William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1782. زلعب3 1783. زلغب5 1784. زلف23 1785. زلق17 1786. زلقم3 1787. زلم171788. زلى2 1789. زم4 1790. زماورد1 1791. زمت12 1792. زمخ7 1793. زمر17 1794. زمرد4 1795. زمرذ7 1796. زمع17 1797. زمك9 1798. زمل19 1799. زملق5 1800. زمن14 1801. زمهر10 1802. زن4 1803. زنأ13 1804. زنبر8 1805. زنبق6 1806. زنبل5 1807. زنج11 1808. زنجبيل4 1809. زنجر8 1810. زنجفر2 1811. زنخ8 1812. زند16 1813. زندق11 1814. زنر10 1815. زنق14 1816. زنم19 1817. زنو3 1818. زنى5 1819. زهد18 1820. زهر17 1821. زهق17 1822. زهم12 1823. زهو10 1824. زو1 1825. زوج17 1826. زود13 1827. زور20 1828. زوغ9 1829. زوق15 1830. زول15 1831. زون12 1832. زوى6 1833. زى1 1834. زيب8 1835. زيت15 1836. زيج5 1837. زيح10 1838. زيد17 1839. زير10 1840. زيزفون2 1841. زيغ15 1842. زيف15 1843. زيق8 1844. زيل15 1845. زين15 1846. س6 1847. سأب6 1848. سأد6 1849. سأر12 1850. سأسم2 1851. سأل14 1852. سأم15 1853. سأو5 1854. سا1 1855. ساذج1 1856. سب3 1857. سبأ16 1858. سبت20 1859. سبح20 1860. سبخ16 1861. سبد14 1862. سبر15 1863. سبرت9 1864. سبط18 1865. سبطر8 1866. سبع18 1867. سبغ19 1868. سبق21 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل18 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر16 1875. ستق12 1876. سته13 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح11 1880. سجد16 1881. سجر18 Prev. 100
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زلم

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زلم

1 زَلَمَ, (aor.

زَلُمَ, inf. n. زَلْمٌ, TK,) He cut off one's nose [and app. anything projecting, or prominent: see 2: and see also 8]. (ISh, K.) b2: (assumed tropical:) He made his gift little, or small, in quantity or amount; (S, K;) [as though he cut off something from it;] in [some of the copies of] the S, [but not so in mine,] ↓ زلّم. (TA.) b3: He filled (S, K) a water-ing-trough, or tank, (S,) or a vessel; (K;) as also ↓ زلّم, inf. n. تَزْلِيمٌ. (AHn, K.) 2 زلّم السَّهْمَ, (S, K, *) inf. n. تَزْلِيمٌ, (K,) He cut [or pared] the arrow, and made its proportion or conformation, and its workmanship, good: (S:) [he shaped it well:] or he made it even and supple. (K.) And زُلِّمَ is said of anything as meaning Its edges were pared off. (TA.) [Hence,] زلّم الرَّحَى He made the mill-stone round, and took from its edges. (K.) Dhu-r-Rummeh says, كَأَرْحَآءِ رَقْدٍ زَلَّمَتْهَا المَنَاقِرُ [Like the mill-stones of Rakd (a mountain so called) which the picks have rounded by taking from their edges]: he likens the foot of the camel to a mill-stone from the edges of which the مَعَاوِل have taken, (S, TA,) and which they have made even. (TA.) And زَلَّمْتُ الحَجَرَ signifies I cut the stone, and prepared it properly for a millstone. (TA.) b2: See also 1, in two places. b3: زلّم غِذَآءَهُ (assumed tropical:) He made his food, or nutriment, bad, [i. e. fed him ill,] (K, TA,) so that his body became small. (TA.) 8 اِزْدَلَمَ He cut off one's head. (ISh, K.) And He extirpated one's nose. (K.) زَلْمٌ or زُلْمٌ, whence the phrase هُوَ العَبْدُ زَلْمًا: see زَلْمَة.

