William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2137. شتم16 2138. شتو9 2139. شث5 2140. شج3 2141. شجب16 2142. شجر192143. شجع16 2144. شجن15 2145. شجو9 2146. شح5 2147. شحب10 2148. شحج10 2149. شحذ13 2150. شحط15 2151. شحم15 2152. شحن15 2153. شحو6 2154. شحى3 2155. شخب13 2156. شخت9 2157. شخر9 2158. شخس9 2159. شخص18 2160. شد6 2161. شدخ11 2162. شدق15 2163. شدن11 2164. شده10 2165. شدو8 2166. شذ5 2167. شذب14 2168. شذر14 2169. شذو7 2170. شر6 2171. شرب23 2172. شرج16 2173. شرح18 2174. شرخ13 2175. شرد15 2176. شردم4 2177. شرذم10 2178. شرس17 2179. شرسف8 2180. شرط18 2181. شرع19 2182. شرف18 2183. شرق17 2184. شرقرق3 2185. شرك15 2186. شرم16 2187. شرنف5 2188. شره12 2189. شرو4 2190. شرول2 2191. شرى13 2192. شزب9 2193. شزر15 2194. شسع16 2195. ششب1 2196. شصر9 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب15 2200. شطر21 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن15 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف13 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب19 2208. شعبذ5 2209. شعث15 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر23 2212. شعف17 2213. شعل17 2214. شعو6 2215. شغب15 2216. شغر17 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب9 2219. شغف18 2220. شغل15 2221. شغو4 2222. شف5 2223. شفر13 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع18 2226. شفق15 2227. شفه14 2228. شفو7 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح12 2232. شقذ7 2233. شقر15 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص14 2236. شقو6 Prev. 100
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شجر

