William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1724. زجر19 1725. زجل14 1726. زجو7 1727. زح2 1728. زحر13 1729. زحف211730. زحل14 1731. زحلف8 1732. زحلق8 1733. زحم13 1734. زخ3 1735. زخر14 1736. زخرف12 1737. زر5 1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع17 1744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 1755. زعج15 1756. زعر16 1757. زعف12 1758. زعفر10 1759. زعق13 1760. زعل11 1761. زعم18 1762. زغب16 1763. زغبر7 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل11 1766. زف5 1767. زفت17 1768. زفر15 1769. زفل9 1770. زفن15 1771. زق3 1772. زقب9 1773. زقم15 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر13 1776. زكم16 1777. زكو11 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج12 1781. زلخ10 1782. زلعب4 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف24 1785. زلق18 1786. زلقم4 1787. زلم18 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت13 1792. زمخ8 1793. زمر18 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع18 1797. زمك10 1798. زمل20 1799. زملق5 1800. زمن15 1801. زمهر11 1802. زن4 1803. زنأ13 1804. زنبر9 1805. زنبق6 1806. زنبل5 1807. زنج12 1808. زنجبيل4 1809. زنجر9 1810. زنجفر2 1811. زنخ9 1812. زند17 1813. زندق12 1814. زنر11 1815. زنق15 1816. زنم20 1817. زنو4 1818. زنى5 1819. زهد19 1820. زهر18 1821. زهق18 1822. زهم13 1823. زهو11 Prev. 100
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زحف

1 زَحَفَ, aor. زَحَفَ, inf. n. زَحْفٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and زُحُوفٌ (Msb, K) and زَحَفَانٌ, (K,) He, or it, (an army, Mgh, Msb, * or a company of men, Msb) walked, marched, or went on foot, إِلَيْهِ [to him, or it]; (S, K;) and [generally] did so by little and little; (accord. to an explanation of زَحْفٌ in the TA;) crept, or crawled, along; or went, or walked, leisurely, or gently: (Mgh:) and ↓ تزحّف إِلَيْهِ, (S, K,) as also ↓ ازدحف, (K,) i. q. تمشّى, (S, K,) i. e. he walked [with slow steps, or] heavily, with an effort, to him, or it: (TK:) and مِشْيَةُ زَحَفَانٍ means a gait in which is a heaviness of motion. (TA.) One says of a child, before he walks, (S, Msb, K,) or before he stands, (T, TA,) يَزْحَفُ [He drags himself along] (S, Msb, K) عَلَى الأَرْضِ [upon the ground], or عَلَى

