William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1674. روح22 1675. رود15 1676. روس10 1677. روض17 1678. روع19 1679. روغ191680. روف5 1681. روق18 1682. رول13 1683. روم18 1684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب19 1690. ريث16 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس8 1695. ريش19 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع17 1698. ريغ8 1699. ريف13 1700. ريق13 1701. ريل8 1702. ريم15 1703. رين19 1704. ريه8 1705. ز5 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد19 1713. زبر20 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع12 1718. زبق12 1719. زبل18 1720. زبن17 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر19 1725. زجل14 1726. زجو7 1727. زح2 1728. زحر13 1729. زحف21 1730. زحل14 1731. زحلف8 1732. زحلق8 1733. زحم13 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر14 1736. زخرف12 1737. زر5 1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع17 1744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 1755. زعج15 1756. زعر16 1757. زعف12 1758. زعفر10 1759. زعق13 1760. زعل11 1761. زعم18 1762. زغب16 1763. زغبر7 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل11 1766. زف5 1767. زفت17 1768. زفر15 1769. زفل9 1770. زفن15 1771. زق3 1772. زقب9 1773. زقم15 Prev. 100
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روغ

1 رَاغَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. يَرُوغُ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. رَوْغٌ (S, Msb, K) and رَوَغَانٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) said of a fox, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) and of a man, (K,) He turned aside or away from a thing: (K:) or went this way and that, (Mgh,) or to the right and left, quickly, (Msb,) and deceitfully, or guilefully: (Mgh, Msb:) [or turned aside to deceive him who was behind him: for] the primary signification of رَوْغٌ is the turning aside to deceive him who is behind one. (Er-Rághib, TA.) It is said in a prov., رُوغِى جَعَارِ وَ انْظُرِى أَيْنَ المَفِرْ [for المَفِرُّ, i. e. Turn aside or away, or go this way and that, &c., O she-hyena, and look where is the place to which to flee: or, as some relate it, the first word is رُوعِى: see art. جعر]. (S, TA. [Freytag seems to have found المعز for المفر; and has explained رُوغِى جَعَارِ as meaning “ Vide ubi capræ sint, hyæna! ”]) And you say, راغ الصَّيْدُ The game, or object of the chase, went away this way and that, or hither and thither. (TA. [There said to be tropical; but I see not wherefore.]) And one says, راغ عَنْ فُلَانٍ He turned aside, or away, from such a one [and particularly with deceit or guile; eluded him; dodged him]. (JK.) And هُوَ يَرُوغُ عَنِ الحَقِّ [He deviates from the truth, or from that which is right or just]. (TA.) And راغ الطَّرِيقُ The road turned aside or away, or deviated. (Msb.) And راغ مِنْ كَذَا He turned away from such a thing, and returned, concealing his return: (Har p. 21:) [for,] accord. to Fr, راغ is not said of one who has returned unless he concealed his return. (Har ibid., and TA.) And راغ إِلَى كَذَا, (S, Msb,) or الى فُلَانٍ, (TA,) He turned aside (S, Msb, TA) to such a thing, (S, Msb,) or to such a one, (TA,) secretly. (S, Msb, TA.) Hence, in the Kur [li. 26], فَراغَ

إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَجَآءَ بِعِجْلٍ سَمِينٍ And he turned aside, (Jel, TA,) or went away, (Bd,) to his family secretly [and brought a fat calf]: (Bd, Jel, TA:) or he returned to his family concealing his return. (Fr, TA.) And in the Kur [xxxvii. 91], فَرَاغَ عَلَيْهِمْ ضَرْبًا بِالْيَمِينِ And he turned against them (Fr, S, Bd, TA) secretly, (Bd, TA,) smiting them with the right hand, or because of the oath that he had sworn; (Bd;) as though the رَوْغ in this case consisted in his employing a pretext against them in order that he might do to their gods what he did: (S, L:) or the meaning is, he advanced against them. (S, TA.) b2: راغ حَاجَةً إِلَى فُلَانٍ, aor. as above, He sought to obtain quickly an object of want of such a one. (JK, TA. [See also 4.]2 روّغ, (IAar, K,) inf. n. تَرْوِيغٌ, (TA,) (tropical:) He smeared, seasoned, imbued, or soaked, a mess of ثَرِيد [i. e. broken, or crumbled, bread], (IAar, K, TA,) or a morsel, or mouthful, (TA,) with grease, or gravy, or dripping; (IAar, K, TA;) as also مَرَّغَ, and سَغْبَلَ, and رَوَّلَ: (TA:) or you say, رَوَّغْتُ اللُّقْمَةَ بِالسَّمْنِ, inf. n. as above, I smeared, seasoned, imbued, or soaked, the morsel, or mouthful, with clarified butter; as also رَيَّغْتُ: (Msb:) or رَوَّغْتُ الخُبْزَ فِى الوَدَكِ I soaked the bread in grease, or gravy, or dripping; syn. رَوَّلْتُهُ فِيهِ. (JK.) 3 راوغهُ, (MA, TA,) inf. n. مُرَاوَغَةٌ (KL, TA) and رِوَاغٌ, (TA,) He practised deceit, delusion, guile, or artifice, (MA, KL, TA,) with him, or towards him; (MA, TA;) or strove, endeavoured, or desired, to deceive, delude, beguile, circumvent, or outwit, him; syn. خَادَعَهُ; as also ↓ اراغهُ, inf. n. إِرَاغَةٌ: and both signify he endeavoured to turn him; or endeavoured to turn him by blandishment, or by deceitful arts, or to entice him to turn; syn. رَاوَدَهُ. (TA.) It is said when its object is a person who has turned away from, or shunned, or avoided, that which one has devised, planned, or plotted, against him. (TA.) You say, فُلَانٌ يُرَاوِغُ فِى الأَمْرِ [Such a one practises deceit, &c., in the affair], inf. n. مُرَاوَغَةٌ. (S.) And مَا زِلْتُ أُرَاوِغُهُ عَنْ كَذَا I ceased not to endeavour to turn him, or to entice him to turn, from such a thing, syn. أُرَاوِدُهُ; (TA in this art;) and عَلَيْهِ to it: (TA in art. منع:) and [in like manner] you say, عَلَى أَمْرٍ ↓ فُلَانٌ يُرِيغُنِى Such a one endeavours to turn me, or to entice me to turn, to a thing; and عَنْ أَمْرٍ from a thing; syn. يُرَاوِدُنِى; and seeks, or demands, my doing so. (TA.) b2: مُرَاوَغَةٌ also signifies The act of wrestling together; (S, K;) like ↓ تَرَاوُغٌ. (K.) Yousay, رَاوغهُ He wrestled with him: (TK:) or رواغ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا One of them wrestled with another; [or they wrestled, one with another; or they wrestled together;] as also ↓ تراوغوا. (S, TA.) 4 أَرْوَغَ see 3, in two places. b2: اراغ, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِرَاغَةٌ, (Msb, TA,) also signifies He sought, sought for or after, sought to find and take or get, or pursued after, and desired, (S, Msb, K,) a thing; (Msb;) or a thing that was difficult to take; as though it turned aside or away, or went this way and that, &c., (كَأَنَّهُ يَرُوغُ,) before him; (Har p. 21;) and ↓ ارتاغ, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. اِرْتِيَاغٌ, (Msb,) signifies the same. (S, Msb, K.) [أَرِيغُونِى إِرَاغَتَكُمْ is expl. in one of my two copies of the S by the words اُطْلُبُونِى طَلِبَتَكُمْ: in the other of those copies, the latter of these words is written طلِبتَكم: I think that the right reading is طِلْبَتَكُمْ; and the meaning, Seek ye me with, or in, your mode, or manner, of seeking: the proper meaning is seek ye me with your seeking.] Khálid Ibn-Jaafar Ibn-Kiláb says, speaking of his mare حِذْقَة, أَرِيغُونِى إِرَاغَتَكُمْ فَإِنِّى

وَ حِذْقَةَ كَالشَّجَا تَحْتَ الوَرِيدِ [Seek ye me with your seeking; but ye will not be able to take me; for I, with Hidhkah, am like the bone sticking fast in the throat beneath the carotid artery]. (TA.) And you say, أَرَغْتُ الصَّيْدَ [I sought, or pursued, the game, or object of the chase]. (S.) And اراغت العُقَابُ الصَّيْدَ The eagle pursued the game this way and that, as the latter went. (Mgh and TA in art. هوى.) And خَرَجْتُ أُرِيغُ بَعِيرًا شَرَدَ مِنِّى I went forth seeking in every road, or way, a camel that had run away from me. (TA, from a trad.) and مَا ذَا تُرِيغُ What is this that thou seekest and desirest? or that which thou seekest and desirest? (S, TA.) And فُلَانٌ يُرِيغُ كَذَا وَ كَذَا Such a one eeks, and devises or plans or plots, such and such things. (T, TA.) 5 تروّغ He (a beast) rolled, or turned himself over. (JK, IDrd, K.) And تروّغ فِى الطِّينِ He became befouled, or bedaubed, in the mud. (JK.) 6 تَرَاْوَغَ see 3, last two sentences.8 إِرْتَوَغَ see 4, second sentence.