1 شَجْرٌ is an inf. n. of شَجَرَ, and signifies The being, or becoming, intricate, complicated, perplexed, confused, or intricately intermixed; as also ↓ اِشْتِجَارٌ. (TA.) You say, شَجَرَ الأَمْرُ بَيْنَهُمْ, (Msb, K,) aor. شَجُرَ, inf. n. شَجْرٌ (Msb, TA) and شُجُورٌ, (K, TA,) The affair, or case, was, or became, complicated, intricate, or confused, so as to be a subject of disagreement, or difference, between them; syn. اِضْطَرَبَ; (Msb;) and so شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ [in which الأَمْرُ is understood]; syn. اِخْتَلَفَ: (S:) it was, or became, an occasion of contention, or dispute, or of disagreement, or difference, between them. (K, TA.) فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ, in the Kur 4:65, means Respecting that which hath become complicated, or intricate, or confused, [so as to be a subject of disagreement, or difference,] between them: and hence the word شَجَرٌ, [“ trees,” and “ shrubs,”] because of the intermixing, or confusion, of the branches: (Bd:) or respecting the disagreement, or difference, that has happened between them. (Zj, Mgh.) And it is said in a trad., إِيَّاكُمْ وَمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَ أَصْحَابِى Avoid ye the disagreement, or difference, that hath occurred among my companions. (TA.) A2: شَجَرَهُ, (K,) aor. شَجُرَ, (TA,) inf. n. شَجْرٌ, He tied it; namely, a thing. (K.) b2: شَجَرَهُ بِالرُّمْحِ He thrust, or pierced, him with the spear, (S, A, K, TA,) so that it stuck fast in him. (TA.) b3: شَجَرَهُ عَنْهُ, (S, A, K,) aor. شَجُرَ, (TA,) inf. n. شَجْرٌ, (S,) He, or it, averted, or diverted, him, from it; (S, A, K;) namely, an affair: (K:) he removed, or put away, (TS, K,) him, (K,) or it, (TS,) from it: (TS, K:) he withheld, or debarred, and repelled, him from it. (K.) You say, مَا شَجَرَكَ عَنْهُ What has averted thee, or diverted thee, from it? (S, A.) b4: شَجَرَ البَيْتَ, (S, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) He propped up the بيت [or tent] with a pole. (S, K, TA. [In some copies of the K, بِعُودٍ is erroneously put for بِعَمُودٍ.]) In like manner شَجَرْتُهُ is said of anything as meaning I propped it up with a pole or the like. (TA.) and شَجَرَ الشَّجَرَةَ, (T, K, TA,) and النَّبَاتَ, (T, TA,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He raised the hanging branches of the tree, or shrub, (T, K, TA,) and of the plant. (T, TA.) And شَجَرَ الثَّوْبَ He raised the garment, it having gone down. (T, TA.) And شُجِرَ, inf. n. as above, is said of anything as meaning It was raised, upraised, uplifted, or elevated. (TA.) b5: شَجَرَ فَاهُ He opened his mouth (A, K, * TA) with a stick, or a piece of wood, (A, TA,) by inserting this into the part of the mouth called its شَجْر, (TA,) فَأَوْجَرَهُ [and then put, or poured, medicine, or water, &c., into his mouth]. (A, TA.) And شَجَرَ الدَّابَّةَ, (TS, K, TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above; or, accord. to one relation of a trad. in which it occurs, اِشْتَجَرَهَا ↓ بِلِجَامِهَا; (TA;) He made the beast to open its mouth by jerking its bridle to curb it. (TS, K, TA.) b6: And شَجَرَ الشَّىْءَ He threw the thing upon the مِشْجَر [q. v.], (S, K,) i. e. the مِشْجَب. (S.) A3: شَجِرَ, aor. شَجَرَ, i. q. كَثُرَ جَمْعُهُ [app. meaning Its aggregate became large in quantity; or it became much in the aggregate]: (TS, K, TA:) but accord. to As, [it seems to signify it became collected together, and then scattered, or dispersed, by something: for he says that] ↓ شَجِرٌ [its reg. part. n.] is applied to anything collected together, and then scattered, or dispersed, by something (TA.) 2 تَشْجِيرُ النَّخْلِ i. q. تَشْخِيرُهُ, (K,) The laying of the racemes of the palm-trees upon the branches, lest they should break: (K in art. شخر:) this is done when the fruit is much in quantity, and the racemes are large, and one fears for the heart of the tree, and for the base, or lower part, of the raceme. (TA in the present art.) 3 شاجر المَالُ The cattle pastured upon شَجَر [i. e. trees, or shrubs], (ISk, S, A, K,) having consumed the herbs and leguminous plants. (ISk, S, A. *) b2: شاجر فُلَانٌ فُلَانًا, (K,) inf. n. مُشَاجَرَةٌ (S,) Such a one contended, disputed, or litigated, with such a one. (S, * K, TA.) 4 اشجرت الأَرْضُ The land produced شَجَر [i. e. trees, or shrubs]. (K.) 6 تَشَاْجَرَ see 8, in three places.7 إِنْشَجَرَ see 8, in two places, and see 7 in art. سجر.8 اشتجر It was, or became, knit, or connected, together, one part with another; as also اِشْتَبَكَ: it was, or became, commingled, one part amid, or within, another; (TA;) and so ↓ تشاجر: (Ham p. 161:) it was, or became, intricate, complicated, perplexed, confused, or intricately intermixed. (TA: see 1, first sentence.) It is said in a trad., relating to conflict and faction فِتْنَة), يَشْتَجِرُونَ فِيهَا اشْتِجَارَ أَطْبَاقِ الرَّأْسِ) They become knit together therein, like the knitting together of the bones of the head that interjoin, one with another, one entering into another: or the meaning is, they disagree, or differ, one with another. (TA.) You say, اشتجروا بِرِمَاحِهِمْ (TA) and بِهَا ↓ تشاجروا (S, A, Msb, TA) They became knit together, or commingled, one with another, [in conflict,] with their spears: (TA:) or they thrust, or pierced, one another with their spears. (S, A, Mgh, Msb, TA.) And اشتجروا (Zj, S, A, Msb, K) and ↓ تشاجروا (Zj, S, A, Mgh, K) They became commingled, or confused, or embroiled, disagreeing, or differing: (Zj, TA:) they contended, or disputed, together; (S, A, Mgh, Msb;) or disagreed, or differed. (S, * A, * Mgh, Msb, * K.) b2: Also He preceded, outwent, or outstripped; (K, * TA;) and so ↓ انشجر. (K.) b3: And, said of sleep, It withdrew, or kept aloof, from one; (K, * TA;) as also ↓ انشجر. (K.) A2: Also (S, K) said of a man, (S,) He put his hand beneath his شَجْر, against the part beneath his chin: (S:) or he put his hand beneath his chin and leaned upon his elbow, (K, TA,) not laying his side upon the bed. (TA.) b2: [And, said of a horse, He was bridled, reined, or curbed: (Freytag, from the Deewán of the Hudhalees:) or perhaps the verb in this sense is in the passive form:] A3: see 1, last sentence but two.

