William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2221. شغو5 2222. شف5 2223. شفر14 2224. شفرج4 2225. شفع19 2226. شفق162227. شفه15 2228. شفو8 2229. شق4 2230. شقأ7 2231. شقح13 2232. شقذ8 2233. شقر16 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص15 2236. شقو7 2237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد7 2240. شكر19 2241. شكس18 2242. شكل24 2243. شكم15 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم11 2247. شلو11 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت17 2251. شمخ16 2252. شمر15 2253. شمرخ12 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس20 2258. شمط16 2259. شمع14 2260. شمعل7 2261. شمل17 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب15 2265. شنبث3 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج14 2268. شنر13 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع17 2271. شنف16 2272. شنق20 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب19 2275. شهد17 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر17 2278. شهق18 2279. شهل16 2280. شهم14 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو10 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب17 2285. شوذ11 2286. شور21 2287. شوس15 2288. شوش9 2289. شوص14 2290. شوط16 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف16 2293. شوق15 2294. شوك18 2295. شول16 2296. شوه19 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب17 2301. شيح13 2302. شيخ17 2303. شيد17 2304. شير7 2305. شيز13 2306. شيش7 2307. شيص13 2308. شيط17 2309. شيع18 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق8 2312. شيل5 2313. شيم16 2314. شين11 2315. شيه6 2316. ص6 2317. صأب9 2318. صأك6 2319. صأى3 2320. صب4 Prev. 100
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شفق

1 شَفِقَ and شَفَقَ: see 4, in five places. b2: شَفِقَ عَلَيْهِ signifies He was niggardly of it: (TA:) [thus] the saying [of a poet]

كَمَا شَفِقَتْ عَلَى الزَّادِ العِيَالُ means [Like as the household] are niggardly of the provision: (IDrd, M, O:) because he who is niggardly of a thing is عَلَيْهِ ↓ مُشْفِقٌ [i. e. fearful, or cautious, on account of it]. (M.) 2 تَشْفِيقٌ signifies (tropical:) The making [a gift or the like (see مُشَفَّقٌ)] scanty, or little in amount or quantity; as also ↓ إِشْفَاقٌ. (O, K, TA.) b2: and (tropical:) The weaving badly. (K, TA.) You say, شفّق المِلْحَفَةَ (tropical:) He wove badly, (M,) or so as to make it scanty in the yarn, or unsubstantial, (TA,) the [kind of wrapper called] ملحفة. (M, TA.) A2: See also 4, last sentence.4 اشفق signifies He feared, or was cautious; as also ↓ شَفِقَ [in the CK شَفَقَ]; or only the former: (K, TA:) [accord. to ISd,] ↓ شَفِقَ, inf. n. شَفَقٌ, signifies he feared: (M:) IDrd says, ↓ شَفِقْتُ [in one of my copies of the S شفَقتُ] and أَشْفَقْتُ are syn., (S, O, TA,) as some assert, (O, TA,) but the lexicologists disallow this, (S, O,) saying that one should only say أَشْفَقْتُ: (O:) accord. to Er-Rághib, الإِشْفَاقُ signifies [the being affected with] care, or solicitude, mixed with fear; and when it is trans. by means of مِنْ, the meaning of fear is most apparent in it; but when trans. by means of عَلَى, the meaning of care, or solicitude, is most apparent in it: (TA: [and the like is said by Bd in xxi. 29:]) or it signifies [the being affected with] fright [or fear]; sometimes mixed with faithful or sincere or honest advice; and sometimes divested thereof: (Ham p. 179:) one says, أَشْفَقْتُ مِنْهُ, (S,) or مِنْ كَذَا, (Msb,) I feared, or was cautious of, (S, Msb,) him, or it, (S,) or such a thing: (Msb:) or اشفق مِنْهُ he feared him, or it: (MA:) and أَشْفَقْتُ عَلَيْهِ, (S, [in which it is implied that this differs from أَشْفَقْتُ مِنْهُ,]) or عَلَى الصَّغِيرِ, I was affectionate, kind, or compassionate, and favourably inclined, [towards him, or] towards the little one: (Msb: [and a similar explanation is given in the MA:]) and ↓ شَفَقْتُ, aor. شَفِقَ, is a dial. var. thereof [i. e. of أَشْفَقْتُ when trans. by means of عَلَى, and perhaps also when it is trans. by means of مِنْ]: (Msb:) or اشفق عَلَيْهِ signifies [he was solicitously affectionate, &c., towards him; agreeably with the explanation of Er-Rághib above, and with that here following;] he was affected with pity, or compassion, and tenderness, and fear, for him, at the same time giving him faithful or sincere or honest advice, أَنْ يَنَالَهُ مَكْرُوهٌ [lest some disliked or evil event should betide him]: (TA:) or he feared, or was cautious, for him: and اشفق مِنْهُ he was impatient of him, or it: and ↓ شَفَقَ is a dial. var. [of اشفق when trans. by means of مِنْ, and app. also when trans. by means of عَلَى]. (M.) A2: See also 2.