اسْتِهِ [upon his posteriors]: (TA:) or زَحَفَ alone, said of a child, he went along slowly, by little and little, upon his posteriors: (Bd in viii. 15:) and to the زَحْف of children is likened the marching of two bodies of men going to meet each other for fight, when each of them marches gently, or leisurely, towards the other, before they draw near together to smite each other: and one says likewise of a child, before he walks, عَلَى ↓ يَتَزَحَّفُ الأَرْضِ, or, as in the T, عَلَى بَطْنِهِ, i. e. he drags himself along [upon the ground, or upon his belly]. (TA.) b2: زَحَفَ الدَّبَا [The young locusts not yet winged] went on, or forwards: (S, O, K:) مَشَى in this explanation in the K should be مَضَى, as in the S and A. (TA.) b3: زَحَفَ said of an arrow, (assumed tropical:) It fell short of the butt, and then slid along to it. (S, * Msb.) b4: Also, said of a camel, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. زَحَفَ, inf. n. زَحْفٌ and زُحُوفٌ, and زَحَفَانٌ, (TA,) He became fatigued, and dragged his foot, or the extremity of his foot; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) as also ↓ أَزْحَفُ: (S, Mgh, Msb:) or this latter signifies he (a camel) became fatigued, (K, TA,) and stood still with his master: and رَاحِلَتُهُ مِنَ الإِعْيَآءِ ↓ أَزْحَفَتْ His saddle-camel stood still from fatigue: or, accord. to El-Khattábee, correctly, أُزْحِفَتْ عَلَيْهِ: (TA:) or this is a mistake, occurring in the Fáïk; and it is correctly with fet-h: (Mgh:) and accord. to the T, زَحَفَ signifies he (a camel) became fatigued, so that he stood still with his master: (TA:) or, as some say, زَحَفَ said of one walking, or marching, [i. e., of a man and of a beast,] (Msb, TA,) accord. to AZ, whether fat or lean, (Msb,) aor. زَحَفَ, inf. n. زَحْفٌ and زَحَفَانٌ, or, as AZ says, زَحْفٌ and زُحُوفٌ, (TA,) signifies, (Msb,) or signifies also, (TA,) he became fatigued, (Msb, TA,) in walking, or marching. (TA.) b5: And زَحَفَ الشَّجَرُ (tropical:) The trees became in a state of gentle motion, by the influence of the wind. (TA.) A2: زَحَفَ الشَّىْءَ, inf. n. زَحْفٌ, He dragged the thing along gently. (TA.) 2 زحّف البَيْتَ بِالزَّحَّافَةِ [He swept the house, or chamber, with the زحّافة, q. v.]. (TA.) 3 زَاحَفُونَا, inf. n. مُزَاحَفَةٌ, They fought with us. (TA.) 4 أَزْحَفَ see 1, in the latter half, in two places. b2: أَزْحَفَ said of a man means His camel, or his horse or the like, became fatigued. (S.) b3: ازحف لَنَا بَنُو فُلَانٍ The sons of such a one became a زَحْف to us, (K, TA,) i. e., an army marching to us to fight with us. (TA.) b4: And ازحف فُلَانٌ Such a one attained to the utmost of that which he sought, or desired. (K, * TA.) A2: ازحف said of long journeying, It fatigued the camels. (TA.) b2: ازحفت الرِّيحُ الشَّجَرَ (tropical:) The wind put the trees into a state of gentle motion. (TA.) 5 تَزَحَّفَ see 1, in the former half, in two places.6 تزاحفوا They drew near, one to another, in fight. (IDrd, Z, K.) They walked, or marched, one to, or towards, another; as also ↓ ازدحفوا. (TA.) 8 ازدحف [originally اِزْتَحَفَ]: see 1, first sentence: and see also 6.

زَحْفٌ An army, or a military force, marching by little and little, or leisurely, to, or towards, the enemy, (S, A, K, TA,) or heavily, by reason of their multitude and force: (A, TA:) or a numerous army or military force; an inf. n. used as a subst.; (Mgh, Msb;) because, by reason of its multitude, and heaviness of motion, it is as though it crept, or crawled, along: (Mgh:) accord. to Az, from زَحَفَ عَلَى اسْتِهِ, said of a child: (TA:) not applied to a single individual: (IKoot, Msb:) pl. زُحُوفٌ. (Msb, TA.) b2: and hence, as being likened thereto, (tropical:) A swarm of locusts. (TA.) b3: فَرَّ مِنَ الزَّحْفِ, occurring in a trad., means He fled from war with unbelievers; and from encountering the enemy in war. (TA.) b4: إِذَا لَقِيتُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا زَحْفًا, in the Kur [viii. 15], means, accord. to Zj, زَاحِفِينَ, i. e. [When ye meet those who have disbelieved] marching by little and little [in consequence of their great number, to attack you]. (TA.) زَحْفَةٌ [inf. n. of un. of 1; A walk, &c.]. b2: نَارُ الزَّحْفَتَيْنِ The fire of the شِيح and the أَلَآء; because it quickly blazes in them [and then subsides]; (S, K;) so that one walks, or creeps, from them [and back to them]: (S:) or the fire of the عَرْفَج; (M, A;) because it quickly takes effect upon it; so that when it blazes, those who warm themselves at it walk, or creep, from it; then it soon subsides, and they walk, or creep, back to it: (M, TA:) and the like is said by IB; wherefore, he adds, it is called أَبُو سَرِيعٍ. (TA.) It was said to a woman of the Arabs, “Wherefore do we see you to be scant of flesh in the posteriors and thighs? ” and she answered, أَرْسَحَتْنَا نَارُ الزَّحْفَتَيْنِ [The fire of the شِيح and the أَلَآء, or of the عَرْفَج, has rendered us scant of flesh in the posteriors and thighs]. (S.) زُحَفَةٌ, (K,) or زُحَفَةٌ زُحَلَةٌ, A man (TA) who does not travel about in the countries: (K, TA:) so in the Moheet. (TA.) زَحُوفٌ: see زَاحِفٌ, in two places. b2: [Also, accord. to Freytag, occurring in the Deewán el-Hudhaleeyeen as meaning Going along slowly.]

