William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2197. شط6 2198. شطأ13 2199. شطب15 2200. شطر21 2201. شطرنج4 2202. شطن152203. شظ5 2204. شظف13 2205. شظى5 2206. شع3 2207. شعب19 2208. شعبذ5 2209. شعث15 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر23 2212. شعف17 2213. شعل17 2214. شعو6 2215. شغب15 2216. شغر17 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب9 2219. شغف18 2220. شغل15 2221. شغو4 2222. شف5 2223. شفر13 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع18 2226. شفق15 2227. شفه14 2228. شفو7 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح12 2232. شقذ7 2233. شقر15 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص14 2236. شقو6 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد6 2240. شكر18 2241. شكس17 2242. شكل23 2243. شكم14 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم10 2247. شلو10 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت16 2251. شمخ15 2252. شمر14 2253. شمرخ11 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس19 2258. شمط15 2259. شمع13 2260. شمعل6 2261. شمل16 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب14 2265. شنبث2 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج13 2268. شنر12 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع16 2271. شنف15 2272. شنق19 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب18 2275. شهد16 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر16 2278. شهق17 2279. شهل15 2280. شهم13 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو9 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب16 2285. شوذ10 2286. شور20 2287. شوس14 2288. شوش8 2289. شوص13 2290. شوط15 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف15 2293. شوق14 2294. شوك17 2295. شول15 2296. شوه18 Prev. 100
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شطن

1 شَطَنَ, (S, TA,) [aor. شَطُنَ,] inf. n. شُطُونٌ, (PS,) He was, or became, distant, or remote, (S, TA,) عَنْهُ [from him, or it]. (S.) And شَطَنَتِ الدَّارُ, (Msb, TA,) aor. as above, (Msb,) and so the inf. n., The abode, or dwelling, was distant, or remote. (Msb, TA.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, remote, or far, from the truth, and from the mercy of God. (Msb.) b3: And شَطَنَ فِى الأَرْضِ, (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) It entered into the earth, either رَاسِخًا [app. as meaning becoming firmly fixed therein], or وَاغِلًا [app. as meaning penetrating, and becoming concealed]. (K.) A2: شَطَنَهُ, (S, K,) aor. شَطُنَ, inf. n. شَطْنٌ, (S,) He turned away in opposition to him (namely, his companion, K) from his design, or aim, or his direction that he was pursuing, and his way, or course; expl. by the words خَالَفَهُ عَنْ نِيَّتِهِ وَوَجْهِهِ. (ISk, S, K.) A3: And شَطَنَهُ, (S, K,) aor. شَطُنَ, (S,) inf. n. شَطْنٌ, (TA,) He bound him with the شَطَن [or rope, or long rope, &c.]. (S, K.) 4 اشطنهُ He made him, or caused him, to be, or become, distant, or remote. (S, K.) Q. Q. 1 شَيْطَنَ He acted as a شَيْطَان [i. e., as implied in the context, a devil; or one excessively, or inordinately, proud or corrupt or unbelieving or rebellious, or one insolent and audacious in pride and in acts of rebellion]; (K;) and ↓ تَشَيْطَنَ; (S, K;) both signify the same; (K, TA;) he became, and acted, like the شَيْطَان. (TA.) Q. Q. 2 تَشَيْطَنَ: see what next precedes.

