William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2244. شل6 2245. شلجم5 2246. شلم10 2247. شلو10 2248. شلياق2 2249. شم82250. شمت16 2251. شمخ15 2252. شمر14 2253. شمرخ11 2254. شمردل6 2255. شمرذل2 2256. شمز14 2257. شمس19 2258. شمط15 2259. شمع13 2260. شمعل6 2261. شمل16 2262. شن6 2263. شنأ16 2264. شنب14 2265. شنبث2 2266. شنبر5 2267. شنج13 2268. شنر12 2269. شنز7 2270. شنع16 2271. شنف15 2272. شنق19 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب18 2275. شهد16 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر16 2278. شهق17 2279. شهل15 2280. شهم13 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو9 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب16 2285. شوذ10 2286. شور20 2287. شوس14 2288. شوش8 2289. شوص13 2290. شوط15 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف15 2293. شوق14 2294. شوك17 2295. شول15 2296. شوه18 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب16 2301. شيح12 2302. شيخ16 2303. شيد16 2304. شير6 2305. شيز12 2306. شيش6 2307. شيص12 2308. شيط16 2309. شيع17 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق7 2312. شيل4 2313. شيم15 2314. شين10 2315. شيه5 2316. ص5 2317. صأب9 2318. صأك6 2319. صأى3 2320. صب4 2321. صبأ12 2322. صبح19 2323. صبر20 2324. صبع14 2325. صبغ18 2326. صبن11 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب14 2330. صحر15 2331. صحف19 2332. صحل8 2333. صحم6 2334. صحن14 2335. صحو10 2336. صخ4 2337. صخب11 2338. صخد10 2339. صخر12 2340. صخم3 2341. صد5 2342. صدأ14 2343. صدح11 Prev. 100
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1 شَمِمْتُ, aor. أَشَمُّ; and شَمَمْتُ, aor. أَشُمُّ; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) the latter mentioned by AO; (S, TA;) third pers. of each شَمَّ; (Mgh;) inf. n. شَمُّ (S, Msb, K) and شَمِيمٌ, (S, K,) which are of both verbs, (TA,) and شِمِّيمَى, mentioned by Z (K, TA) alone; (TA;) I smelt, i. e. perceived by the nose, (K,) a thing, (S, Msb, K, *) or an odour; (Mgh;) and ↓ اِشْتَمَمْتُ signifies the same; (S, Msb, K, TA; [اَشْمَمْتُهُ in the CK is a mistranscription for اِشْتَمَمْتُهُ;]) and ↓ تَشَمَّمْتُ also, (K,) and ↓ شَمَّيْتُ, thus in the copies of the K, but correctly ↓ شَمَّمْتُ: (TA: [both, however, are mentioned in the CK: the former like قَصَّيْتُ for قَصَّصْتُ:]) or الشَّىْءَ ↓ تَشَمَّمْتُ signifies شَمِمْتُهُ فِى