رَاغَةٌ: see رِيَاغَةٌ.

رَوَاغٌ [The act, or quality, of turning aside or away from a thing: or of going this way and that, or to the right and left, quickly, and deceitfully, or guilefully: or of turning aside to deceive him who is behind one: or of eluding, or dodging:] a subst. from رَاغَ. (S, Msb, K.) A2: خَيْرٌ رواغٌ, (so in the TA, the vowel of the ر in رواغ not indicated,) or ↓ خَيْرٌ لَهُ رَوَاغَآءُ and ↓ رُوَاغَآءُ, (so in the JK,) Abundant [wealth, or good of any kind]. (JK, TA.) رِيَاغٌ [originally رِوَاغٌ] A state of plenty; or of abundance of herbage, or of the goods or conveniences or comforts of life. (JK, Ibn-'Abbád, K.) You say, فُلَانٌ فِى الرِّيَاغِ Such a one is in a state of plenty, &c. (JK.) A2: See also art. ريغ.

رِوَاغَةٌ: see what next follows.

رِيَاغَةٌ The wrestling-place of a people; (Yz, JK, S, K;) as also ↓ رِوَاغَةٌ, (K,) which is the original form, the و being afterwards changed into ى because of the kesreh before it, though this, as Sgh says, is not a necessary sort of conversion; (TA;) or ↓ رَاغَةٌ. (So in the JK.) رُوَيْغَةٌ i. q. حِيلَةٌ [meaning An evasion or elusion, a shift, a wile, an artifice, an artful contrivance or device, a plot, or a stratagem]: (Ibn-'Abbád, K:) from الرَّوْغُ [inf. n. of رَاغَ]: so in the saying, أَخَذْتَنِى بِالرُّوَيْغَةِ [Thou tookest me by an artifice, &c.]. (JK, Ibn-'Abbád, K.) [It has a similar meaning also in a saying cited voce حَوْجَآءُ, q. v.]

رَوَاغَآءُ and رُوَاغَآءُ: see رَوَاغٌ.

رَوَّاغٌ [Wont to turn aside or away from a thing: or to go this way and that, or to the right and left, quickly, and deceitfully, or guilefully: or to turn aside for the purpose of deceiving him who is behind: or to elude, or dodge]. Mo'áwiyeh said to 'Abd-Allah Ibn-Ez-Zubeyr, إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ ثَعْلَبٌ رَوَّاغٌ كُلَّمَا خَرَجْتَ مِنْ جُحْرٍ انْجَحَرْتَ فِى

جُحْرٍ [Thou art only a fox wont to elude: whenever thou comest forth from a burrow, thou enterest into a burrow]. (TA.) [Hence,] الرَّوَّاغُ is an appellation of The fox. (JK, K.) طَرِيقٌ رَائِغٌ A deviating road. (S, TA.) Hence

↓ رَائِغَةٌ [as a subst.] A road deviating from the main road: pl. رَوَائِغُ. (TA, from a trad.) رَائغَة: see what next precedes.

أَرْوَغُ [More, and most, wont to turn aside or away from a thing: to go this way and that, or to the right and left, quickly, and deceitfully, or guilefully: to turn aside for the purpose of deceiving him who is behind: or to elude, or dodge]. Tarafeh Ibn-El-'Abd said to 'Amr Ibn-Hind, censuring his companions, كُلُّهُمُ أَرْوَغُ مِنْ ثَعْلَبٍ

مَا أَشْبَهَ اللَّيْلَةَ بِالبَارِحَهْ [Every one of them is more wont to elude than a fox: how like is this night to yesternight! meaning, how like are they, one to another! see art. برح]: أَرْوَغُ مِنْ ثَعْلَبٍ is a prov. (TA.)
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