William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2402. صلف16 2403. صلق15 2404. صلم16 2405. صلهب5 2406. صلو8 2407. صلى82408. صم4 2409. صمت16 2410. صمج7 2411. صمخ12 2412. صمد13 2413. صمر12 2414. صمع17 2415. صمغ13 2416. صمقر3 2417. صملخ6 2418. صمي6 2419. صن4 2420. صنب9 2421. صنبر12 2422. صنج15 2423. صند9 2424. صندق6 2425. صندل8 2426. صنر9 2427. صنط3 2428. صنع18 2429. صنف15 2430. صنم14 2431. صنو9 2432. صنى3 2433. صه8 2434. صهب16 2435. صهر15 2436. صهرج9 2437. صهصلق5 2438. صهصى1 2439. صهل12 2440. صهو6 2441. صو1 2442. صوب18 2443. صوبج1 2444. صوت15 2445. صوج5 2446. صوح12 2447. صوخ5 2448. صود5 2449. صور19 2450. صوع14 2451. صوغ15 2452. صوف16 2453. صوك7 2454. صول14 2455. صولج2 2456. صوم18 2457. صون13 2458. صوى8 2459. صيب9 2460. صيح11 2461. صيد17 2462. صير16 2463. صيص10 2464. صيع6 2465. صيغ4 2466. صيف17 2467. صيك5 2468. صيل5 2469. صين6 2470. ض5 2471. ضأ1 2472. ضأبل2 2473. ضأز6 2474. ضأل13 2475. ضأن11 2476. ضب3 2477. ضبأ10 2478. ضبث11 2479. ضبح14 2480. ضبر16 2481. ضبط18 2482. ضبع18 2483. ضبن11 2484. ضبنط3 2485. ضبو4 2486. ضج4 2487. ضجر14 2488. ضجع17 2489. ضجم10 2490. ضح2 2491. ضحك16 2492. ضحل14 2493. ضخم10 2494. ضد5 2495. ضر5 2496. ضرب22 2497. ضرج14 2498. ضرح14 2499. ضرس17 2500. ضرط17 2501. ضرع19 Prev. 100
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صل

ى1 صَلَاهُ, (S, M, Msb, K,) aor. يَصْلِيهِ, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. صَلْىٌ, (S, M, K,) He roasted, broiled, or fried, it, namely, flesh-meat, (S, M, Msb, K,) &c.; (S;) and صَلَاهُ فِى النَّارِ and عَلَى النَّارِ signify the same; and also he burned it. (TA.) And (so in the M, but in the K “ or ”) صَلَاهُ (M, K) فِى النَّارِ (M) He threw it into the fire to be burned; as also ↓ اصلاهُ; and ↓ صلّاهُ, (M, K,) inf. n. تَصْلِيَةٌ; (TA;) namely, flesh-meat. (M, K. [But see the next sentence.]) And صَلَاهُ النَّارَ and فِى النَّارِ and عَلَى النَّارِ, (M, K,) inf. n. صَلْىٌ and صُلِىٌّ and صِلِىٌّ; (M;) and النَّارَ ↓ اصلاهُ, and النَّارَ ↓ صلّاهُ; He made him to enter into the fire, and to remain, stay, dwell, or abide, therein: (M, K:) and فُلَانٌ النَّارَ ↓ صُلِّىَ [Such as one was made to enter into the fire, &c.]: (M:) [or] you say, صَلَيْتُ الرَّجُلَ نَارًا, meaning I made the man to enter fire and to be burned: and ↓ أَصْلَيْتُهُ, with ا, when you mean I threw him, or cast him, into the fire, as though intending burning [him]; as also ↓ صَلَّيْتُهُ, inf. n. تَصْلِيَةٌ. (S.) b2: And صَلَيْتُ فُلَانًا, (T, TA,) or لِفُلَانٍ, (S, TA,) (tropical:) I laboured in a case, or an affair, desiring to calumniate, or slander, such a one therein, and to cause him to fall into destruction: (T, S, TA:) or صَلَيْتُهُ and صَلَيْتُ لَهُ both signify I calumniated, or slandered, him, and caused him to fall into destruction, (M, TA,) in consequence thereof: (M:) or, accord. to the K, صَلَى

فُلَانًا, of which the inf. n. is صَلْىٌ, signifies he soothed, coaxed, wheedled, or cajoled, such a one: or deceived, deluded, beguiled, circumvented, or outwitted, him: which meanings are not in any of the three lexicons above mentioned: accord. to the A, صَلَيْتُ بِفُلَانٍ [probably a mistranscription for لِفُلَانٍ] means (tropical:) I framed a stratagem, or plot, to cause such a one to fall; there said to be tropical. (TA.) b3: صَلَى يَدَهُ بِالنَّارِ [said in the TA to be a mistake]: see 2.

