William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2269. شنز7 2270. شنع16 2271. شنف15 2272. شنق19 2273. شنو3 2274. شهب182275. شهد16 2276. شهدانج2 2277. شهر16 2278. شهق17 2279. شهل15 2280. شهم13 2281. شهنز3 2282. شهو9 2283. شوأ4 2284. شوب16 2285. شوذ10 2286. شور20 2287. شوس14 2288. شوش8 2289. شوص13 2290. شوط15 2291. شوظ14 2292. شوف15 2293. شوق14 2294. شوك17 2295. شول15 2296. شوه18 2297. شوى12 2298. شى1 2299. شيأ12 2300. شيب16 2301. شيح12 2302. شيخ16 2303. شيد16 2304. شير6 2305. شيز12 2306. شيش6 2307. شيص12 2308. شيط16 2309. شيع17 2310. شيف5 2311. شيق7 2312. شيل4 2313. شيم15 2314. شين10 2315. شيه5 2316. ص5 2317. صأب9 2318. صأك6 2319. صأى3 2320. صب4 2321. صبأ12 2322. صبح19 2323. صبر20 2324. صبع14 2325. صبغ18 2326. صبن11 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب14 2330. صحر15 2331. صحف19 2332. صحل8 2333. صحم6 2334. صحن14 2335. صحو10 2336. صخ4 2337. صخب11 2338. صخد10 2339. صخر12 2340. صخم3 2341. صد5 2342. صدأ14 2343. صدح11 2344. صدر21 2345. صدع19 2346. صدغ15 2347. صدف19 2348. صدق19 2349. صدل6 2350. صدم15 2351. صدن8 2352. صدو2 2353. صدى9 2354. صر6 2355. صرب13 2356. صرج10 2357. صرح18 2358. صرخ11 2359. صرد17 2360. صرط12 2361. صرع15 2362. صرف26 2363. صرم19 2364. صرى7 2365. صطب8 2366. صعب14 2367. صعتر6 2368. صعد20 Prev. 100
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شهب

1 شَهِبَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. شَهَبَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. شَهَبٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K, *) It (a thing, S) was, or became, of the colour termed شُهْبَة, (S, Msb, K,) i. e. of a [gray] colour in which whiteness predominated over blackness, (S, Mgh, Msb,) or in which whiteness was interrupted by blackness; (K, * TA;) as also شَهُبَ, aor. شَهُبَ; and ↓ اشهبّ; (K;) the last, inf. n. اِشْهِبَابٌ, said in the former sense of a horse; as also ↓ اشهابّ, inf. n. اِشْهِيبَابٌ; (S;) and this last verb, said of the head, its whiteness predominated over its blackness; (TA;) as also ↓ اشتهب. (S, TA.) A2: شَهَبَهُ, aor. شَهَبَ, (K,) inf. n. شَهْبٌ, (TK,) said of heat and of cold, It altered his colour; as also ↓ شهّبهُ: (K:) or, accord. to A' Obeyd, (TA,) الشَّجَرَ ↓ شهّب, (O, TA,) inf. n. تَشْهِيبٌ, (O,) said of cold, It altered the colour of the trees: and شهّب ↓ النَّاسَ is likewise said of cold [as meaning It altered the colour of the men or people]. (O, TA.) b2: And شَهَبَتِ السَّنَةُ القَوْمَ The year of drought destroyed the cattle (أَمْوَال) of the people or party: (so accord. to the CK and my MS. copy of the K:) or the verb in this sense is ↓ أَشْهَبَت. (So accord. to the text of the K as given in the TA.) b3: [Freytag erroneously assigns to this verb, as from the K, another meaning, belonging to 4.]2 شَهَّبَ see the preceding paragraph, in three places.4 اشهب, said of a stallion, He had offspring of the colour termed شُهْبَة born to him: so accord. to the K: but accord. to IM and the other lexicologists, it is said of a man, meaning the offspring of his horses were of the colour termed شُهْبَة: IAar says that there are not, among horses, such as are termed شُهْبٌ [pl. of أَشْهَبُ]: A' Obeyd, however, [as will be seen below,] explains شُهْبَة as meaning a colour of horses. (TA.) b2: See also 1, last sentence but one.8 إِشْتَهَبَ and 9: see 1, first sentence.11 إِشْهَاْبَّ see 1, first sentence. b2: Also, said of seedproduce, (tropical:) It dried up, or became yellow, (S, A,) but with somewhat green remaining in its interstices: (S:) or was near to yielding, and became white, and dried up, but with a little greenness remaining in its interstices. (TA.) b3: Accord. to the L, one says also اشهابّت مَشَافِرُهُ [app. meaning His lips became of an ashy hue]. (TA.) شَهْبٌ A mountain overspread with snow. (O, K.) A2: And a boy, or young man, light, or active, in body, and sharp-headed. (IAar, TA voce عَضْبٌ. [See also شِهَابٌ.]) شَهَبٌ: see what next follows.

