William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1655. رند12 1656. رنز8 1657. رنق15 1658. رنم16 1659. رنو8 1660. رهب181661. رهج13 1662. رهدن8 1663. رهط17 1664. رهف15 1665. رهق20 1666. رهل11 1667. رهم13 1668. رهن17 1669. رهو11 1670. روأ11 1671. روب16 1672. روث16 1673. روج13 1674. روح22 1675. رود15 1676. روس10 1677. روض17 1678. روع19 1679. روغ19 1680. روف5 1681. روق18 1682. رول13 1683. روم18 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب19 1690. ريث16 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس8 1695. ريش19 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع17 1698. ريغ8 1699. ريف13 1700. ريق13 1701. ريل8 1702. ريم15 1703. رين19 1704. ريه8 1705. ز5 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد19 1713. زبر20 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع12 1718. زبق12 1719. زبل18 1720. زبن17 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر19 1725. زجل14 1726. زجو7 1727. زح2 1728. زحر13 1729. زحف21 1730. زحل14 1731. زحلف8 1732. زحلق8 1733. زحم13 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر14 1736. زخرف12 1737. زر5 1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع17 1744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 Prev. 100
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رهب

1 رَهِبَ, aor. رَهَبَ, inf. n. رَهَبٌ (S, A, * Msb, K) and رُهْبٌ (S, K) and رُهُبٌ (Ksh and Bd in xxviii. 32) and رَهْبٌ (K) and رَهْبَةٌ, (S, A, * K,) or this is a simple subst, (Msb,) and رُهْبَانٌ and رَهَبَانٌ, (K,) He feared: (S, A, Msb, K:) or he feared with caution. (TA.) You say, فِى قَلْبِى مِنْهُ رَهْبَةٌ and رَهَبٌ [In my heart is fear, or cautious fear, of him, or it]. (A.) b2: And رَهِبَهُ, inf. n. رَهْبَةٌ (JK, Mgh) and رُهْبَةٌ and رُهْبٌ and رَهَبٌ; (JK;) [and app. رَهِبَ مِنْهُ, as seems to be indicated above;] He feared him, or it; (JK, Mgh;) [or feared him, or it, with caution;] namely, a thing. (JK.) A2: See also the next paragraph, in two places.2 رَهَّبَ see 4. b2: [Hence, رهّبهُ عَنْ كَذَا, inf. n. تَرْهِيبٌ, He made him to have no desire for such a thing; to relinquish it, or abstain from it; contr. of رَغَّبَهُ فِيهِ: used in this sense by postclassical writers, and perhaps by classical authors also. b3: And رهّبهُ He made him a رَاهِبِ, or monk: in this sense likewise used by post-classical writers; and mentioned by Golius as so used in El-Mekeen's History.]

A2: رَهَّبَ, said of a man, He was, or became, fatigued, tired, weary, or jaded. (JK.) And رهب, [so in the TA, app. رَهَّبَ, but perhaps ↓ رَهَبَ, without teshdeed,] said of a camel, He rose, and then lay down upon his breast, by reason of weakness in his back-bone. (TA.) You say also, رَهَّبَتِ النَّاقَةُ فَقَعَدَ يُحَايِيهَا, (K, TA,) [or, accord. to some copies of the K, يُحَابِيهَا,] inf. n. تَرْهِيبٌ, (K,) but in some copies the verb is an unaugmented triliteral, [app. ↓ رَهَبَت,] (TA,) The she-camel was fatigued, or jaded, by travel, so he sat feeding her and treating her well until her spirit returned to her. (K, * TA.) A3: رُهِّبَ It (an iron head or blade of an arrow &c.) was rubbed [app. so as to be made thin: see رَهْبٌ]. (JK.) 4 ارهبهُ (JK, S, A, K) and ↓ استرهبهُ (S, A, K) He, or it, frightened him, or caused him to fear; (S, K;) as also ↓ رهّبهُ: (MA:) or disquieted him, or agitated him, by frightening. (A.) You say, يَقْشَعِرُّ الإِهَابُ إِذَا وَقَعَ مِنْهُ الإِرْهَابُ [The skin quivers when frightening befalls from him]. (A, TA.) And أَرْهَبَ النَّاسَ عَنْهُ بَأْسُهُ وَنَجْدَتُهُ (tropical:) [His valour and courage frightened men away from him]. (A.) And لَمْ أُرْهَبْ بِكَ [lit. I was not frightened by thee]; meaning (tropical:) I did not see in thee what induced in me doubt, or suspicion, or evil opinion. (A, TA.) And ارهب الإِبِلَ, (JK, A,) inf. n. إِرْهَابٌ, (JK, K,) (tropical:) He drove away, (A,) or repelled, (JK,) or withheld, (K,) the camels, (JK, A, K,) عَنِ الحَوَضِ [from the watering-trough or tank]. (A, K.) A2: ارهب (said of a man, TA) also signifies He rode a camel such as is termed رَهْب. (K.) A3: Also He was, or became, long in the رَهَب, i. e. sleeve. (IAar, K. *) 5 ترهّب He (a man) became a رَاهِب [or monk], fearing God, or fearing God with reverence or awe: (TA:) or he devoted himself to religious services or exercises (JK, S, A, K) in his صَوْمَعَة [or cell]: (A:) or he (a monk) detached himself [from the world. or became a recluse,] for the purpose of devoting himself to religious services or exercises. (Msb.) A2: ترهّبهُ He threatened him. (K.) 10 استرهبهُ He called forth fear of him, so that men feared him. (TA.) وَاسْتَرْهَبُوهُمْ, in the Kur [vii. 113], has been expl. as meaning and they called forth fear of them, [i. e. of themselves,] so that men feared them. (TA.) b2: See also 4.