مُهْلَةٍ [I smelt the thing leisurely, or gently]: (S, TA:) or الشَّىْءَ ↓ تشمّم and ↓ اشتمّهُ both signify he put the thing near to his nose in order that he might draw in its odour. (AHn, TA.) b2: See an ex. in a prov. mentioned voce خِمَارٌ. b3: [Hence,] شُمَّ (assumed tropical:) He was tried, or proved by trial or experiment or experience; syn. اُخْتُبِرَ. (IAar, K.) A2: شَمَّ, see. pers. شَمِمْتَ, aor. يَشَمُّ, (Msb,) inf. n. شَمَمٌ, (S, * Msb, K, *) He (a man) was high, or elevated, in the nose. (S, * Msb, K. *) b2: [And hence,] شَمَّ, (K,) [sec. pers. شَمِمْتَ,] inf. n. شَمَمٌ, (TA,) (tropical:) He (a man, TA) magnified himself; or behaved proudly, or haughtily. (K, TA. [And اشمّ has a similar meaning.]) b3: [This verb is also probably used in other senses, said of a mountain, &c.: see شَمَمٌ below.] b4: See also 4, near the end.2 شَمَّمْتُ and شَمَّيْتُ: see above, in two places.3 شَامَّا, (K,) inf. n. مُشَامَّةٌ, (S, TA,) They smelt each other; (S, * K;) as also ↓ تشامّا, (K,) inf. n. تَشَامٌّ. (S.) b2: [Hence,] شَامِمْهُ (tropical:) Look thou to see what is with him, or in his mind, (مَا عِنْدَهُ, S, K, TA,) and draw near to him, (K, TA,) and seek after the knowledge of what is with him, or in his mind, (ما عنده,) by means of informations and disclosure; as though each smelt what was with the other in order to act according thereto. (TA.) And hence the saying, شَامَمْنَاهُمْ ثُمَّ نَاوَشْنَاهُمْ (tropical:) [We endeavoured, or looked, to ascertain their condition; then we engaged them in near, though not close, conflict]. (TA.) You say also, شَامَمْتُ الرَّجُلَ meaning [simply] (assumed tropical:) I drew near to the man. (S.) مُشَامَّةٌ [used tropically] signifies (assumed tropical:) The looking into a thing. (KL.) And (assumed tropical:) The approaching the enemy so that the two parties see each other. (S.) 4 اشمّهُ إِيَّاهُ He made him to smell it, or perceive it by the nose. (K.) You say, أَشْمَمْتُهُ الطِيبَ [I made him to smell the perfume]. (S, Msb.) b2: And [hence] one says to the prefect, or governor, or prince, or commander, أَشْمِمْنِى يَدَكَ أُقَبِّلْهَا (assumed tropical:) [Suffer me to approach thy hand that I may kiss it]; (S, * TA;) a phrase like نَاوِلْنِى يَدَكَ, (TA,) but better than the latter phrase: so says Kh. (S.) b3: And اشمّ الخِتَانَ, and اشمّت البَظْرَ, (tropical:) He, and she, i. e. the operator, took, (K, TA,) or cut off, (TA,) a small portion of the prepuce, and of the بَظْر [q. v.]: (K, TA:) or the latter signifies she cut off a portion of the نَوَاة [q. v.], not extirpating it. (TA.) b4: And اشمّ الحَرْفَ, (S, * K,) inf. n. إِشْمَامٌ, (S,) (assumed tropical:) He made the consonant to have a smack of the dammeh or the kesreh, (lit., made it to smell, S, or to taste, K, the dammeh or the kesreh,) in such a manner (S, K) that the إِشْمَام, (S,) or that the dammeh or kesreh, (K,) was not heard, (S, K,) what is termed إِشْمَامُ الحَرْفِ being less than what is termed رَوْمُ الحَرَكَةِ, the former being apparent only by the motion of the lip, (S,) or of the upper lip, (so in one of my copies of the S,) no account being taken of it, (S, K,) i. e. of the dammeh or kesreh, (K,) it not being reckoned as a حَرَكَة because of its feebleness, the consonant in this case being quiescent or like that which is quiescent, (S,) and the prosodical measure not being broken thereby: (K:) for ex., in the following verse, مَتَى أَنَامُ لَا يُؤَرِّقْنِى الكَرِى

