William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2136. شتر18 2137. شتم17 2138. شتو10 2139. شث5 2140. شج3 2141. شجب172142. شجر20 2143. شجع17 2144. شجن16 2145. شجو10 2146. شح5 2147. شحب11 2148. شحج11 2149. شحذ14 2150. شحط16 2151. شحم16 2152. شحن16 2153. شحو7 2154. شحى3 2155. شخب14 2156. شخت10 2157. شخر10 2158. شخس10 2159. شخص19 2160. شد6 2161. شدخ12 2162. شدق16 2163. شدن12 2164. شده11 2165. شدو9 2166. شذ5 2167. شذب15 2168. شذر15 2169. شذو8 2170. شر6 2171. شرب24 2172. شرج17 2173. شرح19 2174. شرخ14 2175. شرد16 2176. شردم4 2177. شرذم11 2178. شرس18 2179. شرسف8 2180. شرط19 2181. شرع20 2182. شرف19 2183. شرق18 2184. شرقرق3 2185. شرك16 2186. شرم17 2187. شرنف5 2188. شره13 2189. شرو4 2190. شرول2 2191. شرى13 2192. شزب10 2193. شزر16 2194. شسع17 2195. ششب1 2196. شصر10 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب16 2200. شطر22 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن16 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف14 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب20 2208. شعبذ6 2209. شعث16 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر24 2212. شعف18 2213. شعل18 2214. شعو7 2215. شغب16 2216. شغر18 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب10 2219. شغف19 2220. شغل17 2221. شغو5 2222. شف5 2223. شفر14 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع19 2226. شفق16 2227. شفه15 2228. شفو8 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح13 2232. شقذ8 2233. شقر16 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص15 Prev. 100
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شجب

1 شَجِبَ, aor. شَجَبَ, (S, A, O, Msb, K,) inf. n. شَجَبٌ; (S, O, Msb, K;) and شَجَبَ, aor. شَجُبَ, (S, A, O, K,) inf. n. شُجُوبٌ; (S, O, K;) He perished: (S, A, O, Msb, K:) or, accord. to AO, he perished in relation to religion or the present worldly state: the former verb said by Ks to be the better: (TA:) or the former, (S,) or each, (O,) signifies he grieved, or mourned; or was sorrowful, sad, or unhappy. (S, O.) [See also شَجَبٌ, below.] b2: And شَجَبَ, aor. شَجُبَ, inf. n. شَجْبٌ and شُجُوبٌ, It (a thing) went, went away, or passed away. (TA.) b3: And شَجَبَ, aor. شَجُبَ, inf. n. شَجْبٌ, said of a raven (غُرَاب), It uttered the croak that is ominous of separation: (TA:) [or it croaked vehemently: or it (a raven of separation) bemoaned, by its croak, a misfortune: see شَاجِبٌ.]

b4: See also 6.

