William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1975. سفك13 1976. سفل16 1977. سفن16 1978. سفند1 1979. سفه16 1980. سفو81981. سقب16 1982. سقر15 1983. سقرقع4 1984. سقط20 1985. سقف19 1986. سقم16 1987. سقمونيا1 1988. سقى11 1989. سك5 1990. سكب17 1991. سكبج4 1992. سكبينج1 1993. سكت18 1994. سكر19 1995. سكرج4 1996. سكرك5 1997. سكف13 1998. سكن18 1999. سل4 2000. سلأ14 2001. سلب21 2002. سلت14 2003. سلتم7 2004. سلج9 2005. سَلجم1 2006. سلح18 2007. سلحب5 2008. سلحف11 2009. سلخ17 2010. سلس12 2011. سلسبل2 2012. سلط16 2013. سلطح4 2014. سلع17 2015. سلغ8 2016. سلف23 2017. سلق18 2018. سلك19 2019. سلم21 2020. سلهب9 2021. سلو9 2022. سلى5 2023. سم5 2024. سمت20 2025. سمج14 2026. سمح16 2027. سمحج5 2028. سمحق5 2029. سمد17 2030. سمدر6 2031. سمدع6 2032. سمذ3 2033. سمر20 2034. سمس2 2035. سمسر8 2036. سمط17 2037. سمع17 2038. سمعر1 2039. سمغ6 2040. سمق11 2041. سمك15 2042. سمل17 2043. سملق6 2044. سمن15 2045. سمندل4 2046. سمهدر4 2047. سمهر8 2048. سمو9 2049. سن4 2050. سنبق3 2051. سنبك8 2052. سنبل10 2053. سنت10 2054. سنج11 2055. سنجاب1 2056. سنح15 2057. سنخ12 2058. سند14 2059. سندر11 2060. سندس11 2061. سندق4 2062. سندل6 2063. سنر10 2064. سنط14 2065. سنف13 2066. سنق8 2067. سنم20 2068. سنه13 2069. سه3 2070. سهب13 2071. سهج8 2072. سهد12 2073. سهر16 2074. سهك10 Prev. 100
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سفو and سفى 1 سَفَا, (S, M,) aor. يَسْفُو, inf. n. سُفُوُّ, (S, TA,) like عُلُوُّ, (TA,) or سَفْوٌ, (so accord. to a copy of the M,) He was quick, or swift, in walking, or going, and in flying. (S, M.)

A2: سَفَتِ الرِّيحُ التُّرابَ, (S, M, Mgh, K,) aor. تَسْفِي, (S, K,) inf. n. سَفْيٌ, (S, M,) The wind raised the dust, or made it to fly, and carried it away, or dispersed it; (S, Mgh, K;) and cast it: (Mgh:) or bore it, carried it, or carried it away; (M, K;) as also ↓ أَسْفَتْهُ, (K,) a dial. var. of weak authority, mentioned by Sgh on the authority of Fr; (TA;) [or it may be thus expl. by a mistake originating from the fact that] IAar mentions سَفَتِ الرِّيحُ and أسْفَتْ, [as syn.,] but [in a sense to be expl. hereafter,] not making either of them trans.: (M:) [and ↓ سَافَتِ

الرِّيحُ التُّرَابَ occurs in the M and L in art. سنف:] and تَسْفِي بِهِ, relating to the wind and the dust, also occurs; the ب being redundant, or added because the verb implies the meaning of رَمَت

[which is trans. by means of بِ]. (Mgh.)

b2: And سَفَتِ الرِيحُ The wind blew; as also ↓ أسْفَت. (IAar, TA.) And سَفَتْ عَلَيْهِ الرِيَاحُ [The winds blew upon him, or it]. (Z, TA.)

b3: And سَفَى

التُّرَابُ, aor. يَسْفِى, [The dust, or earth, poured down,] the verb being intrans. as well as trans. (Ham p. 454. [It is there indicated that the meaning is اِنْهَالَ.])

A3: سَفِىَ: see سَفًا, below.

A4: سَفِيَتْ يَدُهُ His hand became much cracked, or chapped, (K, TA,) in consequence of. work. (TA.)

A5: And سَفِىَ, [aor. يَسْفَى,] inf. n. سَفًا and سَفَآءٌ, He was, or became, lightwitted; or unwise, witless, or destitute of wisdom or understanding; i. q. سَفِهَ, inf. n. سَفَهٌ and سَفَاهٌ; (M, K;) as also ↓ اسفى. (Az, K.)

