William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1955. سطل11 1956. سطن8 1957. سطو11 1958. سعب8 1959. سعتر8 1960. سعد171961. سعر19 1962. سعط15 1963. سعف17 1964. سعل14 1965. سعو3 1966. سغب15 1967. سف4 1968. سفح17 1969. سفد14 1970. سفر19 1971. سفرجل8 1972. سفط13 1973. سفع17 1974. سفق13 1975. سفك13 1976. سفل16 1977. سفن16 1978. سفند1 1979. سفه16 1980. سفو8 1981. سقب16 1982. سقر15 1983. سقرقع4 1984. سقط20 1985. سقف19 1986. سقم16 1987. سقمونيا1 1988. سقى11 1989. سك5 1990. سكب17 1991. سكبج4 1992. سكبينج1 1993. سكت18 1994. سكر19 1995. سكرج4 1996. سكرك5 1997. سكف13 1998. سكن18 1999. سل4 2000. سلأ14 2001. سلب21 2002. سلت14 2003. سلتم7 2004. سلج9 2005. سَلجم1 2006. سلح18 2007. سلحب5 2008. سلحف11 2009. سلخ17 2010. سلس12 2011. سلسبل2 2012. سلط16 2013. سلطح4 2014. سلع17 2015. سلغ8 2016. سلف23 2017. سلق18 2018. سلك19 2019. سلم21 2020. سلهب9 2021. سلو9 2022. سلى5 2023. سم5 2024. سمت20 2025. سمج14 2026. سمح16 2027. سمحج5 2028. سمحق5 2029. سمد17 2030. سمدر6 2031. سمدع6 2032. سمذ3 2033. سمر20 2034. سمس2 2035. سمسر8 2036. سمط17 2037. سمع17 2038. سمعر1 2039. سمغ6 2040. سمق11 2041. سمك15 2042. سمل17 2043. سملق6 2044. سمن15 2045. سمندل4 2046. سمهدر4 2047. سمهر8 2048. سمو9 2049. سن4 2050. سنبق3 2051. سنبك8 2052. سنبل10 2053. سنت10 2054. سنج11 Prev. 100
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سعد

1 سَعِدَ, (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. سَعَدَ; (Msb, K;) and سُعِدَ; (S, A, Msb, K;) inf. n. of the former, (Msb,) or of the latter, (MA,) or of both, (TA,) سَعْدٌ, (MA, Msb, TA,) and of the former, (MA,) or of both, (TA,) سَعَادَةٌ, (MA, TA,) or this latter is a simple subst.; (Msb;) He (a man, S, A, Msb) was, or became, prosperous, fortunate, happy, or in a state of felicity; (S, MA, Msb, TA;) contr. of شَقِىَ; (S, * Msb, K *) with respect to religion and with respect to worldly things. (Msb.) You say, سَعِدْتُ بِهِ and سُعِدْتُ [I was, or became, prosperous, &c., by means of him, or it]. (A.) In the Kur xi. 110, Ks read سُعِدُوا [instead of the common reading سَعِدُوا]. (S.) [See also سَعَادَةٌ, below.] b2: And سَعَدَ يَوْمُنَا, aor. سَعَدَ, inf. n. سُعُودٌ (S, K) and سَعْدٌ, (K,) Our day was, or became, prosperous, fortunate, auspicious, or lucky; (S, K;) [contr. of نَحِسَ; and in like manner the verb is used in relation to a star or an asterism &c.; and] سُعِدَ, inf. n. سَعْدٌ, signifies [likewise] the contr. of نُحِسَ. (Mgh.) [See also سُعُودَةٌ, below.] b3: سَعَدَ المَآءُ فِىالأَرْضِ means The water came upon the land unsought; i. e., came flowing [naturally] upon the surface of the land, not requiring a machine to raise it for the purpose of irrigation. (TA, from a trad.) A2: See also 4, in three places.3 ساعدهُ, (A, L, Msb,) inf. n. مُسَاعَدَةٌ (S, L, Msb) and سِعَادٌ; (L;) and ↓ اسعدهُ, (K,) inf. n. إِسْعَادٌ; (S;) He aided, assisted, or