter of the same two senses: (T, S:) accord. to IAar, (T, TA,) or Aboo-Sa'eed, it here means the kind of arrow called مِرْمَاةٌ: (T, Mgh, TA:) but in another, and similar, trad., مرماتين is followed by أَوْعَرْقٍ [i. e. “ or a bone with some meat remaining upon it ”]. (T, Z, TA.) مَرْمِىٌّ pass. part. n. of 1; Thrown, &c.: (TA:) [thrown at, or cast at, or shot at, or shot:] see رَمِىٌّ. b2: [Hence, (assumed tropical:) Smitten, or afflicted, with some bane, or malady, &c.: (assumed tropical:) assailed with reproach, &c.: (assumed tropical:) reproached, or upbraided, or stigmatized with an ill name: (assumed tropical:) accused, or suspected.] You say اِمْرَأَةٌ مَرْمِيَّةٌ بِسُوْءٍ (assumed tropical:) A woman accused, or suspected, of evil. (TA in art. رطم.) مُرْتَمٍ A scout (T, K) لِقَوْمٍ [to a people or party]: (T, K: *) and so مُرْتَبِئٌ. (T.)
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