William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2215. شغب16 2216. شغر18 2217. شغرب2 2218. شغزب10 2219. شغف19 2220. شغل172221. شغو5 2222. شف5 2223. شفر14 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع19 2226. شفق16 2227. شفه15 2228. شفو8 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح13 2232. شقذ8 2233. شقر16 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص15 2236. شقو7 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد7 2240. شكر19 2241. شكس18 2242. شكل24 2243. شكم15 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم11 2247. شلو11 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت17 2251. شمخ16 2252. شمر15 2253. شمرخ12 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس20 2258. شمط16 2259. شمع14 2260. شمعل7 2261. شمل17 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب15 2265. شنبث3 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج14 2268. شنر13 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع17 2271. شنف16 2272. شنق20 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب19 2275. شهد17 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر17 2278. شهق18 2279. شهل16 2280. شهم14 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو10 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب17 2285. شوذ11 2286. شور21 2287. شوس15 2288. شوش9 2289. شوص14 2290. شوط16 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف16 2293. شوق15 2294. شوك18 2295. شول16 2296. شوه19 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب17 2301. شيح13 2302. شيخ17 2303. شيد17 2304. شير7 2305. شيز13 2306. شيش7 2307. شيص13 2308. شيط17 2309. شيع18 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق8 2312. شيل5 2313. شيم16 2314. شين11 Prev. 100
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شغل

1 شَغَلَهُ, (S, O, Msb, K,) aor. شَغَلَ, (O, K, MS,) inf. n. شَغْلٌ (Msb, K) and شُغْلٌ, (K,) the latter on the authority of Sb, (TA,) He, or it, (a man, S, or an affair, Msb,) busied him, occupied him, or employed him; (K;) i. q. أَلْهَاهُ [signifying as above; and particularly he, or it, busied him, &c., so as to divert him from (عَنْ) something; or diverted him from a thing by busying him, &c.]: (S and Msb and K in art. لهو, and Bd and Jel in xv. 3, &c.:) [↓ شغّلهُ signifies he, or it, busied him, &c., much; i. e.] with teshdeed it denotes muchness: (Bd in xlviii. 11:) ↓ اشغلهُ is a good dial. var. of شَغَلَهُ; or is rare; or bad: (K:) accord. to IDrd [and J], (O,) one should not say أَشْغَلْتُهُ; (S, O;) for it is bad: (S:) accord. to IF, they scarcely ever say أَشْغَلْتُ, [thus in the O, but in the Msb ↓ اِشْتَغَلَ,] but it is allowable: (O:) none of the leading lexicologists is known to have pronounced it good. (TA.) [Hence the saying, شَغَلَتْ سَعَاتِى جَدْوَاىَ (see art. سعو and سعى), or, as some relate it, شغلت شِعَابِى جدواى (see art. شعب).] See another ex. voce شَاغِلٌ. One says also شُغِلَ بِهِ, (Msb, K,) meaning تَلَهَّى [i. e. He was, or became, busied, &c., by it], (Msb,) and به ↓ اشتغل [meaning the same]; (Az, Msb, K;) and شُغِلْتُ عَنْكَ بِكَذَا [I was, or became, busied, &c., so as to be diverted from thee, by such a thing], (S, O,) and ↓ اِشْتَغَلْتُ [in the same sense]: (S:) and عَنْهُ ↓ تشاغل, (TA,) which likewise signifies تَلَهَّى [meaning as expl. above, or he busied himself, &c., so as to divert himself from him, or it]: (TA in art. لهو, and Bd and Jel in lxxx. 10:) some disallow ↓ اِشْتَغَلَ, in the form of an active verb, but say اُشْتُغِلَ, in the form of a pass. verb; but it is originally quasi-pass of أَشْغَلْتُهُ, like as are اِحْتَرَقَ and اِكْتَهَلَ of أَحْرَقْتُهُ and أَكْهَلْتُهُ; [though why of أَشْغَلْتُهُ rather than of شَغَلْتُهُ, I do not see:] Az mentions the usage of its act. and pass. part. ns.: (Msb:) accord. to AHát and IDrd, one should not say ↓ اِشْتَغَلَ; but IF mentions, as transmitted from the Arabs, اُشْتُغِلَ فُلَانٌ بِالشَّىْءِ, and the pass. part. n. (O.) b2: One says also, نَحْنُ نَشْغَلُ عَنْكَ المَرْتَعَ (assumed tropical:) [We occupy the place of pasturage so as to keep it from thee], and المَآءَ [the water]; meaning, it is sufficient for us without being more than sufficient. (S in art. شفه.) And شُغِلَ عَنْكَ مَا عِنْدَنَا (assumed tropical:) [What we had was employed so as to be kept from thee]. (JK in that art.) 2 شَغَّلَ see the preceding paragraph.4 اشغلهُ: see 1. b2: مَا أَشْغَلَهُ [meaning How much is he busied! &c.], (Th, S, K,) denoting wonder, (Th, TA,) is anomalous, because one does not [regularly] form a verb of wonder from one in the form of a pass. verb. (Th, S, K.) 6 تشاغل عَنْهُ: see 1. [Accord. to Golius, تشاغلوا signifies They occupied one another, on the authority of the KL; in which, however, I find only تَشَاغُلٌ expl. as meaning خودرا بچيزى مشغول كردن i. e. To make oneself busied, &c., with a thing.]8 إِشْتَغَلَ see 1, in five places. b2: One says also, اِشْتَغَلَ فِيهِ السَّمُّ The poison crept into him, or pervaded him; syn. سَرَى: and اشتغل فِيهِ الدَّوَآءُ The medicine entered into him, and produced an effect upon him, or showed its effect upon him; syn. نَجَعَ. (TA.) شَغْلٌ an inf. n. of 1. (K, Msb.) See the next paragraph.