helped, him; syn. of the former عَاوَنَهُ, (S, * L, Msb,) and of the latter أَعَانَهُ: (S, * K:) [like as is said of عَاوَنَهُ and أَعَانَهُ,] both signify the same: or مُسَاعَدَةٌ signifies the aiding, or assisting, or helping, in any manner or case; and is said to be from a man's putting his arm, or hand, upon the سَاعِد [or fore arm] of his companion when they walk together to accomplish some object of want, and aid each other to do a thing: [so that سَاعَدَهُ more properly signifies he aided him, being aided by him: but see سَاعِدٌ:] whereas ↓ إِسْعَادٌ signifies specially a woman's aiding, assisting, or helping, another to wail for a dead person: so says El-Khattábee: and this is what is meant in a trad. in which اسعاد is forbidden. (L.) One says, ساعدهُ عَلَيْهِ [He aided, assisted, or helped him against him, or it, or to do it]: and النَّائِحَةُ الثَّكْلَى ↓ أَسْعَدَتِ The wailing-woman assisted the woman bereft of her child to weep and wail. (A.) Accord. to Fr, [but this is questionable,] the primary signification of مُسَاعَدَةٌ and ↓ إِسْعَادٌ is A man's performing diligently the command and good pleasure of God. (L.) 4 اسعدهُ اللّٰهُ, [inf. n. إِسْعَادٌ,] God rendered him prosperous, fortunate, happy, or in a state of felicity; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ سَعَدَهُ, aor. سَعَدَ; (T, Msb, TA;) but the former is the more common. (Msb.) And اسعد اللّٰهُ جَدَّهُ, (A, L,) God made his good fortune to increase; as also ↓ سَعَدَ جَدَّهُ. (L.) And accord. to Az, اسعدهُ اللّٰهُ and ↓ سَعَدَهُ signify God aided, assisted, or helped, him; and accommodated, adapted, or disposed, him to the right course. (L, TA.) See also 3, in four places.5 تسعّد He sought after the plant called سَعْدَان. (K.) 10 استسعد بِهِ He deemed it, or reckoned it, fortunate, auspicious, or lucky. (K.) You say, استسعد بِرُؤْيَةِ فُلَانٍ He deemed, or reckoned, the sight of such a one fortunate, auspicious, or lucky. (S.) b2: He became fortunate by means of him, or it. (MA.) b3: He sought good fortune by means of him, or it. (MA.) b4: [And استسعدهُ He desired, or demanded, his aid or assistance: for] اِسْتِسْعَادٌ also signifies the desiring, or demanding, aid or assistance [of another]. (KL.) سَعْدٌ an inf. n. of سَعِدَ, (Msb,) or of سُعِدَ, (MA,) or of both: (TA:) and of سَعَدَ: (K, TA:) [and also used as a simple subst.:] see سَعَادَةٌ [with which it is syn.]: and see also سُعُودَةٌ [with which it is likewise syn.]; i. q. يُمْنٌ. (S, A.) b2: It is also an inf. n. used as an epithet, i. e. Prosperous, fortunate, auspicious, or lucky, applied to a day, and to a star or an asterism [&c.: so that it may be used alike as masc. and fem. and sing. and pl.: but it is also used as originally an epithet, forming its fem. with ة; and in this case it has for pl. of mult. سُعُودٌ and pl. of pauc.