زَحَّافَةٌ, in the dial. of Egypt, signifies مَا يُزَحَّفُ بِهِ البَيْتُ [i. e. The thing, generally a palm-branch, with which the house, or chamber, is swept, to remove the dust and cobwebs from the roof and walls]. (TA.) زَحَنْفَفَةٌ One who creeps along (يَزْحَفُ) upon the ground, (Ibn-'Abbád, K,) either from fatigue or old age. (TA.) b2: Also A man (TA) whose heel-tendons nearly knock against each other. (Ibn-'Abbád, K, TA.) زَاحِفٌ [part. n. of 1; Walking, &c.]. b2: (tropical:) An arrow that falls short of the butt, and then slides along to it: (S, * Msb, TA: *) pl. زَوَاحِفُ. (Msb.) b3: A camel fatigued, and dragging his foot, or the extremity of his foot; (K;) as also ↓ زَاحِفَةٌ, in which the ة is added to denote intensiveness: (Msb:) or the latter is applied, in the sense expl. above, to a she-camel; (S, K;) and so ↓ زَحُوفٌ; (K;) or this last signifies a she-camel that drags her hind legs or feet: and ↓ مُزْحِفٌ, applied to a he-camel, has the former of these meanings: (S:) [see also سَحُوفٌ, said to be a dial. var. of زَحُوفٌ:] the pl. of ↓ زَاحِفَةٌ is زَوَاحِفُ; (S, Msb, K;) and the pl. of ↓ زَحُوفٌ is زُحُفٌ. (TA.) Also Fatigued and motionless; whatever it be, whether lean or fat; and so ↓ مُزْحِفٌ. (TA.) And, accord. to Aboo-Sa'eed Ed-Dareer, [simply] Fatigued; (TA;) and so ↓ مُزْحِفٌ; applied to a camel: (K:) or the latter, so applied, signifies fatigued, and standing still with his owner: the former is applied to the male and to the female; and its pl. is زَوَاحِفُ: it is said to be also the name of a certain camel; but Th denies this. (TA.) زَاحِفَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

مَزْحَفٌ: see مَزْحَفَةٌ.

مُزْحِفٌ: see زَاحِفٌ, in three places. b2: سَحَابٌ مُزْحِفٌ (tropical:) Clouds moving slowly, because carrying much water; likened to fatigued camels. (TA.) مَزْحَفَةٌ a n. of place, sing. of مَزَاحِفُ, (TK,) which signifies The places of the creeping of serpents; (S, K, TA;) and the marks, or tracks, of the passage thereof: (TA:) and ↓ مَزْحَفٌ, likewise signifies the mark, or track, of a serpent, upon the ground; like مَسْحَفٌ. (TA in art. سحف.) b2: مَزَاحِفُ also signifies The places of fighting of a party, or people. (TA.) b3: and (tropical:) The places of pouring [of the water] of the clouds; (TA;) the places where falls the rain of the clouds. (K, TA. [In the CK, السَّحَابُ is erroneously put for السَّحَابِ.]) مِزْحَافٌ A camel wont, or accustomed, to become fatigued, (S, K, TA,) and to drag his foot, or the extremity of his foot, (S,) or to stand still with his owner: (TA:) or (tropical:) a she-camel that quickly becomes attenuated, or chafed, or abraded, or worn, in the sole of the foot: (A, TA:) pl. مَزَاحِيفُ (S, TA) and مَزَاحِفُ. (TA.)
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