William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2195. ششب1 2196. شصر9 2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب15 2200. شطر212201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن15 2203. شظ5 2204. شظف13 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب19 2208. شعبذ5 2209. شعث15 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر23 2212. شعف17 2213. شعل17 2214. شعو6 2215. شغب15 2216. شغر17 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب9 2219. شغف18 2220. شغل15 2221. شغو4 2222. شف5 2223. شفر13 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع18 2226. شفق15 2227. شفه14 2228. شفو7 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح12 2232. شقذ7 2233. شقر15 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص14 2236. شقو6 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد6 2240. شكر18 2241. شكس17 2242. شكل23 2243. شكم14 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم10 2247. شلو10 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت16 2251. شمخ15 2252. شمر14 2253. شمرخ11 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس19 2258. شمط15 2259. شمع13 2260. شمعل6 2261. شمل16 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب14 2265. شنبث2 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج13 2268. شنر12 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع16 2271. شنف15 2272. شنق19 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب18 2275. شهد16 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر16 2278. شهق17 2279. شهل15 2280. شهم13 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو9 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب16 2285. شوذ10 2286. شور20 2287. شوس14 2288. شوش8 2289. شوص13 2290. شوط15 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف15 2293. شوق14 2294. شوك17 Prev. 100
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شطر

1 شَطَرَهُ, (A, MA, O, TA,) [aor. شَطُرَ,] inf. n. شَطْرٌ; (MA;) and ↓ شطّرهُ, (K,) inf. n. تَشْطِيرٌ; (TA;) He halved it; divided it into halves. (A, MA, O, K, TA.) b2: شَطَرَهَا, aor. شَطُرَ, (S,) inf. n. شَطْرٌ, (S, K,) He milked one شَطْر of her, (namely, a camel, or a ewe or goat, S, [i. e., in the former case one pair of teats, and in the latter case one teat,]) and left the other شَطْر. (S, K.) A2: شَطَرَتْ and شَطُرَتْ, aor. شَطُرَ, (K,) inf. n. شِطَارٌ, (TA,) She (a ewe or goat) had one of her teats dried up: or had one teat longer than the other. (K.) [شِطَارٌ seems to be also Syn. with حِضَانٌ as expl. in this Lex.: see also the latter word in Freytag's Lex.: Reiske, as cited by Freytag, explains the former word as meaning “ quando latus unum vulvæ præ altero propendet. ”] b2: شَطَرَ بَصَرُهُ, (S, K, TA, and so in the O voce سَصَرَ, q. v., [in some copies of the S and K and in a copy of the A, erroneously, بَصَرَهُ,]) aor. شَطُرَ, (S,) inf. n. شُطُورٌ (S, K) and شَطْرٌ, (TA,) He was as though he were looking at thee and at another: (S, A, K:) on the authority of Fr. (TA.) b3: شَطَرَ شَطْرَهُ He repaired, or betook himself, in the direction of him, or it: or الشَّطْرُ in the sense of الجِهَةُ and النَّاحِيَةُ has no verb belonging to it. (K.) b4: شَطَرَتِ الدَّارُ The house, or abode, was distant, or remote. (Mgh, Msb.) b5: شَطَرَ, (S, K,) aor. شَطُرَ; (K;) and شَطُرَ, aor. شَطُرَ; inf. n. شَطَارَةٌ, of both verbs, (S, K,) or this is a simple subst., (Msb,) and شُطُورٌ; (L;) [and ↓ تشاطر; (A in art. عذر;)] He was, or became, or acted, like a شَاطِر [q. v.]. (S, K.) And شَطَرَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ, (A, Msb,) or شَطَرَ عَنْهُمْ, (S, * K,) aor. شَطُرَ, (Msb,) inf. n. شُطُورٌ and شُطُورَةٌ and شَطَارَةٌ, (K,) or this last is a simple subst., (Msb,) He withdrew far away (S, * A, K *) from his family; or broke off from them, or quitted them, in anger: (A, K:) or he disagreed with his family, and wearied them by his wickedness (Msb, TA) and baseness. (Msb.) 2 شَطَّرَ see 1, first sentence. b2: شطّر نَاقَتَهُ, (S,) or بِنَاقَتِهِ, (K,) inf. n. تَشْطِيرٌ, (S, K,) He bound two of the teats of his she-camel with the صِرَار [q. v.], (S, K,) leaving (the other) two (unbound). (K.) 3 شَاطَرْتُهُ مَالِى I halved with him my property; (S, K;) I retained half of my property and gave him the other half. (M, TA.) b2: And شَاطَرْتُ طَلِيِّى I left for my lamb, or kid, one teat [of the mother], having milked the other teat and bound it with the صِرَار [q. v.]. (S.) 6 تَشَاْطَرَ see 1, last sentence but one.

