William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1846. س6 1847. سأب6 1848. سأد6 1849. سأر12 1850. سأسم2 1851. سأل141852. سأم15 1853. سأو5 1854. سا1 1855. ساذج1 1856. سب3 1857. سبأ16 1858. سبت20 1859. سبح20 1860. سبخ16 1861. سبد14 1862. سبر15 1863. سبرت9 1864. سبط18 1865. سبطر8 1866. سبع18 1867. سبغ19 1868. سبق21 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل18 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر16 1875. ستق12 1876. سته13 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح11 1880. سجد16 1881. سجر18 1882. سجس11 1883. سجع14 1884. سجف14 1885. سجل21 1886. سجم14 1887. سجن15 1888. سجو10 1889. سح3 1890. سحب17 1891. سحت16 1892. سحج11 1893. سحر19 1894. سحف9 1895. سحق19 1896. سحل17 1897. سحم16 1898. سحن15 1899. سخب9 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت11 1902. سخد10 1903. سخر16 1904. سخط12 1905. سخف13 1906. سخل13 1907. سخم13 1908. سخن16 1909. سد5 1910. سدج7 1911. سدر18 1912. سدس15 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف15 1915. سدل14 1916. سدم13 1917. سدن16 1918. سدو5 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب19 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل12 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج17 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح19 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد16 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق13 1935. سرط14 1936. سرطم6 1937. سرع16 1938. سرف21 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم10 1941. سرمد12 1942. سرند6 1943. سرهد5 1944. سرو13 1945. سرول11 Prev. 100
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أل1 سَأَلَهُ (S, M, K) with كَذَا following it, and سَأَلَهُ عَنْ كَذَا and بِكَذَا, (S, * K,) aor. يَسْأَلُ, (M,) inf. n. سُؤَالٌ and مَسْأَلَةٌ, (S, M, K,) which latter is also pronounced مَسَلَةٌ, without the hemzeh, (TA,) and تَسْآلٌ and سَآلَةٌ, (M, K,) and سَأَلَةٌ or سَأْلَةٌ, (accord. to different copies of the K, the former of these two accord. to the TA, [and it appears from a statement that will be found below, voce سُؤْلٌ, that one of these is correct, but in an excel-lent copy of the M, in the place thereof, I find, and ↓ سَآءَلَهُ, as a verb, doubly trans., first thus by itself, and secondly by means of عَنْ, as shown by an ex. in a verse cited below, (see 3,) and this also is correct,]) all [sometimes] signify the same, (S, * K,) i. e. He asked him such a thing; or asked him, interrogated him, questioned him, or inquired of him, respecting such a thing: but عن كذا is more common than بكذا: when سَأَلَ means the asking, or demanding, of property, it is trans. [only] by itself or by means of مِنْ [so that you say سَأَلَهُ كَذَا and سَأَلَ مِنْهُ كَذَا meaning he asked, or demanded, of him such a thing]: (Er-Rághib, TA:) and one says also سَالَ, aor. يَسَالُ, (Akh, S, M, Msb, K,) like خَافَ, aor. يَخَافُ; (Msb, K;) which is of the dial. of Hudheyl; the medial letter of this being originally و, as is shown by the phrase, mentioned by AZ, هُمَا يَتَسَاوَلَانِ: (TA:) [respecting this dial. var., see what follows:] the imperative (S, Msb, K, TA;) of سَأَلَ (S, Msb, TA) is اِسْأَلْ; (S, M, Msb, K, TA;) and (S, K, &c.) that of سَالَ, (S, Msb, TA,) سَلْ, (S, Msb, K, TA,) dual. سَلَا, and pl. سَلُوا, [these two being] irregular; (Msb;) and AAF mentions that Aboo-'Othmán heard one say اِسَلْ, [a form omitted in some copies of the K, but mentioned in the CK,] meaning اِسْأَلْ, suppressing the ء, and transferring its vowel to the preceding letter, like as some of the Arabs said لَحْمَرُ for الأَحْمَرُ [as many do in the present day]: (M:) accord. to ISd, (TA,) the Arabs universally suppress the ء in the imperative except when they prefix to it فَ or وَ; (M, TA;) saying فَاسْأَلْ and وَاسْأَلْ: (TA:) or when وَ [or فَ] is prefixed, it is allowable to pronounce the ء and also to suppress it, as in saying وَاسْأَلُوا and وَسَلُوا: (Msb:) and for the pass. سُئِلَ, one may say سِيلَ, and سُيِلَ, in this instance making the kesreh to partake of the sound of dammeh, and سُولَ; and also سُيِلَ, in which the middle letter is pronounced with a sound between that of ء and that of ى, or resembling that of و. (IJ, TA.) As Er-Rághib says, سُؤَالٌ signifies The asking, or demanding, knowledge, or information, or what leads thereto: and the asking, or demanding, property, or what leads