رَهْبٌ An emaciated she-camel; (As, S, K;) or so [the fem.] رَهْبَةٌ: (JK:) or the former, a she-camel much emaciated; as also ↓ رَهْبَى; or, as some say, this last, occurring in a verse, is the name of a particular she-camel: and the first also signifies a she-camel lean, and lank in the belly: (TA:) or tall; applied to a he-camel; (K;) fem. with ة: (TA:) or one that has been used in journeying, and has become fatigued, or jaded; (JK, TA;) fem. with ة: and ↓ رَهْبَآءُ signifies a she-camel fatigued, or jaded: and the first, a he-camel large, wide in the belly-girth, broad in make between the shoulder-joints: (JK:) or wide in the bones, broad in make between the shoulder-joints. (TA.) b2: Also A slender arrow: or a great arrow: (TA:) and a thin iron head or blade (S, K, TA) of an arrow: (S, TA:) pl. رِهَابٌ. (S, K.) رُهْبٌ: see what next follows, in two places.

رَهَبٌ (Zj, K, TA) and ↓ رُهْبٌ (Zj, TA) A sleeve: (T, K:) accord. to Z, (TA,) of the dial. of Himyer; but one of the innovations of the expositions [of the Kur-án]: (Ksh in xxviii. 32, and TA: [not, as Golius says, referring to the Ksh as his authority, of the dial. of the Arabs of El-Heereh:]) said in the Jm to be not of established authority: but signifying thus accord. to AA: and so accord. to Zj, (L, TA,) and Mukátil, (T, L, TA,) in the Kur xxviii. 32; [though generally held to be there, accord. to all the various readings, (which are الرَّهَب and الرُّهْب and الرُّهُب and الرَّهْب,) an inf. n. of رَهِبَ;] and Az says that this is a correct meaning in Arabic, and the most agreeable with the context. (L, TA.) One says, ↓ وَضَعْتُ الشَّىْءَ فِى رُهْبِى, meaning I put the thing in my sleeve [to carry it therein, as is often done] (TA.) رَهْبَةٌ: see what next follows: b2: and see also رَهْبَانِيَّةٌ.

رَهْبَى and ↓ رُهْبَى and ↓ رَهْبَآءُ and ↓ رُهْبَآءٌ [which last I write with tenween accord. to a general rule applying to words of the measure فُعْلَآء] and ↓ رَهَبُوتٌ and ↓ رَهَبُوتَى, each a simple subst., (K,) as also ↓ رَهْبَةٌ, (Msb, [but accord. to the S and K, this last is an inf. n. of رَهِبَ,]) signifying Fear: (Msb, K:) or fear with caution. (TA.) One says, رَهَبُوتٌ ↓ خَيْرٌ مِنْ رَحَمْوتٍ , (S, Meyd, K,) or, accord. to Mbr, رَهَبُوتى ↓ خَيْرٌ مِنْ رَحَمُوتَى , (Meyd,) [Fear is better than pity, or compassion,] meaning thy being feared is better than thy being pitied, or compassionated: (S, Meyd, K:) a proverb. (Meyd. [See 1 in art. رغب.]) And ↓ رُهْبَاكَ خَيْرٌ مِنْ رُغْبَاكَ, a similar prov. [expl. voce رَغِبَ]. (Meyd.) And الرُّهْبَى مِنَ اللّٰهِ والرُّغْبَى إِلَيْهِ [also expl. voce رَغِبَ]. (Lth, TA.) A2: For the first word, see also رَهْبٌ.

رُهْبَى: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places.

رَهْبَآءُ: see رَهْبَى: A2: and see also رَهْبٌ.

رُهْبَآءٌ: see رَهْبَى.

رَهْبَانُ Excessively fearful. (Bd in lvii. 27.) رَهْبَنَةٌ: see رَهْبَانِيَّةٌ.

رَهَبُوتٌ: see رَهْبَى, in two places.

A2: Also Fearful; applied to a man. (S.) رَهَبُوتَى: see رَهْبَى, in two places.