A2: صَلِىَ النَّارَ, (S, M, Msb, K,) and بِالنَّارِ, (M, Msb, K,) aor. يَصْلَى, (S, Msb, * K, *) inf. n. صَلًى, (Msb,) or صُلِىٌّ, (S, K, [صَلْيًا in the CK being a mistranscription for صُلِيًّا,]) or both, (M,) and صِلِىٌّ and صِلَآءٌ, (M, K,) and accord. to the K صَلَآءٌ, but this is a mistake for صَلًى, (TA,) He was, or became, burned [by the fire]: (S:) or he endured, or suffered, the heat of the fire; as also النَّارَ ↓ تصلّى: (M, K:) or he felt the heat of the fire: (Msb:) and one says ↓ تصلّى

حَرَّ النَّارِ and ↓ اصطلاهُ [in this last sense or in the sense next preceding]: (Ham p. 792:) and صَلِىَ النَّارَ he entered into the fire: (TA in art. بله: see an ex. voce بَلْهَ:) or, accord. to Er-Rághib, صَلِىَ بِالنَّارِ means he was tried (بُلِىَ) by fire, or by the fire; and so بِكَذَا (assumed tropical:) [by such a thing, as though by fire]. (TA.) [In the Kur, in which are many exs. of it, (iv. 11, xiv. 34, xvii. 19, &c.,) it is always trans. by itself, without بِ.] And صَلِىَ بِالأَمْرِ, (S, M, *) and بِالحَرْبِ; (S;) and الأَمْرَ ↓ تصلّى, and الحَرْبَ; (M;) He endured, or suffered, the heat, and severity, or vehemence, of the affair, or case, and of the war, or fight: (S, M:) Aboo-Zubeyd says, حَرَّ حَرْبِهِمُ ↓ فَقَدْ تَصَلَّيْتُ المَقْرُورُ مِنْ قَرَسِ ↓ كَمَا تَصَلَّى

[And I have suffered the heat and vehemence of their war, like as he who is affected with cold suffers in consequence of coldest and most abundant hoar-frost]. (M.) A3: [It is said that] صَلِىَ الرَّجُلُ signifies also لَزِمَ [i. e. The man kept to, or clave to, a thing]; and so ↓ اصطلى: whence Zj holds صَلَاةٌ [expl. in art. صلو] to be derived; because it is a keeping, or cleaving, to that which God has appointed: and hence also, [it is said,] فِى النَّارِ ↓ مَنْ يُصَلَّى, i. e. يلزم [app. يُلْزَمُ, meaning مَنْ يُلْزَمُ النَّارَ He who is made to keep, or cleave, to the fire; nearly agreeing with صَلَّاهُ النَّارَ as expl. above from the M and K]. (TA.) A4: and صَلَيْتُ الظَّهْرَ means I struck, or beat, that part of the back which is called صَلًا: or I hit that part: but this is extr.; for by rule it should be صَلَوْتُهُ, like as Hudheyl say. (M. [See 1 in art. صلو.]) 2 صَلَّىَ see 1, second sentence; and third sentence in three places; and last sentence but one. b2: One says also, صلّى يَدَهُ بِالنَّارِ, (M, TA,) accord. to the K ↓ صَلَى, [without teshdeed,] but this is wrong, as is shown by a verse cited in the M, (TA,) He warmed his hand with the fire. (M, K, TA.) [And it is said in the TA that صلا ظَهْرَهُ بالنهر means أَدْفَأَهُ: but I think that the right reading is صلّى ظَهْرَهُ بِالنَّمِرَةِ, i. e. He warmed his back with the woollen garment called نَمِرَة.] b3: And صَلَّيْتُ العَصَا بِالنَّارِ I made the staff supple, and straightened it, by means of fire: (S:) or صلّى العَصَا عَلَى النَّارِ, (M, K,) inf. n. تَصْلِيَةٌ; (K;) and ↓ تصلّاها; he parched and darkened the staff upon the fire; syn. لَوَّحَهَا: (M, K:) or صلّى العَصَا he straightened the staff by turning it round over the fire: (T in art. دوم: see an ex. in a verse cited in that art., conj. 10:) and صَلَّيْتُ القَنَاةَ I straightened the spear-shaft by means of fire: (A, TA:) and صَلَّيْتُ العُودَ بِالنَّارِ I rendered supple the stick, or branch, by means of fire. (Msb.) 4 أَصْلَىَ see 1, second sentence; and third sentence in two places.5 تَصَلَّىَ see the next paragraph, in two places: b2: see also 1, latter half, in five places: b3: and see 2, last sentence.8 اصطلى He warmed himself (M, K) بِالنَّارِ [by means of the fire]: (M:) one says, اِصْطَلَيْتُ بِالنَّارِ and بِهَا ↓ تَصَلَّيْتُ [app. meaning I warmed myself by means of the fire]: (S:) or اصطلى النَّارَ and بِالنَّارِ mean he became warm by means of the fire: and بِالنَّارِ ↓ تصلّى, he became burnt by the fire. (MA.) Hence, in the Kur [xxvii. 7 and xxviii. 29], لَعَلَّكُمْ تَصْطَلُونَ [May-be ye will warm yourselves]: (TA:) in relation to which it is said that the time was winter, and therefore الاِصْطِلَآء

