William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2320. صب4 2321. صبأ12 2322. صبح20 2323. صبر21 2324. صبع15 2325. صبغ192326. صبن12 2327. صبو8 2328. صح3 2329. صحب15 2330. صحر16 2331. صحف20 2332. صحل9 2333. صحم7 2334. صحن15 2335. صحو11 2336. صخ4 2337. صخب12 2338. صخد11 2339. صخر13 2340. صخم4 2341. صد5 2342. صدأ14 2343. صدح12 2344. صدر22 2345. صدع20 2346. صدغ16 2347. صدف20 2348. صدق20 2349. صدل6 2350. صدم16 2351. صدن8 2352. صدو3 2353. صدى9 2354. صر6 2355. صرب14 2356. صرج11 2357. صرح19 2358. صرخ12 2359. صرد18 2360. صرط13 2361. صرع16 2362. صرف27 2363. صرم20 2364. صرى7 2365. صطب9 2366. صعب15 2367. صعتر6 2368. صعد21 2369. صعر18 2370. صعط5 2371. صعق17 2372. صعل11 2373. صعلك13 2374. صعو9 2375. صغر18 2376. صغو7 2377. صف5 2378. صفح19 2379. صفد15 2380. صفر21 2381. صفرد6 2382. صفط2 2383. صفع11 2384. صفق19 2385. صفن21 2386. صفو13 2387. صقب13 2388. صقر17 2389. صقع15 2390. صقل14 2391. صك3 2392. صكم10 2393. صل5 2394. صلب19 2395. صلت14 2396. صلح17 2397. صلخ10 2398. صلد17 2399. صلط7 2400. صلع16 2401. صلغ14 2402. صلف17 2403. صلق16 2404. صلم17 2405. صلهب6 2406. صلو9 2407. صلى8 2408. صم4 2409. صمت17 2410. صمج7 2411. صمخ13 2412. صمد14 2413. صمر13 2414. صمع18 2415. صمغ14 2416. صمقر3 2417. صملخ7 2418. صمي7 2419. صن4 Prev. 100




1 صَبَغَهُ aor. صَبُغَ and صَبَغَ (S, O, Msb, K, the former not in the copy of the K used by SM) and صَبِغَ, (Fr, O, Msb, K,) inf. n. صَبْغٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and صِبَغٌ (As, O, K) and صِبَغَةٌ, (AHn, TA,) [of which last, صِبْغَةٌ (q. v.), also said to be an inf. n., is perhaps a contraction, or, as is said in the Ksh ii. 132, it means a mode, or manner, of صَبْغ,] He dyed it, or coloured it; (K TA;) namely, a garment, or piece of cloth; (S, O, Msb, TA;) and white, or hoary, hair, and the like. (TA.) [It is said that] the primary meaning of الصَّبْغُ in the language of the Arabs is The altering [a thing]: and hence صُبِغَ الثَّوْبُ, meaning The garment, or piece of cloth, was altered in colour to blackness or redness or yellowness [&c.]. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] صَبَغَ اللُّقْمَةَ, aor. صَبُغَ, inf. n. صَبْغٌ, (assumed tropical:) He moistened the mouthful with oil or grease [or any kind of صِبْغ i. e. sauce & c.]; and he dipped it, or immersed it; and in like manner any other thing. (TA.) [Thus] one says, صَبَغَ يَدَهُ بِالمَآءِ (As, O, K) and فِى المَآءِ (TA) (tropical:) He dipped, or immersed, his hand, or arm, in the water. (As, O, K, TA.) And صَبَغَتِ النَّاقَةُ مَشَافِرَهَا فِى المَآءِ (As, O) or بِالمَآءِ (TA) (assumed tropical:) The she-camel dipped her lips in the water. (As, O, TA.) b3: [Hence also,] the term صَبْغٌ is used by the Christians as meaning (assumed tropical:) The dipping, or immersing, of their children, [i. e. baptizing them,] in water. (Az, S, * TA.) One says, صَبَغَ وَلَدَهُ فِى النَّصْرَانِيَّةِ, inf. n. [صَبْغٌ (as shown in the next preceding sentence) and] صِبْغَةٌ, (assumed tropical:) He introduced his child into the Christian communion, it is said, by dipping, or immersing, him in the water of baptism. (TA.) And صَبَغَ وَلَدَهُ فِى اليَهُودِيَّةِ (assumed tropical:) He introduced his child into the