William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1728. زحر13 1729. زحف21 1730. زحل14 1731. زحلف8 1732. زحلق8 1733. زحم131734. زخ3 1735. زخر14 1736. زخرف12 1737. زر5 1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع17 1744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 1755. زعج15 1756. زعر16 1757. زعف12 1758. زعفر10 1759. زعق13 1760. زعل11 1761. زعم18 1762. زغب16 1763. زغبر7 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل11 1766. زف5 1767. زفت17 1768. زفر15 1769. زفل9 1770. زفن15 1771. زق3 1772. زقب9 1773. زقم15 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر13 1776. زكم16 1777. زكو11 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج12 1781. زلخ10 1782. زلعب4 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف24 1785. زلق18 1786. زلقم4 1787. زلم18 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت13 1792. زمخ8 1793. زمر18 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع18 1797. زمك10 1798. زمل20 1799. زملق5 1800. زمن15 1801. زمهر11 1802. زن4 1803. زنأ13 1804. زنبر9 1805. زنبق6 1806. زنبل5 1807. زنج12 1808. زنجبيل4 1809. زنجر9 1810. زنجفر2 1811. زنخ9 1812. زند17 1813. زندق12 1814. زنر11 1815. زنق15 1816. زنم20 1817. زنو4 1818. زنى5 1819. زهد19 1820. زهر18 1821. زهق18 1822. زهم13 1823. زهو11 1824. زو1 1825. زوج18 1826. زود14 1827. زور21 Prev. 100
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زحم

1 زَحَمَهُ, (Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. زَحَمَ, inf. n. زَحْمٌ (Msb, K) and زَحْمَةٌ (Msb) and زِحَامٌ, with kesr; (K; [but see what here follows, and see also زَحْمَةٌ below;] and ↓ زاحمهُ, (S, Msb, TA,) inf. n. مُزَاحَمَةٌ (Msb, TA) and زِحَامٌ; (Msb;) i. q. ضَايَقَهُ [i. e. He straitened him, meaning, in this instance, by pressure; and properly, being in like manner straitened by him]: (K in explanation of زَحَمَهُ, and TA in explanation of زاحمهُ:) or i. q. دَفَعَهُ [he pushed him, or repelled him]; generally meaning [he pushed against him] in a strait, or narrow, [or crowded,] place: (Msb in explanation of زَحَمَهُ, and app. in explanation of زاحمهُ also:) [or i. q. دَافَعَهُ, which often signifies the same as دَفَعَهُ; but more properly, he pushed him, &c., being pushed, &c., by him: for] زَحَمَنِىَ النَّاسُ means دَافَعُونِى [i. e. The people pushed against me; or pushed me, &c., being pushed, &c., by me;] in a strait, or narrow, [or crowded,] place: (Mgh:) [or pressed, crowded, or thronged, me:] and مُزَاحَمَةٌ is syn. with مُدَافَعَةٌ: (TA in art. دفع:) ↓ اِزْدَحَمَهُ in the place of زَحَمَهُ is a mistake. (Mgh.) One says, زَحَمَ القَوْمُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا The people straitened one another; syn. تَضَايَقُوا; [or pressed, crowded, or thronged, one another;] in a sitting-place, or place of assembly: (Msb:) as also ↓ ازدحموا, (Msb, K, * TA,) in whatever place it be; (Msb;) and ↓ تزاحموا. (K, * TA.) One may also use the pass. form of زَحَمَ, i. e. زُحِمَ [meaning He was straitened, by pressure; &c.]; and that of زَاحَمَ, i. e. ↓ زُوحِمَ [meaning the same]. (Msb.) A2: ↓ زَحِمَ زُحْمَةً He gobbled a gobbet, or morsel, or mouthful: so in the “ Nawádir; ” as also زَهِمَهَا. (TA.) 3: see above, in two places. b2: [Hence,] one says, زَاحَمَ عَلَى الرِّئَاسَةِ وَأَرَادَهَا (assumed tropical:) [He strove for headship, or command, and desired it]. (IAar, TA in art. رأس.) [And hence the prov. زَاحِم بِعَوْدٍ أَوْ دَعْ: see art. عود.] b3: [Hence, likewise,] زاحمهُ also signifies (assumed tropical:) He treated him, or behaved towards him, with roughness, rudeness, hardness, harshness, or ill-nature. (TA. [I find this explanation noted down by me as taken from the TA, but without any reference to the art. from which I obtained it. It is not in the present art.]) b4: زاحم الخَمْسِينَ He (a man, TA) approached, (K, TA,) and reached, or attained, (TA,) the [age of] fifty [years]; (K, TA;) as also زَاهَمَهَا. (TA.) 6 تَزَاْحَمَ see 1, and 8. b2: تزاحمت الأَمْوَاجُ and ↓ ازدحمت The waves dashed against each other. (TA.) See a verse cited below, voce زَحْمٌ.8 إِزْتَحَمَ see 1, in two places; and see also an ex. in a verse cited below, voce زَحْمٌ. One says also, ازدحموا عَلَى كَذَا and عَلَيْهِ ↓ تزاحموا [They pushed, pressed, crowded, or thronged, together, upon, or against, such a thing]. (S.) b2: Hence, by way of metaphor, ازدحم الغُرَمَآءُ (tropical:) [The creditors were, or became, numerous and pressing]. (Msb.) b3: See also 6.

