William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2371. صعق16 2372. صعل10 2373. صعلك12 2374. صعو8 2375. صغر17 2376. صغو72377. صف5 2378. صفح18 2379. صفد14 2380. صفر20 2381. صفرد6 2382. صفط2 2383. صفع10 2384. صفق18 2385. صفن20 2386. صفو11 2387. صقب12 2388. صقر16 2389. صقع14 2390. صقل13 2391. صك3 2392. صكم9 2393. صل5 2394. صلب18 2395. صلت13 2396. صلح16 2397. صلخ9 2398. صلد16 2399. صلط6 2400. صلع15 2401. صلغ13 2402. صلف16 2403. صلق15 2404. صلم16 2405. صلهب5 2406. صلو8 2407. صلى8 2408. صم4 2409. صمت16 2410. صمج7 2411. صمخ12 2412. صمد13 2413. صمر12 2414. صمع17 2415. صمغ13 2416. صمقر3 2417. صملخ6 2418. صمي6 2419. صن4 2420. صنب9 2421. صنبر12 2422. صنج15 2423. صند9 2424. صندق6 2425. صندل8 2426. صنر9 2427. صنط3 2428. صنع18 2429. صنف15 2430. صنم14 2431. صنو9 2432. صنى3 2433. صه8 2434. صهب16 2435. صهر15 2436. صهرج9 2437. صهصلق5 2438. صهصى1 2439. صهل12 2440. صهو6 2441. صو1 2442. صوب18 2443. صوبج1 2444. صوت15 2445. صوج5 2446. صوح12 2447. صوخ5 2448. صود5 2449. صور19 2450. صوع14 2451. صوغ15 2452. صوف16 2453. صوك7 2454. صول14 2455. صولج2 2456. صوم18 2457. صون13 2458. صوى8 2459. صيب9 2460. صيح11 2461. صيد17 2462. صير16 2463. صيص10 2464. صيع6 2465. صيغ4 2466. صيف17 2467. صيك5 2468. صيل5 2469. صين6 2470. ض5 Prev. 100
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صغو and صغى 1 صَغَا, aor. يَصْغُو; (S, Msb, K;) and [صَغَى, aor. ] يَصْغِى, (S, TA, and so in some copies of the K,) or يَصْغَى; (Msb, and so in some copies of the K, and in the M, but it is said in the TA that it is correctly يَصْغِى, with kesr, as in the S;) inf. n. صُغُوٌّ; (S, Msb, K;) and صَغِىَ, aor. يَصْغَى, inf. n. صَغًا and صُغِىٌّ; (S, Msb, K;) He, or it inclined, (S, Msb, K, TA,) إِلَى الشَّىْءِ [to the thing], (TA,) or إِلَى كَذَا [to such a thing]: (Msb:) or they signify [sometimes, for the meaning expl. above is unquestionably correct, and is that which is predominant,] he (a man, TA) had an inclining of his حَنَك [here app. meaning the mouth or the part below the mouth]; (K, TA;) or of one of his lips; thus correctly, as in the M and A; شِدْقَيْهِ in [some of] the copies of the K [and شِقَّيْهِ in others] being a mistake for شَفَتَيْهِ. (TA.) You say, صَغَتْ إِلَيْهِ أُذُنُهُ His ear inclined to him, or it. (TA.) And hence, in the Kur [lxvi. 4], فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا [For the hearts of you two have inclined to that which is not right]. (Msb.) And صَغَتِ النُّجُومُ, (S, Msb,) and الشَّمْسُ, (K,) The stars, and the sun, inclined to setting. (S, Msb, K.) And صَغَا الرَّجُلُ The man inclined, or leaned, on one side: or bent, or bowed, himself upon his bow. (TA.) And صَغِىَ, عَلَى القَوْمِ inf. n. صَغًا, [as though meaning He inclined to set himself against the people or party,] is said of one when his love, or affection, is with such as are not of the said people, or party. (TA.)

b2: And صَغِىَ, aor. يَصْغَى, (K, TA,) inf. n. صَغًا agreeably with the S and M, accord. to the copies of the K, erroneously, صَغْىٌ, (TA,) and صُغِىٌّ, (K, TA,) He inclined and gave ear, or hearkened, or listened. (K. [See also the next paragraph.])