شَجْرٌ A discordant, or complicated, or confused, affair, or case. (O, K.) A2: Also The part, of a رَحْل [or camel's saddle], that is between the كَرَّانِ, (K, TA, [this word erroneously written in the CK with ز,]) which are the قَادِمَة and the آخِرَة, (TA in art. شخر,) [i. e. the شَرْخَانِ,] the كَرّ being what conjoins the ظَلِفَتَانِ [in the fore part of the saddle and in like manner in the hinder part]: the part between the كَرَّانِ is also called the شَخْر. (TA in the present art. [It is there said that this part is also called the شَرْخ as well as the شَخْر: but this is a mistake.]) b2: And The chin: (As, O, K:) or (TA, in the K “ and,”) the place of opening (مَفْرَج, [as in the K voce شِينٌ,] in the K here erroneously written مَخْرَج, the meaning being مَفْتَح,) of the mouth: (K, * TA:) or the part between the two lower jaws: (AA, S, K:) or the hinder part of the mouth: or the side of the mouth, where the upper and lower lips unite: or what has opened of the part where the mouth closes [when medicine or the like is put into it]; expl. by مَا انْفَتَحَ مِنْ مُنْطَبَقِ الفَمِ: or the place of meeting of the لِهْزِمَتَانِ [q. v., a word variously explained]: (K:) or the part where the two sides of the lower jaw unite, beneath the hair that grows between the lower lip and the chin: and, in a horse, the part between the upper, main, portions of the two sides of the lower jaw: (TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَشْجَارٌ and [of mult.] شُجُورٌ and شِجَارٌ. (K.) شَجَرٌ (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.) and ↓ شِجَرٌ and شِيَرٌ, (K,) in which last the ج is changed into ى, like as the ى is changed into ج, as in غَنِجٌّ, originally غَنِىٌّ, or, accord. to IJ, the ى in شِيَرٌ is not changed from ج because it remains ى in the dim., in which, where it so changed, it should be changed back into ج, whereas the dim. of شِيَرَةٌ is said to be شُيَيْرَةٌ and شِيَيْرَةٌ, and because it has kesr instead of fet-h to the ش, [whence it appears that IJ knew not شِجَرٌ,] (TA,) [as coll. gen. ns., Trees; and shrubs, or bushes; which latter are also called, for distinction, دِقُّ الشَّجَرِ; and sometimes applied to plants in general; and, as a gen. n., sometimes meaning the tree, &c.;] the kind of plant that has a trunk, or stem: (S, A, K:) or the kind that has a hard trunk, or stem, (Mgh, Msb,) like the نَخْل &c.: (Msb:) or such as produces seed, and does not come to an end in its year: (Mgh:) or such as rises, or rises high, of itself, whether slender or large, and whether it withstand the winter or lack strength to do so: (K:) called شَجَرٌ from شَجَرَ, because of the intermixing, or confusion, of the branches: (Bd in iv. 68, and TA: *) n. un. with ة, (Msb, K,) i. e. شَجَرَةٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, TA) and ↓ شِجَرَةٌ and شِيَرَةٌ: (TA:) the pl. [of شَجَرٌ] is أَشْجَارٌ (S, Msb) and [of شَجَرَةٌ] شَجَرَاتٌ (Msb, TA) and [of شِيَرَةٌ] شِيَرَاتٌ: (TA:) ↓ شَجْرَآءُ also signifies the same as شَجَرٌ: (K:) or it is a pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] of شَجَرَةٌ; a pl. [or quasi-pl. n.] of which there are few other instances; قَصْبَآءُ of قَصَبَةٌ, and طَرْفَآءُ of طَرَفَةٌ, and حَلْفَآءُ of حَلَفَةٌ; or, accord. to As, the sing. [or n. un.] of حلفآءُ is حَلِفَةٌ: and accord. to Sb, شَجْرَآءُ is sing. and pl., and so are قَصْبَآءُ and طَرْفَآءُ and حَلْفَآءُ: (S:) or شَجْرَآءُ signifies tangled, or luxuriant, or abundant and dense, شَجَر: (A:) or a collection of شَجَر. (TA.) b2: شَجَرَةُ البَقِّ &c.: see in arts. بق &c. b3: In the saying in a trad., that the شَجَرَة and the صَخْرَة are of, or from, Paradise, by the former is said to be meant The grape-vine: or the tree beneath which allegiance was sworn to the Prophet; and which, it is said, was a شَمُرَة [or gum-acacia-tree]: (TA:) and by the latter, the صخرة [or rock] of Jerusalem. (TA in art. صخر, q. v.) b4: By الشَّجَرَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ, mentioned in the Kur in xiv. 29, is said to be meant The palm-tree: or a certain tree in Paradise: and by الشَّجَرَةُ الخَبِيثَةُ, in the next verse but one, the colocynth, and the كَشُوث: [see art. خبث:] or each may have a more general application. (Bd in xiv. 31.) And الشَّجَرَةُ المَلْعُونَةُ, mentioned in the Kur xvii. 62, means The tree called الزَّقُّوم: and some explain it as meaning the Devil: and Aboo-Jahl: and El-Hakam Ibn-Abi-l-'As. (Bd.) b5: شَجَرَةٌ also signifies (tropical:) The stock, or origin, of a man: (O, TA:) [hence,] one says, هُوَ مِنْ شَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ (tropical:) [He is of a good stock or origin]; and مِنْ شَجَرَةِ النُّبُوَّةِ (tropical:) [of the prophetic stock, meaning of the stock of the Prophet]. (A.) [And (assumed tropical:) A genealogical tree; a pedigree.] b6: Also, (CK,) or ↓ شَجْرَةٌ, (O, and K accord. to the TA, [but probably thus in the TA only because found to be so in the O,]) (assumed tropical:) A small speck, or speckle, on the chin of a boy: (O, K:) on the authority of IAar. (TA.) b7: And one says, مَا أَحْسَنَ شَجَرَةَ ضَرْعِهَا, (so in my copy of the A, and accord. to the CK,) or ضرعها ↓ شَجْرَةَ, (O, and so accord. to the text of the K as given in the TA, [but Z has, in the A, distinguished the phrase as tropical, and hence it seems that he held the former reading to be the right,]) (tropical:) How goodly are the shape, (A,) or the size, (O, K,) and the appearance, of her udder! (A, O, K:) or the veins and skin and flesh thereof! referring to a she-camel. (O, K.) شَجِرٌ: see 1, last sentence: A2: and its fem., with ة, see voce شَجِيرٌ.