لَيْلًا وَلَا أَسْمَعُ أَجْرَاسَ المَطِى

[meaning الكَرِىّ and المَطِىّ, (as is said in one of my copies of the S,) i. e. When I sleep, he who lets beasts on hire will not render me wakeful by night, nor do I hear the bells of the camels on which people ride], the Arabs [or, as is said in the TA, some of the Arabs] make the ق [in يؤرّقنى] to have a smack of the dammeh; but if you took account of the حَرَكَة of the إِشْمَام [in this case,] the measure of the verse would be broken, [the foot] رقنى الكرى becoming, in the scanning, مُتَفَاعِلُنْ, which may be only in the كَامِل; whereas this verse is of the رَجَز: (Sb, S:) another case of إِشْمَام is that of the ى in دُوَيْبَّةٌ, [in which that letter is quiescent, but made to have a smack of kesreh,] as is the same letter in every similar case, in a dim. noun, when followed by a doubled letter. (Zj, T in art. دب.) Also He pronounced the consonant with a حَرَكَة [or vowel-sound] between damm and kesr, apparent only in utterance, not in writing; as in قِيلَ and غِيضَ in the Kur xi. 46. (I 'Ak pp. 130 and 131.) [See also رَوْمُ الحَرَكَةِ, voce رَامَ.] b5: [Golius explains اشمّ as signifying also “ Reduxit, fecit ut converteret se ab aliqua re; ” as on the authority of the KL; in my copy of which, however, I do not find this meaning.]

A2: اشمّ, (S, K,) inf. n. إِشْمَامٌ, [as an intrans. verb,] said of a man, (S,) also signifies He passed by, or along, raising his head; (S, K, TA;) and magnified, or exalted, himself; behaved proudly, or disdainfully; or elevated his nose, from pride. (TA. [See also 1, near the end.]) b2: And He turned away from a thing. (K.) One says بَيْنَا هُمْ فِى وَجْهٍ إِذْ أَشَمُّوا, i. e. [While they were in a certain direction, lo,] they turned away; (S, TA, as from AA;) or ↓ شَمُّوا. (Thus in one of my copies of the S [but I think it to be a mistranscription].) And اشمّ القَوْمُ The people, or party, deviated in their directions to the right and left: a phrase heard in this sense by AA. (S.) 5 تَشَمَّّ see 1, in three places.6 تَشَاْمَّ see 3, first sentence.8 إِشْتَمَ3َ see 1, in two places.10 استشمّ He desired to smell. (KL.) b2: and He perceived a smell, or an odour, from a thing. (KL.) b3: دَخَلَ المُخَاطُ أَنْفَهُ فَأْسْتَشَمَّهُ فَأَدْخَلَهُ فِى

حَلْقِهِ, said of a man, means اِسْتَنْشَقَهُ [i. e. (tropical:) The mucus entered his nose, and he snuffed it up, and made it to pass into his fauces]; the verb being metaphorically thus used, like as الاِسْتِنْشَاقُ is metaphorically used for الشَّمُّ. (Mgh.) شَمَمٌ inf. n. of the intrans. verb شَمَّ [q. v.]. (Msb, TA.) b2: [Used as a simple subst.,] Highness of the nose: (Msb:) or highness of the bone of the nose, (S, K,) and beauty thereof, (K,) with evenness, or straightness, of its upper part, (S, K, when there is in it a gibbousness it is termed قَنًا, S,) and uprightness of the end, or lowest part: (K:) or, as some say, this last quality [alone]: (TA:) or length of the end, or lower part, of the nose, so that it extends over the middle of the mustache, (وُرُودُ الأَرْنَبَةِ,) with beautiful evenness, or straightness, of the bone, and highness thereof greater than the highness that is termed ذَلَفٌ: or length and slenderness of the nose, and a downward extending of its رَوْثَة [i. e. end or tip, or part where the blood that flows from the nostrils drops or drips]: (K:) or [simply] length. in the nose. (Ham p. 789.) b3: And, in a man, The quality of having what is termed شَمَمٌ of the nose. (S.) b4: [And hence, (tropical:) Self-magnification, or pride, or haughtiness: see 1, near the end.] b5: And (tropical:) Generosity. (Ham p. 728.) b6: Also Highness, (K,) or tallness of the head, (S,) of a mountain. (S, K.) b7: And (tropical:) Nearness: and (tropical:) remoteness: thus having two contr. meanings. (K, TA.) It has both of such meanings in the phrase دَارُهُ شَمَمٌ (tropical:) [His house, or abode, is near: and, remote]: (K, TA:) and in the phrase رَأَيْتُهُ مِنْ شَمَمٍ (tropical:) [I saw him, or it, from within a short distance: and, from afar]. (TA.) شَمُومٌ A thing [odorous, fragrant, or] fit to be smelt. (KL.) شَمِيمٌ High, or elevated: (S, K:) applied in this sense to a [camel's saddle such as is called]