Jewish communion [probably by baptism combined with circumcision: but see صِبْغَةٌ, an explanation of which seems to indicated that circumcision alone is meant in this case]. (TA.) b4: And يَصْبُغُونَ الحَدِيثَ (assumed tropical:) They colour and alter information, or discourse. (O.) b5: And صَبَغُوهُ فِى عَيْنِهِ (assumed tropical:) They altered him in his estimation; and informed him that he had become altered from the state in which he was. (TA.) And it is said that صَبَغُونِى فِى عَيْنِكَ and صَبَغُونِى عِنْدَكَ mean They pointed me out to thee as one who would accomplish what thou desiredst of me; from the saying of the Arabs, صَبَغْتُ الرَّجُلَ بِعَيْنِى and بِيَدِى I pointed at the man with my eye and with my hand: (O, K: *) but Az says that this is a mistake; that the Arabs when they mean thus say صَبَعْتُ, with the unpointed ع. (O.) b6: One says also, صَبَغَ يَدَهُ بِالعِلْمِ, (Msb,) or بِفَنٍّ مِنَ العِلْمِ, and بِالعَمَلِ, (TA,) (tropical:) He laboured in science, [or in a species of science or knowledge, and in work,] and became notable therein [or thereby]. (Msb.) A2: صَبَغَ ضَرْعُهَا, inf. n. صُبُوغٌ, (tropical:) Her udder became full, and goodly in colour: (O, K, TA:) said of a camel. (O, TA.) b2: And صَبَغَتْ عَضَلَتُهُ, (O, K,) aor. صَبُغَ, (O, TA,) inf. n. صُبُوغٌ, (TA,) said of a man, (O,) His عضلة [or muscle] became long: (O, K:) like سَبَغَتْ. (O, TA.) and صَبَغَ الثَّوْبُ, inf. n. صُبُوغٌ, The garment, or piece of cloth, was long and ample: a dial. var. of سَبَغَ. (TA.) A3: And صَبَغَ فِى الطَّعَامِ, aor. صَبُغَ, He [app. a camel] put his head into the food: as also صَبَأَ. (O.) And صَبَغَتِ الإِبِلُ فِى الرِّعْىِ [The camels put their heads into the pasture, or herbage]. (O, TA.) And صَبَغَتْ فِيهَا رَأْسَهَا [or فِيهِ, She put her head into it]; like صَبَأَتْ. (TA.) 2 صبّغت ثِيَابَهَا She (a woman) dyed her garments much. (O.) A2: صبّغت الرُّطَبَةُ, (S, A, TA,) or البُسْرَةُ, (O, L, TA,) inf. n. تَصْبِيغٌ, (L, TA,) i. q. ذَنَّبَت (tropical:) [i. e. The ripening date, or the full-grown unripe date, began to ripen, or showed ripening, or became speckled by reason of ripening, or ripened, at the part next the base and stalk]: (S, O, L, TA:) or became coloured. (A, TA.) And النَّخْلَةُ ↓ اصبغت (tropical:) The palm-tree showed ripening in its dates; (O, K, TA;) as also صبّغت, inf. n. as above: (K:) or, accord. to Az, تصبيغ in relation to the palm-tree [itself] is not known. (TA.) b2: And صبّغت النَّاقَةُ, (Az, O, K,) inf. n. as above, (assumed tropical:) The she-camel cast her young one when its hair had grown; as also ↓ اصبغت: (O, K:) but سبّعت, with س, which means the same, is more commonly used. (Az, O, TA.) 4 أَصْبَغَ see 2, in two places. b2: أَصْبَغَ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ النِّعَمَ is a dial. var. of أَسْبَغَهَا, (O, K, *) meaning God rendered benefits, or boons, complete, full, or ample, to him. (O.) 5 تصبّغ فِى الدِّينِ is from الصِّبْغَةُ, (Lh, O, K,) and means (assumed tropical:) He became settled, or established, in religion: (TK:) and so تصبّغ صِبْغَةً حَسَنَةً; expl. by Z as meaning (assumed tropical:) He was, or became, in a good state [in respect of religion]. (TA.) 8 اصطبغ بِكَذَا It was, or became, dyed, or coloured, with such a thing. (TA. [There said to be tropical; but this I doubt.]) b2: And اصطبغ بِالصِّبْغِ, (S, * O, K,) or بِالخَلِّ, (El-Fárábee, Mgh, Msb,) and the like, and, as some say, مِنَ الخَلِّ, (Msb,) or فِى الخَلِّ, (Mgh, [so in my copy, but app. a mistranscription]) (tropical:) He made use of what is termed صِبْغ [or sauce, & c.], (O, K, TA,) or vinegar, (TA,) to render his bread savoury; (O, K, TA;) الصِّبْغ including olive-oil, as well as vinegar, and similar seasonings. (TA.) One may not say, اصطبغ الخُبْزَ بِخَلٍّ. (Mgh, Msb.) b3: اصطبغ also signifies (assumed tropical:) He made, or prepared, what is termed صِبْغ [i. e. sauce, & c.]. (TA.) صبْغٌ (AZ, As, S, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and ↓ صِبْغَةٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and ↓ صِبَغٌ, (O, K,) or this is an inf. n., differing from صِبْغٌ, (AZ, As, L,) and ↓ صِبَاغٌ, (Mgh, O, Msb, K,) as some say, (O,) or this last is a pl. of the first, (O, * Msb,) [or] the pl. of صِبْغٌ is أَصْبَاغٌ, (S,) A dye; (AZ, As, S, Mgh, O, Msb, K;) used for colouring clothes [& c.]: (TA:) the pl. of ↓ صِبَاغٌ is أَصْبِغَةٌ; and أَصَابِيغُ is a pl. pl. [i. e. pl. of أَصْبَاغٌ]. (TA.) b2: [Hence, app.,] one says of a girl, or young woman, when one first takes her as a concubine, or when he first has her conducted to him as a bridge, (AZ, O,) or when one first marries her, (K,) إِنَّهَا لَحَدِيثَةُ الصِبْغِ (assumed tropical:) [Verily she is one newly taken as a concubine, or a bride: app. alluding to the recent application of the dye of the hinnà]. (AZ, O, K.) And one says also, مَا أَخَذْتُهُ بِصِبْغِ الثَّمَنِ, (AZ, O,) or مَا أَخَذَهُ بِصِبْغِ ثَمَنِهِ, (K,) i. e. [I did not, or he did not, take it, or acquire it,] for its proper price, [app. meaning its cost-price, or prime-cost,] but for a high [or raised] price. (AZ, O, K. *) b3: صِبْغٌ also signifies, (S, Mgh, O, Msb, TA,) and so does ↓ صِبَاغٌ, (Mgh, TA,) or the latter is pl. of the former, (S, O, TA,) (tropical:) A seasoning, or condiment, for bread, to render it savoury; (S, Mgh, O, Msb, TA;) particularly (Msb) such as is fluid, (Mgh in art. ادم, and Msb,) as vinegar, (Mgh, Msb, TA,) and olive-oil, (Mgh, TA,) and the like, (Msb, TA,) [i. e. any sauce,] in which the bread is dipped: (Msb:) so called because the bread is dipped in it, (Mgh, TA,) and coloured thereby: (Mgh:) the pl. of ↓ صِبَاغٌ is أَصْبِغَةٌ: one says, كَثُرَتِ الأَصْبِغَةُ عَلَى المَائِدَةِ (tropical:) (tropical:) The sauces, or fluid seasonings, were abundant upon the table.] (TA.) صِبْغٌ is used in this sense, but not explained, in the K. (TA.) Hence, in the Kur [xxiii. 20], وَصِبْغٍ لِلْآكِلِينَ (assumed tropical:) [And a sauce for those that eat]; (S, O, Msb, TA;) where it means, accord. to Fr, olive-oil; but accord. to Zj, the olive [itself]; and Az prefers the latter explanation: (TA:) some read ↓ وَصِبَاغٍ. (Bd.) صَبَغٌ, in a horse, The having the whole of the fetlock white, without its whiteness conjoining with that of what is termed التَّحْجِيل [q. v.]. (TA.) صِبَغٌ: see صِبْغٌ, first sentence.

