William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1996. سكرك5 1997. سكف13 1998. سكن18 1999. سل4 2000. سلأ14 2001. سلب212002. سلت14 2003. سلتم7 2004. سلج9 2005. سَلجم1 2006. سلح18 2007. سلحب5 2008. سلحف11 2009. سلخ17 2010. سلس12 2011. سلسبل2 2012. سلط16 2013. سلطح4 2014. سلع17 2015. سلغ8 2016. سلف23 2017. سلق18 2018. سلك19 2019. سلم21 2020. سلهب9 2021. سلو9 2022. سلى5 2023. سم5 2024. سمت20 2025. سمج14 2026. سمح16 2027. سمحج5 2028. سمحق5 2029. سمد17 2030. سمدر6 2031. سمدع6 2032. سمذ3 2033. سمر20 2034. سمس2 2035. سمسر8 2036. سمط17 2037. سمع17 2038. سمعر1 2039. سمغ6 2040. سمق11 2041. سمك15 2042. سمل17 2043. سملق6 2044. سمن15 2045. سمندل4 2046. سمهدر4 2047. سمهر8 2048. سمو9 2049. سن4 2050. سنبق3 2051. سنبك8 2052. سنبل10 2053. سنت10 2054. سنج11 2055. سنجاب1 2056. سنح15 2057. سنخ12 2058. سند14 2059. سندر11 2060. سندس11 2061. سندق4 2062. سندل6 2063. سنر10 2064. سنط14 2065. سنف13 2066. سنق8 2067. سنم20 2068. سنه13 2069. سه3 2070. سهب13 2071. سهج8 2072. سهد12 2073. سهر16 2074. سهك10 2075. سهل16 2076. سهم19 2077. سهو9 2078. سو1 2079. سوأ16 2080. سوب5 2081. سوج13 2082. سوح12 2083. سوخ12 2084. سود24 2085. سور17 2086. سوس15 2087. سوسن3 2088. سوط16 2089. سوع14 2090. سوغ18 2091. سوف15 2092. سوق18 2093. سوك13 2094. سول14 2095. سوم16 Prev. 100
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سلب

1 سَلَبَهُ, (S, A, K,) aor. سَلُبَ, (TA,) inf. n. سَلْبٌ (S, K) and سَلَبٌ, (K,) from the former of which the pl. سُلُوبٌ has been formed, on the authority of hearsay, (El-Jurjánee, Msb in art. قصد,) He seized it, or carried it off, by force; (S, A, K;) as also ↓ استلبهُ. (S, K.) You say, سَلَبَهُ الشَّىْءَ, aor. سَلُبَ, inf. n. سَلْبٌ and سَلَبٌ; and إِيَّاهُ ↓ استلبهُ; (M, TA;) He seized, or carried off, by force [from him the thing; or he spoiled him, despoiled him, plundered him, or deprived him, of the thing]. (TA.) And سَلَبْتُهُ ثَوْبَهُ, (Mgh, * Msb,) aor. سَلُبَ, (Msb,) inf. n. سَلْبٌ, (Mgh, Msb,) I took away from him his garment; (Mgh, * Msb;) as also ↓ اسلبتهُ [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ استلبتهُ, but another instance of the former of these two verbs, in a similar sense, occurs in what follows]: originally, سَلَبْتُ ثَوْبَ زيَدٍْ [I took away the garment of Zeyd]; but the verb has been made to have زيد for its object, and the ثوب is postponed, and put in the accus. case as a specificative [though by rule the specificative should be indeterminate]; and it may be suppressed, [so that you may say simply, سَلَبْتُهُ, meaning I took away from him what was upon him or with him, spoiled him, or plundered him,] the meaning being understood. (Msb.) b2: [Hence] one says also, سَلَبَهُ فُؤَادَهُ وَعَقْلَهُ (tropical:) [He, or it, despoiled him, or deprived him, of his heart and his reason], and ↓ اسلبهُ. (A, TA.) [The latter one might think to be a mistranscription for ↓ استلبهُ were it not for an instance of the same verb before men-tioned, and for the fact that it is immediately followed in the A by وَهُوَ مُسْلَبُ العَقْلِ: perhaps, however, مُسْلَب may be here a mistake for مُسْلِب.] b3: And اُسْلُبْ هٰذِهِ القَصَبَةَ (assumed tropical:) Peel thou this cane, or reed. (TA.) b4: [In grammar and logic, سَلْبٌ is used to signify (assumed tropical:) Privation, or deprivation, in a general sense; and (assumed tropical:) negation; opposed to إِثْبَاتٌ and إِيجَابٌ.]

