William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1738. زرب17 1739. زرجن9 1740. زرد18 1741. زردم7 1742. زرط5 1743. زرع171744. زرف18 1745. زرفن7 1746. زرق16 1747. زرم13 1748. زرنب8 1749. زرنق9 1750. زرنيخ1 1751. زرى8 1752. ززم3 1753. زع2 1754. زعب13 1755. زعج15 1756. زعر16 1757. زعف12 1758. زعفر10 1759. زعق13 1760. زعل11 1761. زعم18 1762. زغب16 1763. زغبر7 1764. زغرد6 1765. زغل11 1766. زف5 1767. زفت17 1768. زفر15 1769. زفل9 1770. زفن15 1771. زق3 1772. زقب9 1773. زقم15 1774. زكأ8 1775. زكر13 1776. زكم16 1777. زكو11 1778. زكى3 1779. زل5 1780. زلج12 1781. زلخ10 1782. زلعب4 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف24 1785. زلق18 1786. زلقم4 1787. زلم18 1788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت13 1792. زمخ8 1793. زمر18 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع18 1797. زمك10 1798. زمل20 1799. زملق5 1800. زمن15 1801. زمهر11 1802. زن4 1803. زنأ13 1804. زنبر9 1805. زنبق6 1806. زنبل5 1807. زنج12 1808. زنجبيل4 1809. زنجر9 1810. زنجفر2 1811. زنخ9 1812. زند17 1813. زندق12 1814. زنر11 1815. زنق15 1816. زنم20 1817. زنو4 1818. زنى5 1819. زهد19 1820. زهر18 1821. زهق18 1822. زهم13 1823. زهو11 1824. زو1 1825. زوج18 1826. زود14 1827. زور21 1828. زوغ10 1829. زوق16 1830. زول16 1831. زون13 1832. زوى6 1833. زى1 1834. زيب9 1835. زيت16 1836. زيج6 1837. زيح11 Prev. 100
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زرع

