William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2168. شذر14 2169. شذو7 2170. شر6 2171. شرب23 2172. شرج16 2173. شرح182174. شرخ13 2175. شرد15 2176. شردم4 2177. شرذم10 2178. شرس17 2179. شرسف8 2180. شرط18 2181. شرع19 2182. شرف18 2183. شرق17 2184. شرقرق3 2185. شرك15 2186. شرم16 2187. شرنف5 2188. شره12 2189. شرو4 2190. شرول2 2191. شرى13 2192. شزب9 2193. شزر15 2194. شسع16 2195. ششب1 2196. شصر9 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب15 2200. شطر21 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن15 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف13 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب19 2208. شعبذ5 2209. شعث15 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر23 2212. شعف17 2213. شعل17 2214. شعو6 2215. شغب15 2216. شغر17 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب9 2219. شغف18 2220. شغل15 2221. شغو4 2222. شف5 2223. شفر13 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع18 2226. شفق15 2227. شفه14 2228. شفو7 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح12 2232. شقذ7 2233. شقر15 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص14 2236. شقو6 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد6 2240. شكر18 2241. شكس17 2242. شكل23 2243. شكم14 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم10 2247. شلو10 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت16 2251. شمخ15 2252. شمر14 2253. شمرخ11 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس19 2258. شمط15 2259. شمع13 2260. شمعل6 2261. شمل16 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب14 2265. شنبث2 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج13 Prev. 100
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شرح

1 شَرَحَ, aor. شَرَحَ, (K,) inf. n. شَرْحٌ, (S, O,) He uncovered, laid open, displayed, exposed to view, discovered, revealed, or disclosed. (S, O, K.) b2: [Hence,] one says, شَرَحَ أَمْرَهُ (tropical:) He showed, discovered, disclosed, or made apparent, his affair, or case. (A, TA.) And شَرَحَ مَسْأَلَةً (A, TA) (tropical:) He explained a question; (TA;) he explained, or made manifest, the answer to a question. (A.) And شَرَحَ الغَامِضَ (assumed tropical:) He expounded, explained, or interpreted, what was obscure, recondite, or abstruse. (S, O.) And شَرَحَ الحَدِيثَ, inf. n. as above, (assumed tropical:) He expounded, explained, or interpreted, the tradition; showed, or made apparent, its meaning. (Msb.) b3: And شَرَحَ, aor. as above, (K,) and so the inf. n., (O, TA,) He opened (O, K, TA) a thing of any kind, of any substance or material. (TA.) b4: (tropical:) He defloured a virgin: (O, K, TA:) or (tropical:) he compressed a woman, (A, L,) or a virgin, (K,) lying on her back; (A, L, K;) or he threw, or laid, upon her back, and then compressed, his female slave, or young woman. (O, L.) b5: He widened, or dilated, a thing. (K.) b6: Hence, (TA,) شَرَحَ اللّٰهُ صَدْرَهُ, (S, A, Mgh, O, Msb, TA,) aor. as above, (TA,) and so the inf. n., (Msb, TA,) (assumed tropical:) God dilated his bosom, (Mgh, O, Msb, TA,) لِقَبُولِ الخَيْرِ [for the acceptance, or favourable acceptance, of what was good], (O, TA,) and لِلْإِسْلَامِ (Mgh, Msb, TA) for the acceptance, or favourable acceptance, [of El-Islám, or] of the truth, (Msb, TA,) as in the Kur [xxxix. 23]. (TA. [Said in the TA to be tropical; but not so in the A, being mentioned in the latter as proper.]) [And hence, an objective complement being app. understood,] فُلَانٌ يَشْرَحُ