A2: سَلْبٌ [as an inf. n. of which the verb (app. سَلَبَ) is not mentioned] (assumed tropical:) The going, or journeying, lightly and quickly. (M, K.) Ru-beh says, قَدْ قَدَّحَتْ مِنْ سَلْبِهِنَّ سَلْبَا قَارُورَةُ العَيْنِ فَصَارَتْ وَقْبَا (assumed tropical:) [The black of the eye became depressed so that it became a hollow in consequence of their going with much lightness and quickness: سَلْبَا, for سَلْبًا, being an absolute complement to the inf. n. in سَلْبِهِنَّ]. (M. [See also 7.]) A3: سَلِبَ [or سَلِبَتْ, as appears from what follows], aor. سَلَبَ, (assumed tropical:) He [or she] put on black garments (K, TA) which women wear at assemblies for the purpose of mourning. (TA. [See also 5.]) 2 سَلَّبَ see 5, in three places.3 سالبهُ الشَّىْءَ, if used, means He contended with him in a mutual endeavour to seize, or carry off, the thing by force. See 6.]4 اسلبت, said of a she-camel, (S, M, K,) (tropical:) She became deprived of her young one by death (M, K, TA) or by some other means: (M, TA:) or she cast her young one in an imperfect state. (S, M, K.) b2: اسلب الشَّجَرُ (tropical:) The trees became bare of their fruit, and dropped their leaves. (K, TA.) b3: اسلب الثُّمَامُ (S, TA) (assumed tropical:) The ثمام [or panic grass] put forth its خُوص [or leaves, so that it became fit to be cut: see سَلَبٌ]. (TA.) A2: See also 1, in two places.5 تسلّبت, (S, K,) said of a woman, (S,) i. q. أَحَدَّتْ [i. e. (assumed tropical:) She abstained from the wearing of ornaments, and the use of perfumes, and dye for the hands &c., and put on the garments of mourning,] عَلَى زَوْجِهَا [for her husband]: (K:) or, as some say, إِحْدَادٌ is for the husband; (S, A;) but تَسَلُّبٌ is sometimes for another than the husband: (S, TA:) [therefore] تسلّبت signifies (assumed tropical:) she put on the black garments of mourning; (M, TA;) as also ↓ سلِّبت: (M, A:) you say, عَلَى ↓ تُسَلِّبُ زَوْجِهَا or حَمِيمِهَا (Lh, M) (assumed tropical:) She puts on the black garments of mourning [for her husband or her loved and loving relation or friend]: (M:) and عَلَى مَيِّتِهَا ↓ سَلَّبَتْ (assumed tropical:) She put on the black garments of mourning for her dead one: تَسْلِيبٌ having a general application. (A.) 6 تسالبا الشَّىْءَ They both contended together, each endeavouring to seize, or carry off, the thing by force. The inf. n. occurs in the S and K in art. خلس, as a syn. of تَخَالُسٌ.]7 انسلب (assumed tropical:) He went a very quick pace: (K:) or he went well; said of a horse and of a camel: (KL:) but mostly (TA) one says, انسلبت النَّاقَةُ (assumed tropical:) The she-camel went so quick a pace that she was as though she went forth from her skin: (S, TA:) [or she outstripped: see an ex. voce عَاسِجٌ.]8 إِسْتَلَبَ see 1, in four places.