أَسْعُدٌ]: you say يَوْمٌ سَعْدٌ, as well as يَوْمُ سَعْدٍ [in which it is used as a subst.]; and كَوْكَبٌ سَعْدٌ: and IJ mentions لَيْلَةٌ سَعْدَةٌ, in which سَعْدَةٌ is like جَعْدَةٌ as fem. of جَعْدٌ. (L.) b3: [Hence,] السَّعْدَانِ is an appellation of The two planets Venus and Mercury: like as [the contr.] النَّحْسَانِ is applied to Saturn and Mars. (Ibn-'Abbád, TA in art. نحس.) b4: And [hence, also,] سَعْدٌ is an appellation given to Each of ten asterisms, (S, L, K,) four of which are in the signs of Capricornus and Aquarius, (S, L,) and are Mansions of the Moon: pl. [of mult.] سُعُودٌ (S, L, K) and سُعُدٌ; but the former is the more known, and more agreeable with analogy; and pl. of pauc. أَسْعُدٌ: (L:) they are distinguished by the following names: — سَعْدُ الذَّابِحِ, (S, L, K,) [or سَعْدٌ الذَّابِحُ, see art. ذبح,] Two stars near together, one of which is called الذابح because with it is a small obscure star, almost close to it, and it seems as though the former were about to slaughter it; and الذابح is a little brighter that it; (Ibn-Kunáseh;) they are the two stars α and β] which are in one of the horns of Capricornus; so called because of the small adjacent star, which is said to be the sheep (شاة) of الذابح, which he is about to slaughter; the Twenty-second Mansion of the Moon: (Kzw:) [see also art. ذبح:] b5: سَعْدُ بُلَعَ (S, L, K) Two obscure stars, lying obliquely, of which Aboo-Yahyà says, the Arabs assert that they rose [at dawn] when God said, يَا أَرْضُ ابْلَعِى مَآءَكِ [Kur xi. 46]; and said to be thus called because one of them seems as though about to swallow the other, on account of its nearness to it: (Ibn-Kunáseh:) or three stars [app. ε and μ with the star of the same magnitude next to them on the north] on [or rather near] the left hand of Aquarius; [the Twenty-third Mansion of the Moon:] (Kzw, descr. of Aquarius:) [See also art. بلع:] b6: سَعْدُ السُّعُودِ (S, L, K) Two stars, the most approved of the سُعُود, and therefore thus named, resembling سعد الذابح [app. a mistake for سَعْدُ البَارِعِ, or some other سعد, not of the Mansions of the Moon,] in the time of their [auroral] rising; (Ibn-Kunáseh;) the star β] which is on the left shoulder-joint of Aquarius, together with the star δ] in the tail of Capricornus; [the Twentyfourth Mansion of the Moon:] (Kzw, descr. of Aquarius:) or a certain solitary bright star: (S:) b7: سَعْدُ الأَخْبِيَةِ (S, L, K) [also called الأَخْبِيَةُ and الخِبَآءُ (see خِبَآءٌ in art. خبى)] Three stars, not in the track of the other سُعُود, but declining from it [a little], in, or respecting, which there is a discordance; they are neither very obscure nor very bright; and are thus called because, when they rise [aurorally], the venomous or noxious reptiles of the earth, such as scorpions and serpents, come forth from their holes; (Ibn-Kuná- seh;) [and this observation is just; for this asterism, about the commencement of the era of the Flight, rose aurorally, in Central Arabia, on the 24th of February, O. S., after the end of the cold season: see مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل:] or it consists of three stars, like the three stones upon which the cooking-pot is placed, with a fourth below one of them; (S;) the star [g] that is on the right arm, together with the three stars ζ, η, and π,] on the right hand of Aquarius: so called because, when it rises [aurorally], the venomous or noxious reptiles that have hidden themselves beneath the ground by reason of the cold appear: (Kzw, descr. of Aquarius; [in some copies, incorrectly, for “ that have hidden themselves,” &c., “ hide themselves beneath the ground by reason of the cold: ”]) it is said that the سعد is one star, the brightest of four, the other three of which are obscure; and it is [correctly] said to be called thus because, when it rises [aurorally], the venomous or noxious reptiles that are hidden beneath the ground come forth: it is the Twenty-fifth Mansion of the Moon: (Kzw, descr. of the Mansions of the Moon:) b8: the following are the other سعود, which are not Mansions of the Moon: (S, L, K:) b9: سَعْدُ نَاشِرَةَ (S, L, K) [Two stars, situate, accord. to Ideler, as is said in Freytag's Lex., in the tail of Capricornus]: b10: سَعْدُ المَلِكِ (S, L, K) The two stars [a and o?] on the right shoulder