William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1692. ريد9 1693. رير8 1694. ريس8 1695. ريش19 1696. ريط13 1697. ريع171698. ريغ8 1699. ريف13 1700. ريق13 1701. ريل8 1702. ريم15 1703. رين19 1704. ريه8 1705. ز5 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد19 1713. زبر20 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع12 1718. زبق12 1719. زبل18 1720. زبن17 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر19 1725. زجل14 1726. زجو7 1727. زح2 1728. زحر13 1729. زحف21 1730. زحل14 1731. زحلف8 1732. زحلق8 1733. زحم13 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر14 1736. زخرف12 1737. زر5 1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع17 1744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 1755. زعج15 1756. زعر16 1757. زعف12 1758. زعفر10 1759. زعق13 1760. زعل11 1761. زعم18 1762. زغب16 1763. زغبر7 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل11 1766. زف5 1767. زفت17 1768. زفر15 1769. زفل9 1770. زفن15 1771. زق3 1772. زقب9 1773. زقم15 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر13 1776. زكم16 1777. زكو11 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج12 1781. زلخ10 1782. زلعب4 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف24 1785. زلق18 1786. زلقم4 1787. زلم18 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت13 Prev. 100
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ريع

1 رَاعَ, aor. يَرِيعُ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. رَيْعٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and رُيُوعٌ (TA) and رِيَاعٌ (Lh, TA) and رَيَعَانٌ, (TA,) It increased, or augmented; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) said of wheat and other things: or, as some say, it denotes زِيَادَة [i. e. it signifies it became redundant, or it exceeded, as will be seen in what follows; but the truth is, that it has both of these significations; the latter] in relation to flour, and to bread. (TA.) You say, رَاعَتِ الحِنْطَةُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. تَرِيعُ, inf. n. رَيْعٌ [&c.]; (Msb;) and ↓ أَرَاعَت, (S, K,) which latter is said by Az to be more commonly used than the former; (TA;) and الطَّعَامُ ↓ رَيَّعَ [which is the same as رَيَّعَتِ الحِنْطَةُ]; (TA;) The wheat increased, or augmented; or received increase and blessing from God; or throve by the blessing of God: (S, Msb, K, TA:) and in like manner one says of other things. (Msb.) And رَاعَتِ الشَّجَرَةُ, and ↓ اراعت, but the former is rare, The tree became abundant in its produce, or fruit. (AHn.) And sometimes they said, (S,) الإِبِلُ ↓ اراعت (S, IF, K) (tropical:) The camels had many young ones; (S;) they increased, and had many young ones. (IF, K.) One says also, رَاعَ الطَّعَامُ, and ↓ اراع, The wheat became redundant; or had a part, or portion, redundant; [app. meaning, over and above the original measure;] in the kneading and the making of bread; syn. صَارَ لَهُ زِيَادَةٌ. (S.) [See the first sentence above; and see رَيْعٌ, below.] And رَاعَ فِى يَدِى كَذَا Such a thing was redundant, or remained over and above, in my hand; as also رَاقَ; syn. زَادَ: (L in this art., and TA in art. روع:) Sgh has mistranscribed the explanation, زاد, in his two books, [the TS and the O,] writing فَادَ; and the author of the K has imitated him in mentioning this in art. روع, instead of the present art., which is its proper place, but has written for the explanation أَفَادَ. (TA.) A2: رَاعَ, aor. يَرِيعُ, (IDrd, S, K,) inf. n. رَيْعٌ, (S, TA,) He, or it, returned; went, or came, back; reverted: (IDrd, S, K:) and رَاعَ, aor. يَرُوعُ, (IDrd, and K in art. روع,) inf. n. رُوَاعٌ, (K in that art.,) signifies the same; (IDrd, and K in art. روع;) or it returned to its place: (TA in that art.:) but the former verb is the more common. (TA in the present art.) One says, of camels that have run away, صَاحَ عَلَيْهَا الرَّاعِى فَرَاعَتْ إِلَيْهِ [The pastor cried out at them, and] they returned to him. (TA.) And وَعَظْتُهُ فَأَبِى أَنْ يَرِيعَ [I exhorted him, but he refused] to return, or revert. (TA.) And فُلَانٌ مَا يَرِيعُ بِكَلَامِكَ وَلا بِصَوْتِكَ Such a one does not return, or revert, by reason of thy speech nor by reason of thy voice. (TA.) and you say of vomit, رَاعَ مِنْهُ شَىْءٌ Somewhat of it returned: (S:) and رَاعَ عَلَيْهِ it returned to his inside. (TA.) And in like manner one says of anything that returns to him, رَاعَ, aor. يَرِيعُ. (TA.) b2: رَاعُوا, They drew, gathered, or collected, themselves together; (Ibn- 'Abbád, TA;) as also ↓ تريّعوا; and ↓ ريّعوا, (Ibn-'Abbád, K,) inf. n. تَرْيِيعٌ. (TA.) b3: See also 5.

