William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1678. روع18 1679. روغ18 1680. روف5 1681. روق17 1682. رول12 1683. روم171684. رون8 1685. روند1 1686. روى9 1687. رى1 1688. ريأ4 1689. ريب18 1690. ريث15 1691. ريح9 1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس7 1695. ريش18 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع16 1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين18 1704. ريه7 1705. ز4 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد18 1713. زبر19 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع11 1718. زبق11 1719. زبل17 1720. زبن16 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر18 1725. زجل13 1726. زجو6 1727. زح2 1728. زحر12 1729. زحف20 1730. زحل13 1731. زحلف7 1732. زحلق7 1733. زحم12 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر13 1736. زخرف11 1737. زر5 1738. زرب16 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد17 1741. زردم6 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع16 1744. زرف17 1745. زرفن6 1746. زرق15 1747. زرم12 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق8 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب12 1755. زعج14 1756. زعر15 1757. زعف11 1758. زعفر9 1759. زعق12 1760. زعل10 1761. زعم17 1762. زغب15 1763. زغبر6 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل10 1766. زف5 1767. زفت16 1768. زفر14 1769. زفل8 1770. زفن14 1771. زق3 1772. زقب8 1773. زقم14 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر12 1776. زكم15 1777. زكو10 Prev. 100
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1 رَامَ, (T, S, M, Msb,) aor. يَرُومُ, (T, S, Msb,) inf. n. رَوْمٌ (T, S, M, Msb, K) and مَرَامٌ, (Msb, K, TA,) He sought, sought for or after, or desired, syn. طَلَبَ, (T, * M, Msb, K, *) a thing. (S, M, Msb.) b2: [And hence, He attempted another person in fight &c., and a thing.] b3: And [hence also] الرَّوْمُ, (K,) or رَوْمُ الحَرَكَةِ, mentioned by Sb, (S,) [as though signifying The desiring to pronounce the vowel-sound without fully accomplishing that desire,] means [the pronouncing] a vowel-sound (حَرَكَة) slurred (مُخْتَلَسَة) and rendered obscure, (S, K,) for, or by, [accord. to different copies of the S,] a sort of alleviation [of the utterance]; (S;) it is more [in effect] than what is termed الإِشْمَام, because it is heard; (S, K;) and it is of the same measure [in prosody] as the vowel-sound [fully pronounced]; as [in the case of what is termed] هَمْزَةٌ بَيْنَ بَيْنَ, such as in the saying of the poet, أَاَنْ زُمَّ أَجْمَالٌ وَفَارَقَ جِيرَةٌ وَ صَاحَ غُرَابُ البَيْنِ أَنْتَ حَزِينُ [Is it because that camels have had the nose-reins attached to them, and neighbours have separated, one from another, and the raven of disunion has uttered its cry, thou art mourning?]; أَاَنْ زُمْ being scanned as فَعُولُنْ; and it not being allowable to make the ع [in فعولن] quiescent: it is such also as in the phrase in the Kur [ii. 181]

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ with him who makes [the dammeh] obscure; it being only with a slurred vowel-sound (حَرَكَة مُخْتَلَسَة); and it not being allowable for the former ر [i. e. the ر of شهر] to be quiescent, because the ه before it is quiescent, for this would lead to the combination of two quiescent letters in a case of continuity, [i. e. when there is no pause after them,] without there being before them a soft letter [i. e. ا or و or ى, as in دَوَابّ &c.], which is not found in any of the dialects of the Arabs: and it is such also as in the instances in the Kur [xv. 9 and x. 36 and xxxvi. 49] إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ and أَمَّنْ لَا يَهِدِّى and يَخِصِّمُونَ [ for يَهْتَدِى and يَخْتَصِمُونَ], and the like thereof: no regard should be paid to the saying of Fr, that in this [last] and the like instances a letter [which in this instance and in the next preceding it is ت] is incorporated into another [following it]; for they [i. e. the Arabs] do not realize this mode [of incorporation]; and he who combines two quiescent letters in an instance in which the slurring of the vowel-sound (اِخْتِلَاسُ الحَرَكَةِ) is not proper errs; as in the reading of Hamzeh, in the Kur [xviii. 96], فَمَا اسطَّاعُوا; for the س of الاِسْتِفْعَالُ may not be made movent in any manner [and therefore it may not be incorporated into the following letter]. (S, TA.) الرَّوْمُ is [also] in a case of pausing after a word ending with any letter except the fem. ة, [in like manner] meaning The indicating the vowel with an obscure sound: (I' Ak p. 351:) رَوْمُ الحَرَكَةِ in pausing after a word that is مَرْفُوع or مَجْرُور is from رَامَ الشَّىْءَ signifying طَلَبَهُ: Sb says that those of whom one says رَامُوا الحَرَكَةَ [They slurred the vowel-sound] are induced to do what this signifies [instead of suppressing the vowel-sound entirely] by eagerness to exclude it from the case of that which is necessarily made quiescent in every instance, and to show that its case is, in their opinion, not like the case of that which is made quiescent in every instance. (M.) [See also 4 in art. شور.]2 روّم فُلَانًا (Msb, K) followed by الشَّىْءَ, (Msb,) and (K) روّم بِفُلَانٍ, (IAar, S, K,) He made such a one to seek, seek for or after, or desire, the thing. (IAar, S, Msb, K.) b2: And روّم رَأْيَهُ He meditated, intended, purposed, desired, or endeavoured, to do one thing after another. (K.) A2: And روّم He tarried; paused; tarried and waited or expected; or was patient, and tarried and waited or expected. (K.) Quasi 4. أَرَمْتَ, for أَرْمَمْتَ: see the latter, near the end of the first paragraph of art. رم.5 تروّم بِهِ, or بِهَا, accord. to different copies of the K, (TA,) He mocked at, scoffed at, laughed at, derided, or ridiculed, him, or her. (K, TA.) رَامٌ A certain species of trees. (S, K. *) رَوْمٌ inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. (T, S, M, &c.) A2: See also what next follows.

