William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1859. سبح20 1860. سبخ16 1861. سبد14 1862. سبر15 1863. سبرت9 1864. سبط181865. سبطر8 1866. سبع18 1867. سبغ19 1868. سبق21 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل18 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر16 1875. ستق12 1876. سته13 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح11 1880. سجد16 1881. سجر18 1882. سجس11 1883. سجع14 1884. سجف14 1885. سجل21 1886. سجم14 1887. سجن15 1888. سجو10 1889. سح3 1890. سحب17 1891. سحت16 1892. سحج11 1893. سحر19 1894. سحف9 1895. سحق19 1896. سحل17 1897. سحم16 1898. سحن15 1899. سخب9 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت11 1902. سخد10 1903. سخر16 1904. سخط12 1905. سخف13 1906. سخل13 1907. سخم13 1908. سخن16 1909. سد5 1910. سدج7 1911. سدر18 1912. سدس15 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف15 1915. سدل14 1916. سدم13 1917. سدن16 1918. سدو5 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب19 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل12 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج17 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح19 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد16 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق13 1935. سرط14 1936. سرطم6 1937. سرع16 1938. سرف21 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم10 1941. سرمد12 1942. سرند6 1943. سرهد5 1944. سرو13 1945. سرول11 1946. سرون2 1947. سرى8 1948. سسب2 1949. سسم6 1950. سطب6 1951. سطح20 1952. سطر15 1953. سطرنج2 1954. سطع12 1955. سطل11 1956. سطن8 1957. سطو11 1958. سعب8 Prev. 100
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سبط

1 سَبِطَ, aor. سَبَطَ; (Sb, S, M, Msb, K;) and سَبُطَ, aor. سَبُطَ; (M, Msb, K;) inf. n. سَبَطٌ, of the former verb, (S, Msb,) or سَبْطٌ, (so in the K, as is remarked in the TA,) and سُبُوطَةٌ, (M, Msb, K,) which is of the latter verb, (M, Msb,) and سَبَاطَةٌ and سُبُوطٌ, (M, K,) which are also of the latter verb; (M;) It (hair, S, Msb) was, or became, lank, not crisp: (S, M, * Msb, K: *) or the former verb is used in this sense, said of hair; and the latter is said of a man, signifying he was, or became, lank, not crisp, in his hair. (TA.) b2: سَبَاطَةٌ, relating to a man, also signifies The being tall: (M:) or the being long in the [bones called]

أَلْوَاح [pl. of لَوْحٌ], and even therein. (TA.) b3: Also سَبُطَ, inf. n. سَبَاطَةٌ; (M, TA;) and سَبِطَ, inf. n. سَبَطٌ; (M;) (tropical:) He (a man) was, or became, easy, or facile, بِالْمَعْرُوفِ in beneficence. (M, TA.) And سُبُوطَةٌ is likewise expl. as signifying (tropical:) The being liberal, bountiful, or munificent. (M, TA.) b4: And سَبَاطَةٌ, relating to rain, (tropical:) The being abundant and extensive. (Sh, K, TA.) [b5: See also the part. n. سَبِطٌ.]