A3: It became rent: so in the saying of El-Kumeyt, إِذَا حِيصَ مِنْهُ جَانِبٌ رَاعَ جَانِبٌ [When a side thereof is sewed up, a side becomes rent]. (S.) A4: [It is also said that] رَاعَ, aor. يَرِيعُ, is like رَدَّ [app. as signifying He returned a reply, or an answer, to a person; for it is mentioned immediately after رَيْعٌ as syn. with مَرْجُوعٌ]. (TA.) 2 ريّع الطَّعَامُ: see 1; second sentence. b2: ريّعوا They ascended, or ascended upon, the رِيعَة [n. un. of رِيعٌ, q. v.]. (Ibn- 'Abbád.) b3: See also 1, near the end of the paragraph.

A2: ريّعهُ: see 4.

A3: [See also رُيِّهَ (in art. ريه), with which رُيِّعَ seems to be syn.]4 اراعثِ الحِنْطَةُ; &c.: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in four places. b2: اراعوا Their wheat increased, or augmented; or received increase and blessing from God; or throve by the blessing of God: (Ibn-'Abbád, K:) and in like manner, their seed-produce [in general]. (TA.) A2: اراع الشَّىْءَ He increased, or augmented, the thing; or made it to increase, or augment; as also ↓ ريّعهُ. (TA.) 5 تريّعوا: see 1, near the end of the paragraph. b2: تريّع said of grease, or gravy, (TA,) or oil, (S,) and of clarified butter, when much thereof has been put into food; (S, TA;) or of melted grease in a bowl; (A, TA;) or of clarified butter upon a cake of bread; (ISh, TA;) It flowed, or ran, hither and thither, having no direct course; (S, TA;) or went to and fro; (A, TA;) or portions thereof followed a little after other portions: (ISh, TA:) and, said of water, it ran, or flowed. (TA.) b3: In like manner, (S,) said of the mirage (سَرَاب), [It quivered, vibrated, or moved to and fro;] it came and went; (S, K;) as also تَرَيَّهَ: (TA:) and ↓ رَاعَ, aor. يَرِيعُ, (TA,) inf. n. رَيْعٌ (K, TA) and رَيَعَانٌ, (TA,) said of the same, it was, or became, in a state of commotion or agitation; it quivered, vibrated, or moved to and fro. (K, TA.) b4: (assumed tropical:) He became confounded, or perplexed, [as though vacillating, or wavering,] and unable to see his right course; as also ↓ استراع. (Ibn- 'Abbád, K.) b5: (assumed tropical:) He paused; or waited: (O, L, K:) or (so in the L, but in the O and K “ and ”) he paused; or hesitated; or held, refrained, or abstained. (O, L, K.) [See the part. n., below.] b6: تَرَيَّعَتْ يَدَاهُ بِالجُودِ (tropical:) His two hands overflowed with bounty, [as though they went hither and thither,] for one cause after another. (TA.) 10 إِسْتَرْيَعَ see 5.