1 زَرَعَ, aor. زَرَعَ, (K,) inf. n. زَرْعٌ (S, TA) and زِرَاعَةٌ, (TA,) He sowed, or cast seed; (S, K, TA;) as also ↓ اِزْدَرَعَ, (S, Msb, K,) originally اِزْتَرَعَ, the ت being changed into د in order that it may agree with the ز, (S, K,) for د and ز are pronounced with the voice as well as the breath, whereas ت is pronounced with the breath only: (S, TA:) [or the latter verb, as appears from an explanation of it to be found below, may signify he sowed for himself.] They say, مَنْ زَرَعَ حَصَدَ [He who sows reaps]. (TA.) And [they use this verb transitively, saying,] زَرَعْتُ البُرَّ وَالشَّعِيرَ [I sowed wheat and barley]: and in like manner, زَرَعْتُ الشَّجَرَ [I sowed the trees; or sowed the seeds which should produce the trees: or it may signify I planted the trees]. (Ibn-Abi-l-Hadeed.) and زَرَعَ الحُبَّ لَكَ فِى القُلُوبِ كَرَمُكَ وَحُسْنُ خُلُقِكَ (tropical:) [Thy generosity and the goodness of thy disposition have sown love for thee in the hearts]. (TA.) And it is said in a trad., مَنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ أَرْضٌ فَلِيَزْرَعْهَا أَوْ لِيَمْنَحْهَا أَخَاهُ فَإِنْ أَبَى فَلِيُمْسِكْ أَرْضَهُ [Whoso hath land,] let him sow it [or let him lend it, or give it, to his brother; and if he refuse, let him retain his land]. (TA.) b2: زَرَعَ الأَرْضَ, (Mgh, Msb,) inf. n. زَرْعٌ, (Msb,) signifies [also] (tropical:) He ploughed up, or tilled, or cultivated, the land, or ground, for sowing. (Mgh, Msb.) Hence [the saying in a trad.], إِذَا زَرَعَتْ هٰذِهِ الأُمَّةُ نُزِعَ مِنْهَا النَّصْرُ (tropical:) When this nation shall employ itself altogether with agriculture and the affairs of the present world, and turn away from warring against unbelievers and the like, aid shall be withdrawn from it. (Mgh.) b3: زَرَعَهُ اللّٰهُ signifies God caused it, or made it, to grow, vegetate, or germinate; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) and, to increase; (Mgh;) namely, الحَرْثَ [the seed-produce]. (Mgh, Msb;) The verb is properly thus used of divine affairs, exclusively of human: (Er-Rághib:) and hence the saying in the Kur [lvi. 63-4], أَفَرَأَيْتُمْ مَا تَحْرُثُونَ أَأَنْتُمْ تَزْرَعُونَهُ أَمْ نَحْنُ الزَّارِعُونَ (S, * Er-Rághib) Now think ye, what ye sow, do ye cause it to grow, or are We the causers of growth? (Bd:) or, as some say, do ye cause it to increase, or are We the causers of its increase? the حَرْث [or sowing] being ascribed to them, and the زَرْع [or causing to grow] exclusively to God: when the latter is ascribed to a man, it is because he is an agent as a means of making to grow; as when you say, أَنْبَتُّ كَذَا (assumed tropical:) I was a means of causing such a thing to grow. (Er-Rághib.) [In like manner,] you say, زَرْعًا ↓ اِزْدَرَعَ, meaning (tropical:) [He raised seed-produce, i. e., was a means of causing it to grow,] for himself, in particular. (TA.) b4: [Hence,] one says, with respect to a child, زَرَعَهُ اللّٰهُ (tropical:) May God render him sound and strong; syn. جَبَرَهُ: (S, K, TA:) like as one says أَنْبَتَهُ اللّٰهُ: and in like manner, زَرَعَ اللّٰهُ وَلَدَكَ لِلْخَيْرِ (tropical:) [May God render thine offspring sound and strong, or rather, cause thine offspring to grow up, for the doing, or enjoyment, of what is good]. (TA.) b5: [Hence also,] زُرِعَ لَهُ بَعْدُ شَقَاوَةٍ (tropical:) [An increase was made for him after adversity; or] he obtained property after want; for the verb in this instance is like عُنِىَ. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) 3 مُزَارَعَةٌ is of the measure مُفَاعَلَةٌ, [denoting a mutual action,] from الزِّرَاعَةُ, (Mgh,) and its signification is well known; (S;) i. e. (tropical:) The making a contract, or bargain, with another, for labour upon land, [to till and sow and cultivate it, as is indicated in the Mgh and Msb,] for a share, or portion, of its produce, (Msb, K, TA,) the seed being from the owner of the land. (K, TA.) [You say, زَارَعَهُ (tropical:) He made with him a contract, or bargain, such as is above described; and in like manner, خَابَرَهُ, and آكَرَهُ. The doing this is forbidden, because of the uncertainty of the result.]4 ازرع It (a plant, or herbage,) had, or became in the state of having, زَرْع [i. e. produce of its seed; i. e. it grew from its seed]: (TA:) and, said of زَرْع [or seed-produce], it became tall: (K:) or, as some say, it produced its leaves: and it attained to the proper time for its being reaped. (TA.) b2: ازرع النَّاسُ signifies أَمْكَنَهُمُ الزَّرْعُ [expl. in the TK as meaning The men, or people, became able to sow seed; i. e., became possessors of seed: but I rather think that it means they had seedproduce within their power, or reach; they became able to avail themselves thereof; or they attained to a season when they had seed produce]. (K.) 5 تزرّع إِلَى الشَّرَّ i. q. تسرّع [He hastened, or made haste, to do evil, or mischief]. (Sgh, K.) 8 اِزْدَرَعَ, originally اِزْتَرَعَ: see 1, in two places.10 أَسْتَزْرِعُ اللّٰهَ وَلَدِى لِلْبِرِّ وَأَسْتَرْزِقُهُ لَهُ مِنَ الحِلِّ (tropical:) [I beg God to make my offspring grow up for piety, and I beg of Him means of subsistence for them, or him, of such kind as is of lawful attainment]. (TA.) زَرْعٌ, originally an inf. n., [see 1,] (Mgh, Msb, TA,) used as a subst. properly so termed, signitying Seed-produce; what is raised by means of sowing; (Mgh, Msb;) what is sown; (K, TA;) while in growth, [i. e. standing corn, and the like,] (K and TA voce أَزْرَعَ,) and also after it has been reaped; (S and Msb and K in art. رفع, &c.;) its predominant application is to wheat and barley; (TA;) but it signifies also plants, or herbage, [in general,] such as one reaps; or, as some say, only while fresh and juicy: (Msb:) [and often a sown field:] pl. زُرُوعٌ. (S, Mgh, Msb, K.) b2: [Hence,] (tropical:) Offspring, or children; or a child. (IDrd, K, TA.) You say, هٰؤُلَآءِ زَرْعُ فُلَانٍ (tropical:) These are the offspring, or children, of such a one. (IDrd, TA.) And هُوَ زَرْعُ الرَّجُلِ (tropical:) He is the offspring, or child, of the man. (TA.) b3: And (assumed tropical:) The seed, or seminal fluid, of a man. (TA.) b4: [and (assumed tropical:) The fruit, or harvest, of a man's conduct; as though it were the produce of what he sowed.] One says, بِئْسَ الزَّرْعُ زَرْعُ المُذْنِبِ (assumed tropical:) [Very evil is the fruit, or harvest, of conduct; the fruit, or harvest, of the conduct of the sinner]. (TA.) زَرْعَةٌ and ↓ زُرْعَةٌ and ↓ زِرْعَةٌ and ↓ زَرَعَةٌ A place in which to sow. (AHn, Sgh, K.) You say, مَا فِى الأَرْضِ زَرْعَةٌ, &c., (K,) or زَرْعَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ, &c., and in like manner, عَلَى الأَرْضِ, (TA,) There is not in the land, (K,) or upon the land, (TA,) a place, (K,) or a single place, (TA,) in which to sow. (K, TA.) b2: [The first also app. signifies An ear of corn: see سَبَلٌ.]