A2: And see also شَغْلَةٌ.

شُغْلٌ and ↓ شَغْلٌ and ↓ شُغُلٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and ↓ شَغَلٌ (S, O, K;) Business, occupation, or employment; (PS;) contr. of فَرَاغٌ: (K:) [and particularly business, &c., that diverts one from a thing:] or an occurrence that causes a man to forget, or neglect, or be unmindful: (Er-Rághib, TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَشْغَالٌ (S, O, K) and [of mult.] شُغُولٌ: (K:) شُغْلٌ is mentioned by Sb as an instance of an inf. n. having a pl., namely, أَشْغَالٌ; like عَقْلٌ and مَرَضٌ. (TA in art. مرض.) [See also أُشْغُولَةٌ.]

شَغَلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

شَغِلٌ Busy, or busied, occupied, or employed: (K:) [and particularly busy, &c, so as to be diverted from a thing:] thought by ISd to be a possessive epithet [meaning ذُو شُغْلٍ], because it has no verb to which it is conformable: (TA:) it is an epithet applied to a man, from الشَّغْلُ [or الشُّغْلُ]: (IAar, in O:) and ↓ مَشْغُولٌ signifies the same; (Msb, TA;) and ↓ مُشْتَغِلٌ (Az, Msb, K) and ↓ مُشْتَغَلٌ, (Az, IF, O, Msb, K,) the latter [said to be] extr. [meaning anomalous, for اُشْتُغِلَ is not mentioned by F]. (K.) شُغُلٌ: see شُغْلٌ.

شَغْلَةٌ Reaped grain or wheat, collected together, in the place where it is trodden out; syn. بَيْدَرٌ and كُدْسٌ (IAar, O, K) and عَرَمَةٌ; (IAar, O;) as also ↓ شَغَلَةٌ: (IAth, TA:) pl. [or coll. gen. n.] of the former ↓ شَغْلٌ, (O, K, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, شُغَلٌ,]) like as تَمْرٌ is of تَمْرَةٌ. (O, TA.) شَغَلَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

شَغَّالٌ signifies كَثِيرُ الشُّغْلِ [i. e. Having much business or occupation or employment; or who busies or occupies or employs himself much]. (TA.) شَاغِلٌ act. part. n. of شَغَلَهُ; [Busying, occupying, or employing; &c.;] (S, Msb;) applied to a man, (S,) or to an affair. (Msb.) [Hence,] one says, عَنْكَ الشَّوَاغِلُ ↓ شَغَلَتْنِى [Busying affairs busied me, or have busied me, so as to divert me from thee]: the last word being pl. of شَاغِلٌ. (TA.) شُغْلٌ شَاغِلٌ [lit. Busying business, or the like,] has an intensive meaning: (K:) the latter word in this case is a corroborative, as in لَيْلٌ لَائِلٌ. (S.) أَشْغَلُ [More, and most, busy &c.]. أَشْغَلُ مِنْ ذَاتِ النِّحْيَيْنِ [More busy than she who was the owner of the two skins of butter] is a prov. [mentioned in the TA]: she was a woman of [the tribe of] Teym-Allah: she used to sell clarified butter, in the Time of Ignorance; and Khowwát Ibn-Jubeyr El-Ansáree came to her, demanding to buy clarified butter of her, and saw no one with her, and he bargained with her: so she untied a skin, and he looked at it: then he said to her, “Hold thou it until I look at another: ” and she said, “Untie thou another skin: ” and he did so, and looked at it, and said, “I desire other than this; therefore hold thou it: ” and she did so: and when her hands were [thus] occupied, he assaulted her, and she was unable to repel the him. (Meyd.) أُشْغُولَةٌ an instance of the measure أُفْعُولَةٌ from الشُّغْلُ [similar to أُلْهُوَّةٌ and أُلْهِيَّةٌ, and to أُلْعُوبَةٌ, &c.; app. meaning A thing with which one is busied, &c.: and also syn. with شُغْلٌ]. (O, K.) مَشْغَلَةٌ A thing that causes one to be busied, &c.: (K, * TA:) pl. مَشَاغِلُ. (TA.) مَشْغُولٌ: see شَغِلٌ. b2: [Hence,] فُلَانٌ فَارِغٌ مَشْغُولٌ Such a one is devoted to that which is unprofitable. (TA.) b3: And جَارِيَةٌ مَشْغُولَةٌ A young woman having a husband. (TA.) b4: and مَالٌ مَشْغُولٌ Property devoted to commerce. (TA.) b5: And دَارٌ مَشْغُولَةٌ A house in which are inhabitants. (TA.) مُشْتَغِلٌ and مُشْتَغَلٌ: see شَغِلٌ.
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