قَتَب. (S.) شَمَّامٌ A sort of melon resembling a small colocynth, [or rather a small melon resembling a colocynth,] streaked with redness and greenness and yellowness: called in Pers. دَسْتَنْبُويَه [i. e. “ perfume ”]; (K;) originally دَسْتْ بُوى [or دَسْتْ بُويَهْ]: (TA:) its odour is cool, pleasant, lenitive, and narcotic; and the eating of it is laxative to the bowels: (K:) [The cucumis dudaïm of Linn.; called by Forskål cucumis schemmam: the latter thus describes it (Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. 169): “ Caules 5-sulcati, setis rigidis, scandentes, cirrhosi: folia cordato-oblonga, acuta, subsinuata, dentato-repanda, hispida: calyces villosi, molles: flores flavi, conferti in alis: fructus globosoovatus, glaberrimus, magnitudine citri, flavus, maculis inæqualibus, fulvo-ferrugineis, versus polos in lineas confluentibus; pulpa aquosa, seminibus tota plena: fructus juvenis villosus; maturus glaber: odor, fortis nec ingratus; eamque ob caussam cultus; non edulis: ” in the present day, the same appellation is applied in Egypt to several species of melon, of pleasant odour and taste; but this application I believe to be of very late origin: see also لُفَّاحٌ: and see De Sacy's

“ Rel. de l'Égypte par Abd-allatif,” pp. 126-7.]

شَمَّامَاتٌ Sweet odours that one smells. (K.) شَمَاشِمُ Ripe dates remaining upon the raceme. (AZ, K.) شَامٌّ Smelling, or perceiving by the nose.] b2: يَا ابْنَ شَامَّةِ الوَذْرَةِ [O son of her who smells the وَذْرَة] is an expression of reproach. (S.) أَشَمُّ, applied to a man, (Msb,) Having that quality of the nose which is termed شَمَمٌ; (Msb, K;) or so أَشَمُّ الأَنْفِ, thus applied: (S:) fem.

شَمَّآءُ: (Msb, TA:) and pl. شُمٌّ. (TA.) b2: and [hence, (tropical:) Self-magnifying, or proud, or haughty: or] a chief characterized by disdainfulness, scornfulness, or disdainful and proud incompliance, (K, TA,) and high-minded. (TA.) b3: Also A mountain tall, (S, TA,) or high, (TA,) in the head. (S, TA.) [And High, as applied to a place of ascent in a mountain: see an ex. of the pl. in a verse cited voce تَصَدَّفَ.] b4: And A shoulder high in the head of its bone. (K.) b5: [Freytag mentions two other meanings: b6: “ Ventus ex alto veniens, qui penetrantioris est odoratus: b7: [and] fem. شَمَّاء Jugum extensum in monte: ”

from the Deewán of the Hudhalees.]

مُشِمٌّ [Turning away, or averse]. One says, عَرَضْتُ عَلَيْهِ كَذَا فَإِذَا هُوَ مُشِمٌّ لَا يُرِيدُهُ [I offered to him such a thing, and lo, he was averse, not desiring it]. (S.) مِشَمٌّ An instrument of smelling; like as مِسْمَعٌ signifies “ an instrument of hearing. ” b2: Hence, its pl.] مَشَامُّ signifies Noses. (KL.) b3: [This pl. is expl. by Jac. Schultens, as meaning Perfumes (odoramenta): so says Freytag.]

مَشْمُومٌ A thing that is smelt; such as any sweet-smelling plant: like as مَأْكُولٌ signifies “ a thing that is eaten: ” (Msb:) [and] musk: (S, K:) [pl. مَشْمُومَاتٌ.]
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