William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1891. سحت16 1892. سحج11 1893. سحر19 1894. سحف9 1895. سحق19 1896. سحل171897. سحم16 1898. سحن15 1899. سخب9 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت11 1902. سخد10 1903. سخر16 1904. سخط12 1905. سخف13 1906. سخل13 1907. سخم13 1908. سخن16 1909. سد5 1910. سدج7 1911. سدر18 1912. سدس15 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف15 1915. سدل14 1916. سدم13 1917. سدن16 1918. سدو5 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب19 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل12 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج17 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح19 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد16 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق13 1935. سرط14 1936. سرطم6 1937. سرع16 1938. سرف21 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم10 1941. سرمد12 1942. سرند6 1943. سرهد5 1944. سرو13 1945. سرول11 1946. سرون2 1947. سرى8 1948. سسب2 1949. سسم6 1950. سطب6 1951. سطح20 1952. سطر15 1953. سطرنج2 1954. سطع12 1955. سطل11 1956. سطن8 1957. سطو11 1958. سعب8 1959. سعتر8 1960. سعد17 1961. سعر19 1962. سعط15 1963. سعف17 1964. سعل14 1965. سعو3 1966. سغب15 1967. سف4 1968. سفح17 1969. سفد14 1970. سفر19 1971. سفرجل8 1972. سفط13 1973. سفع17 1974. سفق13 1975. سفك13 1976. سفل16 1977. سفن16 1978. سفند1 1979. سفه16 1980. سفو8 1981. سقب16 1982. سقر15 1983. سقرقع4 1984. سقط20 1985. سقف19 1986. سقم16 1987. سقمونيا1 1988. سقى11 1989. سك5 1990. سكب17 Prev. 100
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سحل

1 سَحَلَهُ, aor سَحَلَ, (K,) inf. n. سَحْلٌ, (S, TA,) He pared it; peeled it; or stripped off, scraped off, rubbed off, abraded, or otherwise removed, its outer covering or integument, or superficial part: or he pared, peeled, or stripped, it off: (S, K, TA:) this is the primary signification: (S:) and he filed it. (TA.) It is said in a trad., فَجَعَلَتْ تَسْحَلُهَا لَهُ, i. e. And she betook herself to paring off from it the flesh that was upon it for him: or, as some relate it, تَسْحَاهَا, which means the same. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] الرِّيَاحُ تَسْحَلُ الأَرْضَ (tropical:) The winds strip off what is upon the earth, (K, TA,) or the surface of the earth. (TA: and the like is said in the S.) b3: and سَحَلَهُ مِائَةَ سَوْطٍ, (S, K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He struck him a hundred lashes, or strokes of a whip, (S, K, TA,) and pared off his skin, (TA,) or as though he pared off his skin. (S.) b4: and سَحَلَ فُلَانٌ (assumed tropical:) Such a one reviled [another], and blamed [him: like as you say, قَشَرَ بِاللِّسَانِ]. (K. [See مِسْحَلٌ as meaning “ a tongue. ”]) One says, وَجَدَ النَّاسَ يَسْحَلُونَهُ (assumed tropical:) He found the people reviling him, (K, TA,) and blaming him, and speaking evil of him behind his back, or in his absence, or otherwise. (TA.) b5: سَحَلْتُ الشَّىْءَ i. q. سَحَقْتُهُ [I bruised, brayed, or pounded, the thing: or pulverized it: &c.]. (S.) b6: سَحَلَ الثِّيَابَ He washed the clothes, [beating them in doing so,] and removed [or rubbed off] from them the soils. (TA.) b7: سَحَلْتُ الدَّرَاهِمَ I made the pieces of money smooth. (S.) Accord. to ISk, I poured out, or forth, the pieces of money; as though I rubbed them, one against another. (S.) [Or] سَحَلَ الدَّرَاهِمَ, aor. as above, (K,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) i. q. اِنْتَقَدَهَا [which signifies He picked the pieces of money, separating the good from the bad; or examined them to do so: and also he received the pieces of money]. (K.) and سَحَلْتُهُ مِائَةَ دِرْهَمٍ I paid him a hundred dirhems in ready money. (S.) [Or] سَحَلَ الغَرِيمَ مِائَةَ دِرْهَمٍ He paid the creditor a hundred dirhems in ready money. (K.) A2: سَحَلَ الثَّوْبَ, (K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) He wove the garment, or piece of cloth, of spun thread not formed of two twists: (K:) or he wove it without having twisted its warp [i. e. without having made its warp to consist of threads of two twists]. (TA.) b2: and سَحَلْتُ الحَبْلَ I formed the rope of a single twist; (S, TA;) and accord. to some, one says also ↓ أَسْحَلْتُهُ, but the former is the chaste expression. (TA.) [Hence,] سُحِلَتْ مَرِيرَةُ فُلَانٍ is said of one whose strength has become weakened; meaning (tropical:) His well-twisted rope, or rope of two twists, has become a rope of a single twist. (TA.) b3: سَحَلَ القِرَآءَةَ, inf. n. سَحْلٌ, He performed the reading, or recitation, in consecutive portions, continuously: and some relate it with ج [i. e.

