William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2173. شرح19 2174. شرخ14 2175. شرد16 2176. شردم4 2177. شرذم11 2178. شرس182179. شرسف8 2180. شرط19 2181. شرع20 2182. شرف19 2183. شرق18 2184. شرقرق3 2185. شرك16 2186. شرم17 2187. شرنف5 2188. شره13 2189. شرو4 2190. شرول2 2191. شرى13 2192. شزب10 2193. شزر16 2194. شسع17 2195. ششب1 2196. شصر10 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب16 2200. شطر22 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن16 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف14 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب20 2208. شعبذ6 2209. شعث16 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر24 2212. شعف18 2213. شعل18 2214. شعو7 2215. شغب16 2216. شغر18 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب10 2219. شغف19 2220. شغل17 2221. شغو5 2222. شف5 2223. شفر14 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع19 2226. شفق16 2227. شفه15 2228. شفو8 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح13 2232. شقذ8 2233. شقر16 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص15 2236. شقو7 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد7 2240. شكر19 2241. شكس18 2242. شكل24 2243. شكم15 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم11 2247. شلو11 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت17 2251. شمخ16 2252. شمر15 2253. شمرخ12 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس20 2258. شمط16 2259. شمع14 2260. شمعل7 2261. شمل17 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب15 2265. شنبث3 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج14 2268. شنر13 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع17 2271. شنف16 2272. شنق20 Prev. 100
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شرس

1 شَرِسَ, aor. شَرَسَ, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. شَرَسٌ (Msb, TA, TK) and شَرَاسَةٌ and شَرِيسٌ, (TK, the first and second also mentioned and explained, but not said to be inf. ns., in the S and O and K, and the third in like manner in the K,) or the second is a simple subst., (Msb,) or an inf. n. of which the verb is with damm [to the medial radical letter, as shown below], (TA,) He was, or became, evil in disposition, or illnatured, (S, * A, * Msb, K, * TA,) and very perverse or cross or repugnant, (S, * A, * K, * TA,) and averse. (TA.) And شَرِسَتْ نَفْسُهُ, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. شَرَسٌ; (TA;) and شَرُسَتْ, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. شَرَاسَةٌ; (TA;) [His mind was, or became, evil in disposition, &c.:] ISd and others make this distinction [in respect of the inf. ns.] in the usages of the two verbs. (TA.) b2: And شَرِسَ He showed, or manifested, or he made himself an object of, love, or affection, to men. (IAar, O, K.) [Thus it has two contr. meanings.]

A2: Also, شَرِسَ, He kept continually, or constantly, to the pasturing upon the trees called شِرْس. (IAar, O, K.) A3: and شَرَسَتِ المَاشِيَةُ, (AZ, AHn, O, K, *) aor. ??, (AZ, O, K,) or, as written by El-Umawee and AHn, شَرِسَ, (TA,) inf. n. شَرَاسَةٌ, The cattle ate vehemently: (AZ, AHn, O, K:) thus expl. without the particularizing of the شِرْس [as the pasture eaten]. (TA.) A4: And شَرَسَهُ, (Ibn-'Abbád, O,) inf. n. شَرْسٌ, (K,) He pained him, or distressed him, (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K, *) namely, his companion, (K,) with speech, (Ibn-'Abbád, O,) [i. e.,] with rough speech. (K.) 3 شارسهُ, (A, TA,) inf. n. شِرَاسٌ (A, O, K) and مُشَارَسَةٌ, (O, K,) He treated him, or behaved towards him, or dealt with him, with hardness, (A, O, * K, * TA,) or harshness, or illnature. (A, TA.) 6 تشارسوا They treated one another [with hardness, or harshness, or illnature, (see 3,) or] with enmity, or hostility, (S, O, K,) and contrariety, or perverseness. (TA.) مَكَانٌ شَرْسٌ, (S, O, TA,) and ↓ شَرِسٌ, (S, [both of these forms I find in my two copies of the S, the former in a poetical ex., and therefore it may perhaps be contraction of the latter by poetic license,]) and ↓ شَرَاسٌ, (TA,) A place that is rugged, or rough, (S, O, TA,) and hard: or, as in the M, rough to the fell. (TA.) And أَرْضٌ