of Aquarius: (Kzw:) b11: سَعْدُ البِهَامِ (S, L, K) The two stars ε and θ?] on the head of Pegasus: (Kzw: [but ii. the copies of his work the name is written سَعْدُ البَهَائِمِ:]) b12: سَعْدُ الهُمَامِ (S, L, K) The two stars ζ and 31 ?] on the neck of Pegasus: (Kzw:) سَعْدُ البَارِعِ (S, L, K) The two stars near together μ and and λ?] in the breast of Pegasus: (Kzw:) b13: سَعْدُ مَطَرٍ (S, L, K) The two stars η and ο ?] on the right [or left ?] knee of Pegasus: (Kzw: but there called سَعْدُ المَطَرِ:) b14: each سعد of these six consists of two stars: between every two stars, as viewed by the eye, is [said to be] a distance of a cubit, (ذِرَاع,) (S, L,) or about a cubit; (K;) [but this is not correct;] and they are disposed in regular order. (S, L.) b15: It is also the name of A certain object of idolatrous worship that belonged to the sons of Milkán (S, K) the son of Kináneh, (S,) in a place on the shore of the sea, adjacent to Juddeh. (TA.) A poet says, وَهَلْ سَعْدُ إِلَّا صَخْرَةٌ بِتَنُوفَةٍ

مِنَ الأَرْضِ لَا تَدْعُو لِغَىٍّ وَلَا رُشْدِ [And is Saad aught but a mass of rock in a desert tract of the earth, not inviting to error nor to a right course?]. (S, TA.) Hudheyl is said to have worshipped it in the Time of Ignorance. (TA.) b16: بِنْتُ سَعْدٍ is metonymically used as meaning (tropical:) The virginity, or hymen, of a girl or woman. (TA.) b17: ↓ أَسَعْدٌ أَمْ سُعَيْدٌ, meaning (tropical:) Is it a thing liked or a thing disliked? (S, A, K,) is a prov., (S, A,) which [is said to have] originated from the fact that Saad and So'eyd, [the latter name erroneously written in some copies of the S and K سَعِيد,] the two sons of Dabbeh the son of Udd, went forth (S, K, TA) to seek some camels belonging to them, (TA,) and Saad returned, but So'eyd was lost, and his name became regarded as unlucky: (S, K, TA:) Dabbeh used to say this when he saw a dark object in the night: and hence it is said in allusion to care for one's relation; and in inquiring whether a good or an evil event have happened. (TA.) [The saying may also be rendered, Is it a fortunate thing or a little fortunate thing?] b18: سَعْدَيْكَ, in the saying لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ, signifies Aiding Thee after aiding [i. e. time after time]; syn. إِسْعَادًا لَكَ بَعْدَ إِسْعَادٍ: (ISk, T, S, L, K:) or aiding Thee and then aiding: (Ahmad Ibn-Yahyà, L:) or aiding thy cause after aiding [i. e. time after time]: (T, L:) and hence it is in the dual number: (IAth, L:) El-Jarmee says that it has no sing.; and Fr says the same of it, and also of لَبَّيْكَ: it is in the accus. case as an inf. n. governed by a verb understood. (L.) It occurs in the form of words preceding the recitation of the Opening Chapter of the Kur-án in prayer, لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ وَالخَيْرُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ وَالسَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ [meaning I wait intent upon thy service, or upon obedience to Thee, time after time, and upon aiding thy cause time after time; and good is before Thee, and evil is not imputable to Thee]. (L, TA.) A2: Also The third part of the لَبِنَة [or gore] (K, TA) of a shirt: (TA:) [the dim.] ↓ سُعَيْدٌ signifies the fourth part thereof. (K, TA.) سُعْدٌ and ↓ سُعَادَى A certain kind of perfume, (S, K,) well known: (K:) or the former is pl. of ↓ سُعْدَةٌ, [or rather a coll. gen. n. of which سُعْدَةٌ is the n. un.,] and this last is [the name of] a certain kind of sweet-smelling root; it is a rhizoma (أَرُومَة), round, black, hard, like a knot; which forms an ingredient in perfumes and medicines: (AHn:) and ↓ سُعَادَى is the name of its plant; (Lth, AHn;) and its pl. is سُعَادَيَاتٌ: (AHn:) or the سُعْد is a certain plant having a root (أَصْل) beneath the ground, black, and of sweet odour: and the ↓ سُعَادَى is another plant: (Az:) [in the present day, the former of these two names (سُعْد) is applied to a species of cyperus: a species thereof is termed by Forskål (in his Flora Aegypt. Arab, pp. lx. and 14,) cyperus complanatus; and he writes its Arabic name “ sæad ” and “ sææd: ”] it has a wonderful efficacy applied to ulcers, or sores, that heal with difficulty. (K.) سُعُدٌ A certain sort of dates. (K, TA.) سُعْدَةٌ: see سُعْدٌ [of which it is the n. un.].