سِلْبٌ The longest [thing] of the apparatus of the plough: (AHn, M, K:) or a piece of wood that is joined to the base of the لُؤْمَة [here meaning ploughshare], its end being [inserted] in the hole, or perforation, of the latter. (M, K.) سَلَبٌ: see سَلِيبٌ. b2: Spoil, plunder, or booty; (TA;) what is seized, or carried off, by force, (M, Msb, K, TA,) from a man, of spoils, whatever it be; (TA;) comprising all the clothing that is upon the man; (Mgh, Msb, TA;) accord. to Lth and Az (Mgh) and the Bári'; (Msb;) or whatever one of two antagonists in war takes from the other, of the things upon him and with him, i. e. of clothes and weapons, and his beast: of the measure فَعَلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ, i. e., (TA,) i. q. مَسْلُوبٌ [used in the manner of a subst., or as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant]: (Mgh, TA:) pl. أَسْلَابٌ. (M, A, Msb, K.) You say, أَخَذَ سَلَبَ القَتِيلِ [He took the spoil of the slain man], and أَسْلَابَ القَتْلَى [the spoils of the slain men]. (A.) b3: Also (assumed tropical:) The hide and shanks and paunch of a slaughtered animal. (K. [App. so called because given to the slaughterer, as though they were his spoil; or, in the case of an animal of the chase, to the dog or dogs: see the verses cited voce بَدَنٌ.]) b4: And (assumed tropical:) The peel, or rind, [or skin,] of a cane, or reed, (K, TA,) and of a tree. (TA.) And [particularly] The bark, or rind, of a kind of tree (S, K) well known (S) in El-Yemen, of which ropes are made, (S, K,) and which is coarser and harder than the fibres of the Theban palm-tree: (S:) hence it is that a well-known kind of [thick] rope [made of the fibres of the common palm-tree] is called by the vulgar ↓ سَلَبَةٌ: (TA:) or the bark of a kind of tree of which are made [baskets of the kind called] سِلَال: (Sh, TA:) there is a market called ↓ سُوقُ السَّلَّابِينَ in El-Medeeneh, (Sh, S, K, TA,) and in Mekkeh also, as being the market [of the sellers, or manufacturers, of what are made] of سَلَب: (Sh, TA:) it is also [said to be] (K) a certain kind of tall tree, (M, K,) growing symmetrically, which is taken and laid beneath hot ashes (يُمَلُّ) and then split asunder, whereupon there comes forth form it a white مُشَاقَة [or coarse fibrous substance] like [the fibres of the palm-tree, called] لِيف; and it is one of the best of the materials of which ropes are made: the n. un. is with ة: (M:) and (M, K) AHn says, (M,) it is a certain plant (M, K) which grows in form like candles, except that it is larger and longer, and of which are made ropes of every sort: (M:) and (M, K) some say, (M,) it is the fibrous substance (ليف) of the Theban palm-tree, (M, K,) this Lth asserts it to be, (TA,) which is brought from Mekkeh, (M,) and Lth adds, and it is white; but Az says that Lth has erred respecting it: A'Obeyd says, I asked respecting it, and was told, it is not the fibrous substance of the Theban palm-tree, but is a kind of tree well known in El-Yemen, of which ropes are made: and some say that it is the خُوص [or leaves] of the ثَمَام [or panic grass]: and this [says SM] is what is commonly known among us in El-Yemen: (TA:) [accord. to Forskål, (Flor. Aegypt. Arab., p. cx.) this name is applied in El-Yemen to a species of hyacinth, which he terms hyacinthus aporus.] A poet says, (S,) namely, [Murrah] Ibn-Mahkán [El-Temeemee], (M,) فَنَشْنَشَ الجِلْدَ عَنْهَاوَهْىَ بَارِكَةٌ كَمَا تُنَشْنِشُ كَفَّا فَاتِلٍ سَلَبَا (S, M, *) i. e. And he stripped off quickly the skin [from her, while she was lying upon her breast, like as the two hands of the twister of ropes strips off quickly the seleb]: (S in art. نش:) some read قَاتِلٍ, meaning [by the word following it] “ what is seized, or carried off by force, from one slain: ” (M:) As read فَاتِلٍ, with ف; IAar, with ق: Th says that the right reading is that of As. (S in the present art.) سَلِبٌ Light, or active, (K, TA,) and quick. (TA.) You say, رَجُلٌ سَلِبُ اليَدَيْنِ بِالطَّعْنِ A man light, or active, in the arms, or hands, in thrusting, or piercing: and ثَوْرٌ سَلِبُ الطَّعْنِ بِالقَرْنِ A bull light, or active, in thrusting, or piercing, with the horn. (S, TA.) And فَرَسٌ سَلِبُ القَوَائِمِ A horse light, or active, (S, M, K,) in the legs, (M, K,) [i. e.,] in the shifting of the legs: (S:) or, accord. to Az, the right meaning is, long in the legs: (TA:) [for] b2: سَلِبٌ signifies also Long or tall; (S, M, K;) applied to a spear, and to a man [&c.]: pl. سُلُبٌ. (M.) سُلُبٌ, as a sing., see سَلِيبٌ, in three places. b2: It is also a pl. of سَلِبٌ [q. v., last sentence]: (M:) and of سِلَابٌ, as a subst.: (S, K:) and of سَلُوبٌ as an epithet applied to a spear: (Ham p. 171:) and of the same, (S, M,) or of سِلَابٌ, (M,) as an epithet applied to a she-camel (S, M) and to a woman: (M:) and of سَلِيبٌ as an epithet applied to a tree. (S.) سُلْبَةٌ i. q. جُرْدَةٌ [i. e. The denuded, or unclad, part, or parts, of the body]: (IAar, K:) or a state of nudity. (TA.) One says, مَا أَحْسَنَ سُلْبَتَهَا [How goodly is what is unclad of her person! or, her state of nudity!]. (K.) سَلَبَةٌ: see سَلَبٌ, in the former half of the paragraph: b2: and see also سِلَابٌ.