شَطْرٌ The half of a thing; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) as also ↓ شَطِيرٌ: (TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَشْطُرٌ (S, K) and [of mult.] شُطُورٌ. (K.) It is said in a prov., اُحْلُبْ حَلَبًا لَكَ شَطْرُهُ [Milk thou a milking of which half shall be for thee]. (S.) And one says شَعَرٌ شَطْرَانِ Hair [half] black and [half] white. (A.) Accord. to Ibráheem El-Harbee, (O,) the saying of the Prophet,

مَنْ مَنَعَ صَدَقَةً فَإِنَّا آخِذُوهَا وَشَطْرَ مَالِهِ [Whoso refuses to render a poor-rate, verily we take it from him, and half of his property], thus related by Bahz, is a mistake, and the right wording is, وَشُطِرَ مَالُهُ, meaning and his property shall be divided into two halves, and the collector of the poor-rate shall have the option given him and shall take that rate from out of the better of the two halves, as a punishment for the man's refusal of the rate; (O, K;) but it is said that this law was afterwards abrogated: (O:) Esh-Sháfi'ee, however, says that, in the old time, when one refused the poor-rate of his property, it was taken from him, and half of his property was taken as a punishment for his refusal; and he adduces this trad. as evidence thereof; but says that in recent times, only the poor-rate was taken from him, and this trad. was asserted to be abrogated. (TA. [More is there said on this subject, but I omit it as unprofitable.]) b2: It occurs in two trads. as meaning Half a مَكُّوك [q. v.], or half a وَسْق [q. v.], of barley. (TA.) b3: [In prosody, Half a verse.] b4: Also (tropical:) A part, or portion, or somewhat, of a thing; (Mgh, K;) and so ↓ شَطِيرٌ. (TA.) In the trad. of the night-journey, فَوَضَعَ شَطْرَهَا means (assumed tropical:) [And He remitted] part, or somewhat, thereof; (K;) i. e., of the prayer. (TA.) And similar is the saying in another trad., الطَّهُورُ شَطْرُ الإِيمَانِ (assumed tropical:) [Purification is part of faith]. (TA.) b5: Either the fore pair or the hind pair of the teats of a she-camel: she has two pairs of teats, a fore pair and a hind pair, and each pair is thus called: (S, K:) and either of the two teats of a ewe or she-goat: (IAar, TA:) pl. أَشْطُرٌ. (S, TA.) Hence the saying, (S,) فُلَانٌ حَلَبَ الدَّهْرَ أَشْطُرَهُ (tropical:) Such a one has known, or tried, varieties of fortune: (S, * TA:) has experienced the good and evil of fortune; (S, K, TA;) its straitness and its ampleness: being likened to one who has milked all the teats of a camel, that which yields plenty of milk and that which does not; the fore pair being the good; and the hind pair, the evil: or, as some say, أَشْطُر means streams, or flows, of milk: and [in like manner] one says, حَلَبَ الدَّهْرَ شَطْرَيْهِ. (TA.) And, as is said in the “ Kámil ” of Mbr, one says of a man experienced in affairs, فُلَانٌ قَدْ حَلَبَ أَشْطُرَهُ (tropical:) Such a one has endured the difficulties and [enjoyed] the ampleness of fortune, and managed his affairs in poverty and in wealth: lit., has milked his pairs of teats, one pair after another. (TA.) b6: Also A direction in which one looks or goes or the like. (S, A, Msb, K.) One says, قَصَدَ شَطْرَهُ He went in his, or its, direction; towards him, or it. (S, A.) And it is said in the Kur [ii. 139 and 144 and 145], فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ Then turn thou thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque. (Fr, S.) The noun in this sense has no verb belonging to it: or one says, شَطَرَ شَطْرَهُ [expl. above: see 1]. (K.) b7: Also Distance, or remoteness. (TA.) شُطُرٌ: see شَطِيرٌ [of which it is both a syn. and a pl.].

