William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1728. زحر12 1729. زحف20 1730. زحل13 1731. زحلف7 1732. زحلق7 1733. زحم121734. زخ3 1735. زخر13 1736. زخرف11 1737. زر5 1738. زرب16 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد17 1741. زردم6 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع16 1744. زرف17 1745. زرفن6 1746. زرق15 1747. زرم12 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق8 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب12 1755. زعج14 1756. زعر15 1757. زعف11 1758. زعفر9 1759. زعق12 1760. زعل10 1761. زعم17 1762. زغب15 1763. زغبر6 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل10 1766. زف5 1767. زفت16 1768. زفر14 1769. زفل8 1770. زفن14 1771. زق3 1772. زقب8 1773. زقم14 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر12 1776. زكم15 1777. زكو10 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج11 1781. زلخ9 1782. زلعب3 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف23 1785. زلق17 1786. زلقم3 1787. زلم17 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت12 1792. زمخ7 1793. زمر17 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع17 1797. زمك9 1798. زمل19 1799. زملق5 1800. زمن14 1801. زمهر10 1802. زن4 1803. زنأ13 1804. زنبر8 1805. زنبق6 1806. زنبل5 1807. زنج11 1808. زنجبيل4 1809. زنجر8 1810. زنجفر2 1811. زنخ8 1812. زند16 1813. زندق11 1814. زنر10 1815. زنق14 1816. زنم19 1817. زنو3 1818. زنى5 1819. زهد18 1820. زهر17 1821. زهق17 1822. زهم12 1823. زهو10 1824. زو1 1825. زوج17 1826. زود13 1827. زور20 Prev. 100
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زحم

1 زَحَمَهُ, (Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. زَحَمَ, inf. n. زَحْمٌ (Msb, K) and زَحْمَةٌ (Msb) and زِحَامٌ, with kesr; (K; [but see what here follows, and see also زَحْمَةٌ below;] and ↓ زاحمهُ, (S, Msb, TA,) inf. n. مُزَاحَمَةٌ (Msb, TA) and زِحَامٌ; (Msb;) i. q. ضَايَقَهُ [i. e. He straitened him, meaning, in this instance, by pressure; and properly, being in like manner straitened by him]: (K in explanation of زَحَمَهُ, and TA in explanation of زاحمهُ:) or i. q. دَفَعَهُ [he pushed him, or repelled him]; generally meaning [he pushed against him] in a strait, or narrow, [or crowded,] place: (Msb in explanation of زَحَمَهُ, and app. in explanation of زاحمهُ also:) [or i. q. دَافَعَهُ, which often signifies the same as دَفَعَهُ; but more properly, he pushed him, &c., being pushed, &c., by him: for] زَحَمَنِىَ النَّاسُ means دَافَعُونِى [i. e. The people pushed against me; or pushed me, &c., being pushed, &c., by me;] in a strait, or narrow, [or crowded,] place: (Mgh:) [or pressed, crowded, or thronged, me:] and مُزَاحَمَةٌ is syn. with مُدَافَعَةٌ: (TA in art. دفع:) ↓ اِزْدَحَمَهُ in the place of زَحَمَهُ is a mistake. (Mgh.) One says, زَحَمَ القَوْمُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا The people straitened one another; syn. تَضَايَقُوا; [or pressed, crowded, or thronged, one another;] in a sitting-place, or place of assembly: (Msb:) as also ↓ ازدحموا, (Msb, K, * TA,) in whatever place it be; (Msb;) and ↓ تزاحموا. (K, * TA.) One may also use the pass. form of زَحَمَ, i. e. زُحِمَ [meaning He was straitened, by pressure; &c.]; and that of زَاحَمَ, i. e. ↓ زُوحِمَ [meaning the same]. (Msb.) A2: ↓ زَحِمَ زُحْمَةً He gobbled a gobbet, or morsel, or mouthful: so in the “ Nawádir; ” as also زَهِمَهَا. (TA.) 3: see above, in two places. b2: [Hence,] one says, زَاحَمَ عَلَى الرِّئَاسَةِ وَأَرَادَهَا (assumed tropical:) [He strove for headship, or command, and desired it]. (IAar, TA in art. رأس.) [And hence the prov. زَاحِم بِعَوْدٍ أَوْ دَعْ: see art. عود.] b3: [Hence, likewise,] زاحمهُ also signifies (assumed tropical:) He treated him, or behaved towards him, with roughness, rudeness, hardness, harshness, or ill-nature. (TA. [I find this explanation noted down by me as taken from the TA, but without any reference to the art. from which I obtained it. It is not in the present art.]) b4: زاحم الخَمْسِينَ He (a man, TA) approached, (K, TA,) and reached, or attained, (TA,) the [age of] fifty [years]; (K, TA;) as also زَاهَمَهَا. (TA.) 6 تَزَاْحَمَ see 1, and 8. b2: تزاحمت الأَمْوَاجُ and ↓ ازدحمت The waves dashed against each other. (TA.) See a verse cited below, voce زَحْمٌ.8 إِزْتَحَمَ see 1, in two places; and see also an ex. in a verse cited below, voce زَحْمٌ. One says also, ازدحموا عَلَى كَذَا and عَلَيْهِ ↓ تزاحموا [They pushed, pressed, crowded, or thronged, together, upon, or against, such a thing]. (S.) b2: Hence, by way of metaphor, ازدحم الغُرَمَآءُ (tropical:) [The creditors were, or became, numerous and pressing]. (Msb.) b3: See also 6.

