William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1816. زنم19 1817. زنو3 1818. زنى5 1819. زهد18 1820. زهر17 1821. زهق171822. زهم12 1823. زهو10 1824. زو1 1825. زوج17 1826. زود13 1827. زور20 1828. زوغ9 1829. زوق15 1830. زول15 1831. زون12 1832. زوى6 1833. زى1 1834. زيب8 1835. زيت15 1836. زيج5 1837. زيح10 1838. زيد17 1839. زير10 1840. زيزفون2 1841. زيغ15 1842. زيف15 1843. زيق8 1844. زيل15 1845. زين15 1846. س6 1847. سأب6 1848. سأد6 1849. سأر12 1850. سأسم2 1851. سأل14 1852. سأم15 1853. سأو5 1854. سا1 1855. ساذج1 1856. سب3 1857. سبأ16 1858. سبت20 1859. سبح20 1860. سبخ16 1861. سبد14 1862. سبر15 1863. سبرت9 1864. سبط18 1865. سبطر8 1866. سبع18 1867. سبغ19 1868. سبق21 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل18 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر16 1875. ستق12 1876. سته13 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح11 1880. سجد16 1881. سجر18 1882. سجس11 1883. سجع14 1884. سجف14 1885. سجل21 1886. سجم14 1887. سجن15 1888. سجو10 1889. سح3 1890. سحب17 1891. سحت16 1892. سحج11 1893. سحر19 1894. سحف9 1895. سحق19 1896. سحل17 1897. سحم16 1898. سحن15 1899. سخب9 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت11 1902. سخد10 1903. سخر16 1904. سخط12 1905. سخف13 1906. سخل13 1907. سخم13 1908. سخن16 1909. سد5 1910. سدج7 1911. سدر18 1912. سدس15 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف15 1915. سدل14 Prev. 100
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زهق

1 زَهَقَتْ نَفْسُهُ, and زَهِقَتْ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) the latter preferred by IKoot and Hr, but the former by A'Obeyd, (TA,) aor. زَهَقَ, (S, Msb, K, *) inf. n. زُهُوقٌ, (S, Mgh,) which is of both verbs, (S,) or this is of the former verb, and the inf. n. of the latter is زَهَقٌ, (Msb,) [but in the K it seems to be indicated, by its being said of the latter verb that it is of the class of سَمِعَ, that the inf. n. of this verb is زَهْقٌ,] His soul went forth, passed forth, or departed: (S, Mgh, Msb, K, TA:) it perished: it died: (TA:) نَفْسُهُ ↓ اِنْزَهَقَتْ and اِنْزِهَاقُ الرُّوحِ are not of the [classical] language of the Arabs. (Mgh.) It is said in the Kur [ix. 55 and 86] وَتَزْهَقَ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ [And that their souls may depart while they are unbelievers]. (S.) The primary meaning of زُهُوقٌ is The going forth, passing forth, or departing, with difficulty. (Bd in ix. 55.) b2: [Hence,] زَهَقَ الشَّىْءُ (tropical:) The thing perished, passed away, or came to nought; (Msb, K, TA;) became null, void, or of no effect. (K, TA.) And زَهَقَ البَاطِلُ (tropical:) What was false, or vain, passed away, or came to nought, (S, Msb, K, TA,) being overcome by the truth, or reality, or fact: or, accord. to Katádeh, by الباطل is here meant the devil. (TA.) b3: And زَهَقَ السَّهْمُ (S, Msb, K, TA) and زَهِقَ (Msb) (tropical:) The arrow passed beyond the butt, (S, Msb, K, TA,) and fell behind it: (TA:) or went swiftly: (Ham p. 23:) or the former has this meaning: and the latter is syn. with زَلِقَ [app. meaning it slid along the ground]. (JK.) b4: And زَهَقَ الفَرَسُ, aor. زَهَقَ, inf. n. زُهُوقٌ, (assumed tropical:) The horse preceded, went before, got before, outwent, or outstripped. (S, * Msb.) And زَهَقَتِ الرَّاحِلَةُ, inf. n. زُهُوقٌ (ISk, S, K) and زَهْقٌ, (TA as from the K, [but not in the CK nor in my MS. copy of the K,]) (tropical:) The saddle-camel preceded, went before, got before, outwent, or outstripped, the horses, or horsemen; (ISk, JK, * S, K, TA;) and ↓ انزهقت signifies the same. (JK.) and زَهَقَ فُلَانٌ, inf. n. زَهْقٌ and زُهُوقٌ, (tropical:) Such a one preceded, went before, &c.; (K, TA;) or زَهَقَ بَيْنَ أَيْدِينَا (tropical:) preceded us, went before us, &c., and preceded, &c., the horses, or horsemen; (TA;) and ↓ انزهق signifies the