William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2231. شقح12 2232. شقذ7 2233. شقر15 2234. شقرق6 2235. شقص14 2236. شقو62237. شقى2 2238. شك3 2239. شكد6 2240. شكر18 2241. شكس17 2242. شكل23 2243. شكم14 2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم10 2247. شلو10 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم8 2250. شمت16 2251. شمخ15 2252. شمر14 2253. شمرخ11 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس19 2258. شمط15 2259. شمع13 2260. شمعل6 2261. شمل16 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب14 2265. شنبث2 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج13 2268. شنر12 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع16 2271. شنف15 2272. شنق19 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب18 2275. شهد16 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر16 2278. شهق17 2279. شهل15 2280. شهم13 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو9 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب16 2285. شوذ10 2286. شور20 2287. شوس14 2288. شوش8 2289. شوص13 2290. شوط15 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف15 2293. شوق14 2294. شوك17 2295. شول15 2296. شوه18 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب16 2301. شيح12 2302. شيخ16 2303. شيد16 2304. شير6 2305. شيز12 2306. شيش6 2307. شيص12 2308. شيط16 2309. شيع17 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق7 2312. شيل4 2313. شيم15 2314. شين10 2315. شيه5 2316. ص5 2317. صأب9 2318. صأك6 2319. صأى3 2320. صب4 2321. صبأ12 2322. صبح19 2323. صبر20 2324. صبع14 2325. صبغ18 2326. صبن11 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب14 2330. صحر15 Prev. 100
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1 شَقِىَ, (S, Msb, K,) originally شَقِوَ, (S, TA,) aor. شَقَوَ, (S, Msb,) dual thereof يَشْقَيَانِ, (S,) inf. n. شَقَاوَةٌ and شِقَاوَةٌ, (S, * K,) the latter accord. to a reading of the Kur xxiii. 108, (S,) and شَقَآءٌ and شِقْوَةٌ and شَقْوَةٌ (S, * K) and شَقًا, (K.) or the last of these is the inf. n., and شَقَاوَةٌ and شِقْوَةٌ [and the rest, none of which is expressly specified as an inf. n. in the S,] are simple substs., (Msb,) He was, or became, unprosperous, unfortunate, unhappy, or miserable; (S, Msb, TA;) شَقِىَ being contr. of سَعِدَ; (Msb;) and شَقَاوَةٌ &c. contr. of سَعَادَةٌ: (S, TA:) or he was, or became, in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty. (Az, K, TA.) [See also شَقَاوَةٌ below.] b2: Also (assumed tropical:) He suffered, or experienced, fatigue, (TA, and Ksh and Bd and Jel in xx. 1,) فِى كَذَا [in such a thing]. (TA.) A2: شَقَاهُ: see 3: b2: and 4.3 شاقاهُ, (K, TA,) inf. n. مُشَاقَاةٌ (S, TA) and شِقَآءٌ, (TA,) He laboured, strove, or struggled, with him, to prevail, or overcome, (S, K, TA,) in war, or battle, and the like; (K, TA;) so in the T; (TA;) he struggled, or contended, with, or against, the difficulty, or trouble, or inconvenience, that he experienced from him; (S, * TA;) syn. عَالَجَهُ; (K, TA;) or مَارَسَهُ; and عَانَاهُ. (S, * TA.) b2: And ↓ شاقاهُ فَشَقَاهُ, aor. of the latter verb شَقُوَ, He endeavoured to surpass him in mutual labouring, or striving, or struggling, to prevail, or overcome, &c., (غَالَبَهُ فِى الشِّقَآءِ, [in the CK, فى الشَّقاءِ, but the former seems to be the right reading, and may be best rendered in the mutual striving against difficulty,]) and he surpassed him [therein]. (K. [In the S, شَاقَانِى فُلَانٌ فَشَقَوْتُهُ, aor. أَشْقُوهُ; and only the latter verb as thus used is there explained.]) b3: مُشَاقَاةٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) The treating [one] with hardness, harshness, or illnature. (TA.) b4: And (tropical:) The vying, one with another, in patience, or endurance: a rájiz says, إِذَا يُشَاقِى الصَّابِرَانِ لَمْ يَرِثْ يَكَادُ مِنْ ضَعْفِ القُوَى لَا يَنْبَعِثْ [When the two patient ones vie in endurance, he does not lag behind, almost, by reason of the weakness of powers, failing to hasten in pace]: he means a camel vying with the attendant thereof in endurance of going. (TA.) 4 اشقاهُ اللّٰهُ God caused him to be unprosperous, unfortunate, unhappy, or miserable; contr. of أَسْعَدَهُ: (S, * Msb, TA:) or God caused him to be in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty: and so ↓ شَقَاهُ. (K.) A2: and اشقى He combed. (AZ, K. [See مِشْقًى.]) شِقْوَةٌ an inf. n. of شَقِىَ, as also شَقْوَةٌ: (S, * K:) or a simple subst. (Msb.) شَقِىٌّ Unprosperous, unfortunate, unhappy, or miserable: (S, Msb, TA:) [or in a state of straitness, distress, adversity, or difficulty: (see its verb:)] pl. أَشْقِيَآءُ. (TA.) وَلَمٌ أَكُنْ بِدُعَائِكَ رَبِّ شَقِيًّا, in the Kur [xix. 4, And I have not been, in supplicating Thee, my Lord, unprosperous], means I have been one whose prayer has been answered. (TA.) شَقَاوَةٌ an inf. n. of شَقِىَ; (S, * K;) or a simple subst.; (Msb;) signifying Unprosperousness, &c.; [see its verb;] contr. of سَعَادَةٌ: (S, Er-Rághib, TA:) it is of two kinds; أُخْرَاوِيَّةٌ [relating to the world to come] and دُنْيَاوِيَّةٌ [relating to the present world]: and the latter is of three kinds; نَفْسِيَّةٌ [relating to the soul] and بَدَنِيَّةٌ [relating to the body] and خَارِجِيَّةٌ [relating to external circumstances]. (Er-Rághib, TA.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) Fatigue; syn. تَعَبٌ; but the latter has a more general signification; every شقاوة being تعب, but every تعب is not شقاوة. (TA.) أَشْقَى [More, and most, unprosperous, &c. b2: And] (tropical:) More [and most] fatigued. (TA.) مِشْقًى A comb: a dial. var. of مِشْقَأٌ. (AZ, K.)
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