thereto. (TA.) سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الشَّىْءِ means I asked of him information respecting the thing: (IB, TA: [and the like is said in the Msb:]) and سَأَلْتُهُ الشَّىْءَ [is sometimes used in the same sense, as has been shown above, but generally] means I asked him to give me the thing: (IB, TA:) you say, سَأَلَهُ مَالًا He asked, demanded, or begged, of him property, and in like manner, سَأَلَ مِنْهُ and سَأَلَ إِلَيْهِ [followed by مَالًا]: (MA:) and سَأَلْتُ اللّٰهَ العَافِيَةَ, inf. n. سُؤَالٌ and مَسْأَلَةٌ, I begged, or sought, of God health, or freedom from disease, &c. (Msb.) The saying in the Kur [lxx. 1], سَأَلَ سَائِلٌ بِعَذَابٍ وَاقِعٍ means عَنْ عَذَابٍ [i. e. An asker asked respecting a falling punishment]: (S:) [for] one says, خَرَجْنَا نَسْأَلُ عَنْ فُلَانٍ and بِفُلَانٍ [meaning We went forth asking respecting such a one]: (Akh, S:) or the phrase in the Kur means a caller called [for a falling punishment]: (TA:) and some read سَالَ سَائِلٌ بعذاب واقع, (Bd, TA,) [likewise] from السُّؤَالُ: (Bd:) or this means سَالَ وَادٍ بعذاب واقع [i. e. a valley flowed with a falling punishment]; (Bd, TA;) so some say; (TA;) from السَّيَلَانُ. (Bd.) The saying, in a trad., نَهَى عَنْ كَثْرَةِ السَّؤَالِ [He (Mohammad) forbade much questioning or inquiring] is said to relate to subtile questions or inquiries, that are needless; like another trad., mentioned below, voce, مَسْأَلَةٌ: or to the begging, of men, their property needlessly. (TA.) 3 سَآءَلَهُ, (M, TA,) inf. n. مُسَآءَلَةٌ: (TA:) see 1, first sentence. Aboo-Dhu-eyb says, أَسَآءَلْتَ رَسْمَ الدَّارِ أَمْ لَمْ تُسَائِلِ عَنِ السَّكْنِ أَمْ عَنْ عَهْدِهِ بِالأَوَائِلِ [Didst thou ask the remains of the dwelling, or didst thou not ask, respecting the inhabitants, or respecting their knowledge of the former occupants?]. (M, TA.) b2: In the saying of Bilál Ibn-Jereer, وَجَدْتَ بِهِمْ عِلَّةً حَاضِرَهْ إِذَا ضِفْتَهُمْ أَوْ سَآيَلْتَهُمْ [When thou becomest their guest, or askest of them, thou findest with them a ready excuse], سَآيَلْتَهُمْ is a combination of two dial. vars.; the ء being in the original phrase سَآءَلْتُ زَيْدًا, and the ى being a substitute in the phrase سَايَلْتُ زَيْدًا; the measure of سَآيَلْتَهُمْ being فَعَايَلْتَهُمْ: (M, K: *) so said Ahmad Ibn-Yahyà, [i. e. Th,] who had at first ignored the expression: (M:) and it is an instance of which we know not a parallel in the language. (M, K. *) b3: [Accord. to analogy, سَآءَلَهَ also signifies He asked him, &c., being asked by him, &c. b4: And Freytag states that Reiske has explained سَآءَلَ as meaning He always demanded that another should express wishes for his health: but I know not any instance of its being used in this sense.]4 أَسْاَ^َ ↓ أَسْأَلَهُ سُؤْلَهُ, (K,) or ↓ سُؤْلَتَهُ, (S,) and ↓ مَسْأَلَتَهُ, (S, K,) He accomplished for him his want. (S, K.) 5 تسأّل, in the modern language, signifies He begged, or asked alms; as also تَسَوَّلَ: both probably post-classical.]6 تَسَآءَلُوا They asked, or begged, one another. (S, Msb, K.) You say, هُمَا يَتَسَآءَلَانِ, (M,) and also يَتَسَاوَلَانِ, (M, Msb, K,) and يَتَسَايَلَانِ. (TA.) In the Kur [iv. 1], some read وَاتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ الَّذِى تَسَّآءَلُونَ بِهِ; and others, تَسَآءَلُونَ بِهِ: in each case, originally تَتَسَآءَلُونَ: the meaning is, [and fear ye God,] by Whom ye demand [one of another] your rights, or dues: (M:) or by Whom ye ask, or demand, one of another; (Bd, Jel;) saying, I ask thee, or beg thee, by God; and I beseech thee, or adjure thee, by God. (Jel.) b2: One says also تَسَآءَلُوا القَوْمَ, meaning They [together] asked, or begged, the people. (Mgh in art. نقض.) سُؤْلٌ, (S, M, K;) also pronounced سُولٌ, without ء, (S, K,) [A petition; or a request; meaning] a thing that people ask or beg; (S;) or a thing that one has asked or begged; (M, K;) as also ↓ سُؤْلَةٌ, (IJ, M, K,) which is likewise pronounced سُولَةٌ, without ء; (K;) and ↓ سُؤُولٌ; (Har p. 422; [or this is app. pl. of سُؤْلٌ, like as بُرُوجٌ is of بُرْجٌ, and بُرُودٌ of بُرْدٌ, &c.;]) [and ↓ سَأْلَةٌ or سَأَلَةٌ, as will be shown by what follows;] and ↓ مَسْؤُولٌ; (Msb;) [and ↓ مَسْأَلَةٌ:] see 4: the first of these said by Z to be of the measure فُعْلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ; like عُرْفٌ and نُكْرٌ. (TA.) Thus in the Kur [xx. 36], قَدْ أُوتِيتَ سُؤْلَكَ يَا مُوسَى