سَجَلَ]: سَحْلٌ is syn. with سَرْدٌ, signifying the making [a thing] to be consecutive in its parts, or portions. (TA.) b4: بَاتَتِ السَّمَآءُ تَسْحَلُ لَيْلَتَهَا (tropical:) The sky continued pouring forth water that night: (As, S, TA:) inf. n. as above. (TA.) b5: And سَحَلَتِ العَيْنُ, (K,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. سَحْلٌ and سُحُولٌ, (tropical:) The eye wept; (K;) poured forth tears. (TA.) A3: سَحَلَ, aor. سَحِلَ (S, K) and سَحَلَ, (K,) inf. n. سَحِيلٌ and سُحَالٌ, (S, * K, [the latter inf. n. erroneously written in the CK سِحال,]) He (an ass) made a rolling sound in his chest; whence the ass of the desert is called ↓ مِسْحَلٌ: (S: [see also سَحِيلٌ below:]) he (a mule, K, and an ass, TA) brayed. (K, TA.) 3 ساحلوا, (S, K,) inf. n. مُسَاحَلَةٌ, (TA,) (tropical:) They took, (S,) or came, (K,) to the سَاحِل [or shore, &c., of the sea]. (S, K, TA.) Hence, in a trad. respecting Bedr, فَسَاحَلَ بِالْعِيرِ And he brought the caravan to the سَاحِل of the sea. (TA.) A2: هُوَ يُسَاحِلُهُ, inf. n. سَحَالٌ and مُسَاحَلَةٌ, He contends, disputes, or litigates, with him. (TA.) 4 اشحل فُلَانًا (assumed tropical:) He found the people reviling such a one, (K, TA,) and blaming him, and speaking evil of him behind his back, or in his absence, or otherwise. (TA.) A2: See also 1, in the latter half of the paragraph.7 انسحل It became pared, or peeled; or had its outer covering or integument, or its superficial part, stripped off, scraped off, rubbed off, abraded, or otherwise removed: or it became pared, peeled, or stripped, off. (K.) It is said, in this sense, of the surface of the earth [as meaning (assumed tropical:) It was stripped of what was upon it by the wind: see 1, third sentence]. (TA.) b2: انسحلت الدَّرَاهِمُ The pieces of money became smooth. (S.) A2: It poured out, or forth; or became poured out, or forth. (TA.) b2: انسحلت النَّاقَةُ (assumed tropical:) The she-camel was, or became, quick, or swift, in her going, or pace. (As, TA.) b3: انسحل بِالكَلَامِ (tropical:) He (an orator, S, TA) ran on with speck: (S, K, TA:) or was fluent, and diffuse, or without pause, or hesitation, therein. (TA.) سَحْلٌ A white garment or piece of cloth: (Msb:) or a white, thin garment or piece of cloth: (TA:) or a white garment or piece o cloth, of cotton, (S, K,) of those of El-Yemen: (S:) pl [of mult.] سُحُولٌ and سُحُلٌ (S, Msb, K) and [of pauc.] أَسْحَالٌ. (K. [See also ثِيَابٌ سَحُولِيَّةٌ, below.]) b2: And A garment, or piece of cloth, of which the spun thread is not composed of two twists; as also ↓ سَحِيلٌ: (K:) or, as some say, the latter is not applied to a garment, or piece of cloth; but to thread, in a sense expl. below: (TA:) or, accord. to Aboo-Nasr, it (the latter) is applied also to a garment, or piece of cloth, of which the spun thread is a single yarn: the مُبْرَم is that of which the spun thread is twisted of two yarns: and the مِتْآم is that of which the warp and the woof are each of two yarns. (S, TA.) b3: Also, (K,) or ↓ سَحِيلٌ, (S,) or both, (TA,) A rope that is of a single strand; (K, TA;) or the latter, a rope that is twisted of one twist, like as the tailor twists his thread: the مُبْرَم is that which is composed of two twists twisted together into one: (Aboo-Nasr, S, TA:) such a rope is also termed ↓ مَسْحُولٌ; but not ↓ مُسْحَلٌ, for the sake of [analogy to] مُبْرَمٌ; (S, TA;) or the latter epithet is sometimes applied to it: (S, TA: [see also مِسْحَلٌ:]) ↓ سَحِيلٌ likewise signifies thread not twisted; (Aboo-Nasr, S, TA;) or spun thread not composed of two twists. (TA.) A2: Also Ready money: (S, TA:) an inf. n. used as a subst. [properly so termed]. (TA.) سُحَالٌ: see سَحِيلٌ.

