William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1971. سفرجل8 1972. سفط14 1973. سفع18 1974. سفق14 1975. سفك14 1976. سفل171977. سفن17 1978. سفند1 1979. سفه17 1980. سفو9 1981. سقب17 1982. سقر16 1983. سقرقع4 1984. سقط21 1985. سقف20 1986. سقم17 1987. سقمونيا1 1988. سقى11 1989. سك5 1990. سكب18 1991. سكبج4 1992. سكبينج1 1993. سكت19 1994. سكر20 1995. سكرج4 1996. سكرك5 1997. سكف14 1998. سكن19 1999. سل4 2000. سلأ14 2001. سلب22 2002. سلت15 2003. سلتم7 2004. سلج10 2005. سَلجم1 2006. سلح19 2007. سلحب5 2008. سلحف11 2009. سلخ18 2010. سلس13 2011. سلسبل2 2012. سلط17 2013. سلطح5 2014. سلع18 2015. سلغ9 2016. سلف24 2017. سلق19 2018. سلك20 2019. سلم22 2020. سلهب10 2021. سلو10 2022. سلى5 2023. سم5 2024. سمت21 2025. سمج15 2026. سمح17 2027. سمحج5 2028. سمحق5 2029. سمد18 2030. سمدر7 2031. سمدع6 2032. سمذ3 2033. سمر21 2034. سمس2 2035. سمسر9 2036. سمط18 2037. سمع18 2038. سمعر1 2039. سمغ6 2040. سمق12 2041. سمك16 2042. سمل18 2043. سملق6 2044. سمن16 2045. سمندل4 2046. سمهدر4 2047. سمهر9 2048. سمو10 2049. سن4 2050. سنبق3 2051. سنبك9 2052. سنبل11 2053. سنت11 2054. سنج12 2055. سنجاب1 2056. سنح16 2057. سنخ13 2058. سند15 2059. سندر12 2060. سندس11 2061. سندق4 2062. سندل6 2063. سنر11 2064. سنط15 2065. سنف14 2066. سنق9 2067. سنم21 2068. سنه14 2069. سه3 2070. سهب14 Prev. 100
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سفل

1 سَفَلَ, aor. سَفُلَ; (M, MA, Mgh, O, * Msb, K;) and سَفُلَ, aor. سَفُلَ; (M, Msb, K;) and سَفِلَ, (O, K,) aor. سَفَلَ; (K;) inf. n. (of the first, Mgh, Msb, TA, and of the last, TA) سُفُولٌ (M, MA, Mgh, Msb, K) and سَفَالٌ (M, MA, K, TA, in the CK [erroneously] سِفال,) and of the second سَفَالَةٌ (TA;) and ↓ تسفّل; (M, K;) He, or it, was, or became, low; (M, * Mgh, O, K; *) the first contr. of عَلَا (Mgh, O;) and the third, of عَلِىَ; and (assumed tropical:) both are said of a man; (O;) سُفُولٌ and سَفَالٌ being the contr. of عُلُوٌّ and عَلآءٌ: (S, K:) or became lower than another: (Msb:) [and] the first signifies it descended, subsided, or sank downwards. (MA.) Hence the phrase بِنْتُ بِنْتِ بِنْتٍ وَإِنْ سَفَلَتْ (assumed tropical:) [A daughter of a daughter of a daughter, and if she be lower in descent]: سَفُلَتْ i. e. with damm to the ف, in this case, is a mistake. (Mgh.) And سَفَلَتْ مَنْزِلَتُهُ عِنْدَ الأَمِيرِ (assumed tropical:) [His station with, or in the estimation of, the commander, governor, or prince, was, or became, low, or lower]. (TA.) And أَمْرُهُمْ فِىسَفَالٍ (assumed tropical:) [Their case is in a low state]. (TA.) and سَفَلَ فِىالشّىْءِ, (K, * TA, [in the former of which the context implies that it is سَفُلَ, but it is]) like نَصَرَ, [aor. سَفُلَ,] (TA,) inf. n. سُفُولٌ, [It subsided in the thing;] it descended from the upper, or uppermost, part of the thing, to the lower, or lowest, part thereof. (K.) b2: And سَفُلَ, [aor. سَفُلَ,] inf. n. سَفَالَةٌ (Fr, S, MA, Mgh, O, K *) and سَفَالِيَةٌMا) and سُفْلٌ, (Fr, O,) (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, low, base, vile, ignoble, mean, or sordid; (Fr, S, MA, Mgh, O, K; *) as also سَفَلَ, with fet-h, (Fr, O,) or سَفِلَ. (MA.) You say, سَفَلَ, like قَتَلَ, (Msb,) or سَفُلَ, like كَرُمَ, (K,) فِى خُلُقِهِ, and عَمَلِهِ, (Msb, K,) and نَسَبِهِ, (TA,) [aor. in either case سَفُلَ,] inf. n. سَفْلٌ (Msb, K) and سُفْلٌ (K) and سِفَالٌ, (Msb, * K, [in the former without any indication of the syll. signs,]) the last like كِتَابٌ; (K;) [and app. سَفِلَ also accord. to the MA, as shown above;] and ↓ تسفّل, and ↓ استفل; (TA;) (tropical:) He was low, base, vile, ignoble, or mean, in his lot, [or, as seems to be indicated in the Msb, inferior to others,] in respect of his disposition, and his deed, and his lineage: (TA:) ↓ تسفّل is the contr. of جَادَ. (Msb.) 2 تَسْفِيلٌ The act of lowering, or depressing; syn. تَصْوِيبٌ. Sudot;, O.) 3 هُويُسَافِلُ فُلَانًا (assumed tropical:) He vies with, or imitates, such a one in his low, base, vile, ignoble, mean, or sordid, actions. (TA.) 5 تَسَفُّلٌ [quasi-pass. of 2,] The being lowered, or depressed; syn. تَصَوُّبٌ (S, O;) contr. of تَعَلّ. (TA.) b2: See also 1, first sentence: b3: and the same, last sentence, in two places.8 إِسْتَفَلَ see 1, last sentence.