↓ شَرْسَآءُ, and ↓ شَرَاسٍ, and ↓ شَرَاسٌ, (O, K, TA, [the last written by Freytag شُرَّاسٌ,]) Land that is rugged, or rough, (O,) or hard, (K,) or hard and rugged or rough. (TA.) شِرْسٌ Such as are small, of thorny trees; (Mgh, * K;) as also ↓ شَرَسٌ; (K;) the latter word thus expl. by AHn: (O:) or the عِضَاه of the mountain, which are the small kind of thorny trees, (S, O, TA, *) having yellow thorns, or, as some say, such as have slender thorns, growing in depressed tracts, and in the deserts (الصَّحَارَى), but not in the plain, or soft, tracts of valleys; (TA;) such as the شُبْرُم and حَاج (S, O) and شُكَاعَى and قَتَاد. (O. [See عِضٌّ.]) See also أَشْرَسُ.

شَرَسٌ: see next preceding paragraph.

شَرِسَ (S, A, O, Msb, K) and ↓ شَرِيسٌ (A, O, K) and ↓ أَشْرَسُ (S, O, K) A man (S, O) evil in disposition, or illnatured, (S, A, O, Msb, K,) and very perverse or cross or repugnant, (S, A, O, K,) and averse: (TA:) and شَرِسَةٌ and ↓ شَرِيسَةٌ [both fem.] abounding in evilness of disposition or illnature, and in excessive perverseness &c. (TA.) One says also ↓ نَفْسٌ شَرِيسَةٌ A mind evil in disposition, &c. (A, TA.) And ↓ نَاقَةٌ شَرِيسٌ, (TA,) or ذَاتُ شَرِيسٍ, (O,) or the latter also, (TA,) i. q. شَرِسَةٌ[A she-camel evil in disposition, &c.]. (O.) See also أَشْرَسُ. b2: شَرِسُ الأَكْلِ, (O, K,) or, accord. to AHn, الأَكْلِ ↓ شَرِيسُ, (TA,) Vehement in respect of eating. (AHn, O, K.) b3: See also شَرْسٌ.

A2: شَرِسَةٌ and ↓ شَرِيسَةٌ [A land (أَرْضٌ)] abounding with شَرَس [or شِرْس, i. e. the trees thus called]; (TA;) [and] ↓ أَرْضٌ مُشْرِسَةٌ a land abounding with شِرْس. (Yaakoob, S.) شَرَاسٌ: see شَرْسٌ, in two places.

شَرَاسٍ: see شَرْسٌ.

شَرِيسٌ: see شَرِسٌ, in six places: and أَشْرَسُ.

أَشْرَسُ: see شَرِسٌ. Hence, (O,) الأَشْرَسُ The lion; (O, K;) as also ↓ الشَّرِسُ, (O,) or ↓ الشَّرِيسُ; (K;) because of his evil disposition. (O.) b2: And Bold, or daring, in fight: (O, K:) or this is a mistranscription for أَشْوَسُ, mentioned in the T as having this meaning. (TA.) b3: Also i. q. أَفَظُّ [More, and most, evil in disposition or illnatured &c.]. (TA in art. فظ.) b4: عَثَرَ بِأَشْرَسِ الدَّهْرِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) [He stumbled upon, or chanced to meet with,] hardship, calamity, or adversity: a prov. (O, K. [In Meyd (and so in Freytag's Arab. Prov., ii. 96,) الدَّهْرِ ↓ عَثَرْنَا بِشِرْسِ, and expl. as lit. meaning the trees called شِرْس.]) b5: See also شَرْسٌ.

مُشْرِسٌ Whose camels pasture upon the [trees called] شِرْس. (S.) b2: أَرْضٌ مُشْرِسَةٌ: see شَرِسٌ.
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