William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1660. رهب17 1661. رهج12 1662. رهدن7 1663. رهط16 1664. رهف14 1665. رهق191666. رهل10 1667. رهم12 1668. رهن16 1669. رهو10 1670. روأ11 1671. روب15 1672. روث15 1673. روج12 1674. روح21 1675. رود14 1676. روس9 1677. روض16 1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم17 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين18 1704. ريه7 1705. ز4 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد18 1713. زبر19 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع11 1718. زبق11 1719. زبل17 1720. زبن16 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر18 1725. زجل13 1726. زجو6 1727. زح2 1728. زحر12 1729. زحف20 1730. زحل13 1731. زحلف7 1732. زحلق7 1733. زحم12 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر13 1736. زخرف11 1737. زر5 1738. زرب16 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد17 1741. زردم6 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع16 1744. زرف17 1745. زرفن6 1746. زرق15 1747. زرم12 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق8 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب12 1755. زعج14 1756. زعر15 1757. زعف11 1758. زعفر9 1759. زعق12 Prev. 100
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رهق

1 رَهِقَهُ, (JK, S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. رَهَقَ, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. رَهَقٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) He, or it, came upon, properly as a thing that covered, him, or it; or came to him, or it; syn. غَشِيَهُ: (S, K:) and (K) reached, or overtook, him, or it: (ElFárábee, Msb, K:) or it signifies, (K,) or signifies also, (S,) he drew near to, or approached, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) whether he took, or did not take, (S, K,) him, or it: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) or he followed him, and was near to reaching, or overtaking, him. (JK.) It is said in the Kur [x. 27], وَلَا يَرْهَقُ وَجُوهَهُمْ قَتَرٌ وَلَا ذِلَّةٌ, meaning (assumed tropical:) And there shall not come upon, or overspread, their faces [blackness, or darkness, nor abjectness, or ignominy]. (S, TA.) And you say, رَهِقَهُ الدَّيْنُ, (Msb, TA,) or دَيْنٌ, (Mgh,) Debt, or a debt, came upon him. (Mgh, Msb, TA.) And رَهِقَتْنَا الصَّلَاةُ, (inf. n. رُهُوقٌ, Msb, or رَهَقٌ, TA,) (tropical:) The time of prayer came upon us. (Mgh, * Msb, TA.) And it is said in a trad., إِذَا صَلَّى

أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ فَلْيَرْهَقْهُ, i. e. [When any one of you prays towards the thing,] let him come near to it. (JK, S. [In the Mgh, إِلَى سُتْرَةٍ

فَلْيَرْهَقْهَا, i. e. towards a thing that he has set up for that purpose, &c.]) One says also, طَلَبْتُ فُلَانًا حَتَّى رَهِقْتُهُ, inf. n. رَهَقٌ, I sought such a one until I drew near to him, and, as it sometimes means, took him, or, as it sometimes means, did not take him. (S.) And طَلَبْتُ الشَّىْءَ حَتَّى رَهِقْتُهُ وَكِدْتُ

آخُذُهُ أَوْ أَخَذْتُهُ [I sought the thing until I came near to it, and I almost took it, or I took it]. (Az, Msb.) And رَهَقَ شُخُوصُ فُلَانٍ, i. e. (assumed tropical:) [Such a one's going, or going forth or away,] drew near. (S.) ↓ أَرْهَقْتُهُ also signifies I drew near to it; syn. دَانَيْتُهُ. (Msb.) And one says, اللَّيْلُ ↓ أَرْهَقَكُمُ فَأَسْرِعُوا, i. e. (tropical:) The night has drawn near [to you, therefore hasten ye]; syn. دَنَا. (TA.) b2: Yousay also, رَهِقَهُ بِمَا يَكْرَهُ, inf. n. رَهَقٌ, He did to him that which he disliked, or hated. (JK.) b3: and رَهِقْتُ إِثْمًا: see 4.

