William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1890. سحب17 1891. سحت16 1892. سحج11 1893. سحر19 1894. سحف9 1895. سحق191896. سحل17 1897. سحم16 1898. سحن15 1899. سخب9 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت11 1902. سخد10 1903. سخر16 1904. سخط12 1905. سخف13 1906. سخل13 1907. سخم13 1908. سخن16 1909. سد5 1910. سدج7 1911. سدر18 1912. سدس15 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف15 1915. سدل14 1916. سدم13 1917. سدن16 1918. سدو5 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب19 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل12 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج17 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح19 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد16 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق13 1935. سرط14 1936. سرطم6 1937. سرع16 1938. سرف21 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم10 1941. سرمد12 1942. سرند6 1943. سرهد5 1944. سرو13 1945. سرول11 1946. سرون2 1947. سرى8 1948. سسب2 1949. سسم6 1950. سطب6 1951. سطح20 1952. سطر15 1953. سطرنج2 1954. سطع12 1955. سطل11 1956. سطن8 1957. سطو11 1958. سعب8 1959. سعتر8 1960. سعد17 1961. سعر19 1962. سعط15 1963. سعف17 1964. سعل14 1965. سعو3 1966. سغب15 1967. سف4 1968. سفح17 1969. سفد14 1970. سفر19 1971. سفرجل8 1972. سفط13 1973. سفع17 1974. سفق13 1975. سفك13 1976. سفل16 1977. سفن16 1978. سفند1 1979. سفه16 1980. سفو8 1981. سقب16 1982. سقر15 1983. سقرقع4 1984. سقط20 1985. سقف19 1986. سقم16 1987. سقمونيا1 1988. سقى11 1989. سك5 Prev. 100
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سحق

1 سَحَقَهُ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. سَحَقَ, (Msb, K) inf. n. سَحْقٌ, (Msb,) He bruised, brayed, or pounded, it; syn. دَقَّهُ; (Mgh, K;) namely, a thing, (S, TA,) or medicine: (Mgh, Msb:) or i. q. سَهَكَهُ [app. as meaning he bruised, brayed, or pounded, it coarsely; but see this latter verb]: (S, K:) or it signifies [he did so in a degree] less than what is meant by دَقَّهُ: (Lth, K:) or [he powdered, or pulverized, it; i. e.] he bruised, brayed, or pounded, it finely: or he bruised, brayed, or pounded, it time after time. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] سَحَقَتِ الرِّيحُ الأَرْضَ, (K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) (tropical:) The wind effaced the traces of the ground, (K, TA,) and carried away the broken particles [that were upon it]: (M, TA:) or passed along as though it were bruising, or braying, or pounding, (كَأَنَّهَا تَسْحَقُ,) the dust: (O, K:) or pared, or abraded, the surface of the earth by its vehement blowing; as also سَهَكَتْهَا [q. v.]. (T, A, TA.) b3: And سَحَقَهُ, (K, TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) (tropical:) He wore it out; namely, a garment. (K, TA.) And سَحَقَهُ مَرُّ الزَّمَانِ (assumed tropical:) The course of time rendered it (a garment) thin and worn out. (O, TA.) And سَحَقَهُ البِلَا (assumed tropical:) [Wear wasted it]; namely, a garment. (TA.) b4: Also He, or it, rendered it soft, or smooth; namely, a hard thing. (K.) b5: and (assumed tropical:) He destroyed it; and so ↓ اسحقهُ. (Har p. 257-8.) b6: سَحَقَ القَمْلَةَ He killed the louse. (K.) b7: سَحَقَ رَأْسَهُ He shaved his head. (K.) b8: سَحَقَتِ العَيْنُ دَمْعَهَا The eye spent its tears; (K, TA;) shed them, or let them fall. (TA.) b9: See also 4.

