William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1841. زيغ15 1842. زيف15 1843. زيق8 1844. زيل15 1845. زين15 1846. س61847. سأب6 1848. سأد6 1849. سأر12 1850. سأسم2 1851. سأل14 1852. سأم15 1853. سأو5 1854. سا1 1855. ساذج1 1856. سب3 1857. سبأ16 1858. سبت20 1859. سبح20 1860. سبخ16 1861. سبد14 1862. سبر15 1863. سبرت9 1864. سبط18 1865. سبطر8 1866. سبع18 1867. سبغ19 1868. سبق21 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل18 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر16 1875. ستق12 1876. سته13 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح11 1880. سجد16 1881. سجر18 1882. سجس11 1883. سجع14 1884. سجف14 1885. سجل21 1886. سجم14 1887. سجن15 1888. سجو10 1889. سح3 1890. سحب17 1891. سحت16 1892. سحج11 1893. سحر19 1894. سحف9 1895. سحق19 1896. سحل17 1897. سحم16 1898. سحن15 1899. سخب9 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت11 1902. سخد10 1903. سخر16 1904. سخط12 1905. سخف13 1906. سخل13 1907. سخم13 1908. سخن16 1909. سد5 1910. سدج7 1911. سدر18 1912. سدس15 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف15 1915. سدل14 1916. سدم13 1917. سدن16 1918. سدو5 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب19 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل12 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج17 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح19 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد16 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق13 1935. سرط14 1936. سرطم6 1937. سرع16 1938. سرف21 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم10 Prev. 100
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س alphabetical letter س

The twelfth letter of the alphabet; called

سِينٌ. It is one of the letters termed مَهْمُوسَة [or non-vocal, i. e. pronounced with the breath only, without the voice]; and of the letters termed أَسَلِيَّة, as also ص and ز, because proceeding from the tip of the tongue: its place of utterance is between that of ص and that of ز: and Az says hat it is never conjoined with either of these two letters in any Arabic word: (TA:) it is a sibilant letter; and is distinguished from ص by the raising of the tongue to the palate [in the utterance of the latter], and from ز by the suppression of the voice [in the utterance of the former]. (K in art. سين.) It is one of the letters of augmentation [occurring in the form اِسْتَفْعَلَ and its derivatives]. (S and L in art. سين.) [See also سِينٌ in art. سين. It is sometimes substituted for ص; as in سَقْرٌ, for صَقْرٌ: and for ش, as in سِطْرَنْجٌ, for شِطْرَنْجٌ: (see De Sacy's Chrest. Arabe, sec.

ed., ii. 230-233: and iii. 530-532:)] and AZ says that some of the Arabs substitute for it ت, (S and L and K * in art. سين,) as in the saying (S and L in art. سين) of 'Alyà Ibn-Arkam, (L ib.,) يَا قَبَحَ اللّٰهُ بَنِى السِّعْلَاتِ

عَمْرَو بْنَ يَرْبُوعٍ شِرَارَ النَّاتِ

لَيْسُوا أَعفَّآءَ وَلَا أَكْيَاتِ

[O, may God remove far from good, or from prosperity, the sons of the Sialáh, 'Amr Ibn-Yarbooa, the worst of mankind: they are not chaste, nor sharp in intellect]: he means النَّاسِ and بِأَكْيَاسِ: (S and L ib.:) and in like manner one says طَسْتٌ for طَسٌّ. (TA in art. كيت.)

b2: يٰس in the Kur [commencing ch. xxxvi.] is like آلم and حٰم at the commencement of chapters of the same; and is said by 'Ikrimeh to mean يَا إِنْسَانُ [O man]; because it is followed by the words إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ المُرْسَلِينَ: (S and L in art. سين:) or it means either thus, or يَا سَيِّدُ [O man of dignity]. (K in art. سين.)

A2: سَ is a particle peculiarly prefixed to the aor. , rendering it clearly denotative of the future, (Mughnee, and S * and L * in art. سين,) as in سَيَفْعَلُ [He will do such a thing], (S and L ib.,) and considered as forming a part thereof, for which reason it does not exercise any government upon it: it is not contracted from سَوْفَ, contrary to what the Koofees hold: nor is the extent of the future with it shorter than it is with سَوْفَ, contrary to what the Basrees hold: the analytical grammarians term it حَرْفُ تَنْفِيسٍ, by which is meant a particle of amplification; because it changes the aor. from the strait time, which is the present, to the ample time, which is the future: but plainer that their expression is the saying of Z and others, [that it is] a particle denoting the future. (Mughnee.)

Kh asserts that it corresponds [as an affirmative]

to [the negative] لَنْ. (S and L in art. سين.)

Some assert that it sometimes denotes continuance, not futurity: this is mentioned in relation to the saying in the Kur [iv. 93], سَتَجِدُونَ آخَرِينَ [as though meaning Ye continually find others]; and they adduce as an evidence thereof the saying in the same [ii. 136], سَيَقُولُ السَّفَهَآءُ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَا

وَلَّاهُمْ عَنْ قِبْلَتِهِمْ [as meaning The light-witted of the people continually say, What hath turned them away, or back, from their kibleh?]; affirming

that this was revealed after their saying مَا وَلَّاهُمْ: but this the grammarians know not; and that this verse was revealed after their saying ما ولّاهم is not a fact agreed upon: moreover, if it be conceded, still continuance is inferred from the aor. ; like as when you say, فُلَانٌ يَقْرِى الضَّيْفَ and يَصْنَعُ الجَمِيلَ, you mean that it is his custom to do thus. (Mughnee.) Z asserts that when it is prefixed to a verb signifying what is liked or disliked, it denotes that the event will inevitably happen: i. e., when it is prefixed to a verb signifying a promise or a threat, it corroborates and confirms its meaning. (Mughnee.)

A3: [As a numeral, س denotes Sixty.]
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