A3: Also He entered upon [the time of] the شَفَق [q. v.]. (M.) And He came in a [time of] شَفَق: and so ↓ شفّق. (M.) شَفَقٌ Fear: (K:) [see also شَفِقَ, (of which it is the inf. n.) in the next preceding paragraph:] or fear [arising] from strictness (شِدَّة) of faithful or sincere or honest advice; (M, TA;) as also ↓ شَفَقَةٌ: (M:) or ↓ the latter signifies the fear of him who gives faithful or sincere or honest advice, in consequence of his doing so, for him to whom such advice is given: (O:) or the former, (K, TA,) and ↓ the latter also, (TA,) the eagerness, or striving, of him who gives such advice, to rectify, or amend, the state of him to whom that advice is given: (K, TA: [said in the latter to be a tropical application of the words; but why, I see not:]) ↓ شَفَقَةٌ is subst. from الإِشْفَاقُ, (S, Msb, TA,) and شَفَقٌ is syn. therewith (S, O, K, TA) as being also a subst. from الإِشْفَاقُ: (S, TA:) [it is said that] the primary signification of ↓ شَفَقَةٌ is weakness: (Ham p. 179:) and it is conjoined with خَوْفٌ [fear]; therefore it is not applied as an attribute to God: (Idem p. 722:) [generally] it signifies affection, kindness, benignity, compassion, or favourable inclination: (MA:) [or solicitous affection &c.:] or pity, or compassion, and tenderness, and fear of the betiding of some disliked or evil event, together with faithful or sincere or honest advice. (TA.) A2: شَفَقٌ also signifies The redness (Kh, S, Msb, K) in the horizon (K) from sunset until the time of the last عِشَآء [i. e. nightfall], (Kh, S, Msb, K,) when it disappears, (Kh, S, Msb,) and the white شَفَق remains until the middle [or rather until a late period varying at different seasons] of the night: (Msb:) or until near that time: or until near the عَتَمَة [q. v., generally meaning the same, or nearly so]: (K:) or the redness that is seen in the sky at sunset: (IDrd, O:) or the remains of the light and redness of the sun in the first part of the night, until near the عَتَمَة: (S:) or the light and redness of the sun, seen at sunset, until the time of the prayer of nightfall: (M:) or the mixture of the light of day with the blackness of night at sunset: (Er-Rághib, TA:) accord. to Zj, the redness that is in the region of sunset after the setting of the sun: this is the meaning given as of common repute in the books of lexicology; and Mtr says [in the Mgh] that it means the redness accord. to a number of the Companions of the Prophet and of the people of the generation next succeeding them: but accord. to Aboo-Hureyreh, it means the whiteness [after sunset, which, to distinguish it from the شَفَق commonly so called, is often termed the white شَفَق, as in an instance above]: (Msb:) IAth says that this word has two contr. meanings; being applied to the redness that is seen after sunset; and to the whiteness remaining in the western horizon after the said redness. (TA.) Fr says, I heard one of the Arabs say, عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبٌ كَأَنَّهُ الشَّفَقُ [Upon him is, or was, a garment as though it were the شَفَق]: and it was red. (S.) b2: [Hence,] (tropical:) A garment, or piece of cloth, dyed red. (AA, TA.) b3: and Day. (Zj, M, K.) A3: Also i. q. نَاحِيَةٌ (assumed tropical:) [A side, &c.; or a remote side]: pl. أَشْفَاقٌ. (O, K.) One says, أَنَا فِى أَشْفَاقٍ مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ i. e. نَوَاحٍ [meaning (assumed tropical:) I am apart, or aloof, from this affair; as though in, or on, remote sides thereof]: (O, TA:) and in like manner فِى عُرُوضٍ مِنْهُ [app. a mistranscription for عَرُوضٍ i. e. نَاحِيَةٍ] and فى أَعْرَاضٍ منه i. e. نَوَاحٍ. (TA.) A4: And (tropical:) A bad thing; syn. رَدِىْءٌ: (Lth, S, M, O, K, TA: [in the TA said to be written by J with kesr to the ف; but not so in either of my copies of the S:]) applied to a garment, or piece of cloth, (Mgh, TA, and Ham p. 179,) [in this sense, or] as meaning bad and thin: (Mgh in art. خرث:) [said to be] from شَفَقَةٌ signifying “ weakness: ” (Ham ubi suprà:) seldom pluralized: (O:) and used alike as masc. and fem., being applied as an epithet to a مِلْحَفَة, (M, O,) meaning رَدِيئَةٌ. (M.) شَفِقٌ: see شَفِيقٌ, in two places.

شَفَقَةٌ: see شَفَقٌ, in five places.

شَفُوقٌ: see the next paragraph.

شَفِيقٌ is syn. with ↓ مُشْفِقٌ as part. n. of 4 [signifying Fearing, or fearful, or cautious; and also affectionate, kind, or compassionate, &c.]; (S, O, Msb, * K;) as also ↓ شَفِقٌ (Msb) [and in an intensive sense ↓ شَفُوقٌ; and , from what follows, it appears that شَفِيقٌ also is used as an intensive epithet]: or ↓ شَفِقٌ signifies fearing; and its pl. is شَفِقُونَ: (M, TA:) and شَفِيقٌ, one giving faithful or sincere or honest advice, eager, or striving, to rectify, or amend, the state of him to whom that advice is given. (M.) إِنَّ الشَّفِيقَ بِسُوْءِ ظَنٍ مُولَعٌ [Verily the affectionate, &c., or the very affectionate &c., is addicted to evil opinion,] is a prov., applied in the case of the man who fears, for his friend, the accidents of fortune, by reason of his excessive شَفَقَة [or affection, &c.]. (TA.) And it is said in the Kur [xxi. 50], وَهُمْ مِنَ

↓ السَّاعَةِ مُشْفِقُونَ [meaning And who are fearful of the time of the resurrection]; the signification of fear being most apparent when مُشْفِقٌ is thus trans. by means of مِنْ. (TA.) See also an instance of ↓ مُشْفِقٌ [in a similar sense] in the first paragraph of this art. مُشْفَقٌ: see the last paragraph.

A2: [Accord. to Freytag, it signifies also Fear: but he names no authority for this.]

مُشْفِقٌ: see شَفِيقٌ, in three places.

عَطَآءٌ مُشَفَّقٌ (tropical:) A gift made scanty, or little in amount or quantity; (S, TA;) as also ↓ مُشْفَقٌ. (TA.)
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