صُبْغَةٌ, in a sheep or goat, or in a ewe, (assumed tropical:) Whiteness of the extremity of the tail; the quality denoted by the epithet صَبْغَآءُ. (TA.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) A date that has become partly ripe, i. e. ripe in a part thereof. (O, K.) صِبْغَةٌ: see صِبْغٌ, first sentence. b2: It also means (assumed tropical:) Religion, syn. دِين, (AA, O, K,) and مِلَّة; (K;) and the religious law, syn. شَرِيعَة; (TA;) and anything whereby one advances himself in the favour of God: (AA, TA:) [thus,] in the Kur [ii. 132], (O, TA,) صِبْغَةَ اللّٰهِ means the religion of God, syn. فِطْرَةَ اللّٰهِ, (O, Msb, K,) or دِينَ اللّٰهِ, (S, Msb,) which is the meaning of فِطْرَةَ اللّٰهِ; (Msb;) the religion of God, with an adaptation to which mankind are created; because its effect appears in him who has it like the dye in the garment; (Bd, Jel;) or because it intermingles in the heart like the dye in the garment; (Bd;) and it is said to be from the Christians' صَبْغ [or صَبْغَة i. e. baptism] of their children in a sort of water that they have; (S; [and the like is said in the O, and Ksh, & c.;]) صبغة being in this instance in the accus. case as an objective complement; (Msb;) for the meaning is “ follow ye the religion of God; ” (O, Msb;) or “ we will follow the religion of God: ” (O:) or it means that which God has prescribed to Mohammad; i. e. circumcision: (O, K:) or صبغة is in this instance an inf. n., (Ksh, Bd, Jel,) signifying a mode, or manner of, صَبْغ [i. e. of baptism], (Ksh,) relating to the baptism of the Christians, (Ksh, Bd,) a corroborative of the saying آمَنَّا [in verse 130], as such put in the accusative case, (Ksh, Bd, Jel,) by reason of a verb understood, (Jel,) the meaning being صَبَغَنَا اللّٰهُ صِبْغَتَهُ [God hath baptized us with his baptism]; (Ksh, Bd, Jel; *) [so that صِبْغَةَ اللّٰهِ signifies the baptism of God, and may here be rendered We have received the baptism of God;;] the Muslims being hereby commanded to say to the Christians, “Say ye, God hath baptized us (صَبَغَنَا) with the faith, with a baptism (صَبْغَة) not like ours [i. e. not like our Christian baptism], and purified us with a purifying not like ours; ” or the Muslims being hereby commanded to say [of themselves], “God hath baptized us (صَبَغَنَا) with the faith, as a baptism (صِبْغَةً), and we have not been baptized with your baptism (لَمْ نُصْبَغْ صِبْغَتَكُمْ). ” (Ksh.) صِبْغِىٌّ a rel. n. from صِبْغٌ. (Msb.) b2: [A seller of dyes. (Golius, on the authority of Meyd.)]

صِبَاغٌ: see صِبْغٌ, in five places.

صَبِيغٌ i. q. ↓ مَصْبُوغٌ [i. e. Dyed]; applied to a garment, or piece of cloth: and also used as a pl., applied to garments, or pieces of cloth. (L, TA.) [See also مُصَبَّغٌ.]