same. (K.) A2: زَهَقَ said of a bone, (S, K,) aor. زَهَقَ, (K,) inf. n. زُهُوقٌ, Its marrow became compact and full; (S, K;) as also ↓ ازهق. (L, K.) And زَهَقَتِ الدَّابَّةُ, with the same aor. and inf. n., The beast was, or became, marrowy in the utmost degree, its marrow-bones being compacted and full. (TA.) b2: Also, said of marrow, It was, or became, compact and full. (S, K.) 2 زَهَّقَ see 2 in art. زرق: and see 4 below.3 زاهق الحَقُّ البَاطِلَ (TA [there expl. by زَهَقَه, a mistranscription, app. for ↓ أزْهَقَهُ, meaning (assumed tropical:) The truth, or reality, or fact, made what was false, or vain, to pass away, or come to nought.]) 4 ازهق نَفْسَهُ He (God) caused his soul to go forth, pass forth, or depart. (Mgh, Msb.) The phrase القَتْلُ إِزْهَاقٌ means (assumed tropical:) Slaughter is a cause of making the soul to come to nought, and to depart. (Mgh.) b2: [Hence,] ازهق البَاطِلَ (tropical:) He (God) caused what was false, or vain, to pass away, or come to nought. (S, K, TA.) See also 3. b3: And ازهق السَّهْمَ (S, K) مِنَ الهَدَفِ (K) (tropical:) He made the arrow to pass beyond the butt. (S, K, TA.) b4: And ازهقت الدَّابَّةُ السَّرْجَ (assumed tropical:) The beast shifted forward the saddle, and threw it upon its neck: (S, K:) and, or but, it is said to be with رَآء: [i. e. one says also, or correctly, accord. to some, أَرْهَقَتْهُ:] a rájiz says, أَخَافُ أَنْ تُزْهِقَهُ أَوْ يَنْزَرِقْ [(assumed tropical:) I fear that she may shift it forward, and throw it upon her neck, or it may shift backwards]: [thus, says J,] cited to me by Abu-lGhowth, with زَاى. (S.) [Accord. to my copy of the KL, ↓ تَزْهِيقٌ, inf. n. of زهّق, signifies (assumed tropical:) The shifting backwards of a camel's saddle from his back: see 2 in art. زرق.] b5: And ازهق فِى السَّيْرِ (assumed tropical:) He was quick [as though urging himself forward] in pace, or journeying. (K.) A2: ازهقهُ also signifies He filled it; (S, O, K;) namely, a vessel: (S, O:) but accord. to the L, he overturned it; i. e. a vessel. (TA.) A3: See also 1, near the end.7 إِنْزَهَقَ see 1, in three places. b2: One says also انزهقت الدَّابَّةُ (assumed tropical:) The beast leaped, or leaped upwards, (S,) or went forward, or preceded, (O, K,) in consequence of beating, or taking fright. (S, O, K.) And The beast fell into a deep place, or from a mountain; or fell from a mountain and died; syn. تَرَدَّتْ. (TA. [See the next paragraph.]) زَهَقٌ A low, or depressed, part of the ground. (S, O, K.) A hollow, or cavity, or deep hollow or cavity, in the ground; syn. وَهْدَةٌ: (JK, TA:) sometimes, or often, beasts fall into it, and die. (TA. [See 7.]) زَهِقٌ (tropical:) Light, and unsteady, or lightwitted; (S, K, TA;) applied to a man. (S.) A2: And A beast not exceeded in fatness. (TA.) زَهَقَى (assumed tropical:) A mare that precedes, or outgoes, the [other] horses, or the horsemen. (Sh, K.) هُمْ زُهَاقُ مِائَةٍ and زِهَاقُ مائة i. q. زُهَآءُ مِائَةٍ, (K, * TA,) i. e. They are of the number of a hundred. (TA.) زَهُوقٌ (tropical:) A thing passing away, or coming to nought; or that passes away, or comes to nought; as also ↓ زَاهِقٌ. (K, TA.) Hence, in the Kur [xvii. 83], إِنَّ البَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا, i. e. (tropical:) [Verily what is false, or vain,] is a thing that passes away, or comes to nought. (TA.) b2: (tropical:) A deep well; (JK, S, K;) as also ↓ زَاهِقَةٌ; [in the TA زَاهِقٌ;] and in like manner both are applied to a place of destruction (مَتْلَفَةٌ); (JK;) and to a مَتْلَفَة [app. meaning a desert in which people perish] as meaning far-extending. (Ham p. 23.) And in like manner, (S,) the former is also applied [app. as an epithet] to a فَجّ [or road, or depressed road,] of an overpeering, or overhanging, mountain. (S, K.) b3: Also (tropical:) Light, or active; syn. خَفِيفٌ. (JK.) زَاهِقٌ Perishing, or dying. (Az, TA.) b2: See also زَهُوقٌ, in two places. b3: (tropical:) An arrow passing beyond the butt, and falling behind it: (Mgh, TA:) whence the saying, in a trad., إِنَّ حَابِيًا خَيْرٌ مِنْ زَاهِقٍ [expl. in art. حبو]. (TA.) b4: [(assumed tropical:) Preceding, or outgoing.] You say, جَآءَ زَاهِقًا (assumed tropical:) He came before, or in advance of, the horses, or horsemen. (JK.) And رَاحِلَةٌ زَاهِقَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A saddlecamel preceding, going before, getting before, outgoing, or outstripping, the horses, or horsemen. (S.) b5: (assumed tropical:) A man put to flight: (S, O, K:) pl. زُهَقٌ, (so in my copies of the S,) or زُهَّقٌ, (so in the O,) or زُهْقٌ and زُهُقٌ, with damm and with two dammehs. (K.) b6: (tropical:) Water running vehemently: (JK, K, TA:) and (assumed tropical:) a canal (خَلِيجٌ) running swiftly. (TA.) A2: Applied to a beast (دَابَّة), Fat, (JK, Az, S, K,) and marrowy: (S, K:) or marrowy, but not fat in the utmost degree: or having thin, or little, marrow: (TA:) and dry, or tough, (K, TA,) by reason of leanness; so says As: (TA:) and, (K,) or as some say, (JK,) very lean; (JK, K, TA;) Such that a foul odour is perceived arising from the meagreness of its flesh: (TA:) thus it bears two contr. meanings. (K.) b2: And, applied to marrow, Compact and full: (S, TA:) or, so applied, good in respect of fatness: and some say, i. q. رَارٌ [i. e. in a melting state, or corrupt, by reason of emaciation; or thin; &c.]: so that [thus applied also] it bears two contr. meanings. (JK.) In the saying of a rájiz, (S, TA,) namely, 'Omárah Ibn-Tárik, (TA,) وَمَسَدٍ أُمِرَّ مِنْ أَيَانِقِ لَسْنَ بِأَنْيَابٍ وَلَا حَقَائِقِ وَلَا ضِعَافٍ مُخُّهُنَّ زَاهِقُ accord. to Fr, it is in the nom. case, the poetry being what is termed مُكْفَأ, [by which is here meant having one rhyme made to end with kesreh (which is substituted for fet-hah by poetic license) and another with dammeh,] the poet meaning [And a rope, or many a rope, tightly twisted, of the fur of she-camels, that were not aged ones, nor such as had their teeth fallen out by reason of extreme age, nor weak,] but whose marrow was compact and full: [or, agreeably with an explanation given above from the JK, زاهق may mean in a melting state, &c.:] another explanation is, that زاهق here means ذَاهِب [going away]: (S, TA:) but, as Sgh says, the [right] reading is عِيسٍ عِتَاقٍ ذَاتِ مُخٍّ زَاهِقِ [meaning but of a reddish, or yellowish, or dingy, white hue, of generous race, having compact and full marrow]. (TA.) أُزْهُوقَةٌ sing. of أَزَاهِيق in the phrase فَرَسٌ ذَاتُ

أًزَاهِيقَ (tropical:) A mare having wonderful, or admirable, qualities in running: (A, TA:) or this means a mare having a swift running. (S, K.) b2: One says also, جَآءَ تِ الخَيْلُ أَزَاهِقَ and أَزَاهِيقَ, meaning (assumed tropical:) [The horses, or horsemen, came] in troops in a state of dispersion. (A'Obeyd, TA.) b3: أَزَاهِيقُ is also the name of A horse of Ziyád Ibn-Hindábeh. (K.) مُزْهَقٌ Slain. (El-Muärrij, S.) مُزْهِقٌ Slaying, or a slayer. (El-Muärrij, S.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) A man quick [as though urging himself forward] in his pace, or journeying. (S, TA.) b3: And (assumed tropical:) Loquacious. (JK.) مَزْهَقَةٌ [A cause of the departure of the soul: a word of the same class as مَبْخَلَةٌ and مَجْبَنَةٌ]. b2: [Hence,] one says of a camel which others strive in vain to overtake, هٰذَا الجَمَلُ مَزْهَقَةٌ لِأَرْوَاحِ المَطِىِّ (tropical:) [This camel is one that takes away the breath of the other beasts, or saddle-camels]. (A, TA.) رَجُلٌ مَزْهُوقٌ (assumed tropical:) A man who is straitened. (TA.)
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