سِحَالٌ: see مِسْحَلٌ.

سَحُولٌ One who beats and washes and whitens clothes: hence, accord. to some, ثِيَابٌ سَحُوِليَّةٌ [q. v.]. (TA.) سَحِيلٌ: see سَحْلٌ, in three places.

A2: Also, and ↓ سُحَالٌ, [both mentioned above as inf. ns., (see 1, last sentence,)] The rolling sound in the chest of the ass: (S, K:) or the former, [and probably the latter also,] the most vehement braying of the wild ass. (TA.) سُحَالَةٌ Filings of gold and of silver (S, K) and the like, (S,) or of anything. (TA.) b2: The husks of wheat and of barley and the like (K, TA) when stripped off therefrom, and so of other grains, as rice and [the species of millet called]

دُخْن: accord. to Az, the particles that fall off of rice and of millet (ذُرَة) in the process of bruising, or braying, or pounding, like bran. (TA.) b3: And [hence,] (tropical:) The refuse, or lowest or basest or meanest sort, of a people or party of men. (IaAr, K, TA.) ثِيَابٌ سَحُولِيَّةٌ Certain garments, or pieces of cloth, (S, Mgh, Msb, K, TA,) of cotton, (S, TA,) white, (Mgh, TA,) so called in relation to سَحُولٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) a place, (S, K,) or town, (Mgh, Msb,) of El-Yemen, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) where they are woven, (K,) or whence they are brought: (Msb:) some say سُحُولِيَّةٌ, with damm; (Mgh, Msb, TA;) so say Az and El-Kutabee; (Mgh;) a rel. n. from سُحُولٌ, pl. of سَحْلٌ, (Mgh, Msb, * TA,) meaning “ a white garment or piece of cloth (Mgh, TA) of cotton; ” (TA;) but this is [said to be] a mistake; (Msb;) or it is allowable because فُعُولٌ sometimes occurs as the measure of a sing., to which this pl. is likened; as is said in the O: (TA:) or the former appellation is applied, as some say, to garments, or pieces of cloth, beaten and washed and whitened; so called in relation to سَحُولٌ meaning “ one who beats and washes and whitens clothes. ” (TA.) سَاحِلٌ (tropical:) A shore of a sea or great river (S, Msb, K, TA) [and] of a river (نَهْر) like جُدٌّ; (Mgh in art. جد;) [generally, a sea-shore, seacoast, or seaboard;] and a tract of cultivated land, with towns or villages, adjacent to a sea or great river: (K:) a reversed word, (IDrd, S, K,) by rule مَسْحُولٌ, (IDrd, K,) of the measure فَاعِلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ, (TA,) because the water abrades it, (IDrd, S, K, TA,) or comes upon it: (TA:) or [it is a possessive epithet, like لَابِنٌ and تَامِرٌ,] meaning having abrading water (ذُو سَاحِلٍ مِنَ المَآءِ) when the tide flows and ebbs and so sweeps away what is upon it. (K.) and The side (سِيف) of a valley. (K. in art. سيف.) Pl. سَوَاحِلُ. (Msb.) إِسْحِلٌ A kind of trees, (AHn, S, K,) resembling the [species of tamarisk called] أَثْل, and growing in the places where the [trees called] أَرَاك grow, in plain, or soft, tracts: (AHn, TA:) its twigs are used for cleaning the teeth: (AHn, K * TA:) and Imra-el-Keys likens the fingers of a woman to tooth-sticks (مَسَاوِيك) thereof. (S, TA. [See EM p. 30.]) It is [said to be] a word that has no parallel in form except إِذْخِرٌ and إِجْرِدٌ and إِبْلِمٌ and إِثْمِدٌ. (TA.) أَسَاحِلُ [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned] Water-courses, or places in which water flows. (Ibn-'Abbád, K.) مُسْحَلٌ: see سَحْلٌ.