A2: Also A string, or cord, that is tied to the خَطْم [i. e. muzzle, or nose,] of the camel, exclusive of the خِطَام [q. v.]. (M.) b2: And A sinew that is bound upon an arrow: accord. to AHn, the sinew that is wound upon the لِيط [or skin of the reed, or cane,] of the arrow. (M.) سِلَابٌ sing. of سُلُبٌ, which signifies The black garments of women at their assemblies for mourning: (S:) MF says that the former is expl. in the K as meaning black garments, which necessarily implies that it is a pl.; and the latter is there said to be its pl., which necessarily implies that it is a sing.: (TA:) [but it may be replied that the author of the K regarded the former as a pl. without a sing.; and the latter, as a pl. pl.:] or both signify black garments worn by women; and the sing. is ↓ سَلَبَةٌ: (M:) accord. to the T, سِلَابٌ signifies a black garment with which a woman mourning for the death of her husband covers her head: accord. to the R, a black خِرْقَة [or piece torn off from a garment or cloth] that is worn by a woman bereft of her child, or of a person beloved, by death. (TA.) A2: See also سَلِيبٌ.

سَلُوبٌ: see سَلِيبٌ, in four places.

A2: Also A spear that takes away life: pl. سُلُبٌ. (Ham p. 171.) سَلِيبٌ i. q. ↓ مَسْلُوبٌ [as meaning Seized, or carried off, by force: b2: and more commonly spoiled, despoiled, plundered, or deprived of what was upon one or with one]: (S, A, * Msb:) as also ↓ سَلَبٌ [but app. in the former sense only]. (S.) [Hence] one says شَجَرَةٌ سَلِيبٌ (tropical:) A tree despoiled, or deprived, of its leaves and its branches: (M, K, TA:) or of which the leaves and fruit have been taken: (A:) pl. سُلُبٌ, as in the phrases نَخْلٌ سُلُبٌ palm-trees upon which is no fruit, and شَجَرٌ سُلُبٌ trees upon which are no leaves; the sing. being of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ: (S:) and one says also ↓ شَجَرَةٌ سُلُبٌ, [using سُلُبٌ as a sing., like other words of the same measure mentioned in what follows,] meaning a tree of which the leaves have become scattered, or strewn. (Az, TA.) And سَلِيبٌ is applied to a woman as meaning (assumed tropical:) Whose husband has died, or her loved and loving relation or friend, and who puts on the black garments of mourning for him; as also ↓ مُسَلِّبٌ and ↓ سَلُوبٌ: (Lh, M:) or ↓ مُسَلِّبٌ, so applied, signifies [simply] (assumed tropical:) putting on, or wearing, the black garments of mourning. (M. [See an ex. of this last word with the affix ة, used as a pl., in a verse cited voce خَطْبٌ; and an ex. of its pl., مُسَلِّبَات, in a verse cited voce ثَدْىُ.]) Also, applied, to a she-camel, and so ↓ سَالِبٌ and ↓ سَلُوبٌ and ↓ مُسْلِبٌ, (K,) the last in one instance in the copies of the K erroneously written مُسَلِّبٌ, (TA,) and ↓ سُلُبٌ, (K, TA,) with damm to the first and second letters, (TA,) [in the CK سُلْبٌ, and said to be with damm,] or ↓ سَلُوبٌ thus applied, (S, M,) and ↓ سِلَابٌ, (M,) (assumed tropical:) Whose young has died: (M, K:) or that has cast her young one in an imperfect state: (S, M, K: and in this latter sense, as applied to a she-camel, ↓ مُسْلِبٌ is particularly mentioned in the M:) and in like manner applied to a woman: (M, K:) the pl. (of سَلُوبٌ, S, M, or سِلَابٌ, M) is سُلُبٌ (S, M, K, TA, in the last expressly stated to be like كُتُبٌ, but in the CK سُلْبٌ,) and سَلَائِبُ: (M, K:) and sometimes they said ↓ اِمْرَأَةٌ سُلُبٌ, like نَاقَةٌ عُلُطٌ and فَرَسٌ فُرُطٌ, and numerous other instances that have been enumerated by A'Obeyd, in which words of the measure فُعُلٌ, without ة, are used as fem. epithets: (M:) or ↓ سَلُوبٌ signifies (tropical:) a she-camel whose young one has been taken; and its pl. is سَلَائِبُ; (A:) and, applied to a she-camel, it signifies also اَلَّتِى يُرْمَى وَلَدُهَا (tropical:) [which may mean whose young one is cast abortively; or cast away because abortive; or cast at, or shot at, and killed]: (L, TA:) and is also applied to a she-gazelle, as meaning despoiled, or deprived, of her young one: and so ↓ سَالِبٌ. (M.) Applied to a man, (M,) it signifies also العَقْلِ ↓ مُسْتَلَبُ (assumed tropical:) [Despoiled, or deprived, of reason]; (M, K;) and you say [also]