زَحْمٌ [originally an inf. n.,] i. q. قَوْمٌ مُزْدَحِمُونَ [A party, or company of men, straitening one another by pressure; pushing, pressing, crowding, or thronging, one another; i. e. a press, crowd, or throng]. (K, * TA.) A poet says, ↓ جَآءَ بِزَحْمٍ مَعَ زَحْمٍ فَازْدَحَمْ المَوْجِ إِذَا المَوْجُ الْتَطَمْ ↓ تَزَاحُمَ [He brought a crowd with a crowd, and they pressed, one against another, like the dashing together of the waves when the waves beat one another]: he uses [here] an inf. n. not conformable to the verb. (ISd, TA.) زُحْمٌ, with damm, a name of Mekkeh: (K, * TA:) so says Th: but ISd says that the name commonly known is رُحْم [or أُمُّ رُحْمٍ or أُمُّ الرُّحْمِ]: (TA:) or it is أُمُّ الزُّحْمِ [probably, I think, a mistranscription for أُمُّ الرُّحْمِ]. (K, TA.) زَحْمَةٌ [an inf. n. of زَحَمَهُ accord. to the Msb] i. q. ↓ زِحَامٌ [likewise an inf. n. of زَحَمَهُ accord. to the K, and of زَاحَمَهُ accord. to the Msb: both signify A straitening, pushing, pressing, crowding, or thronging]. (S.) b2: زَحْمَةُ الوِلَادَةِ The moaning, or hard breathing, (زَحْرَة,) with which the child comes forth; as also زَجْمَة and زَكْمَة. (K in the present art. and in art. زجم.) زُحْمَةٌ A gobbet, morsel, or mouthful. (TA.) See 1, last sentence.

زِحَامٌ: see زَحْمَةٌ.

مِزْحَمٌ i. q. كَثِيرُ الزِّحَامِ or شَدِيدُهُ [i. e. One who straitens, pushes, presses, crowds, or throngs, much or vehemently]. (K.) Hence, مَنْكِبٌ مِزْحَمٌ [A shoulder that pushes vehemently]. (TA.) هُوَ سَيِّدُ قَوْمِهِ غَيْرُ مُزَاحَمٍ i. q. غَيْرُ مُدَافَعٍ, (K in art. دفع, q. v.) مُزَاحِمٌ, (T, TA,) or أَبُو مُزَاحِمٍ, (T, K, TA,) or اِبْنُ مُزَاحِمٍ, (M, TA,) The elephant: (T, M, K:) and a bull having horns: so in the T, on the authority of IAar: (TA:) or a bull having the horns broken. (M, K, TA) b2: مُزَاحِمٌ is also the name of A certain horse. (K, * TA.)
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