4 اصغى الإِنَآءَ He inclined the vessel: (S, Msb, K:) or he turned the vessel upon its side, in order that what was in it might collect together. (M, TA.)

b2: [Hence,] أُصْغِىَ إِنَآءُ فُلَانٍ (assumed tropical:) Such a one perished, or died. (Er-Rághib, TA.) And أَصْغَى

إِنَآءَهُ (assumed tropical:) [I. q. اصغى حَقَّهُ expl. in what follows: (see also مُصْغًى:) or] he detracted from his reputation; spoke evil of him; or slandered him. (Z, TA.) اصغى حَقَّهُ, (A, TA,) or الشَّىْءَ, (K,) means (tropical:) He diminished to him, impaired to him, or defrauded him of a portion of, (Z, K, TA,) his

right or due, (Z, TA,) or the thing. (K.)

b3: Yousay also, أَصْغَيْتُ رَأْسِى, and سَمْعِى, I inclined my head, and my ear. (Msb.) And اصغى إِلَيْهِ, (S, K,) or اصغى إِلَيْهِ سَمْعَهُ, (M, TA,) He inclined his ear to him. (S, M, K.) And اصغى, alone, He gave ear, hearkened, or listened. (K. [See also 1, last explanation.]) And أَصْغَتِ النَّاقَةُ The she-camel inclined her head towards the رَحْل [or saddle], (S, K, TA,) in some copies of the S إِلَى الرَّجُلِ [towards the man], (TA,) as though she were listening to a thing: (S, K:) this she does when the saddle is bound upon her. (S.)

صَغًا an inf. n. of صَغِىَ [q. v.]: and also [used as] a simple subst. [meaning Inclination]. (TA.)

One says, أَقَامَ صَغَاهُ [He rectified] his inclination. (TA.) And مَعَكَ ↓ صَغْوُهُ and ↓ صِغْوُهُ, and صَغَاهُ, i. e. His inclination [is with thee, meaning, is agreeable with thine]. (AZ, S, K.) In [some of] the copies of the K صَغْوُهُ and صِغْوُهُ are written صَغْوَةٌ and صِغْوَةٌ, which would lead the inadvertent to imagine these two words to be syn. with the word there next preceding, namely, صَغْوَآءُ as an epithet applied to the sun. (TA.)

صَغْوٌ: see the next preceding paragraph. [هٰذَا

ابْنُ صَغْوِكَ, or ↓ صِغْوِكَ, is a phrase similar to هذا ابن إِنْسِكَ, meaning This is thy chosen, or special, friend or companion: but perhaps postclassical.]

صِغْوٌ: see صَغًا and صَغْوٌ.

A2: Also The interior of a ladle:

b2: and the side of a well:

b3: and the part that is folded, or turned over, of the sides of a دَلْو [or leathern bucket]: K, TA:) so in the M: and its pl. in these senses is أَصْغَآءٌ. (TA.)

صَغْوَةٌ: see صَغْوَآءُ, voce أَصْغَى.

صَاغٍ part. n. of صَغَا: fem. صَاغِيَةٌ: and pl. صَوَاغٍ.]

b2: صَاغِيَتُكَ means Those who incline to thee, (K, TA,) and come to thee, (TA,) in their cases of need: (K, TA:) or whoever, of thy family, come to thee as guests: (TA:) or those who incline to thee, of thy companions and relations: (Har p. 207:) ISd thinks it to be made fem. because meaning a جَمَاعَة. (TA.) أَكْرِمُوا

فُلَانًا فِى صَاغِيَتِهِ means [Honour ye such a one in respect of] those who incline to him, and who come to him seeking to obtain what he has. (S.)

b3: And الصَّوَاغِى means The stars that have inclined to setting. (TA.)

أَصْغَى, applied to a man, (TA,) Having an inclining of the حَنَك; (K, TA;) or of one of the lips: (K, * TA: [see 1:]) fem. صَغْوَآءُ. (TA.)

b2: And the fem., applied to a قَطَاة [or bird of the species termed قَطًا], Having an inclining of its beak, and of one of its mandibles: and one says ↓ صَغْوَآءُ صَغْوَةٌ to give intensiveness to the meaning; like as one says لَيْلٌ لَائِلٌ. (TA.)

b3: Also, i. e. the fem., applied to the sun, Inclining to setting. (K.)

مَصْغًى [A place of inclining, or to which to incline]. It is said in a prov., الصَّبِىُّ أَعْلَمُ بِمَصْغَى

خَدِّهِ [The child best knows the place of inclining of his cheek]: i. e. he best knows to whom he should betake himself, or whither it will profit him [to go]. (TA. [See also Freytag's Arab.

Prov., i. 715.])

مُصْغًى Inclined. (Ham p. 260.)

b2: One says, فُلَانٌ مُصْغًى إِنَاؤُهُ, meaning (assumed tropical:) Such a one is abridged, or defrauded, of a portion of his right, or due: (S, and Ham pp. 259-60:) because when the vessel is inclined, what it will hold becomes deficient. (Ham.)
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