A2: رَهِقَ as an intrans. v.: see رَهَقٌ, which is its inf. n., below.2 رُهِّقَ He was one to whom رَهَقٌ [q. v.] was attributed. (Mgh.) [He was one to whom ignorance was attributed; an object of suspicion in respect of his religion: (see the part. n., below:) or he was suspected of evil conduct.] It is said in a trad., صَلَّى عَلَى امْرَأَةٍ تُرَهَّقُ, (S, Mgh,) meaning [He prayed over a woman] suspected of evil conduct. (S.) 3 راهق, (S, Msb, K,) and راهق الحُلُمَ, (JK, Az, K, all in art. خلف,) inf. n. مُرَاهَقَةٌ, (Msb,) He (a boy) was, or became, near to attaining puberty, or virility; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ ارهق, inf. n. إِرْهَاقٌ. (Msb.) And راهقت العِشْرِينَ [She nearly attained the age of twenty]. (K in art. عصر.) 4 ارهقهُ طُغْيَانًا i. q. أَغْشَاهُ إِيَّاهُ [i. e. He made excessive disobedience to come upon him, properly as a thing that covered him]; (S, K;) and أَلْحَقَهُ بِهِ [i. e. made it to reach him, or overtake him, or befall him]. (K.) It is said in the Kur xviii.

79, فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا, meaning [And we disapproved] that he should make excessive disobedience, and ingratitude, to come upon them twain, by his undutiful conduct, so bringing evil upon them: or that he should couple with the faith of them twain his excessive disobedience and his ingratitude, so that there would be in one house two believers and one who was excessively disobedient and ungrateful: or that he should communicate to them twain his excessive disobedience and his ingratitude. (Ksh, Bd. [See also خَشِىَ.]) And one says, أَرْهَقَنِى فُلَانٌ إِثْمًا

↓ حَتَّى رَهِقْتُهُ, meaning Such a one made me to hear the burden of a sin, [as though he made the sin to come upon me as a burden,] so that I bore it. (S.) And أَرْهَقْتُ الرَّجُلَ أَمْرًا I made, required, or constrained, the man to bear, or endure, a thing, or an event. (Msb.) And راهقهُ عُسْرًا He made, required, or constrained, him to do a difficult thing: (AZ, S, Mgh, K:) or he made a difficulty to come upon him, properly as a thing that covered him; syn. أَغْشَاهُ إِيَّاهُ. (Ksh and Bd in xviii. 72.) And ارهقهُ, alone, He demanded of him a difficult thing. (S, Msb, K.) You say, لَا تُرْهِقْنِى لَا أَرْهَقَكَ اللّٰهُ Demand not thou of me a difficult thing: may God not demand of thee a difficult thing. (AZ, S, K.) And إِرْهَاقٌ signifies also The inciting, or urging, a man to do a thing that he is not able to do. (Az, K, TA.) b2: Yousay also, أَرْهَقْنَاهُمُ الخَّيْلَ We made the horsemen to overtake them, or come up with them: (TA:) or to be near doing so. (JK.) b3: And ارهق الصَّلَاةَ (tropical:) He delayed the prayer (JK, S, Mgh, Msb, K, TA) until it approached the other [next after it], (JK,) or until it almost approached the other, (Mgh, K, TA,) or until the time of the other approached. (S, Msb.) b4: And أَرْهَقْتُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّىَ i. q. أَعْجَلْتُهُ عَنْهَا [i. e. I hurried him so as to prevent him from praying: see similar phrases in art. عجل]. (K.) b5: See also 1, near the end of the paragraph, in two places: b6: and see 3.

A2: ارهقت الدَّابَّةُ السَّرْجَ: see 4 in art. زهق.