وَلَدُ فُلَانٍ شِطْرَةٌ The offspring of such a one are half males and half females. (S, A, K. [In the Ham p. 478, it is written شَطْرة.]) شَطْرَانُ, (S, A, K,) fem. شَطْرَى, (K,) A bowl, (S, K,) or vessel, (A, K,) half full. (S, A, K.) شَطُورٌ A ewe, or she-goat, having one teat longer than the other; (S, O, K;) like حَضُونٌ in this sense [and perhaps in others also, agreeably with what is said of شِطَارٌ in the first paragraph of this art.]: (S in art. حَضن:) and (so in the S and O, but in the K “ or ”) one having one of her teats dried up: (S, O, K:) and a she-camel having two of her teats dried up; for she has four teats. (S, O.) And A garment, or piece of cloth, having one of the two extremities of its breadth longer than the other. (O, K.) b2: See also the next paragraph.

شَطِيرٌ: see شَطْرٌ, in two places.

A2: Also Distant, or remote; (As, S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) applied to a town, or country, (As, S,) an abode, (A, Mgh, Msb,) and a tribe. (A.) And so ↓ شُطُرٌ in the phrase نَوًى شُطُرٌ [A distant tract, or region, towards which one journeys]: (S, K:) so too ↓ شَطُورٌ in the phrase نِيَّةٌ شَطُورٌ [which may mean as above, (like نِيَّةٌ شَطُونٌ,) or a remote, or farreaching, intention, or aim, or purpose]. (TA.) b2: Also A stranger; (S, O, Msb, K;) because of his remoteness from his people; (TA;) as in a verse cited voce إِذًا: (S, O:) or one who is alone, or solitary: (A:) pl. شُطُرٌ. (TA.) شَاطِرٌ [One who withdraws far away from his family; or breaks off from them, or quits them, in anger: (see 1, last sentence:) or] one who disagrees with his family, (Msb,) and who wearies them by his wickedness (S, Msb, K) and baseness (Msb) and guile: (TA:) i. q. خَلِيعٌ [meaning as above, and having other similar meanings; generally vitious, or immoral; bad, evil, wicked, or mischievous]: (A:) accord. to some, it is post-classical: Aboo-Is-hák says that it signifies one who takes a wrong course: it is also expl. as signifying one who outstrips; like the [messenger called] بَرِيد, who takes a long journey in a short space of time: and hence, [as a conventional term of the mystics,] it is applied to one who outstrips, and is quick, in attaining nearness to God: or as meaning one who has wearied his family, and withdrawn far from them [n spirit], though with them [bodily], because of their inviting him to carnal lusts, and accustomed ways [of the world]: (TA:) [in the present day, it is applied to a sharper, or clever thief: and to any clever, or cunning, person:] pl. شُطَّارٌ. (TA.) مَشْطُورٌ [Halved. b2: And hence,] A verse of the metre termed الرَّجَز, (O, K,) and of that termed السَّرِيع, (TA,) having three of its six feet wanting; (O, K;) properly, having half thereof taken away. (O.) A2: Also Bread done over with [the seasoning, or condiment, called] كَامَخ. (O, K.) هُمْ مُشَاطِرُونَا They are persons whose houses adjoin ours. (O, K.).
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