إِلَى الدُّنْيَا (tropical:) Such a one manifests desire for the things of the present world: (A:) or such a one becomes dilated in the bosom at the prospect of the things of the present world, and desirous of acquiring them, with large desire. (O, * L.) and مَا لِى أَرَاكَ تَشْرَحُ إِلَى كُلِّ رِيبَةٍ (tropical:) What aileth me that I see thee manifesting desire for everything occasioning doubt, or suspicion, or evil opinion? (A, TA.) b7: Also He cut; and so ↓ شرّح. (K.) You say, شَرَحَ اللَّحْمَ, (A, O, Msb, TA,) inf. n. as above; (O;) and ↓ شرّحهُ, (A, O, Msb, TA,) inf. n. تَشْرِيحٌ; (S, O, TA;) the former meaning He cut the flesh-meat lengthwise [or into an oblong slice or into such slices]: and the latter, he so cut it much or into many [such] pieces [or slices]: (Msb:) or the former, he cut the flesh-meat from the joint or limb: or both signify he cut the flesh-meat upon the bone: (L, TA:) or شَرْحُ اللَّحْمِ signifies تَصْفِيفُهُ; and so ↓ تَشْرِيحُهُ: (O:) or التَّصْفِيفُ is a kind of ↓ تَشْرِيح; i. e. the cutting a piece of flesh-meat thin, so that it is translucent by reason of its thinness, and then throwing it upon the live coals. (TA.) b8: Also, (K,) inf. n. as above, (O,) He understood (O, K) speech, or language. (TK.) b9: And شَرْحٌ also signifies The act of keeping, preserving, or guarding. (TA.) [And particularly The guarding of seed-produce from the birds; (see شَارِحٌ;) as also شِرَاحَةٌ; (see 1 in art. خفر, fourth sentence;) each an inf. n., of which the verb is شَرَحَ.]2 شَرَّحَ The inf. n. تَشْرِيحٌ signifies The expounding, explaining, or interpreting, well, language, or discourse. (KL.) b2: See also 1, latter half, in four places. b3: [Also The dissecting, or anatomizing, a body.]7 انشرح صَدْرُهُ (S, A, O) His bosom became dilated, (O,) [with joy or the like, or] لِلْإِسْلَامِ [for the acceptance, or favourable acceptance, of El-Islám]. (S.) 10 استشرح He asked for language to be expounded, explained, or interpreted, to him: or for flesh-meat to be cut for him in the manner termed شَرْحٌ. (O.) شَرْحٌ inf. n. of 1. (S, O, &c.) b2: [An exposition, explanation, or interpretation, in the form of a running commentary, comprising the entire text of the work which it expounds; distinguished from a حَاشِيَة, which is a commentary only on particular words and passages: pl. شُرُوحٌ.]

شَرْحَةٌ: see شَرِيحَةٌ. b2: شَرْحَةٌ مِنَ الظِّبَآءِ Flesh-meat of gazelles cut in the manner termed شَرْح [i. e. into oblong slices], (TA,) such as is brought in a dry state, just as it was, not مُقَدَّد [which means cut into strips and then dried by exposure to the sun]. (ISh, O, K, TA.) شَرَاحٌ The discovery, disclosure, or explanation, of an affair or a case: so in the prov., النَّجَاحُ مَعَ الشَّرَاحِ [The accomplishment of one's want is with the discovery, or disclosure, or explanation, thereof]; meaning, discover thou, or disclose, or explain, to me my affair, or case, for the doing so is one of the means of accomplishing my want: thus expl. by As. (Meyd. [In the TA, من is put in the place of مع. See a similar prov. voce سَرَاحٌ.]) شَرِيحٌ, applied to flesh-meat, i. q. ↓ مَشْرُوحٌ [i. e. Cut into oblong slices]. (O.) b2: See also شَرِيحَةٌ, in two places.

شُرَيْحٌ The vulva of a woman; (O, K;) and (K) so ↓ مَشْرَحٌ: (A, Mgh, K:) or a proper name for the vulva of a woman; like as رُمَيْحٌ is a proper name for “ the penis. ” (TA in art. رمح.

[Golius appears to have found in the K الحَرُّ in the place of الحِرُ.]) شَرِيحَةٌ A cut piece of flesh-meat, (S, A, O, K,) as also ↓ شَرِيحٌ and ↓ شَرْحَةٌ, (K,) such as is مَشْرُوح [or cut into oblong slices]; (O;) [i. e. an oblong slice of flesh-meat:] or a thin piece, or slice, of flesh-meat: (L, TA:) and any extended piece of fat flesh-meat; (S, O;) as also ↓ شَرِيحٌ: (S:) pl. of the first شَرَائِحُ. (A.) شَارِحٌ [An expositor, explainer, or interpreter, of a book or the like. b2: And] A keeper, or guardian. (TA.) In the dial. of El-Yemen, (O, TA,) A guardian of seed-produce from the birds (O, K, TA) amp;c. (O, TA.) مَشْرَحٌ: see شُرَيْحٌ. b2: [Also] The سَافِلَة [i. e. podex, or anus,] of a man. (O.) مَشْرُوحٌ: see شَرِيحٌ.

A2: Also The سَرَاب [or mirage]: (K: [In the CK, الشَّرَابُ is put in the place of السَّرَابُ:]) mentioned on the authority of Th: and مَسْرُوحٌ [q. v.] is a dial. var. thereof. (TA.)
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