زَلَمٌ and ↓ زُلَمٌ An arrow without a head and without feathers: pl. أَزْلَامٌ: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) which was applied to those [divining-] arrows by means of which the Arabs in the Time of Ignorance sought to know what was allotted to them: (S, K:) they were arrows upon which the Arabs in the Time of Ignorance wrote “ Command ” and “ Prohibition; ” (Mgh, Msb;) or upon some of which was written “ My Lord hath commanded me; ” and upon some, “My Lord hath forbidden me; ” (Har p. 465;) or they were three arrows; upon one of which was written “ My Lord hath commanded me; ” and upon another, “My Lord hath forbidden me; ” and the third was blank; (Bd in v. 4;) and they put them in a receptacle, (Mgh, Msb,) and when any one of them desired to make a journey, or to accomplish a want, (Mgh,) or when he desired to perform some affair, (Msb,) he put his hand into that receptacle, (Mgh, Msb,) and took forth an arrow; (Msb;) and if the arrow upon which was “ Command ” [or “ My Lord hath commanded me ” (Har ubi suprà)] came forth, he went to accomplish his purpose; but if that upon which was “ Prohibition ” [or “ My Lord hath forbidden me ” (Har)] came forth, he refrained; (Mgh, Msb;) and if the blank came forth, they shuffled them a second time: (Bd ubi suprà:) or, as some say, the ازلام were white pebbles, upon which they thus wrote, and by means of which they sought to know what was allotted to them in the manner expl. above: (Har ubi suprà:) or, accord. to Az, the ازلام [were arrows that] belonged to Kureysh, in the Time of Ignorance, upon which were written “ He hath commanded ” and “ He hath forbidden,” and “ Do thou ” and “ Do thou not; ” they had been well shaped (زُلِّمَتْ) and made even, and placed in the Kaabeh, the ministers of the House taking care of them; and when a man desired to go on a journey, or to marry, he came to the minister, and said, “Take thou forth for me a زلم; ” and thereupon he would take it forth, and look at it; and if the arrow of command came forth, he went to accomplish that which he had purposed to do; but if the arrow of prohibition came forth, he refrained from that which he desired to do: [it is said that] there were seven of the arrows thus called with the minister of the Kaabeh, having marks upon them, and used for this purpose: (Jel in v. 4:) and sometimes there were with the man two such arrows, which he put into his sword-case; and when he desired to seek the knowledge of what was allotted to him, he took forth one of them. (TA.) Some say that the أَزْلَام are The arrows of the game called المَيْسِر: but this is a mistake. (TA.) The seeking to obtain the knowledge of what is allotted to one by means of the ازلام is forbidden in the Kur v. 4. (TA.) b2: Hence, أَزْلَامُ البَقَرَةِ (tropical:) The legs of the [wild] ox or cow: likened to the arrows called ازلام because of their slenderness: or, accord. to the A, because of their strength and hardness. (TA.) [Hence, likewise,] the former of the two words (زَلَمٌ) signifies also (assumed tropical:) A strong and light or active boy: pl. as above: (TA:) [app. because] a poet likens [such] a boy to an arrow of the kind thus called. (S, TA. *) A2: Also, both words, (K,) the latter on the authority of Kr, (TA,) A cloven hoof: (K:) accord. to some, peculiarly of the ox-kind: (TA:) or the [projecting] thing that is behind it: (S, K:) pl. as above. (K, * TA.) A3: And the latter of the same two words, (AA, S,) or each of them, (K,) [The hyrax Syriacus;] one of the [animals called] وِبَار [pl. of وَبْرٌ]: pl. as above. (AA, S, K.) زُلَمٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, throughout.

هُوَالعَبْدُ زَلْمَةً and ↓ زُلْمَةً and ↓ زَلَمَةً and ↓ زُلَمَةً, [the last omitted in some copies of the K,] (S, K,) and also with ن in the place of the ل, (S and K in art. زنم) (assumed tropical:) He is one whose proportion, or conformation, (S, K,) or whose cut, (K,) is that of the slave: (S, K:) or he is the slave in truth: (Ks, S:) or he resembles the slave as though he were he: (Lh, K:) it is as though one said, ↓ هو العبد مَزْلُومًا, i. e. he is the slave, being thus created by God, so that every one who looks at him sees the characteristics of the slaves impressed upon him: and it is a prov. applied to him who is low, ignoble, or mean: (Meyd:) [i. e.,] one says thus in disapproval (فى النكرة [i. e. فِى النَّكَرَةِ] or فى النَّكِرَةِ): (Lh: so in different copies of the S:) and in like manner one says of the female slave [هِىَ الأَمَةُ زَلْمَةً &c.]: (Lh, S, K:) As said, هُوَ العَبْدُ زَلْمَةُ, using the nom. case, without tenween; but IAar said, هو العبد زَلْمَةً, using the accus. case, with tenween: so in the handwriting of 'Abd-Es-Selám El-Basree: (TA:) and accord. to Lh, one says, يَا فَتَى ↓ هٰذَا العَبْدُ زَلْمًا, (so in some copies of the S,) or ↓ زُلْمًا, (so in other copies of the S, and in the TA,) with damm, (TA,) meaning (assumed tropical:) This is the slave in proportion, or conformation, and in cut, O young man: (S, TA:) or, as some say, the meaning is, truly. (TA.) زُلْمَة: see the next preceding paragraph.

