William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2208. شعبذ5 2209. شعث15 2210. شعذ8 2211. شعر23 2212. شعف17 2213. شعل172214. شعو6 2215. شغب15 2216. شغر17 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب9 2219. شغف18 2220. شغل15 2221. شغو4 2222. شف5 2223. شفر13 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع18 2226. شفق15 2227. شفه14 2228. شفو7 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح12 2232. شقذ7 2233. شقر15 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص14 2236. شقو6 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد6 2240. شكر18 2241. شكس17 2242. شكل23 2243. شكم14 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم10 2247. شلو10 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت16 2251. شمخ15 2252. شمر14 2253. شمرخ11 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس19 2258. شمط15 2259. شمع13 2260. شمعل6 2261. شمل16 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب14 2265. شنبث2 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج13 2268. شنر12 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع16 2271. شنف15 2272. شنق19 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب18 2275. شهد16 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر16 2278. شهق17 2279. شهل15 2280. شهم13 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو9 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب16 2285. شوذ10 2286. شور20 2287. شوس14 2288. شوش8 2289. شوص13 2290. شوط15 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف15 2293. شوق14 2294. شوك17 2295. شول15 2296. شوه18 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب16 2301. شيح12 2302. شيخ16 2303. شيد16 2304. شير6 2305. شيز12 2306. شيش6 2307. شيص12 Prev. 100
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شعل

1 شَعَلَتِ النَّارُ: see 8. b2: [Hence,] شَعَلَتِ الخَيْلُ فِى الغَارَةِ (assumed tropical:) [The horsemen became spread or dispersed, or spread or dispersed themselves, in the hostile, or predatory, incursion]; quasi-pass. of أَشْعَلْتُهَا. (Ham p. 715.) b3: And شَعَلَ فِيهِ, aor. شَعَلَ, (K,) inf. n. شَعْلٌ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He went far in it; (K;) namely, an affair. (TK.) A2: شَعَلَ النَّارَ: b2: and الحَرْبَ: see 4.

A3: شَعِلَ, aor. شَعَلَ, (K,) inf. n. شَعَلٌ, (TA,) He (a horse) had the whiteness termed شَعَلٌ and شُعْلَةٌ [expl. below]; (K;) as also ↓ اشعالّ, (Mgh, K, TA,) which occurs in poetry with the ا made movent, i. e. ↓ اِشْعَأَلَّ, inf. n. اِشْعِيلَالٌ; (TA; [in my copy of the Mgh written اِشْعِلَال;]) or ↓ اشعلّ, (S,) or this last also, (TA,) inf. n. اِشعِلَالٌ. (S, TA.) Among the faults in the “ Khizánet el-Fik-h ” is ↓ الإِشْعَالُ, [expl. as meaning The having] a whiteness of the أَشْفَار [or edges of the eyelids]. (Mgh.) 2 شعّل النَّارَ: see what next follows.4 اشعل النَّارَ; (AZ, S, O, Msb, K;) and ↓ شَعَلَهَا, (AZ, O, Msb, K,) aor. شَعَلَ, inf. n. شَعْلٌ; (TA;) and [in an intensive sense] ↓ شعّلها, (K,) inf. n. تَشْعِيلٌ; (TA;) He kindled the fire; or made it to burn up, burn brightly or fiercely, blaze, or flame; syn. أَضْرَمَهَا, (S, O, TA,) or أَوْقَدَهَا, (Msb, by implication,) or أَلْهَيَهَا; (K, TA;) فِى الحَطَبِ [in the firewood]. (S, O, TA.) b2: [Hence,] one says also, أَشْعَلْتُ الحَرْبَ (assumed tropical:) [I kindled war, or the war; or made it to burn fiercely, or to rage]; and ↓ شَعَلْتُهَا; mentioned by Abu-l-'Alà. (Ham p. 715.) 'Amr Ibn-El-Itnábeh says, لَيْسُوا بِأَنْكَاسٍ وَلَا مِيلٍ إِذَا

