William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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1698. ريغ8 1699. ريف13 1700. ريق13 1701. ريل8 1702. ريم15 1703. رين191704. ريه8 1705. ز5 1706. زأبر3 1707. زأبق6 1708. زأر13 1709. زأن8 1710. زا1 1711. زب4 1712. زبد19 1713. زبر20 1714. زبرج8 1715. زبرجد8 1716. زبردج3 1717. زبع12 1718. زبق12 1719. زبل18 1720. زبن17 1721. زبى5 1722. زتن7 1723. زج4 1724. زجر19 1725. زجل14 1726. زجو7 1727. زح2 1728. زحر13 1729. زحف21 1730. زحل14 1731. زحلف8 1732. زحلق8 1733. زحم13 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر14 1736. زخرف12 1737. زر5 1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع17 1744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 1755. زعج15 1756. زعر16 1757. زعف12 1758. زعفر10 1759. زعق13 1760. زعل11 1761. زعم18 1762. زغب16 1763. زغبر7 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل11 1766. زف5 1767. زفت17 1768. زفر15 1769. زفل9 1770. زفن15 1771. زق3 1772. زقب9 1773. زقم15 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر13 1776. زكم16 1777. زكو11 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج12 1781. زلخ10 1782. زلعب4 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف24 1785. زلق18 1786. زلقم4 1787. زلم18 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت13 1792. زمخ8 1793. زمر18 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع18 1797. زمك10 Prev. 100




1 رَانَ, [aor. يَرِينُ,] inf. n. رَيْنٌ, [in its primary acceptation, app. signifies It was, or became, rusty, or covered with rust. And hence,] It (a garment, or piece of cloth,) was, or became, dirty, or filthy; syn. تَطَبَّعَ. (M, TA.) b2: [Hence also,] رانت نَفْسَهُ, (S, M, K, *) aor. تَرِينُ, inf. n. as above, (S,) His soul [or stomach] became heavy; or heaved, or became agitated by a tendency to vomit; syn. غَثَتْ, (S, M, K,) and خَبُثَتْ. (S, K.) b3: And ران عَلَيْهِ, (A'Obeyd, T, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Msb,) It (anything) covered it; namely, a thing: (M:) or it (anything) overcame him; (A'Obeyd, T, S, M, * Mgh, Msb, K;) as also ران بِهِ; (A'Obeyd, T, S, Mgh, K;) and رَانَهُ. (A'Obeyd, S, Mgh, K.) [And رَانَ with يَرُونُ for its aor. signifies the same; as will be seen from a verse cited below.] You say of a sin, misdeed, or transgression, (ذَنْب,) ران عَلَى قَلْبِهِ, (Zj, T, S, Mgh, K,) aor. as above, (Zj, T, S,) inf. n. رَيْنٌ (Zj, T, S, M, K) and رُيُونٌ, (S, M, K,) It covered his heart: (Zj, T, M:) or it overcame his heart. (S, Mgh, K.) رَانَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبوُنَ, in the Kur [lxxxiii. 14], means [What they used to do] hath become like rust upon the clearness of their hearts, so as to make the knowledge of good from evil to be obscured to them: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or hath covered their hearts: (Zj, T:) or hath overcome their hearts: [or hath spread a blackness upon their hearts; for,] accord. to El-Hasan, it means that sin has followed upon sin so that the heart has become black: (S:) and accord. to Aboo-Mo'adh the Grammarian, and a saying of the Prophet, الرَّيْنُ means the heart's becoming black in consequence of sins. (T.) Yousay also, رِينَ عَلى قَلْبِهِ His heart became covered [&c.]. (M.) And رِينَ بِهِ He was overcome: (T, Mgh:) or his property was beset by debt: (T:) or he fell into grief, by reason of debt: (M:) or he fell into that from which he could not escape, (AZ, T, S, Mgh, K,) and with which he had not power to cope: (AZ, T, S:) or i. q. اُنْقُطِعَ بِهِ [i. e. he became disabled from prosecuting his journey, his means having failed him, or his beast breaking down with him or perishing]; (T, S, M;) so says El-Kanánee El-Aarábee: (T, S:) and he died. (M.) And رَانَتْ بِهِ الخَمْرُ, (T,) or رانت عَلَيْهِ الخَمْرُ, (S, M, [in one copy of the S الحُمَّى,]) The wine overcame him; (S, M;) and overwhelmed him: (M:) or overcame his heart and his reason: (T:) and in like manner one says of drowsiness, and of anxiety; by way of comparison. (M.) And ران النُّعَاسُ فِى العَيْنِ Drowsiness overcame the eye: (S, TA: *) or infected, or pervaded, the eye. (Msb.) Et-Tirimmáh says, مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يَرُونَ النَّوْمُ فِيهِمْ بِسُكْرِ سِنَاتِهِمْ كُلَّ الرُّيُونِ

[In fear that sleep might overcome them, by reason of the intoxication of their sensations of drowsiness, with every degree of overcoming]. (TA. [This, together with a signification assigned to مَرُونَ in art. رون in the K, shows that رَانَ signifying “ he, or it, overcame,” &c., has يَرُونَ as well as يَرِينُ for its aor. ]) And you say also, ران عَلَيْهِ المَوْتُ, and ران بِهِ, Death took him away. (M.) 4 ارانوا Their cattle perished, or died: (ElUmawee, T, S, M, K:) and (so in the T, but in the M “ or ”) their cattle became lean, or emaciated. (El-Umawee, T, M.) This also, says A'Obeyd, is from an event that has happened to them and overcome them, and which they have not been able to bear. (T.) رَانٌ: see the next paragraph.

A2: Also [A kind of legging;] a thing like a خُفّ [or boot], but longer, and without a foot: (K:) described by the author of the Msb, in his handwriting upon the margin, as a piece of cloth made like the خُفّ, stuffed with cotton, worn beneath it on account of the cold: not a genuine Arabic word: (MF:) it is a Persian word, arabicized. (TA.) رَيْنٌ, originally an inf. n.: (Msb:) Rust that overspreads the sword and the mirror; (M;) rust that overspreads a polished thing: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or much dirtiness from rust: or simply dirt, filth, soil, or pollution: syn. طَبَعٌ and ذَنَسٌ: (S, K: [in a copy of the S, and in the CK, الطَّبْعُ is erroneously put for الطَّبَعُ:]) or a cover, or covering. (Msb.) [And hence,] The like of rust, covering the heart: (Zj, T:) black-ness of the heart: pl. رِيَانٌ. (T.) And ↓ رَانٌ signifies the same as رَيْنٌ. (TA.) رَيْنَةٌ i. q. خَمْرَةٌ [i. e. Wine, or some wine, or a kind of wine]: pl. رَيْنَاتٌ: (IAar, Th, T, K:) so called because it overcomes the reason. (TA.) رَجُلٌ مَرِينٌ عَلَيْهِ A man beset, or encompassed. (TA.) مُرِينُونَ Persons whose cattle have perished, or died: (El-Umawee, T, S, K:) and whose cattle have become lean, or emaciated. (El-Umawee, T.)
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