زُرْعَةٌ: see زَرْعَةٌ. b2: Also Seed, or grain, for sowing, or that is sown; syn. بَذْرٌ. (K.) You say, أَعْطِنِى زُرْعَةً أَزْرَعُ بِهَا أَرْضِى [Give thou to me seed that I may sow therewith my land]. (TA.) [See also زَرِيعَةٌ.] b3: And (tropical:) The young one of a قَبْجَة [generally meaning a partridge]. (Z, TA.) زِرْعَةٌ: see زَرْعَةٌ.

زَرَعَةٌ: see زَرْعَةٌ.

زَرِيعٌ [i. q. ↓ مَزْرُوعٌ Sown: &c.: see زَرِيعَةٌ]. b2: Seed produce that is watered by the rain. (Ham p. 657.) b3: And hence, (tropical:) Anything soft, or tender; as being likened thereto. (Id.) زِرَاعَةٌ [an inf. n. of 1, q. v.: and] The business, or occupation, of sowing, (tropical:) ploughing up, tilling, or cultivation, land. (Mgh, * Msb, * TA.) زَرِيعَةٌ A thing that is sown; (IDrd, K;) sometimes used in this sense; as though meaning ↓ مَزْرُوعَةٌ: (IDrd:) or grain that is sown: زَرِّيعَةٌ, with teshdeed, is wrong. (IB.) [See also زُرْعَةٌ.]

زَرَّاعٌ: see زَارِعٌ. b2: Also (tropical:) A calumniator: (IAar:) one who sows rancours in the hearts of friends. (TA.) زِرِّيعٌ (tropical:) What grows in land that has been left unsown for a year or more, from what has become scattered upon it in the days of the reaping; (K;) i. e., of the grain; mentioned by Sgh, on the authority of ISh; and by Z, who says that it is also called كَاثٌّ. (TA.) زَرَّاعَةٌ: see مَزْرَعَةٌ, in two places.

زَارِعٌ [act. part. n. of 1:] i. q. ↓ زَرَّاعٌ (TA) [One who sows:] (tropical:) one who ploughs up, tills, or cultivates, land: (Mgh:) pl. زُرَّاعٌ. (TA.) By this pl., in the Kur xlviii. 29, are meant Mohammad and his Companions, the inviters to El-Islám. (Zj.) b2: Causing to grow, vegetate, or germinate: (S, TA:) causing to increase: (TA:) pl. with ون. (S, TA.) A2: Also The name of a certain dog: (Ibn-'Abbád, IF, K:) whence أَوْلَادُ زَارِعٍ

meaning (tropical:) dogs. (Ibn-'Abbád, Z, K.) مَزْرَعَةٌ (S, Msb, K, &c.) and مَزْرُعَةٌ (Sgh, L, K) and مَزْرِعَةٌ (K) A place of زَرْع [or seed-produce]; as also ↓ مُزْدَرَعٌ; (S, Msb, K;) and ↓ زَرَّاعَةٌ; (Ham p. 657;) or this last signifies land that is sown: (TA:) pl. of the first مَزَارِعُ; (TA;) and of ↓ the last زَرَّاعَاتٌ. (Ham, TA.) b2: [Hence the saying,] الدُّنْيَا مَزْرَعَةُ الآخِرَةِ (tropical:) [The present world is the place in which is produced the fruit, or harvest, to be reaped in the world to come]. (TA.) مَزْرُوعٌ and مَزْرُوعَةٌ: see زَرِيعٌ and زَرِيعَةٌ.

مُزْدَرَعٌ: see مَزْرَعَةٌ.

مُزْدَرِعٌ (tropical:) One who raises seed-produce (يَزْدَرِعُ زَرْعًا) for himself, in particular. (TA.)
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