رَيْعٌ [see 1, of which it is an inf. n.] Increase; syn. زِيَادَةٌ [which may be meant to include the third of the significations here following]; as in the saying, هٰذَا طَعَامٌ كَثِيرُ الرَّيْعِ [This is wheat of much increase]. (Mgh.) b2: (assumed tropical:) Revenue arising from the increase of land: because it is an augmentation. (Mgh.) b3: (tropical:) Milk; as in the phrase, نَاقَةٌ كَثِيرَةٌ رَيْعُهَا (tropical:) [A she-camel whose milk is abundant]. (A, TA.) b4: Redundance; a part, or portion, redundant; a surplus; or a residue; syn. فَضْلٌ; of anything; as of flour, or meal, (Msb, K,) over and above the measure of the wheat; (Msb;) and of dough [when it has risen]; and of seed for sowing [when it has been sown]; and the like. (K.) Hence it is said, in a trad. of I'Ab, respecting the expiation of an oath, لِكُلِّ مِسْكِينٍ مُدٌّ مِنْ حِنْطَةٍ رَيْعُهُ إِدَامُهُ [To every poor man, a mudd of wheat: the redundance, or redundant part or portion, thereof shall be for its seasoning]: i. e., it is not necessary for the person to give, with the mudd, seasoning; but the redundance that shall arise, of the flour, or meal, of the mudd [of wheat], when he shall have ground it, therewith shall the seasoning be bought. (TA.) Hence also, the trad. of 'Omar, اِمْلِكُوا العَجِينَ فَإِنَّهُ أَحَدُ الرَّيْعَيْنِ (assumed tropical:) Knead ye well, or thoroughly, or soundly, the dough; for this action is one of the رَيْعَانِ [here meaning the two causes of redundance; the other cause being the grinding]. (TA.) [Hence also,] رَيْعُ الدِّرْعِ The redundant parts of the two sleeves of the coat of mail, (S, A, K, TA,) over [and beyond] the ends of the fingers; (TA;) and of the skirt thereof. (A, TA.) b5: See also رِيعٌ. b6: Also, (K,) and ↓ رَيْعَانٌ, [which latter is the more common in this sense,] (S, K,) (tropical:) The first (S, K) and most excel-lent (K) part of anything: (S, K:) said in the B to be a metaphorical application from رَيْعٌ as signifying a high, or an elevated, place. (TA.) Hence, (S, TA,) رَيْعُ الشَّبَابِ, by poetic license written ↓ رَيَع, (TA,) or الشَّبَابِ ↓ رَيْعَانُ, (S, A, L, TA,) (tropical:) The first, or prime, (S, A, TA,) and most excellent, (A, TA,) part, or period, of youth or youthfulness or youthful vigour: (S, A, TA:) or this is from رَيْعٌ in relation to wheat: (A, TA:) or from المَطَرِ ↓ رَيْعَانُ (assumed tropical:) the first of rain. (L, TA.) Hence also, (S,) السَّرَابِ ↓ رَيْعَانُ (S, Sgh, L) (assumed tropical:) The first of the mirage; (S, Sgh;) what comes and goes thereof; (Sgh;) or such as is in a state of commotion or agitation, quivering, vibrating, or moving to and fro. (L.) [Hence also,] رَيْعُ الضُّحَى (tropical:) The whiteness, and beautiful splendour, of the first part of the day after sunrise. (K, TA.) b7: نَاقَةٌ لَهَا رَيْعٌ (tropical:) A she-camel having one pace, or rate of going, [app. a quicker pace,] after another. (TA.) b8: فُلَانٌ لَيْسَ لَهُ رَيْعٌ i. e. مَرْجُوعٌ [app. meaning Such a one has no reply, or answer, to give: or, perhaps, to such a one there is no reply, or answer, to be given]. (K, * TA.) A2: Also Fright, or fear; (K;) like رَوْعٌ. (TA.) رِيعٌ (Fr, S, Msb, K, &c.) and ↓ رَيْعٌ, (Fr, K,) the former occurring, (S,) or the latter accord. to one reading, (TA,) in the Kur [xxvi. 128], (S, TA,) High, or elevated, land or ground: (S, K:) or a high, or an elevated, place; (so in some copies of the S and in the Msb;) which latter signification is also assigned to ↓ رِيعَةٌ; (TA;) and whence the phrase, كَمْ رِيعُ أَرْضِكَ, meaning what is the elevation of thy land? [a phrase not to be mistaken for كَمْ رَيْعُ أَرْضِكَ, in which the meaning is “ increase: ”] (Az, TA:) or any [road such as is termed] فَجّ: (K:) or (so accord. to the Msb and K, but in the S “ and ”) a road (S, Msb, K) of any kind, (K, TA,) to which some add, whether travelled or not: (TA: [see an ex. in the first paragraph of art. سمت:]) or a road opening so as to form a gap in a mountain; (Zj, K;) or, as in some copies of the K, from a mountain; but the former is what is termed فَجٌّ, before mentioned: (TA:) or a mountain; (S, Msb;) so accord. to 'Omárah: (S:) or, as in some copies of the S, a small mountain: (TA:) or signifying also a high mountain: (O, K:) n. of un. with ة [i. e. ↓ رِيعَةٌ, as it is written in the S; and ↓ رَيْعَةٌ also, as implied in the K]: (S, K: [in the former immediately following the signification of “ mountain; ” and in the latter, so following that of “ high mountain; ” whence it seems that رِيعٌ and رَيْعٌ are sometimes used, at least in one sense, as coll. gen. ns.:]) pl. [of mult.] رِيَاعٌ, (S, TA,) which is extr., (TA,) and رُيُوعٌ, and [of pauc.] أَرْيَاعٌ: (TA:) but AO says, contr. to J, that ↓ رِيعَةٌ is pl. of رِيعٌ: (IB, TA:) or رِيعٌ and رَيْعٌ signify the channel of the torrent of a valley from any, or every, high, or elevated, place. (K.) Also the former, A high mound, or heap of sand, or hill: and a Christian's cloister or cell; syn. صَوْمَعَةٌ: and a pigeon-turret. (IAar, K.) رَيَعُ الشَّبَابِ: see رَيْعٌ.