شُهْبَةٌ A [gray] colour in which whiteness predominates over blackness, (S, Msb,) or in which whiteness is interrupted by blackness; as also ↓ شَهَبٌ; (A, K;) which latter is [properly] an inf. n., of شَهِبَ: (S, Msb:) or whiteness mixed with blackness: (Har p. 150:) not pure whiteness, as some have imagined it to be. (TA.) And in horses, A colour in which the main hue is interrupted by a hoariness, or by some white hairs, whether the horse be [in his general colour] كُمَيْت or أَشْقَر or أَدْهَم. (A' Obeyd, TA.) شَهَبَانٌ A kind of plant (شَجَرٌ), resembling the ثُمَام [or panic grass]; (K;) like شَبَهَانٌ. (TA.) [But see this last word.]) شَهَابٌ (AHát, S, K) and ↓ شُهَابَةٌ (AHát, Kr, K) Milk mixed with much water: (AHát, S:) or a mixture of which one third is milk and the rest water: (K, TA:) Az heard several of the Arabs apply the former term to milk mixed with water: so called on account of the alteration of its colour. (TA.) شِهَابٌ, in its primary acceptation, A شُعْلَة [i. e.either brand or flame (app. the former, agreeably with what follows,)] of fire: (TA:) or a شُعْلَة of fire gleaming or radiating: (S, K:) accord. to ISk, a firebrand; i. e. a stick in which is fire: or, accord. to AHeyth, originally, a piece of wood, or stick, in which is fire gleaming or radiating: (Az, TA:) pl. شُهُبٌ, (S, K,) and some allow شُهْبٌ, (TA,) and شُهْبَانٌ (Akh, S, K) and شِهْبَانٌ, (K,) which is strange, (TA,) and أَشْهُبٌ, (K,) which last is [a pl. of pauc., but] thought by IM to be a quasi-pl. n. (TA.) The reading بِشِهَابِ قَبَسٍ, instead of بِشِهَابٍ قَبَسٍ, in the Kur [xxvii. 7], is an instance of a word prefixed to another identical therewith. (Fr. L.) b2: Hence, [A shooting, or falling, star;] a star, or the like of a star, that darts down [or is hurled] by night; and particularly after a devil; as occurring in the Kur [xv. 18 and] xxxvii. 10; and in a trad.; respecting the attempt of a devil to hear, by stealth, words uttered in heaven. (TA.) b3: [Hence also,] الشُّهُبُ signifies The shining, or brightly-shining, stars: (K:) or the seven stars [or planets; meaning, not the Pleiades (which are called النَّجْمُ), but the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn: the first three of which are said by Freytag to be called صِغَارُ الشُّهُبِ]. (TA.) b4: For another meaning assigned in the K to الشُّهُبُ, see الشُّهْبُ, voce أَشْهَبُ. b5: شِهَابٌ also signifies (tropical:) One who is penetrating, sharp, or energetic, in an affair; (K, TA;) as being likened to the [shooting] star. (TA.) One says, إِنَّ فُلَانًا لَشِهَابُ حَرْبٍ (tropical:) Verily such a man is one who is penetrating, sharp, or energetic, in war. (S, A. *) and هٰؤُلَآءِ شُهْبَانُ الجَيْشِ (tropical:) [These are the braves, or heroes, of the army]. (A.) b6: Also the name of A certain devil: occurring in a trad.: hence the Prophet changed the name of a certain man [originally] thus named. (TA.) شُهَابَةٌ: see شَهَابٌ.

كَتِيبَةٌ شَهَّابَةٌ: see أَشْهَبُ.

شَاهِبٌ: see أَشْهَبُ, first sentence.

