William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
1841. زيغ16 1842. زيف16 1843. زيق9 1844. زيل16 1845. زين16 1846. س71847. سأب6 1848. سأد6 1849. سأر12 1850. سأسم2 1851. سأل14 1852. سأم15 1853. سأو5 1854. سا1 1855. ساذج1 1856. سب3 1857. سبأ16 1858. سبت21 1859. سبح21 1860. سبخ17 1861. سبد15 1862. سبر16 1863. سبرت10 1864. سبط19 1865. سبطر9 1866. سبع19 1867. سبغ20 1868. سبق22 1869. سبك16 1870. سبكر5 1871. سبل19 1872. سبى6 1873. ست4 1874. ستر17 1875. ستق13 1876. سته14 1877. ستهم4 1878. ستى3 1879. سجح12 1880. سجد17 1881. سجر19 1882. سجس12 1883. سجع15 1884. سجف15 1885. سجل22 1886. سجم15 1887. سجن16 1888. سجو11 1889. سح3 1890. سحب18 1891. سحت17 1892. سحج12 1893. سحر20 1894. سحف10 1895. سحق20 1896. سحل18 1897. سحم17 1898. سحن16 1899. سخب10 1900. سخبر7 1901. سخت12 1902. سخد11 1903. سخر17 1904. سخط13 1905. سخف14 1906. سخل14 1907. سخم14 1908. سخن17 1909. سد5 1910. سدج8 1911. سدر19 1912. سدس16 1913. سدغ3 1914. سدف16 1915. سدل15 1916. سدم14 1917. سدن17 1918. سدو6 1919. سذب4 1920. سذج4 1921. سر5 1922. سرأ8 1923. سرب20 1924. سربخ7 1925. سربل13 1926. سربن4 1927. سرج18 1928. سرجن7 1929. سرح20 1930. سرحب5 1931. سرحل2 1932. سرد17 1933. سرداب1 1934. سردق14 1935. سرط15 1936. سرطم7 1937. سرع17 1938. سرف22 1939. سرقن3 1940. سرم11 Prev. 100
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س alphabetical letter س

The twelfth letter of the alphabet; called

سِينٌ. It is one of the letters termed مَهْمُوسَة [or non-vocal, i. e. pronounced with the breath only, without the voice]; and of the letters termed أَسَلِيَّة, as also ص and ز, because proceeding from the tip of the tongue: its place of utterance is between that of ص and that of ز: and Az says hat it is never conjoined with either of these two letters in any Arabic word: (TA:) it is a sibilant letter; and is distinguished from ص by the raising of the tongue to the palate [in the utterance of the latter], and from ز by the suppression of the voice [in the utterance of the former]. (K in art. سين.) It is one of the letters of augmentation [occurring in the form اِسْتَفْعَلَ and its derivatives]. (S and L in art. سين.) [See also سِينٌ in art. سين. It is sometimes substituted for ص; as in سَقْرٌ, for صَقْرٌ: and for ش, as in سِطْرَنْجٌ, for شِطْرَنْجٌ: (see De Sacy's Chrest. Arabe, sec.

ed., ii. 230-233: and iii. 530-532:)] and AZ says that some of the Arabs substitute for it ت, (S and L and K * in art. سين,) as in the saying (S and L in art. سين) of 'Alyà Ibn-Arkam, (L ib.,) يَا قَبَحَ اللّٰهُ بَنِى السِّعْلَاتِ

عَمْرَو بْنَ يَرْبُوعٍ شِرَارَ النَّاتِ

لَيْسُوا أَعفَّآءَ وَلَا أَكْيَاتِ

[O, may God remove far from good, or from prosperity, the sons of the Sialáh, 'Amr Ibn-Yarbooa, the worst of mankind: they are not chaste, nor sharp in intellect]: he means النَّاسِ and بِأَكْيَاسِ: (S and L ib.:) and in like manner one says طَسْتٌ for طَسٌّ. (TA in art. كيت.)

b2: يٰس in the Kur [commencing ch. xxxvi.] is like آلم and حٰم at the commencement of chapters of the same; and is said by 'Ikrimeh to mean يَا إِنْسَانُ [O man]; because it is followed by the words إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ المُرْسَلِينَ: (S and L in art. سين:) or it means either thus, or يَا سَيِّدُ [O man of dignity]. (K in art. سين.)

A2: سَ is a particle peculiarly prefixed to the aor. , rendering it clearly denotative of the future, (Mughnee, and S * and L * in art. سين,) as in سَيَفْعَلُ [He will do such a thing], (S and L ib.,) and considered as forming a part thereof, for which reason it does not exercise any government upon it: it is not contracted from سَوْفَ, contrary to what the Koofees hold: nor is the extent of the future with it shorter than it is with سَوْفَ, contrary to what the Basrees hold: the analytical grammarians term it حَرْفُ تَنْفِيسٍ, by which is meant a particle of amplification; because it changes the aor. from the strait time, which is the present, to the ample time, which is the future: but plainer that their expression is the saying of Z and others, [that it is] a particle denoting the future. (Mughnee.)

Kh asserts that it corresponds [as an affirmative]

to [the negative] لَنْ. (S and L in art. سين.)

Some assert that it sometimes denotes continuance, not futurity: this is mentioned in relation to the saying in the Kur [iv. 93], سَتَجِدُونَ آخَرِينَ [as though meaning Ye continually find others]; and they adduce as an evidence thereof the saying in the same [ii. 136], سَيَقُولُ السَّفَهَآءُ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَا

وَلَّاهُمْ عَنْ قِبْلَتِهِمْ [as meaning The light-witted of the people continually say, What hath turned them away, or back, from their kibleh?]; affirming

that this was revealed after their saying مَا وَلَّاهُمْ: but this the grammarians know not; and that this verse was revealed after their saying ما ولّاهم is not a fact agreed upon: moreover, if it be conceded, still continuance is inferred from the aor. ; like as when you say, فُلَانٌ يَقْرِى الضَّيْفَ and يَصْنَعُ الجَمِيلَ, you mean that it is his custom to do thus. (Mughnee.) Z asserts that when it is prefixed to a verb signifying what is liked or disliked, it denotes that the event will inevitably happen: i. e., when it is prefixed to a verb signifying a promise or a threat, it corroborates and confirms its meaning. (Mughnee.)

A3: [As a numeral, س denotes Sixty.]
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