A2: سَبَطَ عَلَيْهِ العَطَآءَ (tropical:) He gave to him successive and large gifts. (Sgh, TA.) A3: سُبِطَ He was affected with fever. (Sgh, K.) [See سَبَاطِ.]2 سَبَّطَتْ, (M, K, &c.,) inf. n. تَسْبِيطٌ, (S, K,) She (a camel, AZ, As, M, K, and a ewe, K) cast her young one, or fœtus, in an incomplete state: (M, K:) or before its form was apparent; (AZ, K;) like أَجْهَضَتْ and رَجَعَتْ: (AZ:) or when its fur had grown, before completion; as also سَبَّغَتٌ: (As, TA:) or سبّطت بِوَلَدِهَا she (a camel) cast her young one when its hair had grown: and سبّطت she (a ewe) cast her young one, or fœtus, abortively. (S.) The epithet applied to her in this case is ↓ مُسَبِّطٌ [without ة]. (M, K.) 4 اسبط He (a man, S, M) extended himself, or became extended or stretched, (S, M, K, TA,) upon the ground, (S, TA), in consequence of being beaten, (M, K, TA,) &c.: (TA:) he fell (M, K, TA) upon the ground, (TA,) and was unable to move, (M, K, TA,) by reason of weakness, (M, TA,) or from drinking medicine, or some other cause; on the authority of AZ: (M:) he fell upon the ground, and became extended or stretched, in consequence of being beaten, or from disease, and in like manner from drinking medicine. (TA.) And اسبط بِالأَرْضِ He clave to the ground. (Ibn-Jebeleh, M, K.) b2: He was silent, by reason of fear, or fright: (M, L, K:) he was silent and still; or he lowered his eyes, looking towards the ground, and was still. (O.) b3: اسبط فِى نَوْمِهِ He shut, or closed, his eyes, or eyelids, in his sleep. (Sgh, K.) b4: اسبط عَنِ الأَمْرِ He feigned himself negligent of the thing or affair, inattentive to it, or heedless of it. (Sgh, K.) سَبْطٌ: see سَبِطٌ, throughout.

سِبْطٌ A grandchild; (S, Msb, K;) a son's child, and a daughter's child: (M, TA:) pl. أَسْبَاطٌ; (S, Msb, TA;) which is commonly used by the vulgar as signifying daughters' children; distinguished by them from أَحْفَادٌ [which they apply to son's children, pl. of حَفِيدٌ]; but the leading lexicologists expressly declare that it includes sons' children and daughters' children, as it is said to do by ISd: IAar explained سِبْطٌ and سِبْطَانِ and أَسْبَاطٌ as signifying the particularly distinguished, and choicest, of children. (TA.) It is said in a trad., (TA,) الحَسَنُ وَالحُسَيْنُ سِبْطَا رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ El-Hasan, and El-Hoseyn are the two grandsons of the Apostle of God. (M, TA. *) b2: A tribe of the Jews: pl. أَسْبَاطٌ: (M, Msb, K:) سِبْطٌ (M) and أَسْبَاطٌ (S, Msb) in relation to the Jews, (M, Msb,) or [rather] the Children of Israel, (S,) being like قَبِيلَةٌ (M) and قَبَائِلُ (S, Msb) in relation to the Arabs: (S, M, Msb:) and the former are thus called to distinguish them from the children of Ishmael. (M, TA.) In the phrase, وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَىْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا [And we divided them into twelve divisions, tribes], (S, M, K,) in the Kur [vii. 160], (S, M,) اسباطا is a substitute (S, M, K) for اثنتى عشرة, (S, M,) not a specificative, (S, M, K,) because the specificative may only be a sing.; (S, M;) the meaning being وقطّعناهم اثنتى عشرة فِرْقَةً

اسباطًا, (Akh, Zj, S,) and therefore the numeral is fem.; (Akh, S;) or this is a mistake; for it should be فِرَقًا اثنتى عشرة; and therefore the numeral is fem. (Abu-l-'Abbás, TA.) Accord. to Ktr, you say, هٰذَا سِبْطٌ and هٰذِهِ سِبْطٌ, and هٰؤُلَآءِ سِبْطٌ and using سبط as a pl., meaning فِرْقَةٌ. (TA.) The saying كَأَنَّهُ سِبْطٌ مِنَ الأَسْبَاطِ is [asserted to be] a mistake, inasmuch as its author imagined that سِبْطٌ meant a man: (M:) IDrd ascribes it to El-'Ajjáj or Ru-beh: it occurs in an أُرْجُوزَة by the latter. (Sgh, TA.) [But it is applied to a single man: for] it is said in a trad., (TA,) حُسَيْنٌ سِبْطٌ مِنَ الأَسْبَاطِ, i. e. Hoseyn is [as though he were] a nation of the nations (أُمَّةٌ مِنَ الأُمَمِ K) in goodness; so expl. by Aboo-Bekr: (TA:) or one of the fathers of tribes; because of the multitude of his descendants: or one of the sons of daughters. (So in a marginal note in a copy of the “ Jámi' es-Sagheer ” of Es-Suyootee.) b3: Also A generation (قَرْن) that comes after another. (Zj, TA.) A2: And سِبْطٌ رِبْعِيَّةٌ, (TA in the present art. and in art. ربع,) or رِبْعِيَّةٌ ↓ سَبَطٌ, (so accord. to a copy of the M, in the present art.,) A palmtree of which the fruit ripens in the end of the summer, or hot-season. (M, TA.) سَبَطٌ: see the next paragraph, first sentence.