↓ مَا الحَرْبُ شُبَّتْ أَشْعَلُوا بِالشَّاعِلِ (S, O, and Ham ubi suprà,) (assumed tropical:) They are not persons in whom is no good, nor such as are not firm on their horses: [when war is kindled,] they make to burn fiercely, and excite, that which is slightly burning: such may be the meaning; for it may be that the ب in بالشاعل is pleonastically inserted, and الشاعل may mean as above: or بالشاعل may mean by him who makes it to burn fiercely, [as is implied in the S and O,] or by that which does so. (Ham.) b3: And أَشْعَلْتُهُ غَضَبًا (O, TA, and Ham p. 194) (tropical:) I excited him, or inflamed him, with anger. (TA.) b4: And اشعل إِبِلَهُ بِالقَطِرَانِ (assumed tropical:) He smeared his camels much with tar; (S, O, K, TA;) [which has a burning effect;] smearing them generally, and not merely the scattered scabs exclusively of the other parts of the body. (TA.) b5: And اشعل الخَيْلَ فِى الغَارَةِ (tropical:) He spread, or dispersed, the horsemen in the hostile, or predatory, incursion: (O, K, TA:) and [in like manner] one says اشعلوا الغَارَةَ (assumed tropical:) [They spread, or dispersed, themselves, or their horsemen, in the hostile, or predatory, incursion]. (S and K in art. شعو.) And أَشْعَلْتُ جَمْعَهُمْ (assumed tropical:) I dispersed or scattered, their congregation. (O, TA.) and اشعل الإِبِلَ (assumed tropical:) He dispersed the camels. (Lh, K, (TA.) b6: And اشعل السَّقْىَ (assumed tropical:) He made [the water-ing or] the water [of the irrigation] abundant. (IAar, K, TA.) A2: أَشْعَلَتِ الغَارَةُ (assumed tropical:) The horsemen making a hostile, or predatory, incursion became dispersed, or dispersed themselves. (S, K.) b2: اشعلت الطَّعْنَةُ (assumed tropical:) The spear-wound, or the like, emitted its blood in a scattered state. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) And اشعلت القِرْبَةُ, and المَزَادَةُ, (assumed tropical:) The water-skin, and the leathern water-bag, shed its water in a scattered state. (S, K.) and اشعلت العَيْنُ (assumed tropical:) The eye shed its tears copiously. (O, K.) b3: See also 1, last sentence.5 تَشَعَّلَ see what next follows.8 اشتعلت النَّارُ; (Lh, S, O, Msb, K, TA;) and ↓ شَعَلَت, aor. شَعَلَ; (Msb;) and [in an intensive sense] ↓ تشعّلت; (K, TA;) The fire became kindled; or it burned up, burned brightly or fiercely, blazed, or flamed; syn. تَأَجَّجَت, (Lh, TA,) or اِضْطَرَمَت, (S, O, TA,) or تَوَقَّدَت, (Msb,) and اِلْتَهَبَت; (K, * TA;) فِى الحَطَبِ [in the firewood]. (Lh, TA.) b2: Hence, اِشْتَعَلَ غَضَبًا (tropical:) He became excited, or inflamed, with anger: (TA:) or he became filled with wrath. (Msb.) b3: Hence also, اشتعل الشَّيْبُ فِى الرَّأْسِ (tropical:) Whiteness of the hair became glistening in the head; including the hair of the beard. (TA.) And اشتعل الرَّأْسَ شَيْبًا [in the Kur xix. 3, expl. in art. شيب]. (S, Msb.) 9 إِشْعَلَّ see 1.11 إِشْعَاْلَّ see 1. b2: اشعالّ رَأْسُهُ, (O, K,) inf. n. اِشْعِيلَالٌ, (TA,) His hair became separated, or loosened, and ruffled, or bristling up. (O, K.) Q. Q. 4 اِشْعَأَلَّ: see 1.