A2: سَحُقَ, aor. سَحُقَ, inf. n. سُحُوقَةٌ, (assumed tropical:) It (a garment) was, or became, old, and worn out; (K;) [and so, app., سَحِقَ, inf. n., سَحَقٌ, accord. to a usage of this noun, in the Deewán el-Hudhaleeyeen, mentioned by Freytag, and agreeably with the phrase ثَوْبٌ سَحِقٌ, mentioned below;] as also ↓ اسحق, (Yaakoob, S, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِسْحَاقٌ. (Msb.) A3: سَحُقَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. سَحُقَ; and سَحِقَ, aor. سَحَقَ; (K;) inf. n. سُحْقٌ (S, * Msb, * K) [and app. سُحُقٌ also]; It (a thing, S, or a place, Msb) was, or became, distant, or remote; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ اسحق, and ↓ انسحق. (TA.) سُحْقٌ and سُحُقٌ are both syn. with بُعْدٌ. (S, K.) One says, سُحْقًا لَهُ, (S, Msb,) a form of imprecation, (Msb,) meaning May God alienate him, or estrange him, from good, or prosperity! or curse him! i. e. may he not be pitied with respect to that which has befallen him! like بُعْدًا لَهُ: the most approved way is to put the noun thus in the accus. case as an inf. n.; but the tribe of Temeem say, بُعْدٌ لَهُ, and سُحْقٌ. (TA in art. بعد.) b2: سَحُقَتِ النَّخْلَةُ The palm-tree became tall: (K:) or tall with smoothness [of its trunk]. (TA.) A4: سَحَقَتِ الدَّابَّةُ, [inf. n. سَحْقٌ,] The beast ran vehemently: or ran a pace above that termed مَشْىٌ and below that termed حُضْرٌ, (K, TA,) agreeably with what is said in explanation of السَّحْقُ in the S: or below that termed حُضْرٌ and above that termed سَحْجٌ. (TA.) 3 مُسَاحَقَةُ النِّسَآءِ [meaning (tropical:) The mutual act, of women, indicated by the epithet سَحَّاقَةٌ (q. v.), as also ↓ تَسَاحُقٌ,] is post-classical: (T, TA:) such it is said to be. (Mgh.) 4 اسحقهُ: see 1. b2: Said of God, (S, TA,) He removed him far away, or alienated him, or estranged him, in a general sense, or from good, or prosperity; syn. أَبْعَدَهُ; (S, O, K, TA; [accord. to the CK انسحقهُ, which is wrong;]) as also ↓ سَحَقَهُ: or, from his mercy. (TA.) A2: اسحق as intrans.: see 1, in two places. b2: Also, [in the CK, erroneously, انسحق,] said of a came's foot, It was, or became, smooth, with a degree of hardness; syn. مَرَنَ. (ISk, S, O, K.) b3: And said of an udder, It lost its milk, and became wasted, and clave to the belly: (ISk, S, O, K:) or it dried up: (As, TA:) or it went away; and wasted. (A'Obeyd, TA.) b4: And اسحقت الدَّلْوُ The bucket became empty of what was in it. (TA.) 6 تَسَاحُقٌ The act of rubbing together. (KL.) See also 3.7 انسحق [It was, or became, bruised, brayed, or pounded: &c.:] quasi-pass. of سَحَقَهُ as expl. in the first sentence of this art. (S, O, K.) b2: Said of a garment, It was, or became, [worn out; or thin and worn out; (see 1;) or] threadbare, or napless, while new. (TA.) b3: And [said of a place,] It was wide, or ample. (O, K.) b4: See also 1. b5: انسحق الدَّمْعُ The tears were shed. (TA.) سَحْقٌ An old and worn-out garment, (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K,) that has become thin, (O,) and threadbare; (Ham p. 591;) also used as a prefixed noun, (Mgh, Msb,) so that you say سَحْقُ ثَوْبٍ [meaning as above], (Mgh,) and سَحْقُ بُرْدٍ [an old and worn-out بُرْد], and سَحْقُ عِمَامَةٍ [an old and worn-out turban]: (Mgh, Msb:) and one says ثَوْبٌ سَحْقٌ, [using it as an epithet,] (O, TA,) and ↓ ثَوْبٌ سَحِقٌ, (Har p. 258, [but for this I have found no other authority, and it may be a mistranscription,]) and ↓ ثَوْبٌ مُنْسَحِقٌ likewise signifies an old and worn-out garment: (TA:) سَحْقٌ applied to a garment is an inf. n. used as a subst.: (O, TA:) the pl. is سُحُوقٌ. (TA.) Hence one says سَحْقُ دِرْهَمٍ, meaning (tropical:) A [bad] dirhem [or] such as is termed زَائِفٌ. (Mgh.) b2: Also A pastor's bag (كِنْفٌ): so in a verse cited voce خُفٌّ. (S in art. خف.) b3: And (tropical:) Thin clouds: (K:) likened to an old and worn-out garment. (TA.) b4: And The mark, or scar, of a gall, or sore, on the back of a camel, when it has healed, and the place thereof has become white: (TA:) [like سَلْقٌ and سَلَقٌ.]

سَحِقٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

سُحْقَةٌ Baldness: of the dial. of El-Yemen. (Freytag, from IDrd.)]

سَحُوقٌ Tall; applied to a palm-tree; (S, Msb, K;) as also سُيْحُوقٌ; (S;) and to a he-ass and to a she-ass; (S, K) and by some, metaphorically, to a woman; (TA;) and ↓ سَوْحَقٌ signifies the same, (K,) applied to a man; (TA;) and الرِّجْلَيْنِ ↓ سَوْحَقُ long in respect of the legs: (IB:) or سَحُوقٌ applied to a palm-tree signifies tall so that its fruit is far above the gatherer; As says, I know not whether that be with a bending: or, accord. to Sh, so applied, smooth and tall, having no stumps of the branches remaining [upon the trunk]; and to such the neck of a horse is likened by a poet: and applied to a he-ass and to a she-ass, tall, and advanced in age: (TA:) pl. سُحُقٌ, (S, O, Msb,) like رُسُلٌ, (Msb,) or سُحْقٌ. (So in the K.) One says also جَنَّةٌ سُحُقٌ, meaning A garden of tall palm-trees. (TA.) سَحِيقٌ Bruised, brayed, or pounded: (Mgh:) [&c.: (see 1, first sentence:)] i. q. ↓ مَسْحُوقٌ: (O:) applied to musk; (Mgh, O;) and to saffron. (Mgh in art. ورس.) b2: and Distant; remote; (S, Msb, K;) applied to a thing, (S,) or to a place; (Msb, K;) as also ↓ أَسْحَقُ; (IB, TA;) and ↓ سَاحِقٌ in the same sense, applied to a place, is allowed in poetry. (TA.) One says, إِنَّهُ لَبَعِيدٌ سَحِيقٌ [app. meaning Verily he, or it, is very distant or remote]. (TA.) سَحِيقَةٌ A great rain that sweeps away that along which it passes: (K:) or, accord. to As, سَحِيفَةٌ, with ف, has this meaning; and the former word signifies a vehement rain, consisting of large drops, (TA in the present art.,) but of little width: pls.سَحَائِقُ and سَحَائِفُ. (TA in art. سحف.) سَحَّاقَةٌ [Fricatrix; quæ confrictu libidinem alterius explet: (Golius, from Meyd:)] an epithet of evil import, applied to a woman: (O, K:) pl. سَحَّاقَاتٌ: of such it is said that they are cursed by God. (Mgh.) سَاحِقٌ: see سَحِيقٌ. b2: You say also سُحْقٌ سَاحِقٌ, meaning Great distance or remoteness. (TA.) سَوْحَقٌ: see سَحُوقٌ, in two places.

أَسْحَقُ: see سَحِيقٌ. b2: [Also Bald: of the dial. of El-Yemen. (Freytag, from IDrd.)]

مِسْحَقٌ An instrument with which one bruises, brays, or pounds: &c.: (يُسْحَقُ بِهِ:) [see 1, first sentence.] (TA.) مَسْحُوقٌ: see سَحِيقٌ.

مُنْسَحِقٌ: see سَحْقٌ. b2: Also Wide, or ample. (TA.) b3: دَمْعٌ مُنْسَحِقٌ Tears pouring forth; syn. مُنْدَفِقٌ: (Lth, Az, TA:) in the K, مُنْدَفِعٌ: (TA:) pl. مَسَاحِيقُ, which is extr.; (K;) like مَكَاسِيرُ, pl. of مُنْكَسِرٌ. (TA.)
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