رَهْبَانِيَّةٌ, (JK, S, Mgh, Msb, K,) written in an exposition of the Makámát [of El-Hareeree] without teshdeed, (Mgh,) [Monkery; asceticism; the life, or state, of a monk or an ascetic;] the state of a رَاهِب, (A, Msb,) or Christian devotee; (Mgh;) the masdar of رَاهِبٌ, (JK, S, K,) as also ↓ رَهْبَةٌ: (S, K:) or it is originally from الرَّهْبَةُ; and by a secondary application is used as a noun signifying excess, or extravagance: (AAF, TA:) or it is from ↓ رَهْبَنَةٌ, [which has the same signification, of the measure فَعْلَنَةٌ from رَهْبَةٌ, or فَعْلَلَةٌ on the supposition that the ن is a radical letter: (IAth, TA:) or it signifies excess in religious services or exercises, and discipline, and the detaching oneself from mankind; and is from رَهْبَانُ, signifying “excessively fearful:” so in the Kur lvii. 27; where it is said, وَرَهْبَانِيَّةً ابْتَدَعُوهَا, (Bd,) meaning وَابْتَدَعُوا رَهْبَانِيَّةً ابْتَدَعُوهَا [and they innovated excess &c.: they innovated it]: (AAF, Bd, TA:) and some read with damm, [رُهْبَانِيَّةً,] as though from رُهْبَانٌ, pl. of رَاهِبٌ. (Bd.) It is said in a trad., (TA,) لَا رَهْبَانِيَّةَ فِى

الإِسْلَامِ [There is no monkery in El-Islám]; i. e., no such thing as the making oneself a eunuch, and putting chains upon one's neck, and wearing garments of hair-cloth, and abstaining from flesh-meat, and the like. (K.) And in another trad., عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْجِهَادِ فَإِنَّهُ رُهْبَانِيَّةُ أُمَّتِى [Keep ye to the waging of war against the unbelievers, for it is the asceticism of my people]. (TA.) رَهَابٌ and رُهَابٌ: see what next follows.

رَهَابَةٌ (S, K) and رُهَابَةٌ and ↓ رَهَّابَةٌ and رُهَّابَةٌ accord. to El-Hirmázee, (K, TA,) [The ensiform cartilage, or lower extremity of the sternum;] a certain bone, (S, K,) or small bone, (TA,) in the breast, impending over the belly, (S, K, TA,) resembling the tongue, (S,) or like the extremity of the tongue of the dog: (TA:) or a certain cartilage, resembling the tongue, suspended in the lower part of the breast, impending over the belly: (TA:) the tongue of the sternum, at the lower part: (ISh, TA:) or, accord. to IAar, the extremity of the stomach: (TA:) pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] ↓ رَهَابٌ [and رُهَابٌ]. (K.) رَهَّابَةٌ and رُهَّابَةٌ: see what next precedes.

رَاهِبٌ Fearing; [or a fearer; or fearing with caution; or a cautious fearer;] as in the phrase هُوَ رَاهِبٌ مِنَ اللّٰهِ [He is one who fears God; or a fearer of God; &c.]: whence the signification next following. (Msb.) b2: A Christian [monk, ascetic, religious recluse, or] devotee; (Mgh, Msb;) one who devotes himself to religious services or exercises, in a صَوْمَعَة [or cell]; (TA;) one of the رُهْبَان of the Christians: (S, K:) [i. e.] the pl. is رُهْبَانٌ (A, Mgh, Msb) and رَهَبَةٌ; (A;) or, sometimes, رُهْبَانٌ is a sing.; (K;) as in the following ex., cited by IAar: لَوْ كَلَّمَتْ رُهْبَانَ دَيْرٍ فِى القُلَلْ لَانْحَدَرَ الرُّهْبَانُ يَسْعَى فَنَزَلْ [If she spoke to a Christian monk in a monastery among the summits of a mountain, the Christian monk would come down running, and so descend]: but he says that the approved way is to use it as a pl.: (TA:) and رَهَابِينُ is a pl. (A, Msb, K) of رُهْبَانٌ, (K,) and رَهَابِنَةٌ is another pl. (A, K) of the same, and so is رُهْبَانُونَ. (K.) A2: See also مَرْهُوبٌ.

رَاهِبَةٌ A state, or condition, that frightens. (TA.) أَرْهَابٌ Birds that are not rapacious; that do not prey. (K.) [App. so called because timid; as Golius supposes.]

مُرَهِّبٌ, applied to a she-camel, [though of a masc. form,] Fatigued in her back. (TA. [See its verb, 2.]) مَرْهُوبٌ Feared: (Mgh, Msb:) [or feared with caution:] applied to God. (Msb.) In the phrase لَبَّيْكَ مَرْهُوبٌ وَمَرْغُوبٌ إِلَيْكَ [At thy service time after time: Thou art feared, and petitioned, or supplicated with humility, &c.], it is in the nom. case as the enunciative of an inchoative [أَنْتَ] suppressed. (Mgh.) b2: [Hence,] المَرْهُوبُ, as also ↓ الرَّاهِبُ, [the latter in this case being like رَاضٍ in the sense of مَرْضِىٌّ,] The lion. (K.)
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