شِجَرٌ; and its n. un., with ة: see شَجَرٌ.

شَجْرَةٌ: see شَجَرٌ, last two sentences.

شَجْرَآءُ, as a quasi-pl. n.: see شَجَرٌ.

A2: Also fem. of أَشْجَرُ as syn. with شَجِيرٌ.

الحُرُوفُ الشَّجْرِيَّةُ [The letters of which the شَجْر is the place of utterance; (in the CK, الشَّجَرِيَّةُ;)] the letters ج and ش and ض. (K.) شَجَارٌ: see مِشْجَرٌ, in two places.

شِجَارٌ: see مِشْجَرٌ, in four places. b2: Also The wood of a well, (S, K, KL,) by means of which the bucket is drawn out therefrom: (KL:) pl. شُجُرٌ: (S:) this pl. occurs in a verse, accord. to J; but the right reading in that instance is سُجُل, as is shown by the rhyme of the poem. (Sgh, TA.) b3: Also [A wooden bar of a door;] a piece of wood which is put behind a door; called in Pers. مَتَرْس, (S, K, TA,) written by Az مَتَّرْس. (TA.) b4: And A piece of wood with which a couch-frame (سَرِير) is repaired, by its being affixed as a ضَبَّة [q. v.], (S, K,) beneath it. (S.) b5: And A piece of wood which is put in the mouth of a kid, to prevent its sucking. (TS, K.) b6: And A certain brand, or mark made with a hot iron, upon camels. (S, K.) وَادٍ شَجِيرٌ, and ↓ أَشْجَرُ, (K,) or the former, (S, A,) but not the latter, (S,) and ↓ مُشْجِرٌ; (K;) and أَرْضٌ شَجِيرَةٌ, (S, TA,) and ↓ شَجِرَةٌ, (A, K,) and ↓ شَجْرَآءُ, (S, Msb, K,) and ↓ مَشْجَرَةٌ; (AHn, S, * K;) A valley, and a land, abounding with شَجَر or أَشْجَار [i. e. trees, or shrubs]. (S, A, Msb, K.) b2: شَجِيرٌ also signifies Strange, or a stranger; applied to a man, (S, A, K,) and to a camel. (S, K.) b3: And An arrow that is used in the game called المَيْسِر, thrown among arrows not from its kind of tree: (S, K:) or one that is borrowed, and from the winning of which [on former occasions] one augurs good. (TA.) b4: Also Bad, corrupt, or disapproved. (Kr, K.) b5: And A companion: (M, K:) or a friend: (A:) pl. شُجَرَآءُ. (M, TA.) b6: And A sword. (K.) شَجَارَةٌ: see مِشْجَرٌ.