صِبَاغَةٌ The craft, or art, of the dyer. (O.) صَبَّاغٌ A dyer (O, L, K) of garments. (O, K.) b2: And [hence,] (tropical:) A liar: (K:) one who colours and alters information, or discourse. (O, K. *) The Prophet is related to have said, أَكْذَبُ النَّاسِ الصَّبَّاغُونَ وَالصَّوَّاغُونَ or مِنْ أَكْذَبِ النَّاسِ الخ [Which may mean The most lying of men, or of the most lying of men, are the dyers and the goldsmiths; or (assumed tropical:) those who colour, and those who transform, information, or discourse]: El-Khat- tábee says, the meaning is, that the persons who practise the two crafts to which these words relate make many promises as to returning the goods, and often break their promises; wherefore they are said to be of the most lying of men; not that every one of them is one who lies: but he adds that it has been said to mean the moulding and colouring of speech with falsehood. (O.) نَاقَةٌ صَابِغٌ, (O, K,) without ة, (O,) A she-camel having her udder full, and goodly in colour. (O, K.) b2: And إِبِلٌ صَابِغَةٌ فِى الرِّعْىِ [meaning Camels putting their heads into the pasture], with ة. (O. [See 1, last sentence but one.]) أَصْبَغُ (assumed tropical:) A horse white in the forelock, (AO, S, Mgh, O, K,) all of it: (AO, Mgh: [see also أَسْعَفُ:]) or white in the extremities of his tail: (S, O:) or white in the extremities of the ear: (K:) when the whiteness is in his tail, he is termed أَشْعَل: or, accord. to AO, it signifies also white in the whole of the tail, including its extremities. (TA.) And (tropical:) A bird white in the tail: (S, O, K, TA:) or, accord. to the book entitled “ Ghareeb el-Hamám ” by El-Hasan Ibn-' Abd-Allah ElIsbahánee El-Kátib, white in the whole of the head; but used in the former sense by the keepers of pigeons. (TA.) And [the fem.] صَبْغَآءُ (assumed tropical:) A sheep or goat (شَاة, S, O, K) or a ewe (AZ, TA) white in the extremity of its tail, (AZ, S, O, K, TA,) the rest of it (i. e. of the animal) being black. (TA.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) A species of weak birds. (TA.) b3: Also, (applied to a man, O,) (tropical:) One who voids his excrement (O, K, TA) in his clothes (K, TA) when he is beaten (O, K, TA) and when he is frightened: mentioned by Z. (TA.) b4: and صَبْغَآءُ, (assumed tropical:) A certain tree, or plant, (شَجَرَة,) like the ثُمَام [which is applied to several species of panic grass], having a white fruit, growing in sands: (K:) [but this seems to have been taken from three different explanations, here following:] accord. to Aboo-Ziyád, a certain tree, or plant, that grows in the sands, resembling the ضَعَة [which is applied to a species of the ثُمَام], which is one of the abodes of the gazelles in the hot season, lurking-places being excavated by them at its roots: accord. to another, of the Arabs of the desert, it is like the ثُمَام, but the ضَعَة is larger in the leaves, and of a brighter green: accord. to Aboo-Nasr, a certain tree, or plant, having a white fruit. (O.) And, (O, K,) as some say, (O,) (assumed tropical:) A bunch of herbage, of which, when it comes up, the upper portions are green on the side next the sun, and white on the side next the shade. (O, K.) A2: Also (i. e. أَصْبَغ) The greatest of torrents. (Ibn-' Abbád, O, K.) [In this sense, though used as a subst., it seems to be, as in other senses, imperfectly decl., being originally an epithet: if not originally an epithet, it might, accord. to some authorities, be perfectly decl.]

مُصْبِغٌ [without ة] (tropical:) A palm-tree (نَخْلَةٌ) showing ripening in its dates. (O, TA.) مَصْبَغَةٌ A dye-house: so in the language of the present day.]

مُصَبِّغٌ Dyed much. (O.) In the phrase ثِيَابٌ مُصَبَّغَةٌ, [it is said that] the epithet is with teshdeed لِلْكَثْرَةِ [which means to denote muchness, and also to denote application to many objects, so that it may be rendered either Garments much dyed, or simply dyed garments]. (S.) مُصَبِّغٌ, like مُسَبِّغٌ, which is the more commonly used, [each without ة,] applied to a she-camel, (assumed tropical:) Casting her young one when its hair has grown. (Az, TA.) مَصْبُوغٌ: see صَبِيغٌ.
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