دُرُوعٌ سَعْدِيَّةٌ Coats of mail of the fabric of a town called السَّعْدُ. (TA.) سَعْدَانٌ, in which the ن is an augmentative letter, because there is not in the language any word of the measure فَعْلَالٌ except خَزْعَالٌ and قَهْقَارٌ unless it is of the reduplicative class, (S,) A certain plant, (S, K,) growing in the plain, or soft, tracts, (TA,) one of the best kinds of the pastures of camels, (S, K,) as long as it continues fresh; (TA;) having [a head of] prickles, (T, S, K,) called حَسَكَةُ السَّعْدَانِ, (T, S,) to which the nipple [or the areola] of a woman's breast is likened: (S, K: [see سَعْدَانَةٌ, below:]) the Arabs say that the camels that yield the sweetest milk are those that eat this plant: (TA:) and they fatten upon it: (Az, TA:) it is of the kind of plants called أَحْرَار [pl. of حُرٌّ, meaning slender, and succulent or soft or sweet], dust-coloured, and sweet, and eaten by everything that is not large, [as well as by camels,] and it is one of the most wholesome kinds of pasture: (AHn, TA:) it is a herb, or leguminous plant, having a round fruit with a prickly face, which, when it dries, falls upon the ground on its back, and when a person walking treads upon it, the prickles wound his foot: it is one of the best of their pastures in the days of the رِبيع, and sweetens the milk of the camels that feed upon it; for it is sweet as long as it continues fresh; and in this state men such it and eat it: (Az, L:) the n. un. is with ة. (TA.) Hence the prov., مَرْعًى وَلَا كَالسَّعْدَانِ [Pasture, but not like the سعدان]: (S, K:) said of a thing possessing excellence, but surpassed in excellence by another thing; or of a thing that excels other things of the like kind. (TA.) b2: Also The prickles of the palm-tree. (AHn, TA.) سُعْدَانَ, like سُبْحَانَ, is a name for الإِسْعَاد [inf. n. of 4, and, like سبحان, invariable, being put in the accus. case in the manner of an inf. n.]: one says, سُبْحَانَهُ وَسُعْدَانَهُ, meaning أُسَبِّحُهُ وَأُطِيعُهُ [i. e. I declare, or celebrate, or extol, his (i. e. God's) remoteness, or freedom, from every imperfection, or impurity, &c., (see art. سبح,) and I render Him obedience, or aid his cause]. (K, TA.) سَعْدَانَةٌ n. un. of سَعْدَانٌ. (TA.) b2: سَعْدَانَةُ الثَّنْدُوَةِ The nipple of a woman's breast; as being likened to the [head of] prickles of the plant called سَعْدَان, as mentioned above: (S, K:) or سَعْدَانَةُ الثَّدْىِ, i. e. the blackness [or areola] around the nipple: (A:) or the part surrounding the ثَدْى [here meaning nipple], like the whirl of a spindle. (TA.) b3: [Hence likewise,] سَعْدَانَةٌ signifies also The knot of the شِسْع [or appertenance that passes between two of the toes and through the sole] of the sandal, (S, A, K,) beneath, (A, K,) next the ground; (S;) also called رُغْبَانَةٌ. (K in art. رغب.) b4: And The knot beneath the scale of a balance: (K, * TA:) the