was needed. (M, TA.) b2: It is also said of the chameleon, as meaning He repaired to the sun. (M and L in art. شقذ: see an ex. in a verse cited voce شَقَذَانٌ.) b3: And one says of a courageous man, with whom one cannot cope, لَا يُصْطَلَى بِنَارِهِ [lit. One cannot warm himself by means of his fire; meaning (assumed tropical:) one cannot approach him when he is inflamed with rage, especially in fight, or battle]. (S.) The phrase may be also used satirically, as meaning (assumed tropical:) One will not seek his hospitality. (Meyd. [See Freytag's Arab. Prov. ii. 588.]) b4: See also 1, latter half, in two places.

صَلًى: see صَلَآءٌ.

صَلَآءٌ: see صَلَايَةٌ.

صِلَآءٌ Roasted, broiled, or fried, flesh-meat. (S, M, K.) b2: And, as also ↓ صَلًى, (S, M, K,) the former with kesr and the latter with fet-h, (S,) Fuel; (S, * M, K;) syn. وَقُودٌ; (M, K, TA; [in the CK, erroneously, وُقُود;]) i. e. مَا تُوقَدُ بِهِ النَّارُ; (TA;) you say صِلَآءُ النَّارِ and صَلَى النَّارِ: (S:) or both signify fire: (M, Mgh, K:) or صِلَآءٌ signifies the heat of fire. (Msb.) One says, هُوَ

أَحْسَنُ مِنَ الصِّلَآءِ فِى الشِّتَآءِ [It, or he, is better than fire in winter]. (TA.) صَلِىٌّ: see مَصْلِىٌّ.

صَلَآءَةٌ: see what next follows.

صَلَايَةٌ and ↓ صَلَآءَةٌ, (S, M, Mgh, K,) the latter with ء because ↓ صَلَآءٌ is used as the pl., [or rather coll. gen. n.,] but not by those who say صَلَايَةٌ, (Sb, M,) [for] the pl. [of this] is صُلِىٌّ and صِلِىٌّ (K) and صَلَايَاتٌ, (MA,) i. q. فِهْرٌ [i. e. A stone such as fills the hand; or of the size of that with which one bruises and breaks walnuts and the like]: (S:) or a thing with which perfume is bruised, brayed, or pounded: (M, K:) or a stone upon which one bruises, or powders, (MA, Mgh,) perfume or some other thing; (Mgh;) that with which [not upon which] one does so being called مِدْوَكٌ. (MA.) Imra-el-Keys [in a verse of his Mo'allakah, (see EM p. 45,) as some relate it,] uses the phrase صَلَايَةُ حَنْظَلِ, because colocynths, when they have become dry, are split therewith. (S. [But there are two other readings, صَرَايَة and صَرَابَة.]) b2: Also, (K,) as being likened thereto, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) The forehead. (K.) b3: And the former word, A rough, rugged, سَرِيحَة [or long strip] of [high ground such as is termed] قُفّ. (ISh, Az, TA.) صِلِّيَانٌ: see art. صل.

صَالٍ is expl. by Freytag as meaning Heated or warmed (“ calefactus ”), and burnt: and the pl. is said by him to be صُلِىٌّ: but he names no authority: if this be correct, it must be a possessive epithet from صَلِىَ.]

صَالِيَةٌ A support for the cooking-pot, such as is termed أُثْفِيَّةٌ. (MA.) مَصْلِىٌّ Roasted, broiled, or fried; as also ↓ صَلِىٌّ. (Ham pp. 13-14. [Both of these words are there without any syll. signs.]) It is said in a trad., أُتِىَ بِشَاةٍ مَصْلِيَّةٍ i. e. A roasted sheep, or goat, was brought. (S, TA.) b2: And صَيْحَانِيَّةٌ مَصْلِيَّةٌ means [A date of the sort called صَيْحَانِىّ] dried in the sun. (A, TA.) أَرْضٌ مَصْلَاةٌ A land abounding with the plant called صِلِّيَان. (K.) مِصْلَاةٌ A snare that is set up for birds &c.: (S, M: *) pl. مَصَالٍ. (S, M.) It is said in a trad., إِنَّ لِلشَّيْطَانِ فُخُوخًا وَمَصَالِىَ (S) or مَصَالِىَ وَفُخُوخًا i. e. [Verily to the Devil belong snares and traps] with which he catches men. (M.) مُصْطَلًى The limbs of a man, or his arms and legs and face and every prominent part, which become cold at the time of death, and which are warmed at the fire: (AHeyth, L in art. برد:) or the face and extremities. (Z, TA.) One says, بَرَدَ المَوْتُ عَلَى مُصْطَلَاهُ. (AHeyth, L in art. برد: see 1 in that art.)
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