شَوَاجِرُ [pl. of شَاجِرَةٌ fem. of شَاجِرٌ]: see مُشْتَجِرٌ. b2: Also Withholding, or debarring, and diverting, things. (TA.) You say, شَجَرَتْنِى عَنْهُ شَوَاجِرُ [Withholding, or debarring, or diverting, things withheld, or debarred, or diverted, me from it]. (S.) أَشْجَرُ; and its fem., شَجْرَآءُ: see شَجِيرٌ. b2: Also (K) Containing more شَجَر [i. e. trees, or shrubs]: (S, K:) so in the saying, هٰذِهِ الأَرْضُ أَشْجَرُ مِنْ هٰذِهِ [This land is one containing more trees than this]. (S, K. *) It has no known verb. (TA.) مَشْجَرٌ (S, K, TA) [and] ↓ مَشْجَرَةٌ (Mgh, Msb) A place (S, Mgh, Msb, K) of growth (Mgh, K) of شَجَر or أَشْجَار [i. e. trees, or shrubs]: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) or, as some say, the former signifies many شَجَر. (TA.) b2: The former also signifies A place of مُشَاجَرَة [i. e. contending, disputing, or litigating]: pl. مَشَاجِرُ: and, some say, it is an inf. n. (Har p. 473.) b3: See also مِشْجَرٌ, in two places.

مُشْجِرٌ: see شَجِيرٌ. b2: You say also أَرْضٌ مُشْجِرَةٌ meaning A land giving growth to شَجَر [i. e. trees, or shrubs]. (TA. [See also مَشْجَرٌ.]) مِشْجَرٌ i. q. مِشْجَبٌ [i. e. A thing composed of pieces of wood, or sticks, the heads of which are bound together, and the feet parted asunder, upon which clothes &c. are put]: (S:) or pieces of wood, or sticks, tied together, like the مِشْجَب, upon which articles of furniture, or utensils, are put: (M, Msb:) pl. مَشَاجِرُ. (M, TA.) b2: and hence, (M,) The wood, (K,) or pieces of wood, (M,) of the [kind of camel-vehicle for women called] هَوْدَج; (M, K;) as also ↓ مَشْجَرٌ and ↓ شِجَارٌ and ↓ شَجَارٌ: (L, K:) n. un. مَشْجَرَةٌ and ↓ شَجَارَةٌ: (TA:) or a vehicle used by women, smaller than the هَوْدَج, having the head uncovered; (AA, K, * TA;) as also ↓ مَشْجَرٌ and ↓ شِجَارٌ and ↓ شَجَارٌ: (K:) accord. to Lth, ↓ شِجَارٌ signifies the wood [or frame-work] of the هودج, which when covered becomes a هودج: (TA:) As says that مَشَاجِرُ signifies the pieces of wood of a هودج: AA, that it signifies vehicles smaller than هَوَادِج, having the heads uncovered; also called سُجُرٌ, of which the sing. is ↓ شِجَارٌ. (S.) مَشْجَرَةٌ: see شَجِيرٌ: b2: and see also مَشْجَرٌ.

مُشَجَّرٌ Figured work (TA) having the form of شَجَر [i. e. trees, or shrubs]: (K, * TA:) and silk brocade (دِيبَاج) figured with the forms of شَجَر. (S, K.) مُشْتَجَرُ الرِّمَاحِ [The place of the commingling of spears; or of the thrusting, or piercing, therewith]. (Ham p. 161.) مُشْتَجِرٌ and ↓ مُتَشَاجِرٌ Commingled [and confused]: you say رِمَاحٌ مُشْتَجِٰرَةٌ and ↓ مُتَشَاجِرَةٌ and ↓ شَوَاجِرُ Spears commingled and confused. (TA.) مُتَشَاجِرٌ: see what next precedes, in two places.
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