A2: Also Such as is fresh of the [plant called] حَلِىّ; one of the plants of the sands; (M;) [i. e.] the [plant called] نَصِىّ, while fresh; (A'Obeyd, S, O, K;) when it has dried up, called حَلِىّ; (A'Obeyd, S, O;) a plant like the ثِيل [q. v.], except that it becomes tall; growing in the sands: (Lth, TA:) n. un. with ة: (Lth, S:) it is one of those that, when they dry up, become white, [as is said of the حَلِىّ,] resembling hoariness, like the ثُمَام [or panic grass]: (AHn, O: in the TA, the نَمَّام:) it is asserted that the Arabs say, “The صِلِّيَان is the bread of the camels, and the سَبَط is their خَبِيص: ” (AHn, O:) its manner of growth is like [that of] دُخْن [q. v.]; and it is a good pasture: (K:) AHn says, a desert-Arab, of 'Anazeh, told me that its manner of growth is like that of large دُخْن, falling short of [so I render دُونَ, but this also signifies exceeding,] ذُرَة [q. v.], and it has grain like the grain termed بَزْر [q. v.], which will not come forth from its envelopes but by bruising, or pounding, and men extract it and eat it, made into bread, and cooked: (M, O:) the n. un. is with ة: and the pl. is أَسْبَاطٌ. (M.) Also The tree that has many branches and one أَصْل [meaning stem]: (K:) so says Az.; adding that hence is derived أَسْبَاطٌ [pl. of سِبْطٌ]; as though the father represented the tree and the children represented the branches: (TA: [but this is questionable:]) accord. to Abo-Ziyád, a certain tree, (AHn, M, O,) growing in the sands, (AHn, O,) tall, having slender branches, eaten by the camels and the sheep or goats, (AHn, M, O,) and collected by men, who sell it upon the roads (عَلَى الطُّرُقِ), (AHn, O,) or with the tamarisk (مَعَ الطَّرْفَآءِ); (so in the TA;) without blossom and without thorns, having thin leaves of the size of [those of] the كُرَّاث [or leek] (AHn, M, O) when this first comes forth. (AHn, O.) b2: See also the last sentence of the next preceding paragraph.