Thou hast been granted thy petition, or the thing that thou hast asked, O Moses. (S, M, TA.) In the saying ↓ اَللّٰهُمَّ أَعْطِنَا سَأَلَاتِنَا [O God, grant Thou us our petitions], mentioned by Aboo-'Alee on the authority of AZ, the inf. n. is used as a subst., properly so termed, and is therefore pluralized. (M.) سَأْلَةٌ or سَأَلَةٌ; pl. سَأَلَاتٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

سُؤْلَةٌ: see 4: and see also سْؤْلٌ.

سُؤَلَةٌ, (S, K,) also pronounced سُوَلَةٌ, (TA,) A man (S) who asks, or begs, much; (S, K;) as also ↓ سَأّلٌ, and ↓ سَؤُولٌ: (TA:) such is improperly termed ↓ سَائِلٌ. (Durrat el-Ghowwás, in De Sacy's Anthol. Gramm. Ar., p. 47 of the Ar. text.) سُؤَالٌ an inf. n. of 1. (S, M, K, &c.) b2: [It is often used as a subst. properly so called; like مَسْأَلَةٌ; meaning A question; an interrogation; correlative of جَوَابٌ: and a demand, or petition: and as such has a pl., سُؤَالَاتٌ; perhaps postclassical.]

سَؤُولٌ: see سُؤَلَةٌ.

سُؤُولٌ: see سُؤْلٌ [of which it is app. pl.].

سَأّلٌ: see سُؤَلَةٌ.

سَائِلٌ [i. e. Asking; meaning interrogating, questioning, or inquiring; and demanding, or begging;] has for its pl. سَأَلَةٌ and سُؤَّالٌ. (TA.) See سُؤَلَةٌ. b2: It also means [A beggar; i. e.] a poor man asking, or begging, a thing. (Er-Rághib, TA.) So it has been expl. as used in the Kur [xciii. 10], where it is said, وَأَمَّا السَّائِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ [And as for the beggar, thou shalt not chide him, or address him with rough speech]: or, accord. to El-Hasan, it here means the seeker of knowledge. (TA.) مَسْأَلَةٌ, an inf. n. of 1, is tropically used in the sense of a pass. part. n. [with the noun qualified by it understood; meaning (tropical:) A thing asked; i. e. a question; a problem, or proposition; a matter, or an affair, proposed for decision or determination]: (TA:) and the pl. is مَسَائِلُ. (Msb, TA.) So in the saying, تَعَلَّمْتُ مَسْأَلَةً (tropical:) [I learned a question, or problem, &c.]. (TA.) The saying, in a trad., كَرِهَ المَسَائِلَ وَعَابَهَا means (assumed tropical:) [He (Mohammad) disliked and discommended] subtile questions, such as are needless. (TA.) b2: See also سُؤْلٌ: b3: and see 4.

مَسْؤُولٌ [pass. part. n. of 1: and used as a subst.]: see سُؤْلٌ.
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