زَلَمَةٌ [A kind of wattle]: زَلَمَتَا العَنْزِ means the زَنَمَتَانِ of the she-goat: (K:) or, accord. to Kh, زَلَمَةٌ signifies a certain appertenance of goats; a thing hanging from their حُلُوق [here meaning throats, externally,] like the [kind of ear-ring called] قُرْط; the animal having two of such things: if an appertenance of the ear, it is called زَنَمَةٌ, [q. v.,] with ن. (S, TA.) See also أَزْلَمُ.

A2: See also زَلْمَة.

زُلَمَة: see زَلْمَة.

زَلِيمٌ: see مُزَلَّمٌ.

نَاىٌ زُلَامِىٌّ: see زُنَامِىٌّ, in art. زنم.

أَزْلَمُ (K) and ↓ مُزَلَّمٌ, (A'Obeyd, K,) as also [أَزْنَمُ and زَنِمٌ and] مُزَنَّمٌ [applied to a camel], (TA,) Having the end of the ear cut, (A'Obeyd, K,) a [portion termed] ↓ زَلَمَة or زَنَمَة being left [hanging] to it: (A'Obeyd, TA:) this is done only to camels of generous race, (A'Obeyd, K,) and to sheep or goats: the fem. of the first is زَلْمَآءُ: (K:) [see also زَنِمٌ: or] أَزْلَمُ, fem. as above, is applied to a goat, as meaning having what are termed زَلَمَتَانِ [dual of زَلَمَةٌ expl. above]. (S.) b2: الأَزْلَمُ الجَدَعُ signifies The mountain-goat; (K;) agreeably with the original meaning; (TA;) and so ↓ المُزَلَّمُ: (K: [in the CK, وَ is erroneously omitted between the words الوَعِلُ and الصَّغِيرُ الجُثَّةِ:]) and الزَّلْمَآءُ signifies The female mountain-goat. (Kr, K.) b3: and also, i. e. الازلم الجذع, (K,) because it is [as though it were] always جَذَع, not becoming old, (TA,) (tropical:) Time, or fortune, (S, K,) that is hard, or rigorous, (K,) in its course, (TA,) abounding with trials (K) and deaths: accord. to Yaakoob, so called because deaths hang upon it, and follow it. (TA.) They said, أَوْدَى بِهِ الأَزْلَمُ الجَذَعُ and الأَزْنَمُ الجَذَعُ, [q. v.] i. e. (assumed tropical:) Time, or fortune, [&c.,] destroyed it; relating to a thing that has gone, and passed, and of which one has despaired. (TA.) [See also art. جذع.] b4: الزَّلْمَآءُ also signifies The female of the hawk kind. (Kr, K.) مُزَلَّمٌ, applied to an arrow, (S, K, TA,) like

↓ زَلِيمٌ, (S, K,) Cut [or pared], (ISk, S,) and made good in its proportion or conformation, and its workmanship: (ISk, S, K:) [well shaped:] or made even and supple: (TA:) and in like manner the former, with ة, applied to a staff (عَصًا). (S.) b2: See also أَزْلَمُ, in two places. b3: Also (i. e. مُزَلَّمٌ) (assumed tropical:) Short [as though cropped] in the tail. (ISk, TA.) b4: (assumed tropical:) Small in body: (K: [in the CK, وَ is erroneously omitted before the words explaining this meaning:]) and so مُزَنَّمٌ: (IAar, TA:) and the former, rendered small in the body by being badly fed: (TA:) or [simply] badly fed. (S.) b5: Applied to a man, (S, TA,) (assumed tropical:) Light, (TA,) or, like مُقَذَّذٌ, made light, (S,) in form, figure, or person: so says ISk: (S, TA:) or (assumed tropical:) short, light, or active, and ظَرِيف [app. as meaning either elegant in form, or clever]; (M, K;) likened to a small arrow: (M:) and, with ة, applied to a woman as meaning (assumed tropical:) not tall; like مُقَذَّذَةٌ. (S.) b6: Applied to a horse, (assumed tropical:) Of middling make; مُقْتَدِرُ الخَلْقِ or مُقْتَدَرُ الخلق: (so in different copies of the K:) thus expl. in the M. (TA.) b7: And (assumed tropical:) Small [or scanted]; applied to a gift. (TA.) مَزْلُومٌ: see زَلْمَة.
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