knots beneath the scale of a balance (S, A) are called its سَعْدَانَات. (A.) b5: And the pl., سَعْدَانَاتٌ, Things in the lower parts of the [tendons, or sinews, called] عُجَايَة, resembling nails (أَظْفَار). (S, K.) b6: Also the sing., The callous protuberance upon the breast of the camel, (S, A, K,) upon which he rests when he lies down: (A, TA:) so called because of its roundness. (TA.) b7: and The anus: (K:) or the sphincter thereof. (TA.) b8: And The part of the vulva of a mare where the veretrum enters. (TA.) A2: Also A pigeon: or السَّعْدَانَةُ is the name of a certain pigeon. (K, *, TA.) سَعِيدٌ, applied to a man, (S, Msb,) Prosperous, fortunate, happy, or in a state of felicity; (T, S, A, Msb, K;) with respect to religion and with respect to worldly things; (Msb;) as also ↓ مَسْعُودٌ: (A, * K:) or the latter signifies, (T, S, Msb,) or signifies also, (K,) and so may the former signify, (T, TA,) rendered prosperous, fortunate, happy, or in a state of felicity, by God; (T, S, Msb, K;) irregularly derived from أَسْعَدَهُ, (S, * K * MF,) or regularly from سَعَدَهُ: (T, Msb:) one should not say مُسْعَدٌ: (S, K:) fem. of the former [and latter] with ة: (TA:) pl. of the former سُعَدَآءُ, (A, Msb, TA,) and, accord. to Lh, سَعِيدُونَ and أَسَاعِدُ; but ISd says, I know not whether he mean [of] the [proper] name or of the epithet; but أَسَاعِدُ as pl. of سَعِيدٌ is anomalous: (TA:) the pl. of ↓ مَسْعُودٌ is [مَسْعُودُونَ and] مَسَاعِيدُ. (A, TA.) A2: Also A نَهْر [i. e. river, or rivulet, or canal of running water,] (K, TA) that irrigates the land in the parts adjacent to it, when it is appropriated thereto: or a small نَهْر: the نَهْر for irrigation of a tract of seed-produce: pl. سُعُدٌ. (TA.) سُعَيْدٌ: see سَعْدٌ, [of which it is the dim.,] in the last quarter of the paragraph, in two places.

سَعَادَةٌ an inf. n. of سَعِدَ (MA, TA) and of سُعِدَ, (TA,) or a simple subst., (Msb,) Prosperity, good fortune, happiness, or felicity, of a man; (S, Msb, K;) contr. of شَقَاوَةٌ; (S, Msb, * K;) with respect to religion and with respect to worldly things: (Msb:) [and so ↓ سَعْدٌ used as a simple subst.:] it is of two kinds; أُخْرَاوِيَّةٌ [relation to the world to come] and دُنْيَاوِيَّةٌ [relating to the present world]: and the latter is of three kinds; نَفْسِيَّةٌ [relating to the soul] and بَدَنِيَّةٌ [relating to the body] and خَارِجِيَّةٌ [relating to external circumstances]. (Er-Rághib, TA in art. شقو.) [See also what next follows.]

سُعُودَةٌ Prosperousness, fortunateness, auspiciousness, or luckiness, (S, L,) of a day, and of a star or an asterism [&c.]; (L;) [as also ↓ سَعْدٌ used as a simple subst.;] contr. of نُحُوسَةٌ. (S, L.) السَّعِيدَةُ A temple to which the Arabs (K, TA) of the tribe of Rabeea (TA) used to perform pilgrimage, (K, TA,) at [Mount] Ohod, in the Time of Ignorance. (TA.) سُعَادَى: see سُعْدٌ, in three places.