شَعْلٌ (assumed tropical:) A man light, agile, or active, and clever, ingenious, acute, or sharp: (O, K:) and so مَعْلٌ. (O, TA.) شَعَلٌ [inf. n. of شَعِلَ (q. v.)] and ↓ شُعْلَةٌ [properly a subst. as distinguished from an inf. n.] (assumed tropical:) A whiteness in the tail of a horse, and the forelock, and the قَذَال [or place where the عِذَار, i. e. each of the two cheek-straps of the headstall, is tied, behind the forelock]: (K:) or in some part of the forelock; or, as some say, in a side thereof: and sometimes in the قذال: but mostly in the tail: (TA:) or the former signifies a whiteness in the extremity of the tail of a horse: or, accord. to Lth, a whiteness in the forelock and the tail: or, as some say, in the head and the forelock: [or the quality of having such whiteness: for it is added that] the subst. [app. signifying such whiteness itself] is ↓ شُعْلَةٌ: (Mgh:) or the former, a whiteness in the side of the tail: [or,] accord. to As, ↓ شُعْلَةٌ is a term applied to a whiteness of the tail when it intermixes with any other colour; and the horse is said to be بَيِّنُ الشَّعَلِ [i. e. one that exhibits the quality of having such whiteness]. (S.) شُعْلَةٌ A firebrand; a piece of wood in which fire is kindled; (Az, K, * TA;) like جِذْوَةٌ and قَيَسٌ and شِهَابٌ: (Az, TA:) [this is what is meant by its being said that] what is termed شُعْلَةٌ مِنْ نَارٍ [the only indication of the meaning in the S and O] is well known: (Msb:) pl. شُعَلٌ; (S, O, TA;) erroneously said in the K to be like كُتُبٌ. (TA.) [Hence,] one says, فُلَانٌ شُعْلَةُ نَارٍ (assumed tropical:) [Such a one is a firebrand]. (Er-Rághib, TA voce ذَكَآءٌ, q. v.) b2: And [A lighted wick: so in the present day: (see also شَعِيلَةٌ:) or] the burnt [or lighted] extremity of a wick. (S voce قِرَاطٌ.

[And the same meaning is intended there in the K; and also in the TA voce جِذْوَةٌ.]) b3: and The flame of fire; as also ↓ شُعْلُولٌ. (K, * TA. [In the CK شُعُول; as though it were a second pl. of شُعْلَةٌ.]) b4: And شُعْلَةُ, (O, K, TA,) without ال, (K, TA,) is the name of A mare of Keys Ibn-Sebáa; (O, K, TA;) likened to the kindling of fire, because of her swiftness. (TA.) b5: See also شَعَلٌ, in three places.

شُعْلُولٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

A2: Also A party, division, sect, or distinct body or class, of men &c. (TA.) [See شَعَالِيلُ, below.]

شَعِيلٌ The like of stars, at the bottom of a cooking-pot; and in tinder, or burnt rag into which fire has fallen. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, TA.) b2: See the next paragraph. b3: And see also أَشْعَلُ.

شَعِيلَةٌ [A lighted wick; i. e.] a wick in which is fire; (S, O, K;) a wick soaked with oil or grease, in which is fire, used for giving light, and not thus called unless kindled with fire: (TA: [see also شُعْلَةٌ:]) or the fire that is kindled in a wick: (K:) pl. شُعُلٌ, like as صُحُفٌ is pl. of صَحِيفَةٌ; (T, S, O, TA;) in the K erroneously said to be ↓ شَعِيلٌ [which, however, may be correct as a coll. gen. n.]. (TA.) شَعَالِيلُ [a pl., of which the sing. is app. شُعْلُولٌ, q. v.; Things, and persons, scattered, or dispersed]. Aboo-Wejzeh says, حَتَّى إِذَا مَا دَنَتْ مِنْهُ سَوَابِقُهَا وَلِلُّغَامِ بِعِطْفَيْهِ شَعَالِيلُ

[Until, or until when, those of them that outstripped approached him, and there were scattered portions of foam upon his two sides]. (TA.) And one says, ذَهَبُوا شَعَالِيلَ, (S, O, K,) like شَعَارِيرَ, i. e., (S, O,) [They went away] in a state of dispersion; (K;) [or] they dispersed themselves, or became dispersed. (S, O.) شَاعِلٌ as used in a verse cited above (see 4) [may be the part. n. of the intrans. verb in the phrase شَعَلَتِ النَّارُ, and thus] may mean [Burning &c.; or] slightly burning: (Ham p. 715:) [or] it signifies ذُو إِشْعَالٍ [having the quality of kindling, &c.; being said to be a possessive epithet], (S, O, K,) like تَامِرٌ and لَابِنٌ, having no verb: (S, O: [but see 4, first sentence:]) or it may be for ذُو شَعْلٍ, meaning مُشْعِلٌ. (Ham ubi suprà. [See, again, 4.]) b2: See also the next paragraph.