العَقْلِ ↓ مُسْلَبُ, [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ مُسْلِب, see 1,] a tropical expression: (A:) pl. سَلْبَى. (M, K.) سَلَبُوتٌ, (Lh, M, K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, سَلَبُوبٌ,]) of the measure فَعَلُوتٌ, from سَلَبَهُ الشَّىْءَ, (M,) and ↓ سَلَّابَةٌ, are [doubly intensive] epithets of which each is applied to a man and to a woman; (Lh, M, K;) meaning Wont to spoil, or plunder, people [very often, or] constantly. (TK.) سَلَّابٌ [One who spoils, or plunders, people much or often.

A2: And A seller, or manufacturer, of ropes, or baskets, made of سَلَب]: see its pl., voce سَلَبٌ.

سَلَّابَةٌ: see سَلَبُوتٌ.

سَالِبٌ: see سَلِيبٌ, in two places.

أُسْلُوبٌ A row of palm-trees; as also أُسْكُوبٌ. (IAar, TA in the present art. and in art. سكب.

[This is app. the primary signification; as seems to be indicated, by its occupying the first place, in the TA.]) b2: A road, or way, (M, Msb, K, TA,) that one takes: (M, TA:) any extended road or way: a way or direction [in which one goes]: (TA:) a way, course, mode, or manner, of acting or conduct or the like: (A, TA:) a mode, manner, sort, or species; syn. فَنٌّ: (S, M, * Msb, TA:) pl. أَسَالِيبُ. (S, M, A, Msb.) You say, هُوَ عَلَى أُسْلُوبٍ مِنْ أَسَالِيبِ القَوْمِ, i. e. [He is following] a way of the ways of the people, or party. (Msb.) And هُمْ فِى أُسْلُوبِ سَوْءٍ [They are in a bad, or an evil, way]. (TA.) and سَلَكَ أُسْلُوبَهُ He pursued his way, course, mode, or manner, of acting or conduct or the like. (A, TA.) And أَخَذَ فِى أَسَالِيبَ مِنَ القَوْلِ He began, or entered upon, modes, manners, sorts, or species, [meaning varieties, or diversities,] of speech; syn. فُنُونٍ, (S,) or أَفَانِينَ. (M.) and كَلَامُهُ عَلَى أَسَالِيبَ حَسَنَةٍ [His speech, or language, is according to good, or beautiful, modes, manners, sorts, or species]. (A, TA.) And one says of him who is proud, أَنْفُهُ فِى أُسْلُوبٍ (M, A) [His nose is kept in one direction], meaning (tropical:) he looks not to the right nor to the left. (A.) [Hence it is said that] أُسْلُوبٌ signifies also (tropical:) Elevation in the nose, from pride. (K, TA.) b3: Also The aperture of a watering-trough, or tank, through which the water flows. (IAar, TA in art. بيب.) b4: And The neck of the lion. (K.) أُسْلُوبَةٌ A certain game of the Arabs of the desert: or some action that they perform among them: one says, بَيْنَهُمْ أُسْلُوبَةٌ [Among them is a performance of what is termed اسلوبة]. (Lh, M.) مُسْلَبُ العَقْلِ: see سَلِيبٌ, last sentence.

مُسْلِبٌ: see سَلِيبٌ, in three places.

مُسَلِّبٌ: see سَلِيبٌ, in two places. b2: مَالِى

أَرَاكَ مُسَلِّبًا i. e. [What hath happened to me that I see thee] unfamiliar, not inclining to any one? is a saying whereby a man is likened to a wild animal: one says also, إِنَّهُ لَوَحْشىٌّ مُسَلِّبٌ, meaning Verily he is unsociable and ungentle. (AZ, L, TA.) مَسْلُوبٌ: see سَلِيبٌ, first sentence.

مُسْتَلَبُ العَقْلِ: see سَلِيبٌ, last sentence.

المُسْتَلِبُ the name of A sword of 'Amr Ibn Kulthoom: and of another, belonging to Aboo-Dahbal. (K.)
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