مِسْحَلٌ An implement for cutting, hewing, or paring, (Lth, K, TA,) of wood. (Lth, TA.) b2: A file. (S, K.) b3: [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) The tongue, in an absolute sense: (K, TA:) [see مِبْرَدٌ: or as being an instrument of reviling,] from سَحَلَ “ he reviled. ” (TA.) J explains المِسْحَلُ as meaning اللِّسَانُ الخَطِيبُ, (K, TA,) and MF defends this as meaning The tongue that speaks well: (TA:) [and it is said in the Ham p. 683 to signify اللِّسَانُ الَّذِى لَا يَتَأَتَّى لِلْكَلَامِ, app. meaning the tongue that does not prepare itself for speech; i. e, the ready tongue:] but [F says that] the right reading is اللِّسَانُ وَالخَطِيبُ (K) [i. e.] b4: مِسْحَلٌ also signifies i. q. خَطِيبٌ (assumed tropical:) [A speaker, an orator, or a preacher; or a good speaker &c.]: and and eloquent خَطِيب; (K, TA;) one who scarcely, or never, stops short in his speech; excelling such as is termed مِصْقَعٌ. (TA.) b5: (assumed tropical:) One who is skilled in the reading, or reciting, of the Kur-án: (K:) from سَحْلٌ meaning the “ making ” [a thing] “ to be consecutive in its parts, or portions; ” and the “ pouring forth ”

[water &c.]. (TA.) b6: A copious rain: (K:) from سَحْلٌ meaning the act of “ pouring forth. ” (TA.) b7: A water-spout (مِيزَاب) of which the water is not to be withstood [so I render لَا يُطَاقُ مَاؤُهُ, app. meaning, that pours forth its water with such violence that no obstruction will resist it]. (O, K.) b8: The mouth of a مَزَادَة [or leathern water-bag]. (O, K.) b9: A brisk, lively, sprightly, or active, waterer, or cup-bearer. (O, K.) b10: Extreme (نِهَايَةٌ) in bounty, or munificence. (O, K.) b11: A courageous man, who acts, (يَعْمَلُ, so in the M and K, TA,) or charges, or makes an assault or attack, (يَحْمِلُ, so in the O, TA,) alone, or by himself. (M, O, K.) b12: The flogger who inflicts the castigations appointed by the law (O, K) before, or in the presence of, the Sultán. (O.) A2: I. q. لِجَامٌ [as meaning The bridle, or headstall and reins with the bit and other appertenances]; as also ↓ سِحَالٌ; (K;) like as you say مِنْطَقٌ and نِطَاقٌ, and مِئْزَرٌ and إِزَارٌ: (TA:) or its فَأْس; (K;) which is the piece of iron that stands up in the mouth [from the middle of the bit-mouth]; as IDrd says in the “ Book of the Saddle and Bridle: ” (TA:) and two rings, (K, TA,) one of which is inserted into the other, (TA,) at the two extremities of the شَكِيم of the bridle, (K, TA,) which is [generally applied to the bit-mouth, but is here said by SM to be] the piece of iron that is beneath the lower lip: or, accord. to IDrd, the مِسْحَل of the bridle is a piece of iron which is beneath the lower jaw; and the فَأْس is the piece of iron that stands up in the شَكِيمَة; and the شَكِيمَة is the piece of iron that lies crosswise in the mouth: and the pl. is مَسَاحِلُ: (TA:) or the مِسْحَلَانِ are two rings at the two extremities of the شَكِيم [or bit-mouth] of the bridle, one of which is inserted into the other [so that they occupy the place of our curb-chain]: (S:) they are [also said to be] the خَدَّانِ [lit. two cheeks] of the bridle: (TA:) the مِسْحَل is beneath the part in which is the bridle, and upon it flow the foam and blood of the horse. (Az, TA voce قَيْقَبٌ. [See also لِجَامٌ and فَأْسٌ.]) One says of a horse when exerting himself, and being quick, in his going, and thrusting forward therein his head, رَكِبَ مِسْحَلَهُ [He bore upon his bridle, &c.]. (O, TA.) And hence, (TA,) this phrase means [also] (assumed tropical:) He (a man, TA) followed his error, not desisting from it: (K, TA:) مِسْحَلٌ signifying (assumed tropical:) error: (K:) and [in like manner] طَعَنَ فِى