سَبِطٌ and ↓ سَبْطٌ and ↓ سَبَطٌ, (the first and third of these in one copy of the S, and the second alone in another copy of the S, and all in the M and Msb and K,) the first of the dial. of El-Hijáz, (TA,) from سَبِطَ, and the second from سَبُطَ, the last being an inf. n. used as an epithet, (Msb,) Lank, not crisp; (S, M, * Msb, K; *) applied to hair: (S, Msb:) pl. سِبَاطٌ, which is said by Sb to be of the measure most common for a pl. of an epithet of the measure فَعَلٌ, (M,) or فَعْلٌ. (TA.) b2: سَبِطُ الشَّعَرِ, (S, M,) and ↓ سَبْطُهُ, (M,) A man having lank hair: (S, M:) and in like manner سِبَاطٌ, alone, applied to a number of persons. (TA.) ↓ سَبْطٌ is also metonymically applied to (tropical:) A foreigner, like as [its contr.] جَعْدٌ is to an Arab. (TA.) b3: سَبِطٌ also signifies Tall; (M, K;) applied to a man: (M:) or, as also ↓ سَبْطٌ, (TA,) or سَبِطُ الجِسْمِ, (M,) so applied, long in the [bones called] أَلْوَاح [pl. of لَوْح], (M, TA,] and even therein: (TA:) or سَبِطُ الجِسْمِ or ↓ سَبْطُهُ, (accord. to different copies of the K,) or both, (S, TA,) goodly in stature, or person, or proportion, (S, K,) and evenness. (S.) Also Having extended limbs, and perfect in make. (TA.) And سَبِطُ القَصَبِ, and ↓ سَبْطُهَا, A man [long and even, or] extended, and without protuberances, in the bones of the fore arms and the shanks. (TA.) And سَبِطُ البَنَانِ and ↓ سَبْطُهَا, (tropical:) Long in the fingers. (TA.) And سَبِطُ الخَلْقِ A man lank in make: (L in art. رد:) and سَبِطَةُ الخَلْقِ, and ↓ سَبْطَتُهُ, (tropical:) a woman lank, or soft, or tender, in make. (M, Z, TA.) And سَبِطُ السَّاقَيْنِ A man soft, or flaccid, or uncompact, in the shanks. (Ham p. 238.) b4: اليَدَيْنِ ↓ سَبْطُ, (M, K, TA,) and سَبِطُهُمَا, (TA, and so in the CK,) and سَبِطُ الكَفَّيْنِ, (TA,) (tropical:) A man who is liberal, bountiful, or munificent. (M, K, TA.) And سَبِطٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ (tropical:) A man easy, or facile, in beneficence. (M, TA.) b5: مَطَرٌ سَبِطٌ, (Sh, TA,) and ↓ سَبْطٌ, (Sh, K,) (tropical:) Rain pouring abundantly and extensively, (Sh, K,) and consecutively. (Sh, TA.) سِبِطٌّ: see سِبِتٌّ.

سَبَاطِ Fever: (M, O, K:) so called because the man attacked by it extends himself, and becomes relaxed: (Skr, O:) or fever attended with shivering, or trembling. (O.) سُبَاطٌ (AA, S, M, K) and سُبَاطُ, being perfectly and imperfectly decl., (AA, K,) and also written with ش, (TA, and K in art. شبط, ) The name of a month in Greek; (S;) a certain month, [next] before آذَارُ; (K;) the month that is between the winter and the spring; (M;) [the fifth month of the Syrian year, corresponding with February O. S.;] it is in the winter-quarters, and in it is the completion of the day whereof the fractions circulate in the years: when the said day is complete in that month, the people of Syria call that year عَامُ الكَبِيسِ; and when a child is born, or a person arrives from a country, in that year, they consider it fortunate. (Az, TA.) [See كَبِيسٌ.]

سُبَاطَةٌ Sweepings, syn. كُنَاسَةٌ, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) which are thrown every day in the courts of houses. (K.) b2: Also A place in which sweepings (Mgh, TA) and dirt (TA) are thrown: occuring in a trad., (Mgh, TA,) and so expl. by El-Khattábee: (Mgh:) but some assign to it there the former meaning. (TA.) [It should be observed that كُنَاسَةٌ also is said to have both these meanings.] b3: Also What falls from, or of, hair when it is combed. (M, TA.) A2: A raceme of a palm-tree, with its fruit-stalks (عَرَاجِين) and its fresh ripe dates: of the dial. of Egypt. (TA.) سَابَاطٌ A roof (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) between two walls, (S,) or between two houses, (M, K,) having beneath it a road, or way, or passage, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) which is a thoroughfare: (Mgh:) pl. سَوَابِيطُ (S, Msb, K) and سَابَاطَاتٌ. (S, K.) مَا لِى أَرَاكَ مُسْبِطًا Wherefore do I see thee hanging down thy head like one in grief, or anxiety, lax in body? (S.) And تَرَكْتُهُ مُسْبِطًا I left him (meaning a sick person) not moving nor speaking. (TA.) A2: أَرْضٌ مُسْبِطَةٌ, (M, and so in some copies of the S,) or ↓ مَسْبَطَةٌ, (thus in other copies of the S, and in the O,) Land abounding with سَبَط [q. v.]. (S, M, * O.) مَسْبَطَةٌ: see what next precedes.

مُسَبِّطٌ: see 2.
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