3 سافت الرِيحُ التُّرَابَ: see 1.

A2: سافاهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. مُسَافَاةٌ and سِفَآءٌ, i. q. سَافَهَهُ [He acted in a lightwitted manner, foolishly, or ignorantly, with him]. (S, K.)

A3: And He treated him medically, or curatively: (K:) from سَفَآءٌ. (TA. [But see سِفَآءٌ, below.])

4 اسِفى He took for himself a mule such as is termed سَفْوَآء, i. e. quick [&c.]. (K.)

A2: أسْفَتْ

said of the wind, intrans. and trans.: see 1, in two places.

A3: اسفى said of corn, It became rough, or coarse, in the extremities [or awn] of its ears. (S, K.)

b2: اسفت said of بُهْمَى [or barley-grass], It let fall its سَفَا [or prickles, or awn, or extremities]. (M, K.)

b3: And اسفى said of a man, He took the prickles [or awn or extremities] of the بُهْمَى [or barley-grass]. (TA.)

A4: Also, said of a man, He removed dust, or earth, (سَفًا, TA) from one place to another. (Az, K.)

A5: And اسفت said of a she-camel, (tropical:) She

became lean, or emaciated, (K,) so that she was like the سَفا [or prickles of barley-grass]. (TA.)

A6: See also 1, last sentence.

A7: اسفاهُ It (an affair, or event, M) incited him (a man, K) to unsteadiness, and levity. (M, K.)

b2: And hence, perhaps, (M,) اسفى بِهِ He did evil or ill, or acted ill, to him, or with him, (M, K,) i. e., his companion. (M.)

8 استفى وَجْهَهُ i. q. اِصْطَرَفَهُ, (Sgh, K,) i. e. He turned away his face. (TK.)

سَفًا Lightness, thinness, or scantiness, in the hair of the forelock, (S, M, Mgh, K,) of the horse, in which it is discommended, (S, * Z, Mgh,) and of the mule and ass, in both of which it is commended: (Z, Mgh:) or shortness, and scantiness, of the forelock: accord. to Th, it is ↓ سَفَآءٌ, with medd: which is metaphorically used by a poet as meaning scantiness in milk. (M.) [Accord. to the TK, the former is an inf. n., of which the verb is ↓ سَفِىَ, said of a horse, as meaning He was, or became, light, thin, or scanty, in the forelock.]

b2: And, accord. to IAar, A whiteness [or a tinge thereof] in the hair [of a horse]: particularly said by him in one place to be such as is termed أَدْهَم, and such as is أَضْلَرRْقَر. (M, in art. سفو.)

A2: Also, [but more properly written سَفًى, the last radical in this case being ىِ,] Dust, or earth; (S, M, K;) and so ↓ سَافٍ: (TA:) or this is applied to earth, or dust, [as meaning pouring down,] from سَفَى التُّرَابُ [expl. above]: (Ham p. 454:) the former signifies dust, or earth, though not raised and carried away, or dispersed, by the wind: or, accord. to the T, whatever is raised and carried away, or dispersed, by the wind: (TA:) accord. to IAar, dust, or earth, taken forth from a grave or a well: (M:) سَفَاةٌ is a more special term, (S,) the n. un., (M,) سَفَاةٌ مِنْ تُرَابٍ signifying a collection (كُبَّةٌ) of dust, or earth. (Ham p. 810.)

A3: Also Any kind of tree having prickles, or thorns: (K: [but this seems to have been erroneously taken from what here follows:]) the prickles [or awn or beard] of بُهْمَى [or barley-grass], (S, M,) and of the ears of corn, [of wheat or barley, (TA in art. خدضْلَرR,)] and of anything having prickles: accord. to Th, the extremities of بُهْمَى: n. un. سَفَاةٌ, as above. (M.)

A4: Also Leanness, or emaciation, (K, TA,) in consequence of disease. (TA.)

A5: It is also an inf. n. of سَفِىَ as syn. with

سَفِهَ, expl. above. (M, K.)

سَفَآءٌ: see the first sentence of the next preceding paragraph: it is expl. in the K [and also in the M] as signifying A stopping, stopping short, or ceasing, of the she-camel's milk: and ISd cites [in the M, after Th], from a poet, the phrase فَى أَلْبَانِهِنَّ سَفَآءُ [ending a verse,] referring to [she-camels such as are termed] قَلَائِص: but Az relates it differently, فِى أَلْبابِهِنَّ with ب [in the place of ن]; saying that سَفَآءٌ means lightness, or levity, in anything; and ignorance; and that the phrase, as he cites it, means in whose faculties of understanding is lightness. (TA.) [See 1, last sentence: and] see also what next follows.