A2: شَجَبَهُ, (S, K,) aor. شَجُبَ, inf. n. شَجْبٌ, (S,) He (God, S) destroyed him: (S, K:) one says مَا لَهُ شَجَبَهُ اللّٰهُ [What aileth him? May God destroy him!]: thus the verb is trans. as well as intrans. (S.) b2: And He grieved him; or caused him to mourn or lament, or to be sorrowful, sad, or unhappy: (S, K, TA:) [and so, app., ↓ أَشْجَبَهُ; for] one says, أَشْجَبَهُ الأَمْرُ فَشَجِبَ لَهُ, inf. n. شَجَبٌ, i.e. حَزِنَ, [which seems to mean The affair grieved him and he grieved at it,] and [in like manner] أَشْجَبَكَ الأَمْرُ فَشَجِبْتَ. (TA,) b3: And He cast, or shot, at him, namely, a gazelle, (O, K, TA,) with a spear, (O,) or with an arrow, or some other thing, (TA,) and severed one of his legs, so that he could not move from his place. (O, K, TA.) b4: Also He drew, or pulled, him, or it. (O, K.) One says of a horseman, and of a horse, شَجَبَ اللِّجَامَ and يَشْجُبُهُ, He pulled the bit and bridle, and he pulls it. (O.) And إِنَّكَ لَتَشْجُبُنِى عَنْ حَاجَتِى Verily thou drawest me from the thing that I want. (As O.) b5: and He occupied him, or busied him, or occupied him so as to divert his attention [from a thing]. (ISk, S, O, K.) b6: And شَجَبَهُ بِشِجَابٍ He stopped it with a stopper; syn. سَدَّهُ بِسِدَادٍ. (S, O, TA.) 4 أَشْجَبَ see the preceding paragraph.5 تشجّب i. q. تَحَزَّنَ [app. as meaning He expressed pain, grief, or sorrow, or he lamented, or moaned]. (O, K.) 6 تشاجب It (an affair, Nh, Msb, TA) became confused: (Nh, Msb, K, TA:) and (Msb, K, TA) it (a thing, IDrd, TA) became intermixed, or intermingled, one part of it entering into, or within, another; (IDrd, Msb, K, TA;) as also شجب [app. ↓ شَجَبَ], inf. n. شجب [app. شَجْبٌ]. (IDrd, TA.) شَجْبٌ Want, or a want, syn. حَاجَةٌ: and anxiety: (A, O, K:) pl. شُجُوبٌ. (TA.) A2: Also, as an epithet, applied to a skin for water or milk, as though a contraction of شَجِبٌ meaning “ perishing,” Old, and worn out; (O, TA; *) as also ↓ شَاجِبٌ: (O:) or the latter, so applied, signifies dry. (TA.) b2: And [as a subst., or an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant,] A skin for water or milk of which half is cut off and the lower part made into a bucket: (O, K:) pl. شُجُبٌ. (TA.) And A dry skin for water or milk into which pebbles are put and then shaken for the purpose of frightening camels. (L, K. *) Az says, on the authority of an Arab of the desert, that it signifies An old, worn-out, skin for water or milk, of which, sometimes, the mouth is cut off, and fresh ripe dates are put in it. (TA.) Suh says, in the R, that A water-skin was thus called [app. meaning absolutely]. (MF, TA.) And it is said in a trad. that a man of the Ansár used to cool water for the Prophet فى اشجابة [app. a mistranscription for فِى أَشْجَابِهِ, meaning in his water-skins, or worn-out water-skins; and cited to show that أَشْجَابٌ is a pl. of شَجْبٌ, like as أَنْهَارٌ is pl. of نَهْرٌ]. (TA.) A3: Also One of the poles of a tent: (A, K:) pl. شُجُوبٌ [agreeably with an explanation in the S]. (TA.) A4: And [as an epithet,] Long, or tall. (K.) شَجَبٌ Grief, or sorrow; and anxiety: (K, TA:) but the word more commonly known is with ن [i.e. شَجَنٌ]. (TA.) [The pl. is أَشْجَابٌ (like أَشْجَانٌ) occurring in the O, See also شَجِبَ, of which it is the inf. n.: and see شَجْبٌ, first sentence.] b2: And Distress that befalls a man by reason of disease or of fight. (K, * TA.) شَجِبٌ and ↓ شَاجِبٌ Perishing: (S, O, K:) [accord. to an explanation of their verbs by AO, in relation to religion or to the present worldly state:] or the former, (S,) or each, (O,) signifies, grieving, or mourning; or sorrowful, sad, or unhappy. (S, O.) شُجُبٌ Three pieces of wood [set up as a tripod] upon which the pastor hangs his bucket (K, TA) and his skin for water or milk. (TA.) [See also شِجَابٌ (voce مِشْجَبٌ), of which it is said in the TA to be pl.]

شِجَابٌ: see مِشْجَبٌ. b2: Also A stopper; syn. سِدَادٌ. (S, O, TA.) شَجُوبٌ A woman affected with anxiety, whose heart is given up thereto. (O, K.) شَاجِبٌ: see شَجْبٌ: b2: and شَجِبٌ. b3: Also A raven (غُرَابٌ) croaking vehemently, or that croaks vehemently: (S, O, K:) a raven uttering the croak that is ominous of separation: a raven of separation that bemoans, by its croak, a misfortune. (TA.) b4: Also Irrational in talk, and loquacious. (K.) It is said in a trad., النَّاسُ ثَلَاثَةٌ شَاجِبٌ وَغَانِمٌ وَسَالِمٌ, i. e. Men are [of] three [sorts;] a speaker of what is bad, or an utterer of foul, or obscene, language, aiding in wrongdoing; and a speaker of what is good, and an enjoiner thereof, and a forbidder of what is disapproved, so that he obtains good fortune; and one who is silent: or, accord. to A'Obeyd, شَاجِبٌ signifies perishing, or in a state of perdition, and sinning. (TA.) [Or] the Prophet said, المَجَالِسُ ثَلَاثَةٌ فَسَالِمٌ وَغَانِمٌ وَشَاجِبٌ, meaning [Assemblies are of three sorts;] secure from sin; and acquiring recompense; and perishing, or in a state of perdition, and sinning. (O.) مِشْجَبٌ Pieces of wood, (T, Msb, K,) bound together [at the top], upon which clothes are spread, (T, Msb,) or upon which clothes are put; as also ↓ شِجَابٌ; (K;) of which latter the pl. is شُجُبٌ: (TA: [see this last word above:]) pieces of wood, or sticks, of which the heads are joined together, and the feet parted asunder, upon which clothes are put, and sometimes the water-skins are hung thereon for the purpose of cooling the water: (Nh, TA:) or a piece of wood upon which clothes are put: (S:) Suh says, in the R, that they used to call the water-skin شَجْبٌ, and they used not to hold it otherwise than suspended, so that مِشْجَبٌ properly signifies the piece of wood, or stick, to which the water-skin is suspended: then they amplified the application of this word so as to call thereby the thing upon which clothes are suspended: (MF, TA:) the pl. is مَشَاجِبُ. (A.)
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