أَشْعَلُ A horse having the whiteness termed شُعْلَةٌ (As, S, Mgh, O, K) or شَعَلٌ [q. v.]; (Mgh, K;) as also ↓ شَعِيلٌ and ↓ شَاعِلٌ: (O, K:) fem. of the first شَعْلَآءُ. (S, K.) b2: And غُرَّةٌ شَعْلَآءُ [A blaze on a horse's forehead or face] taking in, i. e. including, one of the eyes. (Mgh, TA.) مَشْعَلٌ A [lamp of the kind called] قِنْدِيلِ [q. v.]. (K.) b2: See also مَشْعَلَةٌ.

مُشْعَلٌ [pass. part. n. of 4, q. v.]. One says نَارٌ مُشْعَلَةٌ [A fire kindled, &c.; or] burning up, burning brightly or fiercely, blazing, or flaming. (Lh, TA.) And جَآءَ فُلاَنٌ كَالحَرِيقِ المُشْعَلِ i. e. [Such a one came like the fire that is] kindled, &c. (S, O.) See also the next paragraph.

جَرَادٌ مُشعِلٌ (tropical:) Locusts that are numerous, (K, TA,) spreading, (S, O,) in a state of dispersion, (K,) running in every direction. (S, O.) One says, (S, O, TA,) of an army, (TA,) جَاؤُوا كَالجَرَادِ المُشْعِلِ (S, O, TA) (tropical:) They came [like locusts numerous and spreading, &c.,] coming forth from every direction: thus the last word is written accord. to Az [and J] and Sgh; and thus, and also ↓ المُشْعَلِ, accord. to Z. (TA.) and كَتِيبَةٌ مُشْعِلَةٌ (assumed tropical:) [A military force] spreading, or in a state of dispersion. (S, O.) مِشْعَلٌ A certain thing, (S, O, K,) used by the Arabs of the desert, (S, O,) made of skins (S, O, K) sewed together, like the نِطَع [q. v.], (S, O,) having four legs (S, O, K) of wood, to which it is bound, so that it becomes like the wateringtrough; (S, O;) [the beverage called] نَبِيذ is prepared in it, (S, O, K,) because [generally] they have not jars: (S, O:) also called ↓ مِشْعَالٌ: (O, K:) pl. مَشَاعِلُ. (S, O.) شَرِبَ مِشْعَلًا occurs in a trad. [as meaning He drank the quantity that filled a مِشْعَل of نَبِيذ]. (O.) b2: Also i. q. مِصْفَاةٌ [A clarifier, or strainer, for wine &c.]: (O, K:) pl. as above. (TA.) مَشعَلَةٌ A particular sort of large support for a light: (KL:) [i. e. a sort of cresset, consisting of a staff with a cylindrical frame of iron at the top which is filled with flaming pine-wood or the like or tarred rags, or, as is sometimes the case, having two, three, four, or five, of these receptacles for fire: it is borne before travellers and others at night; and is thus called in the present day, and also, more commonly, ↓ مَشْعَل: (two cressets of the sort thus called are figured in my “ Modern Egyptians,” ch. vi.: see also مَشَاعِلِىٌّ, below:)] the place in which fire is kindled: (TA: [a loose explanation, meaning a cresset:]) what is thus called is the thing of which the pl. is مَشَاعِلُ: (S, O:) [accord. to El-Wáhidee, it is ↓ مِشْعَلَةٌ; for he says that] المشعلة with kesr to the م means the instrument in which fire is carried: and مَشْعلة [thus, with a fet-hah over the نار,] means fire kindled; or made to burn up, burn brightly or fiercely, blaze, or flame; syn. موقدة موقدة. (W p. 51.) مِشْعَلَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مِشْعَالٌ: see مِشْعَلٌ.

مَشَاعِلِىٌّ, a rel. n. formed from مَشَاعِلُ pl. of مَشْعَلَةٌ, is a n. un. of which the coll. gen. n. is مَشَاعِلِيَّةٌ, and signifies A bearer of the cresset called مَشْعَلَة: hence applied also to a nightman: and hence, to a cleanser of wells: a scavenger; or remover of offal and the like: and to an executioner. (See De Sacy's Chrest. Arabe, sec. ed., i. 201 — 203; and Quatremère's “ Hist. des Sultans Mamlouks,” sec. part, 4 and 5.)]
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