رَيْعَةٌ: see رِيعٌ.

رِيعَةٌ: see رِيعٌ, in three places.

A2: Also A number of men who have drawn, gathered, or collected, themselves together: (Ibn-'Abbád, K: *) otherwise, they are not so called. (Ibn-'Abbád.) رَيْعَانٌ: see رَيْعٌ, in four places.

رَيْعَانَةٌ (tropical:) A she-camel abounding with milk. (A, K, TA.) فَرَسٌ رَائِعٌ A fleet, or swift, and excellent, horse. (S, TA.) [See also art. روع, to which, as well as to the present art., it is said in the TA to belong.]

تَرِيعٌ A register in which is written the رَيْع [i. e. increase, or revenue arising from the increase, of the lands] of districts: the ت being augmentative: but it is a post-classical word. (TA.) أَرْضٌ مَرِيعَةٌ, with fet-h to the م, A land [of much رَيْع, or increase;] abounding with herbage; fruitful; or plentiful. (S, Msb, TA.) مُرَيَّعٌ, as an epithet applied to the سَرَاب [or mirage]: see مُرَيَّهٌ, in art. ريه.

مِرْيَاعٌ A she-camel that goes away in the place of pasturing and returns by herself; (K;) or such is termed مِسْيَاعٌ مِرْيَاعٌ: (S, TA:) or upon which one repeatedly journeys: or upon which one journeys and returns: (Az, TA:) or (assumed tropical:) that quickly yields an abundant flow of milk: or (assumed tropical:) that quickly becomes fat: (K:) sometimes used in this sense. (Jm, TA.) مُتَرَيِّعٌ (tropical:) A slippery man, who anoints himself with oils. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) b2: أَنَا مُتَرَيِّعٌ عَنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ (assumed tropical:) I am holding, refraining, or abstaining, from this affair. (TA.)
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