سَعِيدِيَّةٌ A sort of garments of the kind called بُرُود, of the fabric of El-Yemen: (S, K:) app. so called in relation to the mountains of BenooSa'eed. (TA.) b2: And حُلَّةٌ سَعِيدِيَّةٌ [A certain kind of dress]: so called in relation to Sa'eed Ibn-El-'Ás, whom, when a boy, or young man, the Prophet clad with a حُلَّة, the kind of which was thence thus named. (Har. p. 596.) سَاعِدٌ The fore arm (ذِرَاع) of a man; (K;) the part of the arm from the wrist to the elbow; (T, L;) or from elbow to the hand: (Mgh, Msb:) so called because it aids the hand in seizing a thing (T, Msb) or taking it (T) and in work: (Msb:) or it signifies, (S,) or signifies also, (Msb,) the upper arm, or upper half of the arm, from the elbow to the shoulder-blade, syn. عَضُدٌ, [q. v.,] (S, Msb,) of a man: (S:) [and in like manner, of a beast, both the fore shank and the arm:] in some one or more of the dialects, the upper of the زَنْدَانِ [which may mean either the upper arm or the radius]; the ذِرَاع being the lower of them [which may mean either the “ fore arm ” or the “ ulna ”]: (L, TA:) of the masc. gender: (Msb:) pl. سَوَاعِدُ. (T, Mgh, Msb, TA.) One says, شَدَّ اللّٰهُ عَلَى سَاعِدِكَ and سَوَاعِدِكُمْ [May God strengthen thy fore arm and aid thee, and your fore arms and aid you]. (A, TA.) b2: and hence, [A kind of armlet;] a thing that is worn upon the fore arm, of iron or brass or gold. (Mgh.) b3: [Hence also,] سَاعِدَا الطَّائِرِ (assumed tropical:) The two wings of the bird. (S, K.) b4: And السَّوَاعِدُ (tropical:) The anterior, or primary, feathers of the wing: so in the phrase, طَائِرٌ شَدِيدُ السَّوَاعِدِ (tropical:) [A bird strong in the anterior, or primary, feathers of the wing]. (A, TA.) b5: Also the sing., (assumed tropical:) A chief, upon whom people rely. (TA.) b6: And the pl., سَوَاعِدُ, (tropical:) The channels in which water runs to a river or small river (نَهْر), (S, A, K,) or to a sea or large river (بَحْر); (AA, S, K;) the sing. said by AA to be سَاعِدٌ, without ة: or this latter signifies a channel in which water runs to a valley, and to a sea or large river (بَحْر): or the channel in which a large river (بَحْر) runs to small rivers (أَنْهَار). (L.) And (tropical:) The places from which issues the water of a well: the channels of the springs thereof. (L.) b7: Also (assumed tropical:) The medullary cavities; the ducts through which runs the marrow in a bone. (S, K.) b8: And (tropical:) The ducts (AA, A, TA) in the udder (A, TA) from which the milk comes (AA, A, TA) to the orifice of the teat; as being likened to the سواعد of the بَحْر: (AA, TA:) the قَصَب of the udder: (As, TA:) or سَاعِدٌ signifies the orifice of a she-camel's teat, from which the milk issues: and سَاعِدُ الدَّرِّ, a duct by which the milk descends to the she-camel's udder: and in like manner سَاعِدٌ signifies a duct that conveys the milk to a woman's breast or nipple. (TA.) b9: أَمْرٌ ذُو سَوَاعِدَ means (tropical:) An affair having several modes, or manners, [in which it may be per-formed,] and several ways of egress therefrom. (A, TA.) سَاعِدَةٌ The bone of the shank. (TA.) b2: and A piece of wood, (K, TA,) set up, (TA,) that holds the pulley. (K, TA.) A2: سَاعِدَةُ is a name of The lion: (S, K:) imperfectly decl., like أُسَامَةُ. (TA.) أَسْعَدُ [More, and most, prosperous or fortunate or happy; an epithet applied to a man:] masc. of سُعْدَى: (S, K:) but IJ says that سُعْدَى as an epithet has not been heard. (TA.) A2: Also A [cracking of the skin, such as is termed] شُقَاق, resembling mange, or scab, that happens to a camel, and in consequence of which he becomes decrepit, (K, TA,) and weak. (TA.) مَسْعُودٌ: see سَعِيدٌ, in two places.
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