مِسْحَلِ ضَلَالَتِهِ means (assumed tropical:) He hastened, and strove in his error. (TA.) Also, the former of these two phrases, (assumed tropical:) He resolved, or determined, upon the [or his] affair, and strove, or exerted himself therein: (O, TA:) [for] مِسْحَلٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) decisive resolution or determination. (O, K, TA.) And (assumed tropical:) He went on with energy in his discourse, sermon, speech, oration, or harangue: (S, TA:) and so in his poetry. (A, TA.) b2: Also, [from the same word as meaning the “ bridle,” or “ headstall &c.,”] (tropical:) The side of the beard: [like as it is called عِذَار because it is in the place corresponding to that of the عِذَار of a horse or the like: (جانِبِ in the CK is a mistake for جَانِبُ:)] or the lower part of each عِذَار [or side of the beard], to the fore part of the beard; both together being called مِسْحَلَانِ: (K, TA: [اَسْفَلَ in the CK is a mistake for أَسْفَلُ:]) or the place of the عِذَار: (Az, TA:) or the temple; مِسْحَلَانِ meaning the two temples: (TA:) and (K) the عَارِض [or side of the cheek] of a man. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) One says, شَابَ مِسْحَلُهُ, meaning (tropical:) The side of his beard became white, or hoary. (TA.) A3: A clean (O, K, TA) thin (TA) garment, or piece of cloth, of cotton. (O, K, TA. [See also سَحْلٌ.]) b2: A rope, (K,) or string, or thread, (M, TA,) that is twisted alone: (K:) if with another, [i. e. with another strand,] it is termed مُبْرَمٌ, and مُغَارٌ. (TA. [See, again, سَحْلٌ.]) b3: A sieve. (O, K.) A4: The wild ass: (S, TA:) [because of his braying:] see 1, last sentence: an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates. (TA.) b2: A brisk, lively, sprightly, or active, ass. (O.) b3: A low, vile, mean, or sordid, man. (O, TA.) b4: A devil. (O, TA.) b5: The name of The تَابِعَة (S, O) or [familiar] jinnee or genie (K) of [the poet] El-Aashà. (S, O, K. [In the K it is implied that it is with the article ال: but accord. to the S and O and TA, it is without ال.]) مُسَحَّلَةٌ A ball of spun thread. (AA, TA.) مَسْحُولٌ [Pared, peeled, &c.: see 1. b2: and hence, because abraded by the feet of men and beasts,] A road. (TA in art. رفغ.) b3: And An even, wide place. (O, K.) A2: See also سَحْلٌ.

A3: As an epithet applied to a man, Small and contemptible. (O, K.) b2: And the name of A camel belonging to [the poet] El-' Ajjáj. (O, K.)
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