William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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2114. ش4 2115. شأب7 2116. شأت5 2117. شأف11 2118. شأن12 2119. شأو82120. شاهبلوط1 2121. شاهين2 2122. شب7 2123. شبت6 2124. شبث14 2125. شبح16 2126. شبر16 2127. شبط10 2128. شبع14 2129. شبق14 2130. شبك13 2131. شبل15 2132. شبم13 2133. شبه18 2134. شبو8 2135. شت6 2136. شتر17 2137. شتم16 2138. شتو9 2139. شث5 2140. شج3 2141. شجب16 2142. شجر19 2143. شجع16 2144. شجن15 2145. شجو9 2146. شح5 2147. شحب10 2148. شحج10 2149. شحذ13 2150. شحط15 2151. شحم15 2152. شحن15 2153. شحو6 2154. شحى3 2155. شخب13 2156. شخت9 2157. شخر9 2158. شخس9 2159. شخص18 2160. شد6 2161. شدخ11 2162. شدق15 2163. شدن11 2164. شده10 2165. شدو8 2166. شذ5 2167. شذب14 2168. شذر14 2169. شذو7 2170. شر6 2171. شرب23 2172. شرج16 2173. شرح18 2174. شرخ13 2175. شرد15 2176. شردم4 2177. شرذم10 2178. شرس17 2179. شرسف8 2180. شرط18 2181. شرع19 2182. شرف18 2183. شرق17 2184. شرقرق3 2185. شرك15 2186. شرم16 2187. شرنف5 2188. شره12 2189. شرو4 2190. شرول2 2191. شرى13 2192. شزب9 2193. شزر15 2194. شسع16 2195. ششب1 2196. شصر9 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب15 2200. شطر21 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن15 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف13 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب19 2208. شعبذ5 2209. شعث15 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر23 2212. شعف17 2213. شعل17 Prev. 100




أو1 شَأَوْتُ القَوْمَ, (AZ, S,) aor. شَاُ^َ, (JM, PS,) or شَاَ^َ, (Ham p. 786,) inf. n. شَأْوٌ, (AZ, S, K,) I preceded, or outwent, the people, or party. (AZ, S, K. *) Accord. to [several of] the copies of the K, شَآءَهُ i. e. like شَاعَهُ in measure, which is incorrect, [in other copies ↓ شَآءَاهُ, agreeably with what is said in the S,] signifies He strove, or contended, with him to precede him, or outgo him: or he preceded him, or outwent him: but in the S it is said, شَآءَاهُ, of the measure فَاعَلَهُ, signifies he strove, or contended, with him to precede him, or outgo him: and شَآءَهُ like شَأَاهُ, [the former belonging to art. شوأ and] formed by transposition, signifies he preceded him, or outwent him; and both of these are used by the poet (El-Hárith Ibn-Khálid El-Makhzoomee, TA) in his saying, مَرَّ الحُدُوجُ وَمَا شَأَوْنَكَ نَقْرَةً

وَلَقَدْ أَرَاكَ تُشَآءُ بِالأَظْعَانِ this [passage in the S], however, is taken from what is said by A'Obeyd, in [his work] “ ElGhareeb el-Musannaf,” which is as follows: شَآءَنِى الأَمْرُ, like شَاعَنِى [in measure], and شَآنِى, like شَعَانِى, mean the affair, or event, grieved me; and thus in the verse of El-Hárith Ibn-Khálid, which he cites; and the same is said in the T on the authority of IAar, who says that the poet has used two dial. vars.: [accordingly the verse may be rendered, The camels with their saddles upon them passed along and they grieved thee not at all; but I see thee that thou art grieved by the women borne in the camel-vehicles:] it is said in the M, شَآءَنِى الشَّىْءُ means the thing preceded me, or outwent me: and also the thing grieved me: formed by transposition from شَآنِى, as is proved by its having no inf. n.: IAar says that they are two dial. vars. because of his not being a grammarian. (TA.) [See also 8.]

A2: And شَأَوْتُ البِئْرَ, (Lh, TA,) or شأوت مِنَ البِئْرِ, (S,) inf. n. شَأْوٌ, (K, TA,) I drew forth the earth from the well: (S, K: *) or I drew forth a basketful of earth (شَأْوًا) or two basketfuls of earth (شَأْوَيْنِ) from the well. (Lh, TA.) 3 شَآءَاهُ: see 1. يُشَاوِى occurs in a verse of Milhah El-Jarmee, meaning يُسَابِقُ, from شَأْوٌ meaning طَلَقٌ: one says شَأَاهُ, aor. يَشْأَاهُ, meaning سَبَقَهُ: but the verb of the measure regularly formed from الشَّأْوُ is شَآءى; so that يشاوى is formed by transposition and by the change of the ء into ى. (Ham p. 786.) 6 تَشَآءَى مَا بَيْنَهُمَا, (S, K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, تَشاوَى,]) like تَشَاعَى [in measure], (S,) The space between them two became farextending. (S, K.) b2: And تشآءى القَوْمُ The people, or party, became scattered, or dispersed. (S, K.) 8 اِشْتَأَى He preceded, or outwent: (S, K:) so says El-Mufaddal. (S.) b2: And He gave ear, hearkened, or listened. (S, K.) شَأْوٌ The utmost extent, term, limit, point, reach, or goal. (S, Msb, K.) b2: And A heat, or single run to a goal or limit: so in the saying, عَدَا شَأْوًا (S) or جَرَى شَأْوًا (Msb) [He (a horse, TA) ran a heat]. b3: And i. q. هِمَّةٌ: thus in the saying, إِنَّهُ لَبَعِيدُ الشَّأْوِ (assumed tropical:) [Verily he is far-aiming, or far-aspiring, in purpose, desire, or ambition]: (Lh, TA:) and سَأْوٌ is a dial. var. thereof. (TA.) A2: Also A [basket such as is termed] زَبِيل; and so ↓ مِشْآةٌ: (K:) or ↓ زَبِيل in which the earth of a well is taken forth; of the measure of مِشْعَاةٌ; and the pl. is مَشَآء ٍ: (S:) and شَأْوٌ signifies, (S,) or signifies also, (K,) the earth that is taken forth from a well (S, K) with the like of the مِشْآة, (as in a copy of the S,) or such as fills the مشْآة: (so in another copy of the S [agreeably with what next follows]:) a زَبِيل of the earth of a well. (As, T, TA.) b2: And hence, i. e. as being likened to a زبيل of the earth of a well, (assumed tropical:) The dung that the he-ass and the she-ass casts forth: (As, T, TA:) or the dung of the she-camel; (M, K;) but the more approved word is [سَأْوٌ,] with س. (M, TA.) A3: Also The nose-rein (زِمَام) of a she-camel. (Lth, K.) مِشْآةٌ; see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

مُشْتَأ ٍ [part. n. of 8, q. v.: b2: and] i. q. مُخْتَلِفٌ [app. as meaning Disagreeing, differing, or discordant]. (TA.)
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