شَطَنٌ A rope, (S, Msb, K,) in a general sense: (K:) or a long rope: (Kh, S, K:) or a long and strongly-twisted rope by means of which one draws water: (TA:) pl. أَشْطَانٌ. (S, Msb, K.) Mention is made, in a trad., of a horse as being مَرْبُوطٌ بِشَطَنَيْنِ [i. e. Tied with two ropes, or long ropes, &c.,] because of his strength. (TA.) and one says of a strong-spirited horse, إِنَّهُ لَيَنْزُو بَيْنَ شَطَنَيْنِ [Verily he leaps between two ropes, or long ropes, &c.]: a saying applied as a prov. to him who exults, or exults greatly, or excessively, and behaves insolently and ungratefully, and is strong. (TA.) An Arab of the desert described a horse (S, Msb) that did not become abraded in the sole of his hoof (so in a copy of the S) by saying, كَأَنَّهُ شَيْطَانٌ فِى أَشْطَانٍ [As though he were a devil in ropes, or long ropes, &c.]. (S, Msb.) نَوًى شَطُونٌ (S) or نِيَّةٌ شَطُونٌ (K) [A place to which one purposes journeying] that is distant, or remote. (S, K.) And غَزْوَةٌ شَطُونٌ [A warring and plundering expedition] that is distant. (K.) And حَرْبٌ شَطُونٌ [Distant war: or] (assumed tropical:) war that is difficult [because distant]. (TA. See an ex. in a verse cited voce جُبَّةٌ.) [See also شَطِينٌ, and شَاطِنٌ.] b2: بِئْرٌ شَطُونٌ (tropical:) A deep well, (S, K, TA,) curving in its interior: (TA:) or a well from which the bucket is drawn out by means of two ropes, from its two sides, wide in the upper part and narrow in the lower part; (K, TA;) so that if one draws out the bucket from it by means of one rope, one draws it against the casing, and it becomes rent. (TA.) And رُمْحٌ شَطُونٌ (assumed tropical:) A long and crooked spear. (TA.) شَطِينٌ Distant, or remote. (TA. [See also شَطُونٌ, and شَاطِنٌ.]) شَاطِنٌ [Distant, or remote, in respect of the place of alighting or abode]; i. q. شَاطِبٌ [q. v.]. (TA in art. شطب. [See also شَطُونٌ, and شَطِينٌ.]) b2: And (assumed tropical:) Far from the truth [and from the mercy of God: see 1]. (TA.) b3: And i. q. خَبِيثٌ (assumed tropical:) [Bad, corrupt, &c.; like سَاطِنٌ]. (K.) Umeiyeh (S, TA) Ibn-Abi-s-Salt, referring to Solomon, (TA,) says, أَيُّمَا شَاطِنٍ عَصَاهُ عَكَاهُ ثُمَّ يُلْقَى فِى السِّجْنِ وَالأَغْلَالِ [Whatever bad one disobeyed him, he bound him in irons; then he was cast into the prison and the shackles for the neck and hands]. (S, TA.) شَيْطَانٌ a word of well-known meaning [i. e. A devil; and with the article ال, the devil, Satan]: (S, K:) any that is excessively, or inordinately, proud or corrupt or unbelieving or rebellious, or that is insolent and audacious in pride and in acts of rebellion, of mankind, and of the jinn, or genii, and of beasts; (A'Obeyd, S, Msb, K;) as is shown in relation to the first and second of these by what is said in the Kur vi. 112, and ii.13 and 96: (TA:) the ن is radical, (S, Msb, TA,) the word being of the measure فَيْعَالٌ, from شَطَنَ, (Msb, TA,) signifying “ he was, or became, distant, or remote,” (TA,) or signifying “ he was, or became, remote, or far, from the truth, and from the mercy of God; ” (Msb;) as is indicated by the pl. شَيَاطِينُ; [for] the reading of El-Hasan in the Kur xxvi. 210, الشَّيَاطُونَ, is anomalous, [like بَسَاتُونَ for بَسَاتِينُ,] and is said by Th to be a mistake: (TA:) or, as some say, the ن is augmentative, (S, Msb, TA, *) and the ى is radical, so that the word is of the measure فَعْلَان, (Msb,) from شَاطَ, aor. يَشِيطُ, (Msb, TA,) signifying “ it was, or became, null, void, of no account,” and the like, and “ it burned,” or “ became burnt,” (Msb,) or signifying “ he burned with anger: ”

but the former opinion is the more common: (TA:) [in the Kur, the word is always perfectly decl.; and so it is said to be by SM, in art. شيط of the TA; unless used as a proper name: but J says,] if you make it to be of the measure فَيْعَال from تَشَيْطَنَ said of a man, [or rather because they say of a man تشيطن,] you make it perfectly decl.; but if you make it to be from شَيَّطَ [“ he burned ” a thing], you make it imperfectly decl., because it is of the measure فَعْلَان. (S.) b2: Also The serpent: (S, K:) or a certain species of serpents; (Fr, S, TA;) having a mane, of foul aspect: or, as some say, a slender, light, or active, serpent. (TA.) b3: Respecting the saying in the Kur [xxxvii. 63], طَلْعُهَا كَأَنَّهُ رُؤُوسُ الشَّيَاطِينِ [Its fruit is as though it were the heads of the شياطين], Fr says that there are three ways in which it may be explained: one is, that the طلع is likened to the heads of the شياطين [meaning devils] in respect of foulness, or ugliness, because these are described as foul, or ugly: (S:) or it is likened to the evil in disposition of the jinn, because these are imagined as foul, or ugly: Zj says, in explaining it, that one says of a thing deemed foul, or ugly, كَأَنَّهُ وَجْهُ شَيْطَانٍ [as though it were the face of a devil], and كَأَنَّهُ رَأْسُ شَيْطَانٍ [as though it were the head of a devil]; for though the شيطان is not seen, he is conceived in the mind as the foulest, or ugliest, of things: (TA:) the second is, that [the meaning is foul, or ugly, serpents; for] the Arabs apply the name شيطان to a sort of serpents, having a mane, foul, or ugly, in the head and face: (S, TA: *) the third is, that a certain foul, or ugly, plat is named رُؤُوسُ الشَّيَاطِينِ; (S, TA;) which is expl. in the K only as meaning a certain plant. (TA.) b4: شَيْطَانُ الفَلَا [lit. The devil of the waterless deserts] means (assumed tropical:) thirst. (K.) b5: شَيْطَانٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) Any blamable faculty, or power, [or propensity,] of a man. (Er-Rághib, TA.) One says, رَكِبَهُ شَيْطَانُهُ i. e. (assumed tropical:) [His anger got the ascendency over him; or] he was, or became, angry. (TA.) And نَزَعَ شَيْطَانَهُ (assumed tropical:) He plucked out his pride. (TA.) b6: Also, [probably as being likened to a serpent,] (assumed tropical:) A mark made with a hot iron in the upper part of the haunch of a camel, perpendicularly, upon the thigh, extending to the hock; (K, TA;) from the “ Tedhkireh ” of Aboo-'Alee; (TA;) likewise called ↓ مُشَيْطَنَةٌ. (AZ, K, TA.) الشَّيْطَانِيَّةُ A certain sect of the extravagant zealots of [the schismatics called] the شِيعَة; so named from [their founder] شَيْطَانُ الطَّاقِ, (TA,) an appellation of Mohammad Ibn-En-Noaman. (K and TA in art. طوق.) مُشَاطِنٌ One who draws out the bucket from the well بِشَطَنَيْنِ, (K, TA,) i. e. with two ropes. (TA.) مُشَيْطَنَةٌ: see شَيْطَانٌ, last sentence.
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