سُفْلٌ and ↓ سِفْلٌ (S, M, Mgh, O, Msb, K) [but it is strangely added in the Msb that IKt disallowed the pronunciation with damm] and ↓ سِفْلَةٌ (M, K) and ↓ سُفَالَهٌ (S, O, K) The lowest, or lower, part [of a thing]; contr. of عُلْوٌ (S, M, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and عِلْوٌ (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and عِلْوَةٌ (K) and عُلَاوَةٌ; (S, O, K;) [and so ↓ سَافلَةٌ, contr. of عَاليَةٌ:] كُلّ شَىْءٍ ↓ سُفَالَهُ signifies, (K,) or is said to signify, (M,) the lowest, or lower, part of anything; i. e. ↓ أَسْفَلُهُ (M, K;) and عُلَاوَتُهُ [The contr., i. e.] أَعْلَاهُ. (M.) سِفْلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

سَفِلٌ from سَفِلَ, and ↓ سَفِيلٌ from سَفُلَ, (assumed tropical:) A low, base, vile, ignoble, mean, or sordid, man: (MA:) or ↓ سَفيلٌ signifies low (↓ سَافِلٌ) [in condition], deficient in lot, or fortune: (TA:) and ↓ سَفِلَةٌ, (S, M, MA, Mgh, Msb, K,) said by some to be from this word as signifying the “ legs ” (Mgh, Msb) of a camel (Mgh) or of a beast, or quadruped, (Msb,) and ↓ سِفْلَةٌ, (S, M, MA, Mgh Msb, K,) a contraction of سَفِلَةٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb, or it may be pl. of ↓ سَفِيلٌ, like as عِلْيَةٌ is of عَلِىٌّ, (Mgh,) (assumed tropical:) low, base, vile, ignoble, mean, or sordid, persons; (S, * MA, Mgh, Msb;) or the lowest, or lower, basest, or baser, vilest, or viler, &c., of mankind, or of people; the refuse, or rabble, thereof: (S, * M, K:) and ↓ سِفِلَةٌ, with two kesrehs, is a dial. var. of سَفِلَةٌ and سِفْلَةٌ, mentioned by Sgh and IB on the authority of Yoo and IKh, and is said to mean the lowest, basest, &c., of the low, base, &c.: the pl. of ↓ سِفْلَةٌ is سِفَلٌ; (TA;) one should not say, ↓ هُوَ سَفِلَةٌ because this is [used only as] a pl.: (S:) the vulgar say رَجُلٌ مِنْ قَوْمٍ سِفَلٍ ↓ سِفْلَةٌ; (S, Mgh; *) but this has been disallowed: (Mgh:) a man is related to have said to his wife, (Mgh, TA,) who had called him سِفْلَةٌ, (TA,) إِنْ كُنْتُ سِفْلَةً فَأَنْتِ طَالِقٌ, (Mgh, TA,) meaning If I be low, base, &c., in my intellect and my religion [thou art divorced]; (Mgh;) whence it seems that سِفْلَةٌ may be applied to a single person; but this requires consideration. (TA.) ↓ أَيْمَانُ السَّفِلَةِ means (assumed tropical:) [The oaths] of the ignorant: or accord. to Aboo-Haneefeh, of the heretics, or schismatics: such [oaths] are said to be وَوَجْهِ اللّٰهِ and وَأمَانَةِ اللّٰه. (Mgh.) سِفْلَةٌ see سُفْلٌ: b2: and see also سَفِلٌ, in three places.