سِفَآءٌ, accord. to the K, signifies A medicine, or remedy: [see 3, last signification:] but this requires consideration; for it is said in the M, [↓ السَّفَآءُ signifies unsteadiness, and levity; and IAar says,] السَّفَآءُ from السَّفِىُّ is like الضْلَرRَّقَآءُ from

الضْلَرRَّقِىُّ. (TA.)

سَفِىُّّ Dust raised, or made to fly, and carried away, or dispersed, by the wind; (S, K;) and (K) so ↓ سَافٍ, (M, K,) i. q. ↓ مَسْفِىٌّ; a possessive epithet, or of the measure فَاعِلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ. (M. [See another explanation of سَاف voce سَفًا, from the Hamáseh. Freytag

explains both سَفِىٌّ and سَافٍ, as on the authority of the K, as epithets applied to the wind, not to the dust.])

b2: Also Clouds; [app. as being driven by the wind;] syn. سَحَابٌ. (S.)

A2: And i. q. سَفِيهٌ

[Lightwitted, &c.: see 1, last sentence]. (M, K.)

[And it seems to be indicated in the S that ↓ سَافٍ is syn. with سَافِهٌ, which is syn. with سَفِيهٌ.]

سَفَّآءٌ: see مُسْفٍ.

سَافٍ: fem. سَافِيَةٌ, pl. سَوَافٍ: see this last in the next paragraph:

b2: and for the first, see سَفًا: and سَفِىٌّ, first sentence.

A2: See also سَفِىٌّ again, last sentence.

سَافِيَآءُ Dust, syn. غُبَارٌ: (M, K:) or dust (تُرَابٌ) and dry herbage or the like: (Ham p. 445:) or dust (تُرَابٌ) with the wind: (M:) or wind that bears, or carries, or carries away, dust, (M, K, TA,) much, upon the surface of the earth, impelling it against men: (TA, and in like manner in the Ham ubi suprà:) and ↓ رِيَاحٌ سَوَافٍ, (TA,) pl. of رِيحٌ سَافِيَةٌ, (Ham ubi suprà,) winds that raise the dust, or make it to fly, and carry it away, or disperse it: you say, لَعِبَتْ بِهِ السَّوَافَى

[The winds raising the dust, &c., made sport with him, or it]. (TA.)

b2: [Also Tracks, or streaks, upon a pool put in motion by the wind: so says Freytag; but he names not any authority for this.]

أسْفَى applied to a horse, (As, S, M, Mgh,) Light, thin, or scanty, in the hair of the forelock: (As, S, M, Mgh, K:) or short and scanty therein: fem. سَفْوَآءُ: (M:) [and accord. to some, it seems to be in like manner applied to a mule and an ass: (see سَفًا:)] one says فَرَسٌ أَسْفَى and بَغْلَةٌ سَفْوَآءُ: (Mgh:) [or,] accord. to As, أَسْفَى in the sense first expl. above is not applied to anything but a horse: applied to a mule, it means (assumed tropical:) quick, or swift: (S:) or بَغْلَةٌ سَفْوَآءُ signifies (tropical:) a she-mule

that is quick, or swift, (S, M, A, K, TA,) like the wind, (A, TA,) active, or light, (S,) of middling make, compact and strong in the back; (M, TA;) and in like manner سَفْوَآءُ is applied to a wild she-ass. (M.)

b2: Accord. to IAar, الأَسْفَى applied to the horse signifies اَلَّذِي تَنْزِعُهُ ضْلَرRَعَرَةٌ بَيْضَآءُ [app. meaning Distinguished by some white hairs, though I find no authority for thus rendering the verb here used] whether he be bay or of some other colour: or having that whiteness of the hair which is termed سَفًا [expl. above], which is particularly said by him in one place to be in such as is termed أَدْهَم, and such as is أَضْلَرRْقَر: and the fem. in this sense also is as above. (M.)

b3: One says also رِيحٌ هَوْجَآءُ, meaning (tropical:) A swift wind; like as one says مُسْفٍ. (TA.)

مُسْفٍ [and, accord. to Golius, ↓ سَفَّآءٌ, mentioned by him as on the authority of the K, in which, however, I do not find it, nor did Freytag,] A calumniator, or slanderer. (K.)

مَسْفِىٌّ: see سَفِىٌّ.
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