رُومٌ The lobe, or lobule, of the ear; (M, K;) as also ↓ رُومٌ. (K.) A2: الرُّومُ A certain nation, (M, K,) well known; (M;) [said by the Arabs to be] descendants of Er-Room, the son of Esau (عيصُو [so called by the Arabs]), (T, * S, K,) the son of Isaac the Prophet; (TA;) [i. e. the Greeks; generally meaning, of the Lower Empire; but sometimes, only those of Asia; and sometimes those of the Lower Empire together with all the nations of Europe beside: the ancient Greeks are more properly called by the Arabs اليُونَانُ:] one says ↓ رُومِىٌّ and رُومٌ; (S, K;) the former of these two appellations being applied to a single person, (M, K,) and the latter being the pl., (S, K,) [or rather a coll. gen. n.,] like زِنْجِىٌّ and زِنْجٌ; (AAF, S, M;) the former being distinguished from the latter only by the doubled ى, like as تَمْرَةٌ is distinguished from تَمْرٌ its pl. [or coll. gen. n.] only by the ة: (S:) and رُومِىٌّ has for [its proper] pl. ↓ أَرْوَامٌ. (TA.) [It is also applied to The country of the nation, or people, so called, both in Europe and Asia, and sometimes only in Asia. Hence, بَحْرُ الرُّومِ The Sea of the Greeks; meaning the Mediterranean Sea.]

رُومَةٌ Glue, with which the feathers of an arrow are stuck: (M, K:) said by A'Obeyd to be [thus] without ء; but mentioned by Th with ء. (M, TA. [See art. رأم.]) رُومِىٌّ The sail of an empty ship: (AA, T, K:) that of a full ship is called مُرْبِعٌ. (AA, T.) A2: See also رُومٌ.

رُوَامٌ i. q. لُغَامٌ [The foam of the mouth of a camel]: (K:) mentioned also in art. رُؤَامٌ [as written رُؤَامٌ, and signifying slaver]. (TA.) رُوَّامٌ [pl. of ↓ رَائِمٌ, which signifies Seeking, &c.; act. part. n. of 1:] i. q. طُلَّابٌ [pl. of طَالِبٌ]. (TA.) رَائِمٌ: see what next precedes.

أَرْوَامٌ pl. of رُومِىٌّ. (TA.) See رُومٌ.

مَرَامٌ i. q. مَطْلَبْ (S, M, K) [accord. to the PS A place of seeking or searching: but it should be observed that مَطْلَبٌ is an inf. n., and also a n. of place and of time: also that مَرَامٌ is expressly said in the Msb and TA to be an inf. n. of رَامَ, though not in the S nor in the M: and that it is mentioned in the K in the beginning of this art. as syn. with رَوْمٌ in the sense of طَلَبٌ, and at the end of the art. as signifying the same as مَطْلَبٌ]. One says, هُوَ ثَبْتُ المَقَامِ بَعِيدُ المَرَامِ [which may mean He is firm, or steady, in respect of the place of standing; far-aiming in respect of the place of seeking: or, agreeably with an explanation voce ثَبْتٌ, he is one who does not quit his station, or abode, without necessity, though far-aiming &c.: but it is obvious that both المقام and المرام may here be inf. ns.]. (TA.) مَرُومٌ Sought, sought for or after, or desired. (Msb.)
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