سَفِلَةٌ The legs (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) of a camel (S, M, Mgh, K) or of a beast, or quadruped: (Msb:) because they are lowest. (M.) b2: See also سَافِلَةٌ: b3: and see سَفِلٌ, in three places.

سِفِلَةٌ see سَفِلٌ.

سُفْلِىُّ [Of, or relating to, the lowest, or lower, part or place;] a rel. n. from سُفْلٌ. (TA.) [Hence, the pl.] سُفْليُّونَ means Persons alighting, or abiding, in the lowest, or lower, parts of a country: opposed to عَليُّونَ (TA in art. علو.) b2: It is also opposed to عَلِىٌّ [in relation to condition]: whence the saying, مَنْ يَرْحَمِ السُّفْلِىَّ يَرْحَمْهُ العَلِىُّ (assumed tropical:) He who has mercy on the low in condition, on him will the high in condition have mercy]. (TA.) سُفْلِيُّونَ, meaning (assumed tropical:) Persons low in condition, is opposed to عَلِيُّونَ, meaning “ opulent persons. ” (TA in art. علو.) سَفِيلٌ: see سَفِلٌ, in three places.

سُفَالَةٌ see سُفْلٌ, in two places. b2: One says, قَعَدَ سُفَالَةَ الرِّيحِ, and فِى سُفَالَةِ الرِّيحِ, (M, K, * TA,) or بِسُفَالَةِالرِّيح, (S,) [He sat in, or on, the leeward side; like as one says in French, sous le vent;] in, or on, the side, or quarter, towards which the wind blew; (S, M, K, * TA;) and particularly with respect to the object or objects of the chase [in order that his smell might not be perceived thereby]: (TA in the present art. and in art. علو:) opposed to عُلَاوَتَهَا, and فِى عُلَاوَتِهَا, (M, K, * TA,) or بِعُلَاوَتِهَا. (S.) سَافِلٌ Low; contr. of عَالٍ. (S, Msb, * TA.) See also سَفِلٌ: and see an ex. voce أَسْفَلُ سَافِلَةٌ: see سُفْلٌ. b2: [Hence,] سَافِلَةُ الرُّمْحِ half that is next to the زُجّ [or pointed iron shoe, or foot,] of the spear: (M, K:) [opposed to عَالِيَتُهُ.] b3: And السَّافِلَةُ The bottom, podex, posteriors, or buttocks; and the anus; syn. المَقْعَدَةُ, (S,) and الدُّبُرُ; (TA;) as also ↓ السَّفِلَةُ; syn. الدُّبُرُ. (L in art. خجر.) أَسْفَلُ Lower, and lowest; contr. of أَعْلَى (M, Msb, K:) fem. سُفْلَى: (TA:) and pl. أَسَافِلُ. (M, TA.) One says, صَارَأَسْفَلَ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ [He, or it, became lower than another]. (Msb.) And it is said in the Kur [viii. 43], والرَّكْبُ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ The caravan being in a place lower than ye; اسفل being here an adv. n.: or, as some read, أَسْفَلُ مِنْكُمْ, i. e. being lower than ye. (M.) b2: ↓ ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ, in the Kur [xcv. 5], means (assumed tropical:) [Then we rendered him the lowest of low: or] we reduced him to extreme old age, or decrepitude: or to a state of perishing, or passing away: or to a state of error; relating to him who has disbelieved; (M, K;) for every infant is born of the natural constitution with which he is created in his mother's womb, and he who disbelieves and errs is reduced to this state: (M:) or the meaning is, we have made him to be of the people of the fire [of Hell]: or [we have made him to go down] to the fire [of Hell]. (Bd.) b3: سُفْلَي مُضَرَ [The lower of Mudar] is said to denote those of Mudar with the exception of Kureysh and Keys: opposed to عُلْيَامُضَرَ. (TA in art. علو.) b4: See also سُفْلٌ. b5: The pl. أَسَافِلُ means The lower, or lowest, parts of valleys [&c.]. (TA.) The phrase كِلَابُ الأَسَافِلِ occurs in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb as meaning [The dogs] of the lower, or lowest, parts of the valleys. (M.) b6: And (assumed tropical:) The young ones of camels. (As, S, * TA.)
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