زَحْمٌ [originally an inf. n.,] i. q. قَوْمٌ مُزْدَحِمُونَ [A party, or company of men, straitening one another by pressure; pushing, pressing, crowding, or thronging, one another; i. e. a press, crowd, or throng]. (K, * TA.) A poet says, ↓ جَآءَ بِزَحْمٍ مَعَ زَحْمٍ فَازْدَحَمْ المَوْجِ إِذَا المَوْجُ الْتَطَمْ ↓ تَزَاحُمَ [He brought a crowd with a crowd, and they pressed, one against another, like the dashing together of the waves when the waves beat one another]: he uses [here] an inf. n. not conformable to the verb. (ISd, TA.) زُحْمٌ, with damm, a name of Mekkeh: (K, * TA:) so says Th: but ISd says that the name commonly known is رُحْم [or أُمُّ رُحْمٍ or أُمُّ الرُّحْمِ]: (TA:) or it is أُمُّ الزُّحْمِ [probably, I think, a mistranscription for أُمُّ الرُّحْمِ]. (K, TA.) زَحْمَةٌ [an inf. n. of زَحَمَهُ accord. to the Msb] i. q. ↓ زِحَامٌ [likewise an inf. n. of زَحَمَهُ accord. to the K, and of زَاحَمَهُ accord. to the Msb: both signify A straitening, pushing, pressing, crowding, or thronging]. (S.) b2: زَحْمَةُ الوِلَادَةِ The moaning, or hard breathing, (زَحْرَة,) with which the child comes forth; as also زَجْمَة and زَكْمَة. (K in the present art. and in art. زجم.) زُحْمَةٌ A gobbet, morsel, or mouthful. (TA.) See 1, last sentence.

زِحَامٌ: see زَحْمَةٌ.

مِزْحَمٌ i. q. كَثِيرُ الزِّحَامِ or شَدِيدُهُ [i. e. One who straitens, pushes, presses, crowds, or throngs, much or vehemently]. (K.) Hence, مَنْكِبٌ مِزْحَمٌ [A shoulder that pushes vehemently]. (TA.) هُوَ سَيِّدُ قَوْمِهِ غَيْرُ مُزَاحَمٍ i. q. غَيْرُ مُدَافَعٍ, (K in art. دفع, q. v.) مُزَاحِمٌ, (T, TA,) or أَبُو مُزَاحِمٍ, (T, K, TA,) or اِبْنُ مُزَاحِمٍ, (M, TA,) The elephant: (T, M, K:) and a bull having horns: so in the T, on the authority of IAar: (TA:) or a bull having the horns broken. (M, K, TA) b2: مُزَاحِمٌ is also the name of A certain horse. (K, * TA.)
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