شَوْهَبٌ The hedge-hog; syn. قُنْفُذٌ. (S, K.) أَشْهَبُ Of the colour termed شُهْبَةٌ; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ شَاهِبٌ, (K,) occurring in the poetry of Hudheyl: (TA:) fem. of the former شَهْبَآءُ: (S, Msb, K: *) and pl. شُهْبٌ: (O:) the former epithet is applied to a horse, (S,) [contr. to an assertion of IAar, (see 4,)] and to a he-mule, (Msb,) and شَهْبَآءُ to a she-mule. (Mgh, Msb.) [Golius, on the authority of Meyd, explains أَشْهَبُ أَدْهَمُ, applied to a horse, as meaning Subniger, spadiceus: and أَشْهَبُ أَخْضَرُ as meaning lucide leviterve viridis: the correct meaning of the former seems to be of a blackish, or brownish, gray: and that of the latter, of a dark dustcoloured gray: see أَدْهَمُ and أَخْضَرُ.] الشَّهْبَآءُ was the name of a mare belonging to El-Kattál ElBejelee. (O, K; in the CK El-Bejlee.) Applied to a she-goat, شَهْبَآءُ signifies Of a white colour intermixed with black: thus applied, it is like مَلْحَآءُ applied to a ewe. (K.) Applied to a غُرَّة [or blaze on a horse's forehead], it means In which are hairs differing from the whiteness [of the blaze]. (S.) And الأَشَاهِبُ is [a pl. formed from الأَشْهَبُ as though this were a subst.] applied to the Benu-l-Mundhir, (K,) or one of the troops of En-Noamán Ibn-El-Mundhir, consisting of the sons of his paternal uncle and his maternal uncles, and their brethren; (TA;) so called because of their comeliness, (K,) or because of the whiteness of their faces. (TA.) b2: Applied to ambergris, (K, TA,) (assumed tropical:) Of an excellent colour, i. e., (TA,) inclining to whiteness. (K, TA.) And applied to an iron head or blade of an arrow or of a spear &c., (tropical:) That has been filed so that its blackness has gone: (S, A, TA:) or that has been filed lightly, so that all its blackness has not gone. (AHn, TA.) [Hence,] كَتِيبَةٌ شَهْبَآءُ (assumed tropical:) A great troop having numerous weapons; (K;) so called because of the iron; (S;) or because of the whiteness of the weapons and iron, intermixed with blackness: or a troop of which the iron [of the weapons and armour] is white and bright: (TA:) or, as also ↓ كَتِيبَةٌ شَهَّابَةٌ, a troop upon which is [seen] the whiteness of the iron [weapons &c.]. (T, TA.) [See also كَتِيبَةٌ مَلْحَآءُ, voce أَمْلَحُ.]) And جَيْشٌ أَشْهَبُ A strong army [app. because of its numerous weapons]. (TA.) b3: أَرْضٌ شَهْبَآءُ (assumed tropical:) A land in which is no verdure, by reason of the paucity of rain. (TA.) And [hence,] سَنَةٌ شَهْبَآءُ (tropical:) A year of drought, or sterility, white in consequence thereof, (TA,) in which is no verdure, or in which is no rain: (K, TA:) next in degree is the بَيْضَآء; then, the حَمْرَآء, which is more severe than the بَيْضَآء; (TA;) and then, the سَوْدَآء: (TA in art. حمر:) or a year that is white by reason of the abundance of snow and the want of herbage: (IB, TA:) or a year of drought, or sterility; because the seedproduce dries up therein, and becomes yellow: and عَامٌ أَشْهَبُ signifies the same. (Har p. 150.) And أَشْهَبَانِ (assumed tropical:) Two white years (عَامَانِ أَبْيَضَانِ) between which is no verdure (K, TA) of herbage. (TA.) And يَوْمٌ أَشْهَبُ (tropical:) A cold day: (A, K:) or a day of cold wind; thought to be so called on account of the snow and hoar frost and hail therein: (L, TA:) or a day of hoar-frost: (Az, TA:) a day of cold wind and hoar frost; and [in like manner] the night (اللَّيْلَةُ) is termed شَهْبَآءُ. (S.) In the following verse, cited by Sb, فِدًى لِبَنِى ذُهْلِ بْنِ شَيْبَانَ نَاقَتِى إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمٌ ذُو كَوَاكِبَ أَشْهَبُ [May my she-camel be a ransom for the sons of Dhuhl Ibn-Sheybán when there is a day of difficulties, or distresses, . . .] the meaning may be اشهب [or whitish] by reason of the whiteness of the weapons, or by reason of the dust. (TA.) and الشُّهْبُ [pl. of أَشْهَبُ], (O,) or ↓ الشُّهُبُ [pl. of شِهَابٌ], (K,) [but the former, I think, is evidently the right,] (assumed tropical:) The white nights; (اللَّيَالِى البِيضُ;) [i. e. the thirteenth and fourteenth and fifteenth nights of the lunar month; so called because lighted by the moon throughout, (see art. بيض;)] (O;) three nights of the month; (K, TA;) because of the alteration of their colour. (TA.) b4: أَشْهَبُ [or أَمْرٌ أَشْهَبُ] also signifies (assumed tropical:) A hard, or difficult, affair or case, (K, TA,) such as is disliked, or hated. (TA.) And أَشْهَبُ بَازِلٌ (assumed tropical:) A hard, or difficult, affair or case, that is beyond one's power [of accomplishment or endurance]: termed بازل because the camel thus termed is one that has attained its utmost strength. (O, TA. [See also art. بزل.]) b5: And الأَشْهَبُ signifies The lion. (O, K.) [And in the Deewán of Jereer, it is applied to The swine. (Freytag.)]
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