رَهَقٌ The doing of forbidden things: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) wrongdoing; wrongful, unjust, in jurious, or tyrannical, conduct: (Fr, S, K:) it has this meaning in the Kur lxxii. 13, (S, TA,) accord. to Fr; or, as some say, the former mean ing: (TA:) the doing evil: (AA, K:) and a subst. from إِرْهَاقٌ signifying the inciting, or urging, a man to do a thing that he is not able to do: (Az, K:) lightwittedness; or lightness and hastiness of disposition or deportment; (S, K;) and excessive disobedience: so in the Kur lxxii. 6, (S, TA,) accord. to some: (TA:) foolishness, or stupidity: lightness, or levity: (K:) or ignorance, and lightness of intellect: (JK:) and illnature, or evil disposition: (TA:) and haste: (K:) and lying: (Mgh, K:) in all these senses, [i. e. in all that have been mentioned above as from the K, and app. in others also, above and below,] its verb is ↓ رَهِقَ, aor. رَهَقَ, [meaning He did forbidden things: acted wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically: &c.:] (K, TA:) of which it is the inf. n.: (TA:) and the following meanings also are assigned to it [app. by interpreters of the passages in which it occurs in the Kur]: sus picion, or evil opinion: and sin: accord. to Katádeh: lowness, vileness, or meanness; and weakness; accord. to Zj: error; accord. to Ibn El-Kelbee: and bad, or corrupt, conduct: and pride: and so ↓ رَهْقَةٌ, in these two senses: and the commission of a sin or crime or fault; syn. عَنَتٌ: and the act of reaching, or overtaking [app. of some evil accident]: and perdition. (TA.) رَهِقٌ A man in whose conduct, or character, is رَهَقٌ [expl. above: i. e. one who does forbidden things: &c.]: (O:) hasty: quick to do evil: and self-conceited; proud, or haughty. (TA.) and رَهِقَةٌ A vitious woman; or an adulteress, or a fornicatress. (TA.) رَهْقَةٌ: see رَهَقٌ.

يَعْدُو الرَّهَقَى He runs quickly, so as to require his pursuer to do what is difficult or what is beyond his power (حَتَّى يُرْهِقَ طَالِبَهُ, or, as in the CK, حتّى يُرْهَقَ طَالِبُهُ [which is virtually the same]): (M, K, TA:) or he runs quickly, so that he almost reaches, or overtakes, (حتّى يَكَادَ يَرْهَقُ,) the object of his pursuit. (JK.) رُهْقَانُ مِائَةٍ: see what next follows.

رُهَاقُ مِائَةٍ and رِهَاقُ مِائِةٍ As many as a hundred; (AZ, ISk, JK, S, K;) as also مائة ↓ رُهْقَانُ: (so in one of my copies of the S:) such are said to be a man's camels, (JK,) or such is said to be a company of men. (AZ, ISk, S.) رَهُوقٌ A wide-stepping, and quick, or excellent, she-camel, that comes upon him who leads her so as almost to tread upon him with her feet. (En Nadr, K.) رَهِيقٌ Wine: (K:) a dial. var. of رَحِيقٌ, like as مَدْهٌ is of مَدْحٌ. (TA.) رَاهِقٌ applied to a boy, and رَاهِقَةٌ applied to a girl, From ten to eleven years old. (TA.) [See also مُرَاهِقٌ.]

رَيْهُقَانٌ Saffron. (JK, IDrd, S, K.) مُرْهَقٌ Reached, or overtaken, (JK, S, O, K,) to be slain. (S, O.) b2: Straitened. (Ham p. 682.) أَتَيْنَا فِى العُصَيْرِ المُرْهِقَةِ (tropical:) [app. We came when the time of the afternoon-prayer was drawing near; العُصَيْر being the dim. of العَصْرُ: see the phrase أَرْهَقَكُمُ اللَّيْلُ فَأَسْرِعُوا, near the end of the first paragraph]. (TA.) مُرَهَّقٌ One to whom men come (S, K, TA) often, (TA,) and at whose abode guests alight. (JK, S, K, * TA.) b2: Also One to whom رَهَقٌ [q. v.] is attributed: (JK, K:) [said in the TA to have no verb; but this is not the case: see 2:] one of whom evil is thought: (JK, S, K:) or who is suspected of evil, or of lightwittedness: (TA:) one to whom ignorance is attributed: (Mgh;) an object of suspicion in respect of his religion: (Mgh, TA:) corrupt [in conduct]: one in whom is sharpness [of temper] and lightwittedness. (TA.) مُرَاهِقٌ Near to attaining puberty; applied to a boy: (JK, Mgh, TA:) and with ة applied to a girl. (TA.) [See also رَاهِقٌ.] b2: [Hence,] دَخَلَ مَكَّةَ مُرَاهِقًا (tropical:) He entered Mekkeh nearly at the end of the [proper] time [to do so as a pilgrim], so that he almost missed the halt at 'Arafát. (Nh, O, K, TA.) And صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ مُرَاهِقًا (tropical:) He performed the noon-prayer nearly missing the time. (TA.)
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