William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1698. ريغ7 1699. ريف12 1700. ريق12 1701. ريل7 1702. ريم14 1703. رين181704. ريه7 1705. ز4 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد18 1713. زبر19 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع11 1718. زبق11 1719. زبل17 1720. زبن16 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر18 1725. زجل13 1726. زجو6 1727. زح2 1728. زحر12 1729. زحف20 1730. زحل13 1731. زحلف7 1732. زحلق7 1733. زحم12 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر13 1736. زخرف11 1737. زر5 1738. زرب16 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد17 1741. زردم6 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع16 1744. زرف17 1745. زرفن6 1746. زرق15 1747. زرم12 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق8 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب12 1755. زعج14 1756. زعر15 1757. زعف11 1758. زعفر9 1759. زعق12 1760. زعل10 1761. زعم17 1762. زغب15 1763. زغبر6 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل10 1766. زف5 1767. زفت16 1768. زفر14 1769. زفل8 1770. زفن14 1771. زق3 1772. زقب8 1773. زقم14 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر12 1776. زكم15 1777. زكو10 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج11 1781. زلخ9 1782. زلعب3 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف23 1785. زلق17 1786. زلقم3 1787. زلم17 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت12 1792. زمخ7 1793. زمر17 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع17 1797. زمك9 Prev. 100
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رين

1 رَانَ, [aor. يَرِينُ,] inf. n. رَيْنٌ, [in its primary acceptation, app. signifies It was, or became, rusty, or covered with rust. And hence,] It (a garment, or piece of cloth,) was, or became, dirty, or filthy; syn. تَطَبَّعَ. (M, TA.) b2: [Hence also,] رانت نَفْسَهُ, (S, M, K, *) aor. تَرِينُ, inf. n. as above, (S,) His soul [or stomach] became heavy; or heaved, or became agitated by a tendency to vomit; syn. غَثَتْ, (S, M, K,) and خَبُثَتْ. (S, K.) b3: And ران عَلَيْهِ, (A'Obeyd, T, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Msb,) It (anything) covered it; namely, a thing: (M:) or it (anything) overcame him; (A'Obeyd, T, S, M, * Mgh, Msb, K;) as also ران بِهِ; (A'Obeyd, T, S, Mgh, K;) and رَانَهُ. (A'Obeyd, S, Mgh, K.) [And رَانَ with يَرُونُ for its aor. signifies the same; as will be seen from a verse cited below.] You say of a sin, misdeed, or transgression, (ذَنْب,) ران عَلَى قَلْبِهِ, (Zj, T, S, Mgh, K,) aor. as above, (Zj, T, S,) inf. n. رَيْنٌ (Zj, T, S, M, K) and رُيُونٌ, (S, M, K,) It covered his heart: (Zj, T, M:) or it overcame his heart. (S, Mgh, K.) رَانَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبوُنَ, in the Kur [lxxxiii. 14], means [What they used to do] hath become like rust upon the clearness of their hearts, so as to make the knowledge of good from evil to be obscured to them: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or hath covered their hearts: (Zj, T:) or hath overcome their hearts: [or hath spread a blackness upon their hearts; for,] accord. to El-Hasan, it means that sin has followed upon sin so that the heart has become black: (S:) and accord. to Aboo-Mo'adh the Grammarian, and a saying of the Prophet, الرَّيْنُ means the heart's becoming black in consequence of sins. (T.) Yousay also, رِينَ عَلى قَلْبِهِ His heart became covered [&c.]. (M.) And رِينَ بِهِ He was overcome: (T, Mgh:) or his property was beset by debt: (T:) or he fell into grief, by reason of debt: (M:) or he fell into that from which he could not escape, (AZ, T, S, Mgh, K,) and with which he had not power to cope: (AZ, T, S:) or i. q. اُنْقُطِعَ بِهِ [i. e. he became disabled from prosecuting his journey, his means having failed him, or his beast breaking down with him or perishing]; (T, S, M;) so says El-Kanánee El-Aarábee: (T, S:) and he died. (M.) And رَانَتْ بِهِ الخَمْرُ, (T,) or رانت عَلَيْهِ الخَمْرُ, (S, M, [in one copy of the S الحُمَّى,]) The wine overcame him; (S, M;) and overwhelmed him: (M:) or overcame his heart and his reason: (T:) and in like manner one says of drowsiness, and of anxiety; by way of comparison. (M.) And ران النُّعَاسُ فِى العَيْنِ Drowsiness overcame the eye: (S, TA: *) or infected, or pervaded, the eye. (Msb.) Et-Tirimmáh says, مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يَرُونَ النَّوْمُ فِيهِمْ بِسُكْرِ سِنَاتِهِمْ كُلَّ الرُّيُونِ

[In fear that sleep might overcome them, by reason of the intoxication of their sensations of drowsiness, with every degree of overcoming]. (TA. [This, together with a signification assigned to مَرُونَ in art. رون in the K, shows that رَانَ signifying “ he, or it, overcame,” &c., has يَرُونَ as well as يَرِينُ for its aor. ]) And you say also, ران عَلَيْهِ المَوْتُ, and ران بِهِ, Death took him away. (M.) 4 ارانوا Their cattle perished, or died: (ElUmawee, T, S, M, K:) and (so in the T, but in the M “ or ”) their cattle became lean, or emaciated. (El-Umawee, T, M.) This also, says A'Obeyd, is from an event that has happened to them and overcome them, and which they have not been able to bear. (T.) رَانٌ: see the next paragraph.

A2: Also [A kind of legging;] a thing like a خُفّ [or boot], but longer, and without a foot: (K:) described by the author of the Msb, in his handwriting upon the margin, as a piece of cloth made like the خُفّ, stuffed with cotton, worn beneath it on account of the cold: not a genuine Arabic word: (MF:) it is a Persian word, arabicized. (TA.) رَيْنٌ, originally an inf. n.: (Msb:) Rust that overspreads the sword and the mirror; (M;) rust that overspreads a polished thing: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or much dirtiness from rust: or simply dirt, filth, soil, or pollution: syn. طَبَعٌ and ذَنَسٌ: (S, K: [in a copy of the S, and in the CK, الطَّبْعُ is erroneously put for الطَّبَعُ:]) or a cover, or covering. (Msb.) [And hence,] The like of rust, covering the heart: (Zj, T:) black-ness of the heart: pl. رِيَانٌ. (T.) And ↓ رَانٌ signifies the same as رَيْنٌ. (TA.) رَيْنَةٌ i. q. خَمْرَةٌ [i. e. Wine, or some wine, or a kind of wine]: pl. رَيْنَاتٌ: (IAar, Th, T, K:) so called because it overcomes the reason. (TA.) رَجُلٌ مَرِينٌ عَلَيْهِ A man beset, or encompassed. (TA.) مُرِينُونَ Persons whose cattle have perished, or died: (El-Umawee, T, S